Indicators:

Data Set:

Years:

to

Notes / Source / Definition:

Demographic: 11th (Grade)

Population

No data was found for 11th (Grade) in the category Population

Alcohol Use

11th Students Reporting Any Use of Alcohol in the Past 30 Days, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 9,530.0 27.7% 8,336.0 24.6%
Metro 4,729.0 8.2% 4,113.0 23.2%
Non-Metro 4,801.0 29.4% 4,223.0 26.1%

About the Indicator:

Alcohol is the most frequently used substance nationally and statewide, and is associated with a number of adverse health and social consequences. Reported use of alcohol in the past 30 days is a common measure of recent alcohol use. In Minnesota, it is illegal for a person under age 21 to consume alcohol.

According to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, any past 30 day alcohol use was reported by 24.4% of 9th graders and 39.2% of 11th graders nationally.

According to 2013 MSS data, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported past-30 day alcohol use, those who DIDN'T report alcohol use were 2.6 times less likely to report past-year suicidal ideation; 1.8 times less likely to report problems with feeling depressed in the past year; 1.6 times less likely to report feeling anxious in the past year; 2.5 times less likely to report self harm in the past year; 1.4 times less likely to report past-month bullying victimization; 2 times less likely to report not feeling safe in their neighborhoods; 1.9 times less likely to report not being able to talk to their parents about problems; and 2.3 times less likely to report their parents only care about them some, a little, or not at all.

On the other hand, compared to those students who DID report past 30-day alcohol use, those who DIDN'T report use were 1.7 times more likely to report better teacher-student relationships; 1.4 times more likely to report greater educational engagement; 1.6 times more likely to report that the adults in their communities care about them quite a bit or very much; and 1.2 times more likely to report weekly participation in community activities.

Further, those students who reported using alcohol monthly or more often were 1.8 times more likely to think that most students in their school also drank monthly or more often, as compared to those who didn't drink. The association was even stronger in the other direction: students who think most of their peers use monthly or more often were 6.7 times more likely themselves to report using alcohol that often.


"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Any Use of Alcohol in the Past 30 Days, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 9,421.0 27.7% 8,290.0 24.7%

About the Indicator:

Alcohol is the most frequently used substance nationally and statewide, and is associated with a number of adverse health and social consequences. Reported use of alcohol in the past 30 days is a common measure of recent alcohol use. In Minnesota, it is illegal for a person under age 21 to consume alcohol.

According to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, any past 30 day alcohol use was reported by 24.4% of 9th graders and 39.2% of 11th graders nationally.

According to 2013 MSS data, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported past-30 day alcohol use, those who DIDN'T report alcohol use were 2.6 times less likely to report past-year suicidal ideation; 1.8 times less likely to report problems with feeling depressed in the past year; 1.6 times less likely to report feeling anxious in the past year; 2.5 times less likely to report self harm in the past year; 1.4 times less likely to report past-month bullying victimization; 2 times less likely to report not feeling safe in their neighborhoods; 1.9 times less likely to report not being able to talk to their parents about problems; and 2.3 times less likely to report their parents only care about them some, a little, or not at all.

On the other hand, compared to those students who DID report past 30-day alcohol use, those who DIDN'T report use were 1.7 times more likely to report better teacher-student relationships; 1.4 times more likely to report greater educational engagement; 1.6 times more likely to report that the adults in their communities care about them quite a bit or very much; and 1.2 times more likely to report weekly participation in community activities.

Further, those students who reported using alcohol monthly or more often were 1.8 times more likely to think that most students in their school also drank monthly or more often, as compared to those who didn't drink. The association was even stronger in the other direction: students who think most of their peers use monthly or more often were 6.7 times more likely themselves to report using alcohol that often.


"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Any Use of Alcohol in the Past 30 Days, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 9,530 27.7% 8,351 24.6%
East Central 1,478 29.7% 1,173 28.7%
Metro 4,729 26.2% 4,118 23.2%
Non-Metro 8,052 27.4% 4,233 26.1%
Northwest 433 27.9% 378 27.7%
Northeast 553 32.1% 466 29.5%
Southeast 713 25.9% 681 22.5%
Southwest 1,022 30.7% 671 24.0%
West Central 602 30.1% 497 25.3%

About the Indicator:

Alcohol is the most frequently used substance nationally and statewide, and is associated with a number of adverse health and social consequences. Reported use of alcohol in the past 30 days is a common measure of recent alcohol use. In Minnesota, it is illegal for a person under age 21 to consume alcohol.

According to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, any past 30 day alcohol use was reported by 24.4% of 9th graders and 39.2% of 11th graders nationally.

According to 2013 MSS data, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported past-30 day alcohol use, those who DIDN'T report alcohol use were 2.6 times less likely to report past-year suicidal ideation; 1.8 times less likely to report problems with feeling depressed in the past year; 1.6 times less likely to report feeling anxious in the past year; 2.5 times less likely to report self harm in the past year; 1.4 times less likely to report past-month bullying victimization; 2 times less likely to report not feeling safe in their neighborhoods; 1.9 times less likely to report not being able to talk to their parents about problems; and 2.3 times less likely to report their parents only care about them some, a little, or not at all.

On the other hand, compared to those students who DID report past 30-day alcohol use, those who DIDN'T report use were 1.7 times more likely to report better teacher-student relationships; 1.4 times more likely to report greater educational engagement; 1.6 times more likely to report that the adults in their communities care about them quite a bit or very much; and 1.2 times more likely to report weekly participation in community activities.

Further, those students who reported using alcohol monthly or more often were 1.8 times more likely to think that most students in their school also drank monthly or more often, as compared to those who didn't drink. The association was even stronger in the other direction: students who think most of their peers use monthly or more often were 6.7 times more likely themselves to report using alcohol that often.


"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting That They First Had More than a Few Sips of Alcohol at Age 13 or Younger, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 6,170.0 18.1% 4,833.0 15.0%
East Central 1,075.0 21.8% 699.0 17.3%
Metro 2,765.0 15.4% 2,307.0 13.1%
Non-Metro 3,405.0 21.0% 2,526.0 17.2%
Northwest 341.0 22.1% 252.0 18.6%
Northeast 414.0 24.2% 294.0 18.8%
Southeast 511.0 18.6% 466.0 15.5%
Southwest 653.0 19.7% 452.0 16.3%
West Central 411.0 20.8% 363.0 18.6%

About the Indicator:

The average age at which young people ages 12 to 17 begin to drink is 13 years old. 

According to the 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 20.3% of 9th graders and 15.2% of 11th graders nationally reported they first drank alcohol before age 13 years.

N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting That They First Had More than a Few Sips of Alcohol at Age 13 or Younger, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 6,170.0 18.1% 5,066.0 15.1%
Metro 2,765.0 15.4% 2,307.0 13.1%
Non-Metro 3,405.0 21.0% 2,759.0 17.2%

About the Indicator:

The average age at which young people ages 12 to 17 begin to drink is 13 years old. 

According to the national 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 20.3% of 9th graders and 15.2% of 11th graders reported they first drank alcohol before age 13 years. Nationally, 14.5% of white students, 18.0% of black students, and 21.3% of Hispanic students reported their first drink of alcohol at younger than age 13.

N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting That They First Had More than a Few Sips of Alcohol at Age 13 or Younger, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 6,092.0 18.1% 5,026.0 15.1%

About the Indicator:

The average age at which young people ages 12 to 17 begin to drink is 13 years old. 

According to the national 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 20.3% of 9th graders and 15.2% of 11th graders reported they first drank alcohol before age 13 years.

N/A  or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Having 5 or More Drinks in a Row on at Least One Occasion in the Past 30 Days, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 5,435.0 15.8% 4,267.0 13.1%
East Central 895.0 18.1% 650.0 15.9%
Metro 2,629.0 14.6% 2,139.0 12.1%
Non-Metro 2,806.0 17.2% 2,128.0 14.4%
Northwest 250.0 16.2% 208.0 15.3%
Northeast 345.0 20.1% 275.0 17.4%
Southeast 389.0 14.2% 345.0 11.4%
Southwest 582.0 17.5% 353.0 12.7%
West Central 345.0 17.3% 297.0 15.1%

About the Indicator:

Acute, short-term “binge drinking” is defined as having five or more drinks of alcohol on a single occasion. Up until 2010, the MSS asked students about past two week binge drinking; in 2013 they were asked about past 30 day binge drinking. Binge drinking has been associated with alcohol related injuries and deaths, as well as violence and crime. In Minnesota, it is illegal for a person under age 21 to consume alcohol. 

According to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 13.5% of 9th graders and 24.6% of 11th graders reported binge drinking in the past month nationally.

N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Having 5 or More Drinks in a Row on at Least One Occasion in the Past 30 Days, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 5,435.0 15.8% 4,454.0 13.2%
Metro 2,629.0 14.6% 2,139.0 12.1%
Non-Metro 2,806.0 17.2% 2,315.0 14.3%

About the Indicator:

Acute, short-term “binge drinking” is defined as having five or more drinks of alcohol on a single occasion. Up until 2010, the MSS asked students about past two week binge drinking; in 2013 they were asked about past 30 day binge drinking. Binge drinking has been associated with alcohol related injuries and deaths, as well as violence and crime. In Minnesota, it is illegal for a person under age 21 to consume alcohol. 

According to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 13.5% of 9th graders and 24.6% of 11th graders reported binge drinking in the past month nationally.

N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Having 5 or More Drinks in a Row on at Least One Occasion, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 5,368.0 15.9% 4,433.0 13.2%

About the Indicator:

Acute, short-term “binge drinking” is defined as having five or more drinks of alcohol on a single occasion. Up until 2010, the MSS asked students about past two week binge drinking; in 2013 they were asked about past 30 day binge drinking. Binge drinking has been associated with alcohol related injuries and deaths, as well as violence and crime. In Minnesota, it is illegal for a person under age 21 to consume alcohol. 

According to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 13.5% of 9th graders and 24.6% of 11th graders reported binge drinking in the past month nationally.

N/A indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Drank Alcohol or Used Drugs Before They Last Had Sexual Intercourse, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 2,070.0 16.7%
East Central 293.0 16.2%
Metro 1,028.0 17.6%
Non-Metro 1,042.0 15.9%
Northwest 108.0 14.8%
Northeast 134.0 16.1%
Southeast 145.0 13.5%
Southwest 225.0 16.6%
West Central 137.0 17.9%

About the Indicator:

Only includes students who reported ever having had sexual intercourse

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Drank Alcohol or Used Drugs Before They Last Had Sexual Intercourse, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 2,070.0 16.7%
Metro 1,028.0 17.6%
Non-Metro 1,042.0 15.9%

About the Indicator:

Only includes students who reported ever having had sexual intercourse

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Drank Alcohol or Used Drugs Before They Last Had Sexual Intercourse, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 2,036.0 16.6%

About the Indicator:

Only includes students who reported ever having had sexual intercourse

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Alcohol Consequences

No data was found for 11th (Grade) in the category Alcohol Consequences

Alcohol Treatment

No data was found for 11th (Grade) in the category Alcohol Treatment

Alcohol Intervening Variables

11th Students Reporting that they Believe People Put themselves at Great or Moderate Risk of Harm by Frequently Binge Drinking, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 24,364.0 74.7% 24,046.0 72.7%
Metro 13,268.0 78.5% 13,144.0 76.3%
Non-Metro 11,096.0 70.6% 10,902.0 68.9%

About the Indicator:

Students were asked specifically how much they thought people risked harming themselves physically or in other ways if they have 5 or more drinks of alcohol once or twice per week. "N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting that they Believe People Put themselves at Great or Moderate Risk of Harm by Frequently Binge Drinking, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 24,084.0 74.7% 21,503.0 72.6%

About the Indicator:

Students were asked specifically how much they thought people risked harming themselves physically or in other ways if they have 5 or more drinks of alcohol once or twice per week.  "N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting that they Believe People Put themselves at Great or Moderate Risk of Harm by Frequently Binge Drinking, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 24,364.0 74.7% 23,174.0 73.0%
East Central 3,415.0 71.3% 2,695.0 67.6%
Metro 13,268.0 78.5% 13,144.0 76.3%
Non-Metro 11,096.0 70.6% 10,030.0 69.0%
Northwest 1,029.0 71.2% 936.0 69.4%
Northeast 1,131.0 67.8% 1,069.0 69.1%
Southeast 1,907.0 72.7% 2,116.0 71.5%
Southwest 2,240.0 68.9% 1,890.0 68.8%
West Central 1,374.0 70.9% 1,324.0 68.2%

About the Indicator:

Students were asked specifically how much they thought people risked harming themselves physically or in other ways if they have 5 or more drinks of alcohol once or twice per week.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Any Alcohol in the Past 30 Days, Who Bought the Alcohol from Someone or Somewhere, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 885 9.3%
East Central 122 8.3%
Metro 427 9.0%
Non-Metro 458 9.5%
Northwest 64 14.8%
Northeast 65 11.8%
Southeast 63 8.8%
Southwest 86 8.4%
West Central 58 9.6%

About the Indicator:

This indicator reflects students responding that they purchased alcohol from one or more of the following sources: gas stations, convenience stores, bars or restaurants, liquor stores, or on the internet.  These data include only students who reported any alcohol use in the past 30 days.  Students were asked to select all methods of obtaining alcohol that applied.  N/A indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Any Alcohol Use in the Past 30 Days, Who Bought the Alcohol from Someone or Somewhere, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 885 9.3%
Metro 427 9.0%
Non-Metro 458 9.5%

About the Indicator:

This indicator reflects students responding that they purchased alcohol from one or more of the following sources: gas stations, convenience stores, bars or restaurants, liquor stores, or on the internet.  These data include only students who reported any alcohol use in the past 30 days.  Students were asked to select all methods of obtaining alcohol that applied.  N/A indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Any Alcohol Use in the Past 30 Days, Who Bought the Alcohol from Someone or Somewhere, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 870 9.2%

About the Indicator:

This indicator reflects students responding that they purchased alcohol from one or more of the following sources: gas stations, convenience stores, bars or restaurants, liquor stores, or on the internet.  These data include only students who reported any alcohol use in the past 30 days.  Students were asked to select all methods of obtaining alcohol that applied.  N/A indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Any Alcohol Use in the Past 30 Days, Who Got the Alcohol from Someone or Somewhere, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 7,803 81.9%
East Central 1,219 82.5%
Metro 3,896 82.4%
Non-Metro 3,907 81.4%
Northwest 352 81.3%
Northeast 446 80.7%
Southeast 573 80.4%
Southwest 821 80.3%
West Central 496 82.4%

About the Indicator:

This indicator reflects students responding that they got alcohol from one or more of the following sources: their friends, their parents, other family members, getting someone else to buy it for them, or at parties.  These data include only students who reported any alcohol use in the past 30 days.  Students were asked to select all methods of obtaining alcohol that applied.  N/A indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Any Alcohol Use in the Past 30 Days, Who Got the Alcohol from Someone or Somewhere, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 7,803 81.9%
Metro 3,896 82.4%
Non-Metro 3,907 81.4%

About the Indicator:

This indicator reflects students responding that they got alcohol from one or more of the following sources: their friends, their parents, other family members, getting someone else to buy it for them, or at parties.  These data include only students who reported any alcohol use in the past 30 days.  Students were asked to select all methods of obtaining alcohol that applied.  N/A indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Any Alcohol Use in the Past 30 Days, Who Got the Alcohol from Someone or Somewhere, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 7,720 81.9%

About the Indicator:

This indicator reflects students responding that they got alcohol from one or more of the following sources: their friends, their parents, other family members, getting someone else to buy it for them, or at parties.  These data include only students who reported any alcohol use in the past 30 days.  Students were asked to select all methods of obtaining alcohol that applied.  N/A indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Any Alcohol Use in the Past 30 Days, Who Took the Alcohol from Someone or Somewhere, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 2,571 27.0%
East Central 373 25.2%
Metro 1,365 28.9%
Non-Metro 1,206 25.1%
Northwest 113 26.1%
Northeast 139 25.1%
Southeast 176 24.7%
Southwest 242 23.7%
West Central 163 27.1%

About the Indicator:

This indicator reflects students responding that they took alcohol from one or more of the following sources: their home, a friend’s home, or from stores.  These data include only students who reported any alcohol use in the past 30 days.  Students were asked to select all methods of obtaining alcohol that applied.  N/A indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Any Alcohol Use in the Past 30 Days, Who Took the Alcohol from Someone or Somewhere, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 2,571 27.0%
Metro 1,365 28.9%
Non-Metro 1,206 25.1%

About the Indicator:

This indicator reflects students responding that they took alcohol from one or more of the following sources: their home, a friend’s home, or from stores.  These data include only students who reported any alcohol use in the past 30 days.  Students were asked to select all methods of obtaining alcohol that applied.  N/A indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Any Alcohol Use in the Past 30 Days, Who Took the Alcohol from Someone or Somewhere, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 2,542 27.0%

About the Indicator:

This indicator reflects students responding that they took alcohol from one or more of the following sources: their home, a friend’s home, or from stores.  These data include only students who reported any alcohol use in the past 30 days.  Students were asked to select all methods of obtaining alcohol that applied.  N/A indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Their Parents Would Think It's Very Wrong or Wrong for Them to Have One or Two Drinks of an Alcohol Beverage Nearly Every Day, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 28,954 88.6% 27,771 87.4%
East Central 4,157 86.5% 3,375 84.4%
Metro 15,364 90.7% 15,362 89.1%
Non-Metro 13,590 86.4% 12,409 85.3%
Northwest 1,251 86.1% 1,139 84.2%
Northeast 1,416 85.1% 1,320 85.4%
Southeast 2,285 87.2% 2,593 87.5%
Southwest 2,763 85.1% 2,323 84.8%
West Central 1,718 88.6% 1,659 85.4%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about parent disapproval changed considerably in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent their parents would approve or disapprove of them drinking alcohol. In 2013, students were asked how wrong their parents would feel it would be for them to have one or two drinks nearly every day. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Their Parents Would Think It's Very Wrong or Wrong for Them to Have One or Two Drinks of an Alcohol Beverage Nearly Every Day, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 28,954 88.6% 28,860 87.2%
Metro 15,364 90.7% 15,362 89.1%
Non-Metro 13,590 86.4% 13,498 85.2%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about parent disapproval changed considerably in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent their parents would approve or disapprove of them drinking alcohol. In 2013, students were asked how wrong their parents would feel it would be for them to have one or two drinks nearly every day. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Their Parents Would Think It's Very Wrong or Wrong for Them to Have One or Two Drinks of an Alcohol Beverage Nearly Every Day, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 28,629 88.6% 28,622 87.2%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about parent disapproval changed considerably in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent their parents would approve or disapprove of them drinking alcohol. In 2013, students were asked how wrong their parents would feel it would be for them to have one or two drinks nearly every day. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.


Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Strongly Agree or Agree That Parents and Other Adults Should Clearly Communicate with Their Children about the Importance of Not Using Alcohol, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 25,044 77.5%
East Central 3,553 74.8%
Metro 12,972 77.6%
Non-Metro 12,072 77.3%
Northwest 1,152 79.8%
Northeast 1,308 79.3%
Southeast 2,018 77.8%
Southwest 2,557 78.8%
West Central 1,484 76.9%

About the Indicator: This question was new to the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey. Other response options included: "neither agree nor disagree", "disagree", and "strongly disagree."

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Strongly Agree or Agree That Parents and Other Adults Should Clearly Communicate with Their Children about the Importance of Not Using Alcohol, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 25,044 77.5%
Metro 12,972 77.6%
Non-Metro 12,072 77.3%

About the Indicator: This question was new to the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey. Other response options included: "neither agree nor disagree", "disagree", and "strongly disagree."

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Strongly Agree or Agree That Parents and Other Adults Should Clearly Communicate with Their Children about the Importance of Not Using Alcohol, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 24,774 77.5%

About the Indicator: This question was new to the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey. Other response options included: "neither agree nor disagree", "disagree", and "strongly disagree."

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Strongly Agree or Agree That Drinking Alcohol is Never a Good Thing for Anyone Their Age to Do, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 19,533 60.4%
East Central 2,779 58.5%
Metro 10,108 60.5%
Non-Metro 9,425 60.4%
Northwest 935 64.7%
Northeast 998 60.6%
Southeast 1,588 61.3%
Southwest 1,972 60.8%
West Central 1,153 59.6%

About the Indicator: This question was new to the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey. Other response options included: "neither agree nor disagree", "disagree", and "strongly disagree."

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Strongly Agree or Agree That Drinking Alcohol is Never a Good Thing for Anyone Their Age to Do, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 19,533 60.4%
Metro 10,108 60.5%
Non-Metro 9,425 60.4%

About the Indicator: This question was new to the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey. Other response options included: "neither agree nor disagree", "disagree", and "strongly disagree."

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Strongly Agree or Agree That Drinking Alcohol is Never a Good Thing for Anyone Their Age to Do, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 19,304 60.4%

About the Indicator: This question was new to the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey. Other response options included: "neither agree nor disagree", "disagree", and "strongly disagree."

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Think Most Students in Their School Drink Alcohol Monthly or More Often, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 24,775 77.2% 22,318 70.8%
East Central 3,714 78.5% 2,924 73.9%
Metro 12,893 77.8% 11,991 70.2%
Non-Metro 11,882 76.5% 10,327 71.5%
Northwest 1,056 73.1% 988 73.4%
Northeast 1,309 80.1% 1,179 76.6%
Southeast 1,883 73.1% 2,020 68.5%
Southwest 2,467 76.5% 1,884 69.1%
West Central 1,453 75.8% 1,332 69.2%

About the Indicator:

When asked how often they think MOST STUDENTS at their school drink alcohol, 53% of Minnesota’s 8th, 9th, and 11th graders responded with monthly or more often. In reality, past month alcohol use was reported by 17% of students. Students who believe that most students do drink alcohol monthly or more often are over 6.5 times more likely to report they drink alcohol monthly or more often themselves, as compared to students who perceive that most students don’t drink monthly or more often.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Think Most Students in Their School Drink Alcohol Monthly or More Often, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 24,775 77.2% 23,243 70.8%
Metro 12,893 77.8% 11,991 70.2%
Non-Metro 11,882 76.5% 11,252 71.5%

About the Indicator:

When asked how often they think MOST STUDENTS at their school drink alcohol, 53% of Minnesota’s 8th, 9th, and 11th graders responded with monthly or more often. In reality, past month alcohol use was reported by 17% of students. Students who believe that most students do drink alcohol monthly or more often are over 6.5 times more likely to report they drink alcohol monthly or more often themselves, as compared to students who perceive that most students don’t drink monthly or more often.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Think Most Students in Their School Drink Alcohol Monthly or More Often, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 24,509 77.2% 23,096 71.0%

About the Indicator:

When asked how often they think MOST STUDENTS at their school drink alcohol, 53% of Minnesota’s 8th, 9th, and 11th graders responded with monthly or more often. In reality, past month alcohol use was reported by 17% of students. Students who believe that most students do drink alcohol monthly or more often are over 6.5 times more likely to report they drink alcohol monthly or more often themselves, as compared to students who perceive that most students don’t drink monthly or more often.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Tobacco and Nicotine Use

11th Students Reporting Smoking a Cigarette on One or More Days within the Past 30 Days, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 4,201 12.2% 2,847 8.4%
Metro 1,813 10.0% 1,200 6.8%
Non-Metro 2,388 14.6% 1,647 10.2%

About the Indicator:

Reported tobacco use within the past 30 days (“30-day use”) is a frequent measure of current use, especially among youth. Youth tobacco use is presented here using 30-day use of cigarettes. In Minnesota, no person under 18 may possess, use, purchase or attempt to purchase tobacco products or tobacco-related devices (Minn. Stat. § 609.685).

According to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, any past 30-day cigarette smoking was reported by 10.2% of 9th graders and 21.1% of 11th graders nationally.

According to 2013 MSS data, those students who reported using tobacco monthly or more often were 2 times more likely to think that most students in their school also used tobacco monthly or more often, as compared to those who didn't use. The association was even stronger in the other direction: students who think most of their peers use monthly or more often were 6.4 times more likely themselves to report using tobacco that often.


"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Smoking a Cigarette on One or More Days within the Past 30 Days, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 4,146 12.1% 2,829 8.4%

About the Indicator:

Reported tobacco use within the past 30 days (“30-day use”) is a frequent measure of current use, especially among youth. Youth tobacco use is presented here using 30-day use of cigarettes. In Minnesota, no person under 18 may possess, use, purchase or attempt to purchase tobacco products or tobacco-related devices (Minn. Stat. § 609.685).

According to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, any past 30-day cigarette smoking was reported by 10.2% of 9th graders and 21.1% of 11th graders nationally.

According to 2013 MSS data, those students who reported using tobacco monthly or more often were 2 times more likely to think that most students in their school also used tobacco monthly or more often, as compared to those who didn't use. The association was even stronger in the other direction: students who think most of their peers use monthly or more often were 6.4 times more likely themselves to report using tobacco that often.


"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Smoking a Cigarette on One or More Days within the Past 30 Days, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 4,201 12.2% 2,847 8.4%
East Central 740 14.8% 465 11.4%
Metro 1,813 10.0% 1,200 6.8%
Non-Metro 2,388 14.6% 1,507 10.2%
Northwest 234 15.0% 174 12.7%
Northeast 296 17.0% 187 11.8%
Southeast 332 12.0% 209 6.9%
Southwest 490 14.7% 252 9.1%
West Central 296 14.8% 220 11.2%

About the Indicator:

Reported tobacco use within the past 30 days (“30-day use”) is a frequent measure of current use, especially among youth.  Youth tobacco use is presented here using 30-day use of cigarettes.  In Minnesota, no person under 18 may possess, use, purchase or attempt to purchase tobacco products or tobacco-related devices (Minn. Stat. § 609.685).  

According to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, any past 30 day cigarette smoking was reported by 10.2% of 9th graders and 21.1% of 11th graders nationally.

According to 2013 MSS data, those students who reported using tobacco monthly or more often were 2 times more likely to think that most students in their school also used tobacco monthly or more often, as compared to those who didn't use. The association was even stronger in the other direction: students who

think most of their peers use monthly or more often were 6.4 times more likely themselves to report using tobacco that often.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Using an E-Cigarette on One or More Days within the Past 30 Days, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 5,596.0 17.2%
East Central 785.0 19.2%
Metro 3,216.0 18.2%
Non-Metro 2,380.0 16.1%
Northwest 233.0 17.0%
Northeast 301.0 19.0%
Southeast 433.0 14.3%
Southwest 342.0 12.3%
West Central 286.0 14.5%

11th Students Reporting Using an E-Cigarette on One or More Days within the Past 30 Days, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 5,786.0 17.1%
Metro 3,216.0 18.2%
Non-Metro 2,570.0 15.9%

11th Students Reporting Using an E-Cigarette on One or More Days within the Past 30 Days, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 5,746.0 17.1%

11th Students Reporting Any Tobacco or Nicotine Use on One or More Days within the Past 30 Days, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 7,007.0 21.6%
East Central 1,004.0 24.8%
Metro 3,681.0 20.9%
Non-Metro 3,326.0 22.5%
Northwest 353.0 25.9%
Northeast 447.0 28.3%
Southeast 566.0 18.8%
Southwest 514.0 18.5%
West Central 442.0 22.5%

About the Indicator: Reported tobacco use within the past 30 days (“30-day use”) is a frequent measure of current use, especially among youth. Youth tobacco use is presented here using 30-day use of any of the following substances: cigarettes; cigars, cigarillos or little cigars; chewing tobacco, snuff, or dip; e-cigarettes; or hookah. In Minnesota, no person under 18 may possess, use, purchase or attempt to purchase tobacco products or tobacco-related devices (Minn. Stat. § 609.685).

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Any Tobacco or Nicotine Use on One or More Days within the Past 30 Days, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 5,786.0 17.1%
Metro 3,216.0 18.2%
Non-Metro 2,570.0 15.9%

About the Indicator: Reported tobacco use within the past 30 days (“30-day use”) is a frequent measure of current use, especially among youth. Youth tobacco use is presented here using 30-day use of any of the following substances: cigarettes; cigars, cigarillos or little cigars; chewing tobacco, snuff, or dip; e-cigarettes; or hookah. In Minnesota, no person under 18 may possess, use, purchase or attempt to purchase tobacco products or tobacco-related devices (Minn. Stat. § 609.685).

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Any Tobacco or Nicotine Use on One or More Days within the Past 30 Days, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 7,243.0 21.7%

About the Indicator: Reported tobacco use within the past 30 days (“30-day use”) is a frequent measure of current use, especially among youth. Youth tobacco use is presented here using 30-day use of any of the following substances: cigarettes; cigars, cigarillos or little cigars; chewing tobacco, snuff, or dip; e-cigarettes; or hookah. In Minnesota, no person under 18 may possess, use, purchase or attempt to purchase tobacco products or tobacco-related devices (Minn. Stat. § 609.685).

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Tobacco and Nicotine Consequences

No data was found for 11th (Grade) in the category Tobacco and Nicotine Consequences

Tobacco and Nicotine Intervening Variables

11th Students Reporting that they Believe People Put themselves at Great or Moderate Risk of Harm by Smoking Cigarettes, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 27,697.0 84.7% 26,564.0 80.3%
Metro 14,595.0 86.1% 14,090.0 81.8%
Non-Metro 13,102.0 83.2% 12,474.0 78.7%

About the Indicator:

Students were asked specifically how much they thought people risked harming themselves physically or in other ways if they smoked cigarettes.  Low perceived risk of harm increases the likelihood of use.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

 

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting that they Believe People Put themselves at Great or Moderate Risk of Harm by Smoking Cigarettes, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 27,389.0 84.8% 26,369.0 80.4%

About the Indicator:

Students were asked specifically how much they thought people risked harming themselves physically or in other ways if they smoked cigarettes.  Low perceived risk of harm increases the likelihood of use.
"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting that they Believe People Put themselves at Great or Moderate Risk of Harm by Smoking Cigarettes, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 27,697.0 84.7% 25,568.0 80.5%
East Central 4,005.0 83.5% 3,109.0 77.9%
Metro 14,595.0 86.1% 14,090.0 81.8%
Non-Metro 13,102.0 83.2% 11,478.0 79.0%
Northwest 1,191.0 82.2% 1,059.0 78.4%
Northeast 1,362.0 81.7% 1,255.0 81.1%
Southeast 2,224.0 84.7% 2,364.0 79.8%
Southwest 2,683.0 82.4% 2,161.0 78.6%
West Central 1,637.0 84.4% 1,530.0 78.8%

About the Indicator:

Students were asked specifically how much they thought people risked harming themselves physically or in other ways if they smoked cigarettes.  Low perceived risk of harm increases the likelihood of use.
"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Their Parents Would Think It's Very Wrong or Wrong for Them to Smoke Cigarettes, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 29,835 91.2% 29,104 91.5%
East Central 4,345 90.3% 3,597 90.0%
Metro 15,741 92.8% 15,981 92.6%
Non-Metro 14,094 89.5% 13,123 90.3%
Northwest 1,276 87.8% 1,198 88.7%
Northeast 1,457 87.4% 1,386 89.7%
Southeast 2,368 90.5% 2,726 92.0%
Southwest 2,889 88.8% 2,466 90.0%
West Central 1,759 90.7% 1,750 90.2%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about parent disapproval changed considerably in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent their parents would approve or disapprove of them smoking cigarettes. In 2013, students were asked how wrong their parents would feel it would be for them to smoke cigarettes. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.


Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Their Parents Would Think It's Very Wrong or Wrong for Them to Smoke Cigarettes, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 29,835 91.2% 30,268 91.4%
Metro 15,741 92.8% 15,981 92.6%
Non-Metro 14,094 89.5% 14,287 90.2%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about parent disapproval changed considerably in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent their parents would approve or disapprove of them drinking alcohol. In 2013, students were asked how wrong their parents would feel it would be for them to have one or two drinks nearly every day. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Their Parents Would Think It's Very Wrong or Wrong for Them to Smoke Cigarettes, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 29,503 91.3% 30,028 91.5%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about parent disapproval changed considerably in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent their parents would approve or disapprove of them drinking alcohol. In 2013, students were asked how wrong their parents would feel it would be for them to have one or two drinks nearly every day. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Illicit Drug Use

11th Students Reporting Any Use of Marijuana in the Past 30 Days, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 5,656.0 16.6% 2,311.0 14.4%
Metro 3,366.0 18.8% 2,998.0 17.0%
Non-Metro 2,290.0 14.1% 5,309.0 15.7%

About the Indicator:

Current marijuana use is often assessed with measures of reported use in the past 30 days (30-day use). Students were asked about their use of marijuana, bud, weed, pot, hashish, hash, or hash oil.

According to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 17.7% of 9th graders and 25.5% of 11th graders nationally reported any past 30 day marijuana use.

According to 2013 MSS data, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported past-30 day marijuana use, those who DIDN'T report marijuana use were 2.7 times less likely to report past-year suicidal ideation; 1.8 times less likely to report problems with feeling depressed in the past year; 1.6 times less likely to report feeling anxious in the past year; 2.5 times less likely to report self harm in the past year; 1.3 times less likely to report past-month bullying victimization; 2.3 times less likely to report not feeling safe in their neighborhoods; 2.1 times less likely to report not being able to talk to their parents about problems; and 2.5 times less likely to report their parents only care about them some, a little, or not at all.

On the other hand, compared to those students who DID report past 30-day marijuana use, those who DIDN'T report marijuana use were 1.9 times more likely to report better teacher-student relationships; 1.6 times more likely to report greater educational engagement; 1.8 times more likely to report that the adults in their communities care about them quite a bit or very much; and 1.4 times more likely to report weekly participation in community activities.

Further, those students who reported using marijuana monthly or more often were 1.9 times more likely to think that most students in their school also used marijuana monthly or more often, as compared to those who didn't use. The association was even stronger in the other direction: students who think most of their peers use monthly or more often were 6.6 times more likely themselves to report using marijuana that often.


"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Any Use of Marijuana in the Past 30 Days, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 5,576.0 16.5% 5,271.0 15.8%

About the Indicator:

Current marijuana use is often assessed with measures of reported use in the past 30 days (30-day use). Students were asked about their use of marijuana, bud, weed, pot, hashish, hash, or hash oil.

According to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 17.7% of 9th graders and 25.5% of 11th graders nationally reported any past 30 day marijuana use.

According to 2013 MSS data, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported past-30 day marijuana use, those who DIDN'T report marijuana use were 2.7 times less likely to report past-year suicidal ideation; 1.8 times less likely to report problems with feeling depressed in the past year; 1.6 times less likely to report feeling anxious in the past year; 2.5 times less likely to report self harm in the past year; 1.3 times less likely to report past-month bullying victimization; 2.3 times less likely to report not feeling safe in their neighborhoods; 2.1 times less likely to report not being able to talk to their parents about problems; and 2.5 times less likely to report their parents only care about them some, a little, or not at all.

