Indicators:

Data Set:

Years:

to

Notes / Source / Definition:

Demographic: 5th (Grade)

Population

No data was found for 5th (Grade) in the category Population

Alcohol Use

No data was found for 5th (Grade) in the category Alcohol Use

Alcohol Consequences

No data was found for 5th (Grade) in the category Alcohol Consequences

Alcohol Treatment

No data was found for 5th (Grade) in the category Alcohol Treatment

Alcohol Intervening Variables

5th Students Reporting that they Believe People Put themselves at Great or Moderate Risk of Harm by Frequently Binge Drinking, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 23,147.0 65.1% 26,526.0 69.0%
Metro 13,190.0 68.3% 13,602.0 70.8%
Non-Metro 9,957.0 61.3% 12,924.0 67.3%

About the Indicator:

Students were asked specifically how much they thought people risked harming themselves physically or in other ways if they have 5 or more drinks of alcohol once or twice per week. "N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

5th Students Reporting that they Believe People Put themselves at Great or Moderate Risk of Harm by Frequently Binge Drinking, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 23,147.0 65.1% 25,766.0 69.1%
East Central 2,775.0 61.2% 3,304.0 68.3%
Metro 13,190.0 68.3% 13,602.0 70.8%
Non-Metro 9,957.0 61.3% 12,164.0 67.4%
Northwest 810.0 56.5% 1,065.0 62.0%
Northeast 1,186.0 59.9% 1,427.0 70.6%
Southeast 1,576.0 61.1% 2,728.0 67.3%
Southwest 2,223.0 63.3% 2,073.0 66.1%
West Central 1,387.0 63.2% 1,567.0 68.3%

About the Indicator:

Students were asked specifically how much they thought people risked harming themselves physically or in other ways if they have 5 or more drinks of alcohol once or twice per week.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

5th Students Reporting Their Parents Would Think It's Very Wrong or Wrong for Them to Have One or Two Drinks of an Alcohol Beverage Nearly Every Day, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 34,225 94.2% 34,685 91.7%
East Central 4,380 94.0% 4,466 91.1%
Metro 18,781 94.6% 17,973 92.0%
Non-Metro 15,444 93.7% 16,712 91.4%
Northwest 1,313 91.9% 1,576 90.8%
Northeast 1,863 93.2% 1,909 93.3%
Southeast 2,483 94.6% 3,759 91.7%
Southwest 3,316 93.4% 2,867 90.5%
West Central 2,089 93.9% 2,135 91.6%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about parent disapproval changed considerably in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent their parents would approve or disapprove of them drinking alcohol. In 2013, students were asked how wrong their parents would feel it would be for them to have one or two drinks nearly every day. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

5th Students Reporting Their Parents Would Think It's Very Wrong or Wrong for Them to Have One or Two Drinks of an Alcohol Beverage Nearly Every Day, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 34,225 94.2% 35,733 91.7%
Metro 18,781 94.6% 17,973 92.0%
Non-Metro 15,444 93.7% 17,760 91.3%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about parent disapproval changed considerably in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent their parents would approve or disapprove of them drinking alcohol. In 2013, students were asked how wrong their parents would feel it would be for them to have one or two drinks nearly every day. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Tobacco and Nicotine Use

No data was found for 5th (Grade) in the category Tobacco and Nicotine Use

Tobacco and Nicotine Consequences

No data was found for 5th (Grade) in the category Tobacco and Nicotine Consequences

Tobacco and Nicotine Intervening Variables

5th Students Reporting that they Believe People Put themselves at Great or Moderate Risk of Harm by Smoking Cigarettes, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 25,761.0 72.1% 29,304.0 76.1%
Metro 14,305.0 73.6% 14,709.0 76.4%
Non-Metro 11,456.0 70.3% 14,595.0 75.8%

About the Indicator:

Students were asked specifically how much they thought people risked harming themselves physically or in other ways if they smoked cigarettes.  Low perceived risk of harm increases the likelihood of use.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

 

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

5th Students Reporting that they Believe People Put themselves at Great or Moderate Risk of Harm by Smoking Cigarettes, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 25,761.0 72.1% 28,444.0 76.1%
East Central 3,207.0 70.3% 3,735.0 77.0%
Metro 14,305.0 73.6% 14,709.0 76.4%
Non-Metro 11,456.0 70.3% 13,735.0 75.9%
Northwest 931.0 64.8% 1,222.0 71.0%
Northeast 1,396.0 70.2% 1,626.0 80.2%
Southeast 1,817.0 70.2% 3,049.0 75.1%
Southwest 2,509.0 71.2% 2,356.0 75.0%
West Central 1,596.0 72.4% 1,747.0 76.0%

About the Indicator:

Students were asked specifically how much they thought people risked harming themselves physically or in other ways if they smoked cigarettes.  Low perceived risk of harm increases the likelihood of use.
"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

5th Students Reporting Their Parents Would Think It's Very Wrong or Wrong for Them to Smoke Cigarettes, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 34,951 95.8% 35,679 94.1%
East Central 4,464 95.4% 4,644 94.5%
Metro 19,166 96.1% 18,458 94.2%
Non-Metro 15,785 95.5% 17,221 94.1%
Northwest 1,343 93.7% 1,612 92.5%
Northeast 1,912 95.5% 1,958 95.7%
Southeast 2,541 96.5% 3,852 94.0%
Southwest 3,385 95.1% 2,958 93.2%
West Central 2,140 96.1% 2,197 94.1%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about parent disapproval changed considerably in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent their parents would approve or disapprove of them smoking cigarettes. In 2013, students were asked how wrong their parents would feel it would be for them to smoke cigarettes. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.


Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

5th Students Reporting Their Parents Would Think It's Very Wrong or Wrong for Them to Smoke Cigarettes, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 34,951 95.8% 36,770 94.1%
Metro 19,166 96.1% 18,458 94.2%
Non-Metro 15,785 95.5% 18,312 94.1%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about parent disapproval changed considerably in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent their parents would approve or disapprove of them drinking alcohol. In 2013, students were asked how wrong their parents would feel it would be for them to have one or two drinks nearly every day. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Illicit Drug Use

No data was found for 5th (Grade) in the category Illicit Drug Use

Prescription Drug Misuse

No data was found for 5th (Grade) in the category Prescription Drug Misuse

Drug Consequences

No data was found for 5th (Grade) in the category Drug Consequences

Drug Intervening Variables

5th Students Reporting that they Believe People Put themselves at Great or Moderate Risk of Harm by Smoking Marijuana Once or Twice a Week, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 25,064.0 71.0% 27,093.0 73.1%
East Central 3,100.0 68.9% 3,594.0 74.5%
Metro 13,867.0 72.4% 14,027.0 73.6%
Non-Metro 11,197.0 69.3% 13,066.0 72.7%
Northwest 916.0 64.2% 1,155.0 67.6%
Northeast 1,363.0 69.0% 1,517.0 75.2%
Southeast 1,769.0 69.0% 2,910.0 72.1%
Southwest 2,478.0 70.8% 2,238.0 71.9%
West Central 1,571.0 71.7% 1,652.0 72.4%

About the Indicator:

Students were asked specifically how much they thought people risked harming themselves physically or in other ways if they smoked marijuana once or twice per week. "N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

5th Students Reporting that they Believe People put themselves at Great or Moderate Risk of Harm by Smoking Marijuana Once or Twice a Week, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 25,064.0 71.0% 27,910.0 73.1%
Metro 13,867.0 72.4% 14,027.0 73.6%
Non-Metro 11,197.0 69.3% 13,883.0 72.6%

About the Indicator:

Students were asked specifically how much they thought people risked harming themselves physically or in other ways if they smoked marijuana once or twice per week. "N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

5th Students Reporting that they Believe People Put themselves at Great or Moderate Risk of Harm by Using Prescription Drugs Not Prescribed for Them, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 26,154.0 73.6% 28,311.0 76.2%
East Central 3,243.0 71.5% 3,724.0 77.1%
Metro 14,448.0 74.9% 14,632.0 76.4%
Non-Metro 11,706.0 72.1% 13,679.0 75.9%
Northwest 958.0 66.9% 1,222.0 71.3%
Northeast 1,455.0 73.4% 1,625.0 80.4%
Southeast 1,855.0 72.0% 3,035.0 75.0%
Southwest 2,550.0 72.7% 2,343.0 74.8%
West Central 1,645.0 74.8% 1,730.0 75.6%

About the Indicator:

The Minnesota Student Survey added a question about the perceived harm of misusing prescription drugs 2013. 

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

5th Students Reporting that they Believe People Put themselves at Great or Moderate Risk of Harm by Using Prescription Drugs Not Prescribed for Them, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 26,154.0 73.6% 29,165.0 76.1%
Metro 14,448.0 74.9% 14,632.0 76.4%
Non-Metro 11,706.0 72.1% 14,533.0 75.8%

About the Indicator:

The Minnesota Student Survey added a question about the perceived harm of misusing prescription drugs 2013. 

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

5th Students Reporting Their Parents Would Think It's Very Wrong or Wrong for Them to Smoke Marijuana, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 34,988 96.5% 35,690 94.6%
East Central 4,486 96.5% 4,666 95.3%
Metro 19,130 96.6% 18,426 94.5%
Non-Metro 15,858 96.3% 17,264 94.6%
Northwest 1,350 94.4% 1,615 93.2%
Northeast 1,926 96.4% 1,960 96.1%
Southeast 2,552 97.2% 3,861 94.3%
Southwest 3,401 96.1% 2,967 93.9%
West Central 2,195 94.2%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about parent disapproval changed considerably in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent their parents would approve or disapprove of them smoking marijuana. In 2013, students were asked how wrong their parents would feel it would be for them to smoke marijuana. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.


Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

5th Students Reporting Their Parents Would Think It's Very Wrong or Wrong for Them to Smoke Marijuana, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 34,988 96.5% 36,782 94.6%
Metro 19,130 96.6% 18,426 94.5%
Non-Metro 15,858 96.3% 18,356 94.6%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about parent disapproval changed considerably in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent their parents would approve or disapprove of them smoking marijuana. In 2013, students were asked how wrong their parents would feel it would be for them to smoke marijuana. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

5th Students Reporting Their Parents Would Think It's Very Wrong or Wrong for Them to Use Prescription Drugs Not Prescribed for Them, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 34,954 96.2