On the other hand, compared to those students who DID report past 30-day marijuana use, those who DIDN'T report marijuana use were 1.9 times more likely to report better teacher-student relationships; 1.6 times more likely to report greater educational engagement; 1.8 times more likely to report that the adults in their communities care about them quite a bit or very much; and 1.4 times more likely to report weekly participation in community activities.

Further, those students who reported using marijuana monthly or more often were 1.9 times more likely to think that most students in their school also used marijuana monthly or more often, as compared to those who didn't use. The association was even stronger in the other direction: students who think most of their peers use monthly or more often were 6.6 times more likely themselves to report using marijuana that often.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

 

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Any Use of Marijuana in the Past 30 Days, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 5,656.0 16.6% 5,125.0 15.8%
East Central 748.0 15.1% 647.0 15.9%
Metro 3,366.0 18.8% 2,998.0 17.0%
Non-Metro 2,290.0 14.1% 2,127.0 14.4%
Northwest 194.0 12.6% 193.0 14.2%
Northeast 272.0 15.9% 276.0 17.5%
Southeast 382.0 13.9% 400.0 13.3%
Southwest 444.0 13.4% 348.0 12.5%
West Central 250.0 12.6% 263.0 13.4%

About the Indicator:

Current marijuana use is often assessed with measures of reported use in the past 30 days (30-day use). Students were asked about their use of marijuana, bud, weed, pot, hashish, hash, or hash oil.

According to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 17.7% of 9th graders and 25.5% of 11th graders nationally reported any past 30 day marijuana use.

According to 2013 MSS data, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported past-30 day marijuana use, those who DIDN'T report marijuana use were 2.7 times less likely to report past-year suicidal ideation; 1.8 times less likely to report problems with feeling depressed in the past year; 1.6 times less likely to report feeling anxious in the past year; 2.5 times less likely to report self harm in the past year; 1.3 times less likely to report past-month bullying victimization; 2.3 times less likely to report not feeling safe in their neighborhoods; 2.1 times less likely to report not being able to talk to their parents about problems; and 2.5 times less likely to report their parents only care about them some, a little, or not at all.

On the other hand, compared to those students who DID report past 30-day marijuana use, those who DIDN'T report marijuana use were 1.9 times more likely to report better teacher-student relationships; 1.6 times more likely to report greater educational engagement; 1.8 times more likely to report that the adults in their communities care about them quite a bit or very much; and 1.4 times more likely to report weekly participation in community activities.

Further, those students who reported using marijuana monthly or more often were 1.9 times more likely to think that most students in their school also used marijuana monthly or more often, as compared to those who didn't use. The association was even stronger in the other direction: students who think most of their peers use monthly or more often were 6.6 times more likely themselves to report using marijuana that often.


"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting they First Smoked Marijuana at Age 13 or Younger, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 2,183.0 6.4% 2,132.0 6.6%
East Central 312.0 6.3% 254.0 6.3%
Metro 1,150.0 6.4% 1,188.0 6.8%
Non-Metro 1,033.0 6.4% 944.0 6.4%
Northwest 124.0 8.3% 118.0 8.7%
Northeast 148.0 8.7% 121.0 7.7%
Southeast 167.0 6.1% 169.0 5.6%
Southwest 184.0 5.5% 156.0 5.6%
West Central 98.0 4.9% 126.0 6.4%

About the Indicator: According to the national 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 8.5% of 9th graders and 6.7% of 11th graders reported they first used marijuana before age 13 years.

N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting they First Smoked Marijuana at Age 13 or Younger, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 2,183.0 6.4% 2,222.0 6.6%
Metro 1,150.0 6.4% 1,188.0 6.8%
Non-Metro 1,033.0 6.4% 1,034.0 6.4%

About the Indicator: According to the national 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 8.5% of 9th graders and 6.7% of 11th graders reported they first used marijuana before age 13 years. Nationally, 5.4% of white students, 10.6% of black students, and 10.9% of Hispanic students reported first using marijuana while younger than age 13.

N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Counts by race/ethnicity may not equal the state total, as students were allowed to select all applicable categories.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting they First Smoked Marijuana at Age 13 or Younger, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 2,149.0 6.4% 2,207.0 6.6%

About the Indicator: According to the national 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 8.5% of 9th graders and 6.7% of 11th graders reported they first used marijuana before age 13 years.


Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Use of Inhalants within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 463.0 1.4%
East Central * * 83.0 2.0%
Metro * * 228.0 1.3%
Non-Metro * * 235.0 1.6%
Northwest * * 25.0 1.8%
Northeast * * 24.0 1.5%
Southeast * * 32.0 1.1%
Southwest * * 38.0 1.4%
West Central * * 33.0 1.7%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of inhalants in the past 12 months.  Students were asked whether they sniffed glue, breathed the contents of aerosol spray cans, or inhaled any other gases or sprays in order to get high.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. As a result of discrepancies in illicit drug use responses, 2013 drug use data are not reliable and are not included here.

In 2010, reported past 12 month use of inhalants among 12th graders was lower in Minnesota than the national average (rate ratio = 0.67:1.00).  The state's rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).  For more national comparisons, click here State Epi Profile.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Methamphetamine Use within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 289.0 0.9%
East Central * * 42.0 1.0%
Metro * * 149.0 0.9%
Non-Metro * * 140.0 1.0%
Northwest * * 16.0 1.2%
Northeast * * 16.0 1.0%
Southeast * * 18.0 0.6%
Southwest * * 23.0 0.8%
West Central * * 25.0 1.3%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of methamphetamine in the past 12 months.  Students were asked whether they used meth, glass, crank, crystal meth or ice. N/A  or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. As a result of discrepancies in illicit drug use responses, 2013 drug use data are not reliable and are not included here.

In 2010, reported past 12 month methamphetamine use among 12th graders was higher in Minnesota than the national average (rate ratio = 1.40:1.00).  State rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).  For more national comparisons, click here State Epi Profile.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Use of MDMA/Ecstasy within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 517.0 1.6%
East Central * * 74.0 1.8%
Metro * * 307.0 1.8%
Non-Metro * * 210.0 1.4%
Northwest * * 16.0 1.2%
Northeast * * 26.0 1.7%
Southeast * * 29.0 1.0%
Southwest * * 36.0 1.3%
West Central * * 29.0 1.5%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of MDMA, GHB or Ketamine in the past 12 months.  Students were asked whether they used MDMA (E, X, Ecstasy), GHB (G, Liquid E, Liquid X, roofies), or Ketamine (Special K).  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

In 2007, reported past 12 month MDMA/Ecstasy use among 12th graders was lower in Minnesota than the national average (rate ratio = 0.89:1.00).  State rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).  For more national comparisons, click here State Epi Profile.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Use of Crack/Cocaine within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 560.0 1.7%
East Central * * 78.0 1.9%
Metro * * 320.0 1.8%
Non-Metro * * 240.0 1.6%
Northwest * * 26.0 1.9%
Northeast * * 31.0 2.0%
Southeast * * 33.0 1.1%
Southwest * * 37.0 1.3%
West Central * * 35.0 1.8%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of crack or cocaine in the past 12 months.  Student were asked whether they used crack, coke, or cocaine in any form.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. As a result of discrepancies in illicit drug use responses, 2013 drug use data are not reliable and are not included here.

In 2010, reported past 12 month crack/cocaine use among 12th graders in Minnesota was 2.9%.  Nationally, 2.9% reported use of cocaine and 1.2% reported use of crack.  State rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).  For more national comparisons, click here State Epi Profile.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Use of LSD, PCP or Other Psychedelics within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 1,036.0 3.2%
East Central * * 126.0 3.1%
Metro * * 625.0 3.6%
Non-Metro * * 411.0 2.8%
Northwest * * 46.0 3.4%
Northeast * * 66.0 4.2%
Southeast * * 58.0 1.9%
Southwest * * 64.0 2.3%
West Central * * 51.0 2.6%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of psychedelics in the past 12 months. Students were asked whether they used LSD (acid), PCP (wet sticks or dipped joints), or other psychedelics (mushrooms, angel dust).  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. As a result of discrepancies in illicit drug use responses, 2013 drug use data are not reliable and are not included here.

In 2010, reported past 12 month psychedelic use among 12th graders in Minnesota was 4.3%.  Nationally, 2.6% reported use of LSD and 4.8% reported use of other hallucinogens.  State rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).   For more national comparisons, click here State Epi Profile.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Use of Heroin within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 227.0 0.7%
East Central * * 35.0 0.9%
Metro * * 129.0 0.7%
Non-Metro * * 98.0 0.7%
Northwest * * 9.0 0.7%
Northeast * * 12.0 0.8%
Southeast * * 13.0 0.4%
Southwest * * 16.0 0.6%
West Central * * 13.0 0.7%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of heroin in the past 12 months.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. As a result of discrepancies in illicit drug use responses, 2013 drug use data are not reliable and are not included here.

In 2010, reported past 12 month heroin use among 12th graders was higher in Minnesota than the national average (rate ratio = 1.33:1.00).  State rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).  For more national comparisons, click here State Epi Profile.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Use of Synthetic Drugs within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 523.0 1.6%
East Central * * 71.0 1.8%
Metro * * 282.0 1.6%
Non-Metro * * 241.0 1.6%
Northwest * * 26.0 1.9%
Northeast * * 24.0 1.5%
Southeast * * 40.0 1.3%
Southwest * * 41.0 1.5%
West Central * * 39.0 2.0%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of synthetic drugs in the past 12 months. Students were asked whether they used synthetic drugs such as bath salts (White Wave, White Lightning), or synthetic marijuana (K2, Gold), that they took only to get high.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. As a result of discrepancies in illicit drug use responses, 2013 drug use data are not reliable and are not included here.

Because the question about synthetic drugs was added to the survey in 2013, trend data are not available.

For national comparisons, click here: State Epi Profile.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Use of Inhalants within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 478.0 1.4%
Metro * * 228.0 1.3%
Non-Metro * * 250.0 1.6%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of inhalants in the past 12 months.  Students were asked whether they sniffed glue, breathed the contents of aerosol spray cans, or inhaled any other gases or sprays in order to get high.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. As a result of discrepancies in illicit drug use responses, 2013 drug use data are not reliable and are not included here.

In 2010, reported past 12 month use of inhalants among 12th graders was lower in Minnesota than the national average (rate ratio = 0.67:1.00).  State rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).  For more national comparisons, click here State Epi Profile.

Counts by race/ethnicity may not equal the state total, as students were allowed to select all applicable categories.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Methamphetamine Use within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 300.0 0.9%
Metro * * 149.0 0.9%
Non-Metro * * 151.0 0.9%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of methamphetamines in the past 12 months.  Students were asked whether they used meth, glass, crank, crystal meth or ice. N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. As a result of discrepancies in illicit drug use responses, 2013 drug use data are not reliable and are not included here.

In 2010, reported past 12 month methamphetamine use among 12th graders was higher in Minnesota than the national average (rate ratio = 2.80:1.00).  State rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).  For more national comparisons, click here State Epi Profile.

Counts by race/ethnicity may not equal the state total, as students were allowed to select all applicable categories.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Use of MDMA/Ecstasy within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 542.0 1.6%
Metro * * 307.0 1.8%
Non-Metro * * 235.0 1.5%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of MDMA, GHB or Ketamine in the past 12 months.  Students were asked whether they used MDMA (E, X, Ecstasy), GHB (G, Liquid E, Liquid X, roofies), or Ketamine (Special K).  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. As a result of discrepancies in illicit drug use responses, 2013 drug use data are not reliable and are not included here.

In 2007, reported past 12 month MDMA/Ecstasy use among 12th graders was lower in Minnesota than the national average (rate ratio = 0.89:1.00).  State rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).  For more national comparisons, click here State Epi Profile.

Counts by race/ethnicity may not equal the state total, as students were allowed to select all applicable categories.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Use of Crack/Cocaine within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 577.0 1.7%
Metro * * 320.0 1.8%
Non-Metro * * 257.0 1.6%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of crack or cocaine in the past 12 months.  Student were asked whether they used crack, cocaine in chunk or rock form, or cocaine in any other form.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. As a result of discrepancies in illicit drug use responses, 2013 drug use data are not reliable and are not included here.

In 2010, reported past 12 month crack/cocaine use among 12th graders in Minnesota was 2.9%.  Nationally, 2.9% reported use of cocaine and 1.4% reported use of crack.  State rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).  For more national comparisons, click here State Epi Profile.

Counts by race/ethnicity may not equal the state total, as students were allowed to select all applicable categories.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Use of LSD, PCP or Other Psychedelics within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 1,074.0 3.2%
Metro * * 625.0 3.6%
Non-Metro * * 449.0 2.8%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of psychedelics in the past 12 months. Students were asked whether they used LSD (acid), PCP (wet sticks or dipped joints), or other psychedelics (mushrooms, angel dust).  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. As a result of discrepancies in illicit drug use responses, 2013 drug use data are not reliable and are not included here.

In 2010, reported past 12 month psychedelic use among 12th graders in Minnesota was 4.3%.  Nationally, 2.6% reported use of LSD and 4.8% reported use of other hallucinogens.  State rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).   For more national comparisons, click here State Epi Profile.

Counts by race/ethnicity may not equal the state total, as students were allowed to select all applicable categories.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Use of Heroin within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 235.0 0.7%
Metro * * 129.0 0.7%
Non-Metro * * 106.0 0.7%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of heroin in the past 12 months.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. As a result of discrepancies in illicit drug use responses, 2013 drug use data are not reliable and are not included here.

In 2010, reported past 12 month heroin use among 12th graders was higher in Minnesota than the national average (rate ratio = 1.33:1.00).  State rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).  For more national comparisons, click here State Epi Profile.

Counts by race/ethnicity may not equal the state total, as students were allowed to select all applicable categories.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Use of Synthetic Drugs within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 541.0 1.6%
Metro * * 282.0 1.6%
Non-Metro * * 259.0 1.6%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of synthetic drugs in the past 12 months. Students were asked whether they used synthetic drugs such as bath salts (White Wave, White Lightning), or synthetic marijuana (K2, Gold), that they took only to get high.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. As a result of discrepancies in illicit drug use responses, 2013 drug use data are not reliable and are not included here.

Because the question about synthetic drugs was added to the survey in 2013, trend data are not available.

For national comparisons, click here: State Epi Profile.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Use of Inhalants within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 471.0 1.4%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of inhalants in the past 12 months.  Students were asked whether they sniffed glue, breathed the contents of aerosol spray cans, or inhaled any other gases or sprays in order to get high.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. As a result of discrepancies in illicit drug use responses, 2013 drug use data are not reliable and are not included here.

In 2010, reported past 12 month use of inhalants among 12th graders was lower in Minnesota than the national average (rate ratio = 0.67:1.00).  State rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).  For more national comparisons, click here State Epi Profile.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Methamphetamine Use within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 294.0 0.9%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of methamphetamines in the past 12 months. Students were asked whether they used meth, glass, crank, crystal meth or ice. N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. As a result of discrepancies in illicit drug use responses, 2013 drug use data are not reliable and are not included here.

In 2010, reported past 12 month methamphetamine use among 12th graders was higher in Minnesota than the national average (rate ratio = 2.80:1.00).  State rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).  For more national comparisons, click here State Epi Profile.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Use of MDMA/Ecstasy within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 532.0 1.6%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of MDMA, GHB or Ketamine in the past 12 months.  Students were asked whether they used MDMA (E, X, Ecstasy), GHB (G, Liquid E, Liquid X, roofies), or Ketamine (Special K).  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. As a result of discrepancies in illicit drug use responses, 2013 drug use data are not reliable and are not included here.

In 2007, reported past 12 month MDMA/Ecstasy use among 12th graders was lower in Minnesota than the national average (rate ratio = 0.89:1.00).  State rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).  For more national comparisons, click here State Epi Profile.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Use of Crack/Cocaine within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 570.0 1.7%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of crack or cocaine in the past 12 months.  Student were asked whether they used crack, cocaine in chunk or rock form, or cocaine in any other form.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. As a result of discrepancies in illicit drug use responses, 2013 drug use data are not reliable and are not included here.

In 2010, reported past 12 month crack/cocaine use among 12th graders in Minnesota was 2.9%.  Nationally, 2.9% reported use of cocaine and 1.4% reported use of crack.  State rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).  For more national comparisons, click here State Epi Profile.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Use of LSD, PCP or Other Psychedelics within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 1,060.0 3.2%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of psychedelics in the past 12 months. Students were asked whether they used LSD (acid), PCP (wet sticks or dipped joints), or other psychedelics (mushrooms, angel dust).  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. As a result of discrepancies in illicit drug use responses, 2013 drug use data are not reliable and are not included here.

In 2010, reported past 12 month psychedelic use among 12th graders in Minnesota was 4.3%.  Nationally, 2.6% reported use of LSD and 4.8% reported use of other hallucinogens.  State rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).   For more national comparisons, click here State Epi Profile.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Use of Heroin within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 231.0 0.7%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of heroin in the past 12 months.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. As a result of discrepancies in illicit drug use responses, 2013 drug use data are not reliable and are not included here.

In 2010, reported past 12 month heroin use among 12th graders was higher in Minnesota than the national average (rate ratio = 1.33:1.00).  State rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).  For more national comparisons, click here State Epi Profile.

Counts by race/ethnicity may not equal the state total, as students were allowed to select all applicable categories.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Use of Synthetic Drugs within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 531.0 1.6%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of synthetic drugs in the past 12 months. Students were asked whether they used synthetic drugs such as bath salts (White Wave, White Lightning), or synthetic marijuana (K2, Gold), that they took only to get high.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. As a result of discrepancies in illicit drug use responses, 2013 drug use data are not reliable and are not included here.

Because the question about synthetic drugs was added to the survey in 2013, trend data are not available.

For national comparisons, click here: State Epi Profile.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Prescription Drug Misuse

11th Students Reporting Any Past 30 Day Use of Prescription Drugs Not Prescribed for Them, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 2,389.0 7.0% 1,973.0 6.1%
East Central 326.0 6.6% 237.0 5.9%
Metro 1,382.0 7.7% 1,162.0 6.7%
Non-Metro 1,007.0 6.2% 811.0 5.5%
Northwest 98.0 6.3% 87.0 6.4%
Northeast 80.0 4.7% 87.0 5.5%
Southeast 194.0 7.1% 129.0 4.3%
Southwest 198.0 6.0% 151.0 5.4%
West Central 111.0 5.6% 120.0 6.1%

About the Indicator:

In 2013, a new question was added to the Minnesota Student Survey asking about student's past month misuse of any prescription drugs (use of prescription drugs not prescribed for them). Prescription drugs can have dangerous health consequences if used incorrectly, or if used by by someone other than for whom they were intended.

According to 2013 MSS data, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported past-30 day prescription drug misuse, those who DIDN'T report misuse were 3.8 times less likely to report past-year suicidal ideation; 2.2 times less likely to report problems with feeling depressed in the past year; 1.9 times less likely to report feeling anxious in the past year; 3.6 times less likely to report self harm in the past year; 1.5 times less likely to report past-month bullying victimization; 3 times less likely to report not feeling safe in their neighborhoods; 2.6 times less likely to report not being able to talk to their parents about problems; and 3.4 times less likely to report their parents only care about them some, a little, or not at all.

On the other hand, compared to those students who DID report past 30-day prescription drug misuse, those who DIDN'T report misuse were 2 times more likely to report better teacher-student relationships; 1.7 times more likely to report greater educational engagement; 1.9 times more likely to report that the adults in their communities care about them quite a bit or very much; and 1.2 times more likely to report weekly participation in community activities.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Any Past 30 Day Use of Prescription Drugs Not Prescribed for Them, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 2,389.0 7.0% 879.0 5.5%
Metro 1,382.0 7.7% 1,162.0 6.7%
Non-Metro 1,007.0 6.2% 2,041.0 6.1%

About the Indicator:

 In 2013, a new question was added to the Minnesota Student Survey asking about student's past month misuse of any prescription drugs (use of prescription drugs not prescribed for them). Prescription drugs can have dangerous health consequences if used incorrectly, or if used by by someone other than for whom they were intended.


According to 2013 MSS data, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported past-30 day prescription drug misuse, those who DIDN'T report misuse were 3.8 times less likely to report past-year suicidal ideation; 2.2 times less likely to report problems with feeling depressed in the past year; 1.9 times less likely to report feeling anxious in the past year; 3.6 times less likely to report self harm in the past year; 1.5 times less likely to report past-month bullying victimization; 3 times less likely to report not feeling safe in their neighborhoods; 2.6 times less likely to report not being able to talk to their parents about problems; and 3.4 times less likely to report their parents only care about them some, a little, or not at all.

On the other hand, compared to those students who DID report past 30-day prescription drug misuse, those who DIDN'T report misuse were 2 times more likely to report better teacher-student relationships; 1.7 times more likely to report greater educational engagement; 1.9 times more likely to report that the adults in their communities care about them quite a bit or very much; and 1.2 times more likely to report weekly participation in community activities.


"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Any Past 30 Day Use of Prescription Drugs Not Prescribed for Them, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 2,352.0 7.0% 2,030.0 6.1%

About the Indicator:

In 2013, a new question was added to the Minnesota Student Survey asking about student's past month misuse of any prescription drugs (use of prescription drugs not prescribed for them). Prescription drugs can have dangerous health consequences if used incorrectly, or if used by by someone other than for whom they were intended.

According to 2013 MSS data, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported past-30 day prescription drug misuse, those who DIDN'T report misuse were 3.8 times less likely to report past-year suicidal ideation; 2.2 times less likely to report problems with feeling depressed in the past year; 1.9 times less likely to report feeling anxious in the past year; 3.6 times less likely to report self harm in the past year; 1.5 times less likely to report past-month bullying victimization; 3 times less likely to report not feeling safe in their neighborhoods; 2.6 times less likely to report not being able to talk to their parents about problems; and 3.4 times less likely to report their parents only care about them some, a little, or not at all.

On the other hand, compared to those students who DID report past 30-day prescription drug misuse, those who DIDN'T report misuse were 2 times more likely to report better teacher-student relationships; 1.7 times more likely to report greater educational engagement; 1.9 times more likely to report that the adults in their communities care about them quite a bit or very much; and 1.2 times more likely to report weekly participation in community activities.


"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Any Use of Prescription Pain Relievers Not Prescribed for Them by Their Doctor within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 1,570.0 4.9%
East Central * * 209.0 5.2%
Metro * * 882.0 5.0%
Non-Metro * * 688.0 4.7%
Northwest * * 63.0 4.6%
Northeast * * 80.0 5.1%
Southeast * * 133.0 4.4%
Southwest * * 107.0 3.9%
West Central * * 96.0 4.9%

About the Indicator: Drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any abuse of prescription drugs in the past 12 months.  Students were asked whether they used Oxycodone, OxyContin (oxy), Percocet, Percodan, Vicodin or other pain relievers not prescribed for them by a doctor.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

In 2010, reported past 12 month prescription pain reliever use among 12th graders was similar in Minnesota to the national average (rate ratio = 1.02:1.00).  States rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF). 

11th Students Reporting Any Use of Prescription Pain Relievers Not Prescribed for Them by Their Doctor within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 1,621.0 4.8%
Metro * * 882.0 5.0%
Non-Metro * * 739.0 4.6%

About the Indicator: Drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any abuse of prescription drugs in the past 12 months.  Students were asked whether they used Oxycodone, OxyContin (oxy), Percocet, Percodan, Vicodin or other pain relievers not prescribed for them by a doctor.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

In 2010, reported past 12 month prescription pain reliever use among 12th graders was similar in Minnesota to the national average (rate ratio = 1.02:1.00).  States rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF). 

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Any Use of Prescription Pain Relievers Not Prescribed for Them by Their Doctor within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 1,610.0 4.8%

About the Indicator: Drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any abuse of prescription drugs in the past 12 months.  Students were asked whether they used Oxycodone, OxyContin (oxy), Percocet, Percodan, Vicodin or other pain relievers not prescribed for them by a doctor.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

In 2010, reported past 12 month prescription pain reliever use among 12th graders was similar in Minnesota to the national average (rate ratio = 1.02:1.00).  States rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF). 

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Any Use of ADD or ADHD Drugs Not Prescribed for Them by Their Doctor within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 1,649.0 5.1%
East Central * * 180.0 4.5%
Metro * * 1,033.0 5.9%
Non-Metro * * 616.0 4.2%
Northwest * * 61.0 4.5%
Northeast * * 62.0 4.0%
Southeast * * 103.0 3.4%
Southwest * * 119.0 4.3%
West Central * * 91.0 4.7%

About the Indicator:

Drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of 9th and 12th grade students reporting any abuse of their own or someone else’s prescription ADHD or ADD drugs like Ritalin (hyper pills) in the past 12 months for the purpose of getting high.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

In 2010, reported past 12 month ADHD or ADD drug use among 12th graders was higher in Minnesota than the national average (rate ratio = 1.17:1.00).  States rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).


Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Any Use of ADD or ADHD Drugs Not Prescribed for Them by Their Doctor within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 1,686.0 5.0%
Metro * * 1,033.0 5.9%
Non-Metro * * 653.0 4.1%

About the Indicator:

Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of 9th and 12th grade students reporting any abuse of their own or someone else’s prescription ADHD or ADD drugs like Ritalin (hyper pills) in the past 12 months for the purpose of getting high.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

In 2010, reported past 12 month ADHD or ADD drug use among 12th graders was higher in Minnesota than the national average (rate ratio = 1.17:1.00).  States rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).


Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Any Use of ADD or ADHD Drugs Not Prescribed for Them by Their Doctor within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 1,674.0 5.0%

About the Indicator:

Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of 9th and 12th grade students reporting any abuse of their own or someone else’s prescription ADHD or ADD drugs like Ritalin (hyper pills) in the past 12 months for the purpose of getting high.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

In 2010, reported past 12 month ADHD or ADD drug use among 12th graders was higher in Minnesota than the national average (rate ratio = 1.17:1.00).  States rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).


Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Any Use of Stimulants or Diet Pills Not Prescribed for Them by Their Doctor within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 498.0 1.5%
East Central * * 75.0 1.9%
Metro * * 281.0 1.6%
Non-Metro * * 217.0 1.5%
Northwest * * 15.0 1.1%
Northeast * * 33.0 2.1%
Southeast * * 37.0 1.2%
Southwest * * 28.0 1.0%
West Central * * 29.0 1.5%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of 9th and 12th grade students reporting any abuse of prescription stimulants like Benzedrine (bennies, speed, uppers, pep pills) or diet pills in the past 12 months for the purpose of getting high.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Any Use of Stimulants or Diet Pills Not Prescribed for Them by Their Doctor within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 515.0 1.5%
Metro * * 281.0 1.6%
Non-Metro * * 234.0 1.5%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of 9th and 12th grade students reporting any abuse of prescription stimulants like Benzedrine (bennies, speed, uppers, pep pills) or diet pills in the past 12 months for the purpose of getting high.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Any Use of Stimulants or Diet Pills Not Prescribed for Them by Their Doctor within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 506.0 1.5%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of 9th and 12th grade students reporting any abuse of prescription stimulants like Benzedrine (bennies, speed, uppers, pep pills) or diet pills in the past 12 months for the purpose of getting high.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Any Use of Tranquilizers or Sedatives Not Prescribed for Them by Their Doctor within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 1,045.0 3.2%
East Central * * 105.0 2.6%
Metro * * 702.0 4.0%
Non-Metro * * 343.0 2.3%
Northwest * * 25.0 1.8%
Northeast * * 43.0 2.7%
Southeast * * 64.0 2.1%
Southwest * * 56.0 2.0%
West Central * * 50.0 2.6%

About the Indicator: Drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of 9th and 12th grade students reporting any abuse of prescription tranquilizers (Valium, Xanax, nerve pills), sedatives, or barbiturates in the past 12 months for the purpose of getting high.  N/A or * indicate that the data are unavailable or were not collected.  

In 2010, reported past 12 month tranquilizer/sedative use among 12th graders in Minnesota was 3.2%.  Nationally, 5.6% reported use of tranquilizers and 4.8% reported use of sedatives.  States rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Any Use of Tranquilizers or Sedatives Not Prescribed for Them by Their Doctor within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 1,079.0 3.2%
Metro * * 702.0 4.0%
Non-Metro * * 377.0 2.4%

About the Indicator: Drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of 9th and 12th grade students reporting any abuse of prescription tranquilizers (Valium, Xanax, nerve pills), sedatives, or barbiturates in the past 12 months for the purpose of getting high.  N/A or * indicate that the data are unavailable or were not collected.  

In 2010, reported past 12 month tranquilizer/sedative use among 12th graders in Minnesota was 3.2%.  Nationally, 5.6% reported use of tranquilizers and 4.8% reported use of sedatives.  States rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Any Use of Tranquilizers or Sedatives Not Prescribed for Them by Their Doctor within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 1,065.0 3.2%

About the Indicator: Drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of 9th and 12th grade students reporting any abuse of prescription tranquilizers (Valium, Xanax, nerve pills), sedatives, or barbiturates in the past 12 months for the purpose of getting high.  N/A or * indicate that the data are unavailable or were not collected.  

In 2010, reported past 12 month tranquilizer/sedative use among 12th graders in Minnesota was 3.2%.  Nationally, 5.6% reported use of tranquilizers and 4.8% reported use of sedatives.  States rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Drug Consequences

No data was found for 11th (Grade) in the category Drug Consequences

Drug Intervening Variables

11th Students Reporting that they Believe People Put themselves at Great or Moderate Risk of Harm by Smoking Marijuana Once or Twice a Week, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 18,083.0 55.6% 14,789.0 46.6%
East Central 2,759.0 57.8% 1,880.0 47.1%
Metro 9,016.0 53.5% 7,871.0 45.7%
Non-Metro 9,067.0 57.8% 6,918.0 47.6%
Northwest 870.0 60.5% 624.0 46.2%
Northeast 884.0 53.1% 661.0 42.8%
Southeast 1,497.0 57.1% 1,451.0 49.0%
Southwest 1,859.0 57.3% 1,341.0 48.8%
West Central 1,198.0 61.9% 961.0 49.7%

About the Indicator:

Students were asked specifically how much they thought people risked harming themselves physically or in other ways if they smoked marijuana once or twice per week. "N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting that they Believe People put themselves at Great or Moderate Risk of Harm by Smoking Marijuana Once or Twice a Week, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 18,083.0 55.6% 15,424.0 46.6%
Metro 9,016.0 53.5% 7,871.0 45.7%
Non-Metro 9,067.0 57.8% 7,553.0 47.7%

About the Indicator:

Students were asked specifically how much they thought people risked harming themselves physically or in other ways if they smoked marijuana once or twice per week. "N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting that they Believe People Put themselves at Great or Moderate Risk of Harm by Smoking Marijuana Once or Twice a Week, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 17,879.0 55.6% 15,282.0 46.6%

About the Indicator:

Students were asked specifically how much they thought people risked harming themselves physically or in other ways if they smoked marijuana once or twice per week. "N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting that they Believe People Put themselves at Great or Moderate Risk of Harm by Using Prescription Drugs Not Prescribed for Them, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 27,767.0 85.4% 25,821.0 81.3%
East Central 4,055.0 84.9% 3,216.0 80.5%
Metro 14,536.0 86.3% 14,099.0 81.8%
Non-Metro 13,231.0 84.4% 11,722.0 80.7%
Northwest 1,221.0 84.7% 1,092.0 81.0%
Northeast 1,405.0 84.5% 1,290.0 83.5%
Southeast 2,198.0 84.1% 2,390.0 80.7%
Southwest 2,689.0 82.9% 2,169.0 79.0%
West Central 1,663.0 86.0% 1,565.0 80.7%

About the Indicator:

The Minnesota Student Survey added a question about the perceived harm of misusing prescription drugs 2013. 

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting that they Believe People Put themselves at Great or Moderate Risk of Harm by Using Prescription Drugs Not Prescribed for Them, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 27,767.0 85.4% 26,840.0 81.2%
Metro 14,536.0 86.3% 14,099.0 81.8%
Non-Metro 13,231.0 84.4% 12,741.0 80.5%

About the Indicator:

The Minnesota Student Survey added a question about the perceived harm of misusing prescription drugs 2013. 

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting that they Believe People Put themselves at Great or Moderate Risk of Harm by Using Prescription Drugs Not Prescribed for Them, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 17,879.0 55.6% 26,636.0 81.2%

About the Indicator:

The Minnesota Student Survey added a question about the perceived harm of misusing prescription drugs 2013. 

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Their Parents Would Think It's Very Wrong or Wrong for Them to Smoke Marijuana, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 29,188 89.5% 27,232 85.7%
East Central 4,334 90.4% 3,410 85.3%
Metro 15,095 89.3% 14,801 85.8%
Non-Metro 14,093 89.8% 12,431 85.5%
Northwest 1,295 89.3% 1,154 85.4%
Northeast 1,433 86.3% 1,268 82.1%
Southeast 2,350 89.9% 2,572 86.8%
Southwest 2,913 89.7% 2,355 86.0%
West Central 1,672 86.3%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about parent disapproval changed considerably in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent their parents would approve or disapprove of them smoking marijuana. In 2013, students were asked how wrong their parents would feel it would be for them to smoke marijuana. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.


Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Their Parents Would Think It's Very Wrong or Wrong for Them to Smoke Marijuana, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 29,188 89.5% 28,327 85.6%
Metro 15,095 89.3% 14,801 85.8%
Non-Metro 14,093 89.8% 13,526 85.4%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about parent disapproval changed considerably in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent their parents would approve or disapprove of them smoking marijuana. In 2013, students were asked how wrong their parents would feel it would be for them to smoke marijuana. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Their Parents Would Think It's Very Wrong or Wrong for Them to Smoke Marijuana, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 28,865 89.6% 28,097 85.6%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about parent disapproval changed considerably in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent their parents would approve or disapprove of them smoking marijuana. In 2013, students were asked how wrong their parents would feel it would be for them to smoke marijuana. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Their Parents Would Think It's Very Wrong or Wrong for Them to Use Prescription Drugs Not Prescribed for Them, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 31,001 95.0% 29,755 93.7%
East Central 4,558 94.9% 3,730 93.4%
Metro 16,131 95.4% 16,168 93.8%
Non-Metro 14,870 94.6% 13,587 93.6%
Northwest 1,367 94.4% 1,263 93.6%
Northeast 1,567 94.2% 1,464 94.6%
Southeast 2,478 94.7% 2,777 93.9%
Southwest 3,056 94.1% 2,548 93.4%
West Central 1,844 95.2% 1,805 93.1%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about parent disapproval changed in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent their parents would approve or disapprove of them using other illegal drugs (other than marijuana). In 2013, this question was dropped and students were instead asked how wrong their parents would feel it would be for them to use prescription drugs not prescribed for them. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Their Parents Would Think It's Very Wrong or Wrong for Them to Use Prescription Drugs Not Prescribed for Them, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 31,001 95.0% 30,956 93.6%
Metro 16,131 95.4% 16,168 93.8%
Non-Metro 14,870 94.6% 14,788 93.5%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about parent disapproval changed in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent their parents would approve or disapprove of them using other illegal drugs (other than marijuana). In 2013, this question was dropped and students were instead asked how wrong their parents would feel it would be for them to use prescription drugs not prescribed for them. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Their Parents Would Think It's Very Wrong or Wrong for Them to Use Prescription Drugs Not Prescribed for Them, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 30,653 95.0% 21,936 67.0%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about parent disapproval changed in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent their parents would approve or disapprove of them using other illegal drugs (other than marijuana). In 2013, this question was dropped and students were instead asked how wrong their parents would feel it would be for them to use prescription drugs not prescribed for them. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Their Friends Would Feel it is Wrong or Very Wrong for Them to Use Prescription Drugs not Prescribed for Them, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 25,561.0 78.9% 25,407.0 80.2%
East Central 3,765.0 78.7% 3,195.0 80.2%
Metro 13,157.0 78.6% 13,622.0 79.3%
Non-Metro 12,404.0 79.2% 11,785.0 81.3%
Northwest 1,149.0 79.7% 1,091.0 80.6%
Northeast 1,308.0 79.1% 1,276.0 82.6%
Southeast 2,067.0 79.4% 2,430.0 82.2%
Southwest 2,536.0 78.2% 2,214.0 81.1%
West Central 1,579.0 81.7% 1,579.0 81.7%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about peer disapproval changed in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent to which their close friends would approve or disapprove of them using illegal drugs (other than marijuana). In 2013, this question was dropped and students were instead asked how wrong their friends would feel it would be for them to use prescription drugs not prescribed for them. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Their Friends Would Feel it is Wrong or Very Wrong for Them to Use Prescription Drugs not Prescribed for Them, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 25,561.0 78.9% 26,456.0 80.2%
Metro 13,157.0 78.6% 13,622.0 79.3%
Non-Metro 12,404.0 79.2% 12,834.0 81.2%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about peer disapproval changed in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent to which their close friends would approve or disapprove of them using illegal drugs (other than marijuana). In 2013, this question was dropped and students were instead asked how wrong their friends would feel it would be for them to use prescription drugs not prescribed for them. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.


Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Their Friends Would Feel it is Wrong or Very Wrong for Them to Use Prescription Drugs not Prescribed for Them, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 25,286.0 78.9% 26,238.0 80.2%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about peer disapproval changed in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent to which their close friends would approve or disapprove of them using illegal drugs (other than marijuana). In 2013, this question was dropped and students were instead asked how wrong their friends would feel it would be for them to use prescription drugs not prescribed for them. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Think Their Friends Would Feel it is Wrong or Very Wrong for Them to Smoke Marijuana, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 18,671.0 57.6% 17,685.0 55.8%
East Central 2,902.0 60.8% 2,275.0 57.1%
Metro 9,011.0 53.8% 9,155.0 53.3%
Non-Metro 9,660.0 61.7% 8,530.0 58.8%
Northwest 911.0 63.2% 778.0 57.5%
Northeast 927.0 55.9% 822.0 53.2%
Southeast 1,639.0 63.0% 1,769.0 59.8%
Southwest 2,023.0 62.4% 1,696.0 62.1%
West Central 1,258.0 65.2% 1,190.0 61.6%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about peer disapproval changed in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent to which their close friends would approve or disapprove of them smoking marijuana once or twice a week. In 2013, this question was dropped and students were instead asked how wrong their friends would feel it would be for them to smoke marijuana. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Think Their Friends Would Feel it is Wrong or Very Wrong for Them to Smoke Marijuana, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 18,671.0 57.6%
Metro 9,011.0 53.8%
Non-Metro 9,660.0 61.7%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about peer disapproval changed in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent to which their close friends would approve or disapprove of them smoking marijuana once or twice a week. In 2013, this question was dropped and students were instead asked how wrong their friends would feel it would be for them to smoke marijuana. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.


Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Think Their Friends Would Feel it is Wrong or Very Wrong for Them to Smoke Marijuana, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 18,456.0 57.6% 18,291.0 55.9%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about peer disapproval changed in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent to which their close friends would approve or disapprove of them smoking marijuana once or twice a week. In 2013, this question was dropped and students were instead asked how wrong their friends would feel it would be for them to smoke marijuana. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.


Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Drug Treatment

No data was found for 11th (Grade) in the category Drug Treatment

Risk Factors

11th Students Reporting Ever Having Had a Boyfriend or Girlfriend in a Dating or Serious Relationship Who Hit, Slapped, or Physically Hurt Them on Purpose, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 1,979.0 5.7%
Metro 955.0 5.2%
Non-Metro 1,024.0 6.2%

About the Indicator:

Intimate partner violence is a risk factor for both substance use and mental health disorders. N/A indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. This question changed in 2013.

According to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, physical dating violence was reported by 8.8% of 9th graders and 10.4% of 11th graders nationally.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Ever Having Had a Boyfriend or Girlfriend in a Dating or Serious Relationship Who Hit, Slapped, or Physically Hurt Them on Purpose, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 1,943.0 5.7%

About the Indicator:

Intimate partner violence is a risk factor for both substance use and mental health disorders. N/A indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

According to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, physical dating violence was reported by 8.8% of 9th graders and 10.4% of 11th graders nationally.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Ever Having Had a Boyfriend or Girlfriend in a Dating or Serious Relationship Who Hit, Slapped, or Physically Hurt Them on Purpose, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 1,979.0 5.7%
East Central 313.0 6.3%
Metro 955.0 5.2%
Non-Metro 1,024.0 6.2%
Northwest 107.0 6.9%
Northeast 129.0 7.4%
Southeast 155.0 5.6%
Southwest 224.0 6.7%
West Central 96.0 4.8%

About the Indicator:

Intimate partner violence is a risk factor for both substance use and mental health disorders. N/A indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. The wording of this question changed in 2013.

According to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, physical dating violence was reported by 8.8% of 9th graders and 10.4% of 11th graders nationally.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Were Bullied or Harassed Weekly or More Often in the Past 30 Days, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 5,459 15.2% 4,577 13.4%
East Central 862 17.1% 611 14.4%
Metro 2,690 14.0% 2,321 12.3%
Non-Metro 2,769 16.6% 2,256 14.7%
Northwest 275 17.3% 204 14.8%
Northeast 302 16.9% 264 16.2%
Southeast 447 15.6% 467 14.8%
Southwest 541 16.0% 401 13.9%
West Central 342 16.9% 309 15.2%

About the Indicator:

This indicator includes students responding "about once a week," "several times a week," or "every day" to any or all of the following Minnesota Student Survey questions:

During the last 30 days, how often have other students at school...?

  • Pushed, shoved, slapped, hit or kicked you when they weren't kidding around
  • Threatened to beat you up
  • Spread mean rumors or lies about you
  • Made sexual jokes, comments, or gestures toward you
  • Excluded you from friends, other students, or activities

In 2016, past 30-day alcohol use was reported by 9.1% of students who said they were not bullied or harassed in the past month, 18.4% of students who were bullied or harassed at least once in the past month, 24.3% of students who were bullied or harassed weekly or more often, and 28.1% of students who reported being bullied or harassed every day.

Further, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported NO past-month bullying victimization, bullied students were 1.8 times more likely to report alcohol use; 1.9 times more likely to report tobacco use; 1.7 times more likely to report marijuana use; and 2.5 times more likely to report prescription drug misuse.

See the 2017 Bullying and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Were Bullied or Harassed Weekly or More Often in the Past 30 Days, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 5,459 15.2% 4,807 13.5%
Metro 2,690 14.0% 2,321 12.3%
Non-Metro 2,769 16.6% 2,486 14.8%

About the Indicator:

This indicator includes students responding "about once a week," "several times a week," or "every day" to any or all of the following Minnesota Student Survey questions:

During the last 30 days, how often have other students at school...?

  • Pushed, shoved, slapped, hit or kicked you when they weren't kidding around
  • Threatened to beat you up
  • Spread mean rumors or lies about you
  • Made sexual jokes, comments, or gestures toward you
  • Excluded you from friends, other students, or activities

In 2016, past 30-day alcohol use was reported by 9.1% of students who said they were not bullied or harassed in the past month, 18.4% of students who were bullied or harassed at least once in the past month, 24.3% of students who were bullied or harassed weekly or more often, and 28.1% of students who reported being bullied or harassed every day.

Further, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported NO past-month bullying victimization, bullied students were 1.8 times more likely to report alcohol use; 1.9 times more likely to report tobacco use; 1.7 times more likely to report marijuana use; and 2.5 times more likely to report prescription drug misuse.

See the 2017 Bullying and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Were Bullied or Harassed Weekly or More Often in the Past 30 Days, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 5,378 15.2% 4,760 13.5%

About the Indicator:

This indicator includes students responding "about once a week," "several times a week," or "every day" to any or all of the following Minnesota Student Survey questions:

During the last 30 days, how often have other students at school...?

  • Pushed, shoved, slapped, hit or kicked you when they weren't kidding around
  • Threatened to beat you up
  • Spread mean rumors or lies about you
  • Made sexual jokes, comments, or gestures toward you
  • Excluded you from friends, other students, or activities

In 2016, past 30-day alcohol use was reported by 9.1% of students who said they were not bullied or harassed in the past month, 18.4% of students who were bullied or harassed at least once in the past month, 24.3% of students who were bullied or harassed weekly or more often, and 28.1% of students who reported being bullied or harassed every day.

Further, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported NO past-month bullying victimization, bullied students were 1.8 times more likely to report alcohol use; 1.9 times more likely to report tobacco use; 1.7 times more likely to report marijuana use; and 2.5 times more likely to report prescription drug misuse.

See the 2017 Bullying and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Were Bullied or Harassed Once or More in the Past 30 Days, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 14,702 40.9% 13,021 38.0%
East Central 2,149 42.7% 1,680 39.6%
Metro 7,408 38.5% 6,844 36.2%
Non-Metro 7,294 43.7% 6,177 40.2%
Northwest 703 44.2% 544 39.4%
Northeast 835 46.6% 699 42.8%
Southeast 1,230 43.0% 1,252 39.6%
Southwest 1,478 43.7% 1,137 39.3%
West Central 899 44.4% 865 42.7%

About the Indicator:

This indicator includes students responding "about once a week," "several times a week," or "every day" to any or all of the following Minnesota Student Survey questions:

During the last 30 days, how often have other students at school...?

  • Pushed, shoved, slapped, hit or kicked you when they weren't kidding around
  • Threatened to beat you up
  • Spread mean rumors or lies about you
  • Made sexual jokes, comments, or gestures toward you
  • Excluded you from friends, other students, or activities

In 2016, past 30-day alcohol use was reported by 9.1% of students who said they were not bullied or harassed in the past month, 18.4% of students who were bullied or harassed at least once in the past month, 24.3% of students who were bullied or harassed weekly or more often, and 28.1% of students who reported being bullied or harassed every day.

Further, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported NO past-month bullying victimization, bullied students were 1.8 times more likely to report alcohol use; 1.9 times more likely to report tobacco use; 1.7 times more likely to report marijuana use; and 2.5 times more likely to report prescription drug misuse.

See the 2017 Bullying and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Were Bullied or Harassed Once or More in the Past 30 Days, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 14,702 40.9% 13,583 38.1%
Metro 7,408 38.5% 6,844 36.2%
Non-Metro 7,294 43.7% 6,739 40.2%

About the Indicator:

This indicator includes students responding "about once a week," "several times a week," or "every day" to any or all of the following Minnesota Student Survey questions:

During the last 30 days, how often have other students at school...?

  • Pushed, shoved, slapped, hit or kicked you when they weren't kidding around
  • Threatened to beat you up
  • Spread mean rumors or lies about you
  • Made sexual jokes, comments, or gestures toward you
  • Excluded you from friends, other students, or activities

In 2016, past 30-day alcohol use was reported by 9.1% of students who said they were not bullied or harassed in the past month, 18.4% of students who were bullied or harassed at least once in the past month, 24.3% of students who were bullied or harassed weekly or more often, and 28.1% of students who reported being bullied or harassed every day.

Further, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported NO past-month bullying victimization, bullied students were 1.8 times more likely to report alcohol use; 1.9 times more likely to report tobacco use; 1.7 times more likely to report marijuana use; and 2.5 times more likely to report prescription drug misuse.

See the 2017 Bullying and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Were Bullied or Harassed Once or More in the Past 30 Days, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 14,500 40.9% 13,472 38.1%

About the Indicator:

This indicator includes students responding "about once a week," "several times a week," or "every day" to any or all of the following Minnesota Student Survey questions:

During the last 30 days, how often have other students at school...?

  • Pushed, shoved, slapped, hit or kicked you when they weren't kidding around
  • Threatened to beat you up
  • Spread mean rumors or lies about you
  • Made sexual jokes, comments, or gestures toward you
  • Excluded you from friends, other students, or activities

In 2016, past 30-day alcohol use was reported by 9.1% of students who said they were not bullied or harassed in the past month, 18.4% of students who were bullied or harassed at least once in the past month, 24.3% of students who were bullied or harassed weekly or more often, and 28.1% of students who reported being bullied or harassed every day.

Further, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported NO past-month bullying victimization, bullied students were 1.8 times more likely to report alcohol use; 1.9 times more likely to report tobacco use; 1.7 times more likely to report marijuana use; and 2.5 times more likely to report prescription drug misuse.

See the 2017 Bullying and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Live with Someone Who Uses Illegal Drugs or Abuses Prescription Drugs, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 2,082 6.0% 1,749 5.3%
East Central 277 5.5% 212 5.1%
Metro 1,216 6.6% 1,024 5.7%
Non-Metro 866 5.3% 725 4.8%
Northwest 77 4.9% 65 4.7%
Northeast 116 6.7% 79 5.0%
Southeast 165 5.9% 163 5.3%
Southwest 124 3.7% 123 4.4%
West Central 107 5.3% 83 4.2%

About the Indicator:

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic experiences, including abuse, neglect and a range of household dysfunction. ACEs put individuals at risk for a number of negative outcomes across the lifespan, including: alcohol, tobacco and other drug use; anxiety; hopelessness; depression; and suicidal ideation and attempts.

One ACE measured by the Minnesota Student Survey is household drug use. Students were asked if they lived with anyone who uses illegal drugs or abuses prescription drugs. Compared to students who do not live with someone who abuses drugs, those who do are more likely to report past month use of marijuana (40.6% vs 8.2%), alcohol (45.7% vs 15.0%), and tobacco (36.6% vs 9.6%). For more information on ACEs, see the 2017 ACEs and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

NOTE: 5th graders were asked this question in 2013, but were not asked in 2016.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Live with Someone Who Uses Illegal Drugs or Abuses Prescription Drugs, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 2,082 6.0% 1,805 5.3%
Metro 1,216 6.6% 1,024 5.7%
Non-Metro 866 5.3% 781 4.8%

About the Indicator:

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic experiences, including abuse, neglect and a range of household dysfunction. ACEs put individuals at risk for a number of negative outcomes across the lifespan, including: alcohol, tobacco and other drug use; anxiety; hopelessness; depression; and suicidal ideation and attempts.

One ACE measured by the Minnesota Student Survey is household drug use. Students were asked if they lived with anyone who uses illegal drugs or abuses prescription drugs. Compared to students who do not live with someone who abuses drugs, those who do are more likely to report past month use of marijuana (40.6% vs 8.2%), alcohol (45.7% vs 15.0%), and tobacco (36.6% vs 9.6%). For more information on ACEs, see the 2017 ACEs and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

NOTE: 5th graders were asked this question in 2013, but were not asked in 2016.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Live with Someone Who Uses Illegal Drugs or Abuses Prescription Drugs, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 2,051 6.0% 1,795 5.3%

About the Indicator:

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic experiences, including abuse, neglect and a range of household dysfunction. ACEs put individuals at risk for a number of negative outcomes across the lifespan, including: alcohol, tobacco and other drug use; anxiety; hopelessness; depression; and suicidal ideation and attempts.

One ACE measured by the Minnesota Student Survey is household drug use. Students were asked if they lived with anyone who uses illegal drugs or abuses prescription drugs. Compared to students who do not live with someone who abuses drugs, those who do are more likely to report past month use of marijuana (40.6% vs 8.2%), alcohol (45.7% vs 15.0%), and tobacco (36.6% vs 9.6%). For more information on ACEs, see the 2017 ACEs and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting a Parent or Guardian is Currently or Ever Has Been in Prison, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 4,939 14.3% 4,928 15.0%
East Central 809 16.3% 697 16.9%
Metro 2,247 12.3% 2,308 12.9%
Non-Metro 2,692 16.5% 2,620 17.6%
Northwest 327 21.2% 301 22.0%
Northeast 326 18.9% 304 19.1%
Southeast 392 14.2% 453 14.8%
Southwest 509 15.3% 476 17.0%
West Central 329 16.5% 389 19.7%

About the Indicator:

Note: 5th graders were asked this question in 2013, but not in 2016.

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic experiences, including abuse, neglect and a range of household dysfunction. ACEs put individuals at risk for a number of negative outcomes across the lifespan, including: alcohol, tobacco and other drug use; anxiety; hopelessness; depression; and suicidal ideation and attempts.

One ACE measured by the Minnesota Student Survey is parent or caregiver incarceration. Students were asked if any of their parents or guardians had ever been in jail or prison. Compared to students who do not have a parent or caregiver who is or ever has been in jail or prison, those who do are more likely to report past month use of marijuana (22.3% vs 7.7%), alcohol (29.4% vs 14.3%), and tobacco (23.5% vs 8.8%). For more information on ACEs, see the 2017 ACEs and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

For a concise explanation of the effects of parental incarceration on students, see the infographic "Academic Outcomes Among Youth with Incarcerated Parents in Minnesota."

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting a Parent or Guardian is Currently or Ever Has Been in Prison, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 4,939 14.3% 5,149 15.1%
Metro 2,247 12.3% 2,308 12.9%
Non-Metro 2,692 16.5% 2,841 17.5%

About the Indicator:

Note: 5th graders were asked this question in 2013, but not in 2016.

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic experiences, including abuse, neglect and a range of household dysfunction. ACEs put individuals at risk for a number of negative outcomes across the lifespan, including: alcohol, tobacco and other drug use; anxiety; hopelessness; depression; and suicidal ideation and attempts.

One ACE measured by the Minnesota Student Survey is parent or caregiver incarceration. Students were asked if any of their parents or guardians had ever been in jail or prison. Compared to students who do not have a parent or caregiver who is or ever has been in jail or prison, those who do are more likely to report past month use of marijuana (22.3% vs 7.7%), alcohol (29.4% vs 14.3%), and tobacco (23.5% vs 8.8%).
For more information on ACEs, see the 2017 ACEs and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

For a concise explanation of the effects of parental incarceration on students, see the infographic "Academic Outcomes Among Youth with Incarcerated Parents in Minnesota."


Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting a Parent or Guardian is Currently or Ever Has Been in Prison, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 4,870 14.3% 5,121 15.1%

About the Indicator:

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic experiences, including abuse, neglect and a range of household dysfunction. ACEs put individuals at risk for a number of negative outcomes across the lifespan, including: alcohol, tobacco and other drug use; anxiety; hopelessness; depression; and suicidal ideation and attempts.

One ACE measured by the Minnesota Student Survey is parent or caregiver incarceration. Students were asked if any of their parents or guardians had ever been in jail or prison. Compared to students who do not have a parent or caregiver who is or ever has been in jail or prison, those who do are more likely to report past month use of marijuana (22.3% vs 7.7%), alcohol (29.4% vs 14.3%), and tobacco (23.5% vs 8.8%).For more information on ACEs, see the 2017 ACEs and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

For a concise explanation of the effects of parental incarceration on students, see the infographic "Academic Outcomes Among Youth with Incarcerated Parents in Minnesota."


Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Were Verbally Abused by Someone in Their Household, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Percent Number Percent Number
Minnesota 12.4% 4,300 12.7% 4,181
East Central 13.6% 679 13.8% 568
Metro 12.0% 2,199 12.6% 2,261
Non-Metro 12.8% 2,101 12.9% 1,920
Northwest 13.3% 208 12.5% 171
Northeast 13.2% 230 12.6% 200
Southeast 12.2% 339 12.8% 391
Southwest 11.5% 385 12.4% 348
West Central 13.0% 260 12.2% 242

About the Indicator:

Note: 5th graders were asked this question in 2013, but not in 2016.

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic experiences, including abuse, neglect and a range of household dysfunction. ACEs put individuals at risk for a number of negative outcomes across the lifespan, including: alcohol, tobacco and other drug use; anxiety; hopelessness; depression; and suicidal ideation and attempts.

One ACE measured by the Minnesota Student Survey is parent or household adult verbal abuse. Students were asked if a parent or another adult in the home regularly swears at them, insults them, or puts them down. Compared to students who do not report being verbally abused, those who do are more likely to report past month use of marijuana (19.8% vs 8.4%), alcohol (31.0% vs 14.4%), and tobacco (22.6% vs 9.3%).

For more information on ACEs, see the 2017 ACEs and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Were Verbally Abused by Someone in Their Household, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 4,300 12.4% 4,340 12.7%
Metro 2,199 12.0% 2,261 12.6%
Non-Metro 2,101 12.8% 2,079 12.8%

About the Indicator:

Note: 5th graders were asked this question in 2013, but not in 2016.

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic experiences, including abuse, neglect and a range of household dysfunction. ACEs put individuals at risk for a number of negative outcomes across the lifespan, including: alcohol, tobacco and other drug use; anxiety; hopelessness; depression; and suicidal ideation and attempts.

One ACE measured by the Minnesota Student Survey is parent or household adult verbal abuse. Students were asked if a parent or another adult in the home regularly swears at them, insults them, or puts them down. Compared to students who do not report being verbally abused, those who do are more likely to report past month use of marijuana (19.8% vs 8.4%), alcohol (31.0% vs 14.4%), and tobacco (22.6% vs 9.3%).

For more information on ACEs, see the 2017 ACEs and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Were Verbally Abused by Someone in Their Household, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 4,249 12.4% 4,296 12.7%

About the Indicator:

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic experiences, including abuse, neglect and a range of household dysfunction. ACEs put individuals at risk for a number of negative outcomes across the lifespan, including: alcohol, tobacco and other drug use; anxiety; hopelessness; depression; and suicidal ideation and attempts.

One ACE measured by the Minnesota Student Survey is parent or household adult verbal abuse. Students were asked if a parent or another adult in the home regularly swears at them, insults them, or puts them down. Compared to students who do not report being verbally abused, those who do are more likely to report past month use of marijuana (19.8% vs 8.4%), alcohol (31.0% vs 14.4%), and tobacco (22.6% vs 9.3%).

For more information on ACEs, see the 2017 ACEs and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Live with Someone Who Drinks Too Much Alcohol, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 3,889 11.2% 3,550 10.8%
East Central 627 12.5% 480 11.6%
Metro 1,970 10.7% 1,888 10.5%
Non-Metro 1,970 11.7% 1,662 11.1%
Northwest 207 13.2% 152 11.1%
Northeast 205 11.8% 210 13.2%
Southeast 292 10.5% 325 10.6%
Southwest 361 10.8% 286 10.2%
West Central 227 11.3% 209 10.5%

About the Indicator:

Note: 5th graders were asked this question in 2013, but not in 2016.

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic experiences, including abuse, neglect and a range of household dysfunction. ACEs put individuals at risk for a number of negative outcomes across the lifespan, including: alcohol, tobacco and other drug use; anxiety; hopelessness; depression; and suicidal ideation and attempts.

One ACE measured by the Minnesota Student Survey is household alcohol problems. Students were asked if they live with someone who drinks too much alcohol. Compared to students who do not live with someone who drinks too much alcohol, those who do are more likely to report past month use of marijuana (23.4% vs 8.5%), alcohol (35.8% vs 14.5%), and tobacco (25.9% vs 9.5%).

For more information on ACEs, see the 2017 ACEs and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Live with Someone Who Drinks Too Much Alcohol, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 3,889 11.2% 3,715 10.8%
Metro 1,970 10.7% 1,888 10.5%
Non-Metro 1,919 11.7% 1,827 11.2%

About the Indicator:

Note: 5th graders were asked this question in 2013, but not 2016.

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic experiences, including abuse, neglect and a range of household dysfunction. ACEs put individuals at risk for a number of negative outcomes across the lifespan, including: alcohol, tobacco and other drug use; anxiety; hopelessness; depression; and suicidal ideation and attempts.

One ACE measured by the Minnesota Student Survey is household alcohol problems. Students were asked if they live with someone who drinks too much alcohol. Compared to students who do not live with someone who drinks too much alcohol, those who do are more likely to report past month use of marijuana (23.4% vs 8.5%), alcohol (35.8% vs 14.5%), and tobacco (25.9% vs 9.5%).

For more information on ACEs, see the 2017 ACEs and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Live with Someone Who Drinks Too Much Alcohol, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 3,835 11.2% 3,681 10.8%

About the Indicator:

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic experiences, including abuse, neglect and a range of household dysfunction. ACEs put individuals at risk for a number of negative outcomes across the lifespan, including: alcohol, tobacco and other drug use; anxiety; hopelessness; depression; and suicidal ideation and attempts.

One ACE measured by the Minnesota Student Survey is household alcohol problems. Students were asked if they live with someone who drinks too much alcohol. Compared to students who do not live with someone who drinks too much alcohol, those who do are more likely to report past month use of marijuana (23.4% vs 8.5%), alcohol (35.8% vs 14.5%), and tobacco (25.9% vs 9.5%).

For more information on ACEs, see the 2017 ACEs and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting That a Parent or Other Adult Has Ever Hit, Beat, Kicked or Physically Hurt Them in Any Way, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 4,064 11.8% 3,584 10.9%
East Central 572 11.4% 433 10.5%
Metro 2,262 12.4% 2,044 11.4%
Non-Metro 1,802 11.0% 1,540 10.3%
Northwest 181 11.6% 128 9.4%
Northeast 183 10.5% 165 10.4%
Southeast 313 11.3% 335 11.0%
Southwest 342 10.2% 276 9.9%
West Central 211 10.5% 203 10.3%

About the Indicator:

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic experiences, including abuse, neglect and a range of household dysfunction. ACEs put individuals at risk for a number of negative outcomes across the lifespan, including: alcohol, tobacco and other drug use; anxiety; hopelessness; depression; and suicidal ideation and attempts.

One ACE measured by the Minnesota Student Survey is parent or household adult physical abuse. Students were asked if a parent or another adult in the home has ever hit, beat, kicked or physically hurt them in any way. Compared to students who do not report being physically abused, those who do are more likely to report past month use of marijuana (20.7% vs 8.6%), alcohol (31.0% vs 14.8%), and tobacco (23.2% vs 9.5%).

Note: The question changed in 2013 from, "Has any adult in your household hit you so hard or so often that you had marks or were afraid of that person?" to "Has a parent or other adult in your household ever hit, beat, kicked or physically hurt you in any way?"

In 2016, 5th graders were not asked this question.

For more information on ACEs, see the 2017 ACEs and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting That a Parent or Other Adult Has Ever Hit, Beat, Kicked or Physically Hurt Them in Any Way, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 4,064 11.8% 3,718 10.9%
Metro 2,262 12.4% 2,044 11.4%
Non-Metro 1,802 11.0% 1,674 10.3%

About the Indicator:

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic experiences, including abuse, neglect and a range of household dysfunction. ACEs put individuals at risk for a number of negative outcomes across the lifespan, including: alcohol, tobacco and other drug use; anxiety; hopelessness; depression; and suicidal ideation and attempts.

One ACE measured by the Minnesota Student Survey is parent or household adult physical abuse. Students were asked if a parent or another adult in the home has ever hit, beat, kicked or physically hurt them in any way. Compared to students who do not report being physically abused, those who do are more likely to report past month use of marijuana (20.7% vs 8.6%), alcohol (31.0% vs 14.8%), and tobacco (23.2% vs 9.5%).

Note: The question changed in 2013 from, "Has any adult in your household hit you so hard or so often that you had marks or were afraid of that person?" to "Has a parent or other adult in your household ever hit, beat, kicked or physically hurt you in any way?"

Additionally, 5th graders were not asked this question in 2016.

For more information on ACEs, see the 2014 ACEs and Behavioral Health SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting That a Parent or Other Adult Has Ever Hit, Beat, Kicked or Physically Hurt Them in Any Way, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 4,009 11.7% 3,688 10.9%

About the Indicator:

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic experiences, including abuse, neglect and a range of household dysfunction. ACEs put individuals at risk for a number of negative outcomes across the lifespan, including: alcohol, tobacco and other drug use; anxiety; hopelessness; depression; and suicidal ideation and attempts.

One ACE measured by the Minnesota Student Survey is parent or household adult physical abuse. Students were asked if a parent or another adult in the home has ever hit, beat, kicked or physically hurt them in any way. Compared to students who do not report being physically abused, those who do are more likely to report past month use of marijuana (20.7% vs 8.6%), alcohol (31.0% vs 14.8%), and tobacco (23.2% vs 9.5%).

Note: The question changed in 2013 from, "Has any adult in your household hit you so hard or so often that you had marks or were afraid of that person?" to "Has a parent or other adult in your household ever hit, beat, kicked or physically hurt you in any way?"

For more information on ACEs, see the 2017 ACEs and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Resilience Factors

11th Students Reporting They Strongly Agree or Agree That They Feel Safe at School, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 34,320.0 94.0% 33,595.0 93.4%
Metro 18,452.0 94.2% 17,868.0 93.7%
Non-Metro 15,868.0 93.7% 15,727.0 93.1%

About the Indicator: School safety is a factor associated with both substance use and mental health disorders. According to 2013 MSS data, students who “strongly agree” or “agree” they feel safe at school are 1.8 times less likely to report past month alcohol use, 2.1 times less likely to report past month tobacco use, 2.0 times less likely to report past month marijuana use, and 2.7 times less likely to report any past month prescription drug misuse as compared to those who “disagree” or “strongly disagree.” N/A indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Strongly Agree or Agree That They Feel Safe at School, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 33,872.0 94.0% 33,286.0 93.4%

About the Indicator: School safety is a factor associated with both substance use and mental health disorders. According to 2013 MSS data, students who “strongly agree” or “agree” they feel safe at school are 1.8 times less likely to report past month alcohol use, 2.1 times less likely to report past month tobacco use, 2.0 times less likely to report past month marijuana use, and 2.7 times less likely to report any past month prescription drug misuse as compared to those who “disagree” or “strongly disagree.” N/A indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Strongly Agree or Agree That They Feel Safe at School, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 34,320.0 94.0% 32,269.0 93.4%
East Central 4,812.0 94.0% 4,037.0 94.0%
Metro 18,452.0 94.2% 17,868.0 93.7%
Non-Metro 15,868.0 93.7% 14,401.0 93.1%
Northwest 1,504.0 93.3% 1,291.0 92.9%
Northeast 1,683.0 92.4% 1,536.0 93.5%
Southeast 2,745.0 94.0% 2,944.0 92.4%
Southwest 3,170.0 93.0% 2,661.0 91.4%
West Central 1,954.0 95.1% 1,932.0 94.6%

About the Indicator:

School safety is a factor associated with both substance use and mental health disorders. N/A indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Can Talk to Their Mother Most or Some of the Time about Problems They Are Having, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 30,309.0 82.7% 29,120.0 83.6%
East Central 4,235.0 82.7% 3,643.0 84.1%
Metro 16,254.0 82.5% 16,014.0 83.2%
Non-Metro 14,055.0 82.9% 13,106.0 84.2%
Northwest 1,327.0 82.0% 1,170.0 84.1%
Northeast 1,515.0 82.7% 1,381.0 83.4%
Southeast 2,428.0 83.1% 2,723.0 84.7%
Southwest 2,797.0 82.2% 2,443.0 83.7%
West Central 1,753.0 85.1% 1,746.0 85.0%

About the Indicator:

Being able to talk to someone about problems you are having is a protective factor for both substance abuse and mental health disorders. Response options to the question “Can you talk to your mother about problems you are having?” include: “Yes, most of the time,” “Yes, some of the time,” “No, not very often,” “No, not at all,” and “My mother is not around.”

According to 2016 MSS data, students who said they could talk to their mother some or most of the time about problems they are having are 1.9 times less likely to report past-month alcohol use, 2.1 times less likely to report past-month tobacco use, 2.4 times less likely to report past-month marijuana use, and 2.6 times less likely to report any past-month prescription drug misuse as compared to those who can't talk to their mothers.

 

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Can Talk to Their Mother Most or Some of the Time about Problems They Are Having, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Percent Number Percent Number
Minnesota 82.7% 30,309.0 83.7% 30,330.0
Metro 82.5% 16,254.0 83.2% 16,014.0
Non-Metro 82.9% 14,055.0 84.2% 14,316.0

About the Indicator:

Being able to talk to someone about problems you are having is a protective factor for both substance abuse and mental health disorders. Response options to the question “Can you talk to your mother about problems you are having?” include: “Yes, most of the time,” “Yes, some of the time,” “No, not very often,” “No, not at all,” and “My mother is not around.”

According to 2016 MSS data, students who said they could talk to their mother some or most of the time about problems they are having are 1.9 times less likely to report past-month alcohol use, 2.1 times less likely to report past-month tobacco use, 2.4 times less likely to report past-month marijuana use, and 2.6 times less likely to report any past-month prescription drug misuse as compared to those who can't talk to their mothers.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Can Talk to Their Mother Most or Some of the Time about Problems They Are Having, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 29,979.0 82.8% 30,067.0 83.7%

About the Indicator:

Being able to talk to someone about problems you are having is a protective factor for both substance abuse and mental health disorders. Response options to the question “Can you talk to your mother about problems you are having?” include: “Yes, most of the time,” “Yes, some of the time,” “No, not very often,” “No, not at all,” and “My mother is not around.”

According to 2016 MSS data, students who said they could talk to their mother some or most of the time about problems they are having are 1.9 times less likely to report past-month alcohol use, 2.1 times less likely to report past-month tobacco use, 2.4 times less likely to report past-month marijuana use, and 2.6 times less likely to report any past-month prescription drug misuse as compared to those who can't talk to their mothers.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Can Talk to Their Father Most or Some of the Time about Problems They Are Having, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 25,242.0 68.9% 24,086.0 69.2%
East Central 3,612.0 70.6% 3,108.0 71.7%
Metro 13,369.0 67.9% 13,080.0 68.0%
Non-Metro 11,873.0 70.1% 11,006.0 70.7%
Northwest 1,115.0 69.0% 1,006.0 72.2%
Northeast 1,288.0 70.4% 1,136.0 68.8%
Southeast 2,044.0 70.0% 2,262.0 70.4%
Southwest 2,354.0 69.2% 2,045.0 70.2%
West Central 1,460.0 70.8% 1,449.0 70.6%

About the Indicator:

Being able to talk to someone about problems you are having is a protective factor for both substance abuse and mental health disorders. Response options to the question “Can you talk to your father about problems you are having?” include: “Yes, most of the time,” “Yes, some of the time,” “No, not very often,” “No, not at all,” and “My father is not around.”

According to 2016 MSS data, students who said they could talk to their father some or most of the time about problems they are having are 1.8 times less likely to report past-month alcohol use, 1.9 times less likely to report past-month tobacco use, 2.2 times less likely to report past-month marijuana use, and 2.3 times less likely to report any past-month prescription drug misuse as compared to those who can't talk to their fathers.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Can Talk to Their Father Most or Some of the Time about Problems They Are Having, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 25,242.0 68.9% 25,119.0 74.2%
Metro 13,369.0 67.9% 13,080.0 73.1%
Non-Metro 11,873.0 70.1% 12,039.0 75.5%

About the Indicator:

Being able to talk to someone about problems you are having is a protective factor for both substance abuse and mental health disorders. Response options to the question “Can you talk to your father about problems you are having?” include: “Yes, most of the time,” “Yes, some of the time,” “No, not very often,” “No, not at all,” and “My father is not around.”

According to 2016 MSS data, students who said they could talk to their father some or most of the time about problems they are having are 1.8 times less likely to report past-month alcohol use, 1.9 times less likely to report past-month tobacco use, 2.2 times less likely to report past-month marijuana use, and 2.3 times less likely to report any past-month prescription drug misuse as compared to those who can't talk to their fathers.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Can Talk to Their Father Most or Some of the Time about Problems They Are Having, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 24,974.0 69.0% 24,921.0 69.4%

About the Indicator:

Being able to talk to someone about problems you are having is a protective factor for both substance abuse and mental health disorders. Response options to the question “Can you talk to your father about problems you are having?” include: “Yes, most of the time,” “Yes, some of the time,” “No, not very often,” “No, not at all,” and “My father is not around.”

According to 2016 MSS data, students who said they could talk to their father some or most of the time about problems they are having are 1.8 times less likely to report past-month alcohol use, 1.9 times less likely to report past-month tobacco use, 2.2 times less likely to report past-month marijuana use, and 2.3 times less likely to report any past-month prescription drug misuse as compared to those who can't talk to their fathers.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Higher Levels of Educational Engagement, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Percent Number Percent Number
Minnesota 74.4% 26,751.0 73.2% 25,119.0
East Central 71.9% 3,622.0 69.4% 2,960.0
Metro 76.6% 14,753.0 74.6% 14,131.0
Non-Metro 71.9% 11,998.0 71.4% 10,988.0
Northwest 71.4% 1,138.0 70.9% 981.0
Northeast 70.4% 1,268.0 71.2% 1,168.0
Southeast 72.6% 2,077.0 73.6% 2,327.0
Southwest 71.8% 2,432.0 72.8% 2,113.0
West Central 72.2% 1,461.0 70.7% 1,439.0

About the Indicator:

For the first time in 2013, the Minnesota Student Survey (MSS) included modified items from Child Trends Flourishing Children Project. Educational engagement comprise MSS questions 18, 19, 20, 21A, 21B, and 21C:

  • How often do you care about doing well in school?

  • How often do you pay attention in class?

  • How often do you go to class unprepared?

  • If something interests me, I try to learn more about it.

  • I think the things I learn at school are useful.

  • Being a student is one of the most important parts of who I am.

Response options for each of the last three items above are: strongly agree (coded as 4), agree (coded as 3), disagree (coded as 2), and strongly disagree (coded as 1). Response options for the first three questions were: all of the time, most of the time, some of the time, and none of the time--these were coded as 1 through 4, with the most positive response scoring 4 and the least positive response scoring 1. An educational engagement score can be created by summing the values for each question, obtaining a range from 6 to 24. Higher levels of educational engagement are measured as students reporting an overall score of 18 or higher; this corresponds to an average score of 3 or higher per question.

In 2016, Minnesota 8th, 9th, and 11th graders with higher levels of educational engagement were 2.5 times less likely to report any past 30-day alcohol use compared to students with lower levels of educational engagement: 10% vs. 25%.

Further, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported greater educational engagement, less engaged students were 3.0 times more likely to report past-month tobacco use; 3.2 more likely to report past-month marijuana use; and 2.9 times more likely to report past-month prescription drug misuse.

See the 2014 Educational Engagement and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Higher Levels of Educational Engagement, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Percent Number Percent Number
Minnesota 74.4% 26,751.0 73.0% 26,100.0
Metro 76.6% 14,753.0 74.6% 14,131.0
Non-Metro 71.9% 11,998.0 71.3% 11,969.0

About the Indicator:

For the first time in 2013, the Minnesota Student Survey (MSS) included modified items from Child Trends Flourishing Children Project. Educational engagement comprise MSS questions 18, 19, 20, 21A, 21B, and 21C:

  • How often do you care about doing well in school?

  • How often do you pay attention in class?

  • How often do you go to class unprepared?

  • If something interests me, I try to learn more about it.

  • I think the things I learn at school are useful.

  • Being a student is one of the most important parts of who I am.

Response options for each of the last three items above are: strongly agree (coded as 4), agree (coded as 3), disagree (coded as 2), and strongly disagree (coded as 1). Response options for the first three questions were: all of the time, most of the time, some of the time, and none of the time--these were coded as 1 through 4, with the most positive response scoring 4 and the least positive response scoring 1. An educational engagement score can be created by summing the values for each question, obtaining a range from 6 to 24. Higher levels of educational engagement are measured as students reporting an overall score of 18 or higher; this corresponds to an average score of 3 or higher per question.

In 2016, Minnesota 8th, 9th, and 11th graders with higher levels of educational engagement were 2.5 times less likely to report any past 30-day alcohol use compared to students with lower levels of educational engagement: 10% vs. 25%.

Further, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported greater educational engagement, less engaged students were 3.0 times more likely to report past-month tobacco use; 3.2 more likely to report past-month marijuana use; and 2.9 times more likely to report past-month prescription drug misuse.

See the 2014 Educational Engagement and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Higher Levels of Educational Engagement, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 26,411.0 74.4% 25,861.0 73.0%

About the Indicator:

For the first time in 2013, the Minnesota Student Survey (MSS) included modified items from Child Trends Flourishing Children Project. Educational engagement comprise MSS questions 18, 19, 20, 21A, 21B, and 21C:

  • How often do you care about doing well in school?

  • How often do you pay attention in class?

  • How often do you go to class unprepared?

  • If something interests me, I try to learn more about it.

  • I think the things I learn at school are useful.

  • Being a student is one of the most important parts of who I am.

Response options for each of the last three items above are: strongly agree (coded as 4), agree (coded as 3), disagree (coded as 2), and strongly disagree (coded as 1). Response options for the first three questions were: all of the time, most of the time, some of the time, and none of the time--these were coded as 1 through 4, with the most positive response scoring 4 and the least positive response scoring 1. An educational engagement score can be created by summing the values for each question, obtaining a range from 6 to 24. Higher levels of educational engagement are measured as students reporting an overall score of 18 or higher; this corresponds to an average score of 3 or higher per question.

In 2016, Minnesota 8th, 9th, and 11th graders with higher levels of educational engagement were 2.5 times less likely to report any past 30-day alcohol use compared to students with lower levels of educational engagement: 10% vs. 25%.

Further, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported greater educational engagement, less engaged students were 3.0 times more likely to report past-month tobacco use; 3.2 more likely to report past-month marijuana use; and 2.9 times more likely to report past-month prescription drug misuse.

See the 2014 Educational Engagement and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Adult Mental Health

No data was found for 11th (Grade) in the category Adult Mental Health

Youth Mental Health

11th Students Reporting They Did Something to Purposely Hurt or Injure Themselves Without Wanting to Die (Such as Cutting, Burning, or Bruising) in the Past Year, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 4,465.0 12.8% 5,047.0 14.7%
Metro 2,428.0 13.2% 2,684.0 14.9%
Non-Metro 2,037.0 12.4% 2,363.0 14.5%

About the Indicator:

Self-harm is a risk factor for both substance use and mental health disorders.

According to 2013 MSS data, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported NO past-year self-harm, those who DID report self-harm were 2.4 times more likely to report alcohol use; 2.9 times more likely to report tobacco use; 2.7 times more likely to report marijuana use; and 5.1 times more likely to report prescription drug misuse.

N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

For more information on the association between self-harm and substance use, see the 2015 Mental Health and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Did Something to Purposely Hurt or Injure Themselves Without Wanting to Die (Such as Cutting, Burning, or Bruising) in the Past Year, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 4,393.0 12.8% 4,996.0 14.7%

About the Indicator:

Self-harm is a risk factor for both substance use and mental health disorders.

N/A  or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

According to 2013 MSS data, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported NO past-year self-harm, those who DID report self-harm were 2.4 times more likely to report alcohol use; 2.9 times more likely to report tobacco use; 2.7 times more likely to report marijuana use; and 5.1 times more likely to report prescription drug misuse.

For more information on the association between self-harm and substance use, see the 2015 Mental Health and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Did Something to Purposely Hurt or Injure Themselves Without Wanting to Die (Such as Cutting, Burning, or Bruising) in the Past Year, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 4,465.0 12.8% 4,872.0 14.8%
East Central 649.0 13.0% 613.0 14.9%
Metro 2,428.0 13.2% 2,684.0 14.9%
Non-Metro 2,037.0 12.4% 2,188.0 14.7%
Northwest 204.0 13.1% 209.0 15.3%
Northeast 210.0 12.1% 263.0 16.6%
Southeast 369.0 13.2% 442.0 14.5%
Southwest 382.0 11.4% 361.0 12.9%
West Central 223.0 11.1% 300.0 15.2%

About the Indicator:

Self-harm is a risk factor for both substance use and mental health disorders.

N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

According to 2013 MSS data, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported NO past-year self-harm, those who DID report self-harm were 2.4 times more likely to report alcohol use; 2.9 times more likely to report tobacco use; 2.7 times more likely to report marijuana use; and 5.1 times more likely to report prescription drug misuse.

For more information on the association between self-harm and substance use, see the 2015 Mental Health and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Youth Reporting High Distress Levels for Internalizing Disorders, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 9,678.0 28.2%
East Central 1,362.0 27.6%
Metro 5,285.0 29.3%
Non-Metro 4,393.0 27.0%
Northwest 438.0 28.3%
Northeast 487.0 28.3%
Southeast 734.0 26.6%
Southwest 844.0 25.4%
West Central 528.0 26.6%

About the Indicator: Students with three or more internalizing disorders are considered to have a high distress level. Internalizing disorders are measured using the Global Appraisal of Individual Needs--Short Screener (GAIN-SS). New to the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey, students were asked about "significant" problems. Significant means "having problems for two or more weeks, problems that keep coming back, problems that keep you from meeting your responsibilities, or problems that make you feel like you can't go on."

  • Significant past 12 month problems with feeling very trapped, lonely, sad, blue, depressed, or hopeless about the future
  • Significant past 12 month problems with sleep trouble, such as bad dreams, sleeping restlessly or falling asleep during the day
  • Significant past 12 month problems with feeling very anxious, nervous, tense, scared, panicked or like something bad was going to happen
  • Significant past 12 month problems with become very distressed and upset when something reminded you of the past
  • Significant past 12 month problems with thinking about ending your life or committing suicide

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Youth Reporting High Distress Levels for Internalizing Disorders, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 9,678.0 28.2%
Metro 5,285.0 29.3%
Non-Metro 4,393.0 27.0%

About the Indicator: Students with three or more internalizing disorders are considered to have a high distress level. Internalizing disorders are measured using the Global Appraisal of Individual Needs--Short Screener (GAIN-SS). New to the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey, students were asked about "significant" problems. Significant means "having problems for two or more weeks, problems that keep coming back, problems that keep you from meeting your responsibilities, or problems that make you feel like you can't go on."

  • Significant past 12 month problems with feeling very trapped, lonely, sad, blue, depressed, or hopeless about the future
  • Significant past 12 month problems with sleep trouble, such as bad dreams, sleeping restlessly or falling asleep during the day
  • Significant past 12 month problems with feeling very anxious, nervous, tense, scared, panicked or like something bad was going to happen
  • Significant past 12 month problems with become very distressed and upset when something reminded you of the past
  • Significant past 12 month problems with thinking about ending your life or committing suicide

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Youth Reporting High Distress Levels for Internalizing Disorders, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 9,534.0 28.1%

About the Indicator: Students with three or more internalizing disorders are considered to have a high distress level. Internalizing disorders are measured using the Global Appraisal of Individual Needs--Short Screener (GAIN-SS). New to the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey, students were asked about "significant" problems. Significant means "having problems for two or more weeks, problems that keep coming back, problems that keep you from meeting your responsibilities, or problems that make you feel like you can't go on."

  • Significant past 12 month problems with feeling very trapped, lonely, sad, blue, depressed, or hopeless about the future
  • Significant past 12 month problems with sleep trouble, such as bad dreams, sleeping restlessly or falling asleep during the day
  • Significant past 12 month problems with feeling very anxious, nervous, tense, scared, panicked or like something bad was going to happen
  • Significant past 12 month problems with become very distressed and upset when something reminded you of the past
  • Significant past 12 month problems with thinking about ending your life or committing suicide

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Youth Reporting High Distress Levels for Externalizing Disorders, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 11,164.0 32.5%
East Central 1,595.0 32.3%
Metro 6,011.0 33.2%
Non-Metro 5,153.0 31.7%
Northwest 485.0 31.4%
Northeast 563.0 32.7%
Southeast 882.0 32.0%
Southwest 994.0 29.9%
West Central 634.0 31.8%

About the Indicator: Students with three or more externalizing disorders are considered to have a high distress level. Externalizing disorders are measured using the Global Appraisal of Individual Needs--Short Screener (GAIN-SS). New to the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey, students were asked about doing any of the following two or more times in the past 12 months:

  • "Lie or con to get things you wanted or to avoid having to do something"
  • "Have a hard time paying attention at school, work, or home"
  • "Have a hard time listening to instructions at school, work, or home"
  • "Be a bully or threaten other people"
  • "Start fights with other people"

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Youth Reporting High Distress Levels for Externalizing Disorders, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 11,164.0 32.5%
Metro 6,011.0 33.2%
Non-Metro 5,153.0 31.7%

About the Indicator: Students with three or more externalizing disorders are considered to have a high distress level. Externalizing disorders are measured using the Global Appraisal of Individual Needs--Short Screener (GAIN-SS). New to the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey, students were asked about doing any of the following two or more times in the past 12 months:

  • "Lie or con to get things you wanted or to avoid having to do something"
  • "Have a hard time paying attention at school, work, or home"
  • "Have a hard time listening to instructions at school, work, or home"
  • "Be a bully or threaten other people"
  • "Start fights with other people"

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Youth Reporting High Distress Levels for Externalizing Disorders, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 11,021.0 32.5%

About the Indicator: Students with three or more externalizing disorders are considered to have a high distress level. Externalizing disorders are measured using the Global Appraisal of Individual Needs--Short Screener (GAIN-SS). New to the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey, students were asked about doing any of the following two or more times in the past 12 months:

  • "Lie or con to get things you wanted or to avoid having to do something"
  • "Have a hard time paying attention at school, work, or home"
  • "Have a hard time listening to instructions at school, work, or home"
  • "Be a bully or threaten other people"
  • "Start fights with other people"

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Suicide

11th Students Reporting They Seriously Considered Attempting Suicide in the Last Year, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 3,367.0 9.7% 4,113.0 12.0%
Metro 1,862.0 10.2% 2,193.0 12.2%
Non-Metro 1,505.0 9.2% 1,920.0 11.8%

About the Indicator:

Suicidal ideation and suicide attempts are strongly associated with substance use. According to Partnership for Drug-Free Kids, almost one-fourth of suicide victims are legally intoxicated when they die.

According to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 17.2% of 9th graders and 18.2% of 11th graders nationally seriously considered attempting suicide in the past 12 months. 

N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

According to 2013 MSS data, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported NO past-year suicidal ideation, those who DID report suicidal ideation were 2.3 times more likely to report alcohol use; 2.7 times more likely to report tobacco use; 2.7 times more likely to report marijuana use; and 4.6 times more likely to report prescription drug misuse.

For more information on the association between suicidal ideation and substance use, see the 2015 Mental Health and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Seriously Considered Attempting Suicide in the Last Year, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 3,314.0 9.7% 4,077.0 12.0%

About the Indicator:

Suicidal ideation and suicide attempts are strongly associated with substance use. According to Partnership for Drug-Free Kids, almost one-fourth of suicide victims are legally intoxicated when they die.

According to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 17.2% of 9th graders and 18.2% of 11th graders nationally seriously considered attempting suicide in the past 12 months. 

N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

According to 2013 MSS data, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported NO past-year suicidal ideation, those who DID report suicidal ideation were 2.3 times more likely to report alcohol use; 2.7 times more likely to report tobacco use; 2.7 times more likely to report marijuana use; and 4.6 times more likely to report prescription drug misuse.

For more information on the association between suicidal ideation and substance use, see the 2015 Mental Health and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting They Seriously Considered Attempting Suicide in the Last Year, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 3,367.0 9.7% 3,962.0 12.1%
East Central 461.0 9.3% 499.0 12.1%
Metro 1,862.0 10.2% 2,193.0 12.2%
Non-Metro 1,505.0 9.2% 1,769.0 11.9%
Northwest 153.0 9.8% 153.0 11.2%
Northeast 154.0 8.9% 215.0 13.5%
Southeast 276.0 10.0% 370.0 12.2%
Southwest 294.0 8.9% 292.0 10.4%
West Central 167.0 8.3% 240.0 12.1%

About the Indicator:

Suicidal ideation and suicide attempts are strongly associated with substance use. According to Partnership for Drug-Free Kids, almost one-fourth of suicide victims are legally intoxicated when they die.

According to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 17.2% of 9th graders and 18.2% of 11th graders nationally seriously considered attempting suicide in the past 12 months. 

N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

According to 2013 MSS data, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported NO past-year suicidal ideation, those who DID report suicidal ideation were 2.3 times more likely to report alcohol use; 2.7 times more likely to report tobacco use; 2.7 times more likely to report marijuana use; and 4.6 times more likely to report prescription drug misuse.

For more information on the association between suicidal ideation and substance use, see the 2015 Mental Health and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Students Reporting Gambling Behaviors

11th Students Reporting Engaging in Problematic Gambling in the Past Year, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 1,040.0 10.9%
East Central 146.0 11.1%
Metro 578.0 11.6%
Non-Metro 462.0 10.1%
Northwest 38.0 8.6%
Northeast 68.0 13.0%
Southeast 71.0 8.3%
Southwest 84.0 10.5%
West Central 55.0 8.6%

About the Indicator:

In 2016, for the first time, students were asked:
"During the last 12 months, how often have you...

  • hidden gambling/betting from your parents, other family members, or teachers?

  • felt that you might have a problem with gambling/betting?

  • skipped hanging out with friends who do not gamble/bet to hang out with friends who do gamble/bet?"

Response options included Never, Sometimes, Many times, and All of the time. Students who reported Sometimes, Many times, or All of the time for any of the above questions are considered to have engaged in any problematic gambling.

Gambling is associated with increased substance use. In 2016, students who reported gambling monthly or more frequently in the past year were twice as likely to report alcohol use in the past month, compared to students who gambled less frequently or not at all. They were also 2.1 times as likely to report tobacco use, 2.0 times as likely to report marijuana use, and 2.3 times as likely to report prescription drug misuse in the past month. Students reporting problematic gambling were even more likely to report past-month substance use.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Engaging in Problematic Gambling in the Past Year, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 1,077.0 10.9%
Metro 578.0 11.6%
Non-Metro 499.0 10.1%

About the Indicator:

In 2016, for the first time, students were asked:
"During the last 12 months, how often have you...

  • hidden gambling/betting from your parents, other family members, or teachers?

  • felt that you might have a problem with gambling/betting?

  • skipped hanging out with friends who do not gamble/bet to hang out with friends who do gamble/bet?"

Response options included Never, Sometimes, Many times, and All of the time. Students who reported Sometimes, Many times, or All of the time for any of the above questions are considered to have engaged in any problematic gambling.

Gambling is associated with increased substance use. In 2016, students who reported gambling monthly or more frequently in the past year were twice as likely to report alcohol use in the past month, compared to students who gambled less frequently or not at all. They were also 2.1 times as likely to report tobacco use, 2.0 times as likely to report marijuana use, and 2.3 times as likely to report prescription drug misuse in the past month. Students reporting problematic gambling were even more likely to report past-month substance use.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Engaging in Problematic Gambling in the Past Year, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 1,070.0 10.8%

About the Indicator:

In 2016, for the first time, students were asked:
"During the last 12 months, how often have you...

  • hidden gambling/betting from your parents, other family members, or teachers?

  • felt that you might have a problem with gambling/betting?

  • skipped hanging out with friends who do not gamble/bet to hang out with friends who do gamble/bet?"

Response options included Never, Sometimes, Many times, and All of the time. Students who reported Sometimes, Many times, or All of the time for any of the above questions are considered to have engaged in any problematic gambling.

Gambling is associated with increased substance use. In 2016, students who reported gambling monthly or more frequently in the past year were twice as likely to report alcohol use in the past month, compared to students who gambled less frequently or not at all. They were also 2.1 times as likely to report tobacco use, 2.0 times as likely to report marijuana use, and 2.3 times as likely to report prescription drug misuse in the past month. Students reporting problematic gambling were even more likely to report past-month substance use.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Gambling Online Monthly or More Often in the Past Year, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 1,068.0 3.3%
East Central 141.0 3.5%
Metro 623.0 3.5%
Non-Metro 445.0 3.0%
Northwest 32.0 2.3%
Northeast 49.0 3.1%
Southeast 81.0 2.7%
Southwest 67.0 2.4%
West Central 75.0 3.8%

About the Indicator:

 In 2016, students were asked the following question:

"During the last 12 months, how often have you done the following gambling/betting activities?

  • Played cards, bet on sports teams or games of personal skill, like video gaming, pool, golf, or bowling

  • Bought lottery tickets or scratch-offs

  • Gambled in a casino

  • Gambled for money online"

Response options included Not at all, Less than once a month, About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, and Daily. Data here include any student who reported gambling About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, or Daily.

Gambling is associated with increased substance use. In 2016, students who reported gambling monthly or more frequently in the past year were twice as likely to report alcohol use in the past month, compared to students who gambled less frequently or not at all. They were also 2.1 times as likely to report tobacco use, 2.0 times as likely to report marijuana use, and 2.3 times as likely to report prescription drug misuse in the past month. Students reporting problematic gambling were even more likely to report past-month substance use.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Gambling Online Monthly or More Often in the Past Year, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 1,113.0 3.3%
Metro 623.0 3.5%
Non-Metro 490.0 3.0%

About the Indicator:

 In 2016, students were asked the following question:

"During the last 12 months, how often have you done the following gambling/betting activities?

  • Played cards, bet on sports teams or games of personal skill, like video gaming, pool, golf, or bowling

  • Bought lottery tickets or scratch-offs

  • Gambled in a casino

  • Gambled for money online"

Response options included Not at all, Less than once a month, About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, and Daily. Data here include any student who reported gambling About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, or Daily.

Gambling is associated with increased substance use. In 2016, students who reported gambling monthly or more frequently in the past year were twice as likely to report alcohol use in the past month, compared to students who gambled less frequently or not at all. They were also 2.1 times as likely to report tobacco use, 2.0 times as likely to report marijuana use, and 2.3 times as likely to report prescription drug misuse in the past month. Students reporting problematic gambling were even more likely to report past-month substance use.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Gambling Online Monthly or More Often in the Past Year, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 1,101.0 3.3%

About the Indicator:

 In 2016, students were asked the following question:

"During the last 12 months, how often have you done the following gambling/betting activities?

  • Played cards, bet on sports teams or games of personal skill, like video gaming, pool, golf, or bowling

  • Bought lottery tickets or scratch-offs

  • Gambled in a casino

  • Gambled for money online"

Response options included Not at all, Less than once a month, About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, and Daily. Data here include any student who reported gambling About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, or Daily.

Gambling is associated with increased substance use. In 2016, students who reported gambling monthly or more frequently in the past year were twice as likely to report alcohol use in the past month, compared to students who gambled less frequently or not at all. They were also 2.1 times as likely to report tobacco use, 2.0 times as likely to report marijuana use, and 2.3 times as likely to report prescription drug misuse in the past month. Students reporting problematic gambling were even more likely to report past-month substance use.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Gambling in a Casino Monthly or More Often in the Past Year, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 872.0 2.7%
East Central 145.0 3.6%
Metro 443.0 2.5%
Non-Metro 429.0 2.9%
Northwest 56.0 4.1%
Northeast 63.0 4.0%
Southeast 47.0 1.5%
Southwest 59.0 2.1%
West Central 59.0 3.0%

About the Indicator:

 In 2016, students were asked the following question:

"During the last 12 months, how often have you done the following gambling/betting activities?

  • Played cards, bet on sports teams or games of personal skill, like video gaming, pool, golf, or bowling

  • Bought lottery tickets or scratch-offs

  • Gambled in a casino

  • Gambled for money online"

Response options included Not at all, Less than once a month, About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, and Daily. Data here include any student who reported gambling About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, or Daily.

Gambling is associated with increased substance use. In 2016, students who reported gambling monthly or more frequently in the past year were twice as likely to report alcohol use in the past month, compared to students who gambled less frequently or not at all. They were also 2.1 times as likely to report tobacco use, 2.0 times as likely to report marijuana use, and 2.3 times as likely to report prescription drug misuse in the past month. Students reporting problematic gambling were even more likely to report past-month substance use.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Gambling in a Casino Monthly or More Often in the Past Year, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 911.0 2.7%
Metro 443.0 2.5%
Non-Metro 468.0 2.9%

About the Indicator:

 In 2016, students were asked the following question:

"During the last 12 months, how often have you done the following gambling/betting activities?

  • Played cards, bet on sports teams or games of personal skill, like video gaming, pool, golf, or bowling

  • Bought lottery tickets or scratch-offs

  • Gambled in a casino

  • Gambled for money online"

Response options included Not at all, Less than once a month, About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, and Daily. Data here include any student who reported gambling About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, or Daily.

Gambling is associated with increased substance use. In 2016, students who reported gambling monthly or more frequently in the past year were twice as likely to report alcohol use in the past month, compared to students who gambled less frequently or not at all. They were also 2.1 times as likely to report tobacco use, 2.0 times as likely to report marijuana use, and 2.3 times as likely to report prescription drug misuse in the past month. Students reporting problematic gambling were even more likely to report past-month substance use.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Gambling in a Casino Monthly or More Often in the Past Year, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 899.0 2.7%

About the Indicator:

 In 2016, students were asked the following question:

"During the last 12 months, how often have you done the following gambling/betting activities?

  • Played cards, bet on sports teams or games of personal skill, like video gaming, pool, golf, or bowling

  • Bought lottery tickets or scratch-offs

  • Gambled in a casino

  • Gambled for money online"

Response options included Not at all, Less than once a month, About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, and Daily. Data here include any student who reported gambling About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, or Daily.

Gambling is associated with increased substance use. In 2016, students who reported gambling monthly or more frequently in the past year were twice as likely to report alcohol use in the past month, compared to students who gambled less frequently or not at all. They were also 2.1 times as likely to report tobacco use, 2.0 times as likely to report marijuana use, and 2.3 times as likely to report prescription drug misuse in the past month. Students reporting problematic gambling were even more likely to report past-month substance use.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Buying Lottery Tickets Monthly or More Often in the Past Year, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 3,179.0 9.8%
East Central 431.0 10.6%
Metro 1,587.0 9.0%
Non-Metro 1,592.0 10.8%
Northwest 180.0 13.2%
Northeast 194.0 12.3%
Southeast 282.0 9.3%
Southwest 285.0 10.3%
West Central 220.0 11.2%

About the Indicator:

 In 2016, students were asked the following question:

"During the last 12 months, how often have you done the following gambling/betting activities?

  • Played cards, bet on sports teams or games of personal skill, like video gaming, pool, golf, or bowling

  • Bought lottery tickets or scratch-offs

  • Gambled in a casino

  • Gambled for money online"

Response options included Not at all, Less than once a month, About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, and Daily. Data here include any student who reported gambling About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, or Daily.

Gambling is associated with increased substance use. In 2016, students who reported gambling monthly or more frequently in the past year were twice as likely to report alcohol use in the past month, compared to students who gambled less frequently or not at all. They were also 2.1 times as likely to report tobacco use, 2.0 times as likely to report marijuana use, and 2.3 times as likely to report prescription drug misuse in the past month. Students reporting problematic gambling were even more likely to report past-month substance use.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Buying Lottery Tickets Monthly or More Often in the Past Year, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 3,325.0 9.8%
Metro 1,587.0 9.0%
Non-Metro 1,738.0 10.8%

About the Indicator:

 In 2016, students were asked the following question:

"During the last 12 months, how often have you done the following gambling/betting activities?

  • Played cards, bet on sports teams or games of personal skill, like video gaming, pool, golf, or bowling

  • Bought lottery tickets or scratch-offs

  • Gambled in a casino

  • Gambled for money online"

Response options included Not at all, Less than once a month, About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, and Daily. Data here include any student who reported gambling About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, or Daily.

Gambling is associated with increased substance use. In 2016, students who reported gambling monthly or more frequently in the past year were twice as likely to report alcohol use in the past month, compared to students who gambled less frequently or not at all. They were also 2.1 times as likely to report tobacco use, 2.0 times as likely to report marijuana use, and 2.3 times as likely to report prescription drug misuse in the past month. Students reporting problematic gambling were even more likely to report past-month substance use.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Buying Lottery Tickets Monthly or More Often in the Past Year, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 3,304.0 9.9%

About the Indicator:

 In 2016, students were asked the following question:

"During the last 12 months, how often have you done the following gambling/betting activities?

  • Played cards, bet on sports teams or games of personal skill, like video gaming, pool, golf, or bowling

  • Bought lottery tickets or scratch-offs

  • Gambled in a casino

  • Gambled for money online"

Response options included Not at all, Less than once a month, About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, and Daily. Data here include any student who reported gambling About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, or Daily.

Gambling is associated with increased substance use. In 2016, students who reported gambling monthly or more frequently in the past year were twice as likely to report alcohol use in the past month, compared to students who gambled less frequently or not at all. They were also 2.1 times as likely to report tobacco use, 2.0 times as likely to report marijuana use, and 2.3 times as likely to report prescription drug misuse in the past month. Students reporting problematic gambling were even more likely to report past-month substance use.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Betting on Sports or Card Games Monthly or More Often in the Past Year, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 8,800.0 27.1%
East Central 1,233.0 30.4%
Metro 4,702.0 26.6%
Non-Metro 4,098.0 27.7%
Northwest 379.0 27.7%
Northeast 456.0 28.8%
Southeast 769.0 25.3%
Southwest 685.0 24.7%
West Central 576.0 29.5%

About the Indicator:

 In 2016, students were asked the following question:

"During the last 12 months, how often have you done the following gambling/betting activities?

  • Played cards, bet on sports teams or games of personal skill, like video gaming, pool, golf, or bowling

  • Bought lottery tickets or scratch-offs

  • Gambled in a casino

  • Gambled for money online"

Response options included Not at all, Less than once a month, About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, and Daily. Data here include any student who reported gambling About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, or Daily.

Gambling is associated with increased substance use. In 2016, students who reported gambling monthly or more frequently in the past year were twice as likely to report alcohol use in the past month, compared to students who gambled less frequently or not at all. They were also 2.1 times as likely to report tobacco use, 2.0 times as likely to report marijuana use, and 2.3 times as likely to report prescription drug misuse in the past month. Students reporting problematic gambling were even more likely to report past-month substance use.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Betting on Sports or Card Games Monthly or More Often in the Past Year, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 9,133.0 27.0%
Metro 4,702.0 26.6%
Non-Metro 4,431.0 27.5%

About the Indicator:

 In 2016, students were asked the following question:

"During the last 12 months, how often have you done the following gambling/betting activities?

  • Played cards, bet on sports teams or games of personal skill, like video gaming, pool, golf, or bowling

  • Bought lottery tickets or scratch-offs

  • Gambled in a casino

  • Gambled for money online"

Response options included Not at all, Less than once a month, About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, and Daily. Data here include any student who reported gambling About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, or Daily.

Gambling is associated with increased substance use. In 2016, students who reported gambling monthly or more frequently in the past year were twice as likely to report alcohol use in the past month, compared to students who gambled less frequently or not at all. They were also 2.1 times as likely to report tobacco use, 2.0 times as likely to report marijuana use, and 2.3 times as likely to report prescription drug misuse in the past month. Students reporting problematic gambling were even more likely to report past-month substance use.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

11th Students Reporting Betting on Sports or Card Games Monthly or More Often in the Past Year, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 9,082.0 27.1%

About the Indicator:

 In 2016, students were asked the following question:

"During the last 12 months, how often have you done the following gambling/betting activities?

  • Played cards, bet on sports teams or games of personal skill, like video gaming, pool, golf, or bowling

  • Bought lottery tickets or scratch-offs

  • Gambled in a casino

  • Gambled for money online"

Response options included Not at all, Less than once a month, About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, and Daily. Data here include any student who reported gambling About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, or Daily.

Gambling is associated with increased substance use. In 2016, students who reported gambling monthly or more frequently in the past year were twice as likely to report alcohol use in the past month, compared to students who gambled less frequently or not at all. They were also 2.1 times as likely to report tobacco use, 2.0 times as likely to report marijuana use, and 2.3 times as likely to report prescription drug misuse in the past month. Students reporting problematic gambling were even more likely to report past-month substance use.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Alcohol Treatment

No data was found for 11th (Grade) in the category Alcohol Treatment

Drug Treatment

No data was found for 11th (Grade) in the category Drug Treatment

Admissions to Treatment by Referral Source

No data was found for 11th (Grade) in the category Admissions to Treatment by Referral Source

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Description: The MSS is a confidential and anonymous self-administered survey given to students attending Minnesota public, charter and tribal schools. From 1995 to 2010, the survey was administered to students in 6th, 9th, and 12th grades. New in 2013, the survey was administered to students in 5th, 8th, 9th, and 11th grades. Trend data are now only available for 9th graders, and only for survey questions that did not change. Most schools elect to participate in the survey; in 2013, this included 84% of public schools in Minnesota.

Although the data are not presented here, the survey is also administered to area learning centers, juvenile correction facilities and private schools electing to participate.

Sponsored by: Minnesota Department of Education

Geographic Level: State, Region, and County

Aggregated data at the state and county level do not reveal disparities that may exist within a given geographic area.

Frequency: Data collected and reported every three years

Characteristics: The results of the MSS are also available at a county level. Data Privacy requirements mandate that data is presented in a manner such that no individual student can be identified through the presentation of the results. As part of the Data Privacy practices, the results are also presented in a manner that no individual school district could be identified through the results. Therefore, for counties that have only one school district, the results are not presented. Results are also withheld for counties in which the minimum number for student participation was not met.

The MSS is a “census” of schools, not a sample. The school districts get their own data. Fifth-graders were not asked all substance use questions. Some school districts do not participate, and student participation within the school district can vary widely. These data are self-reported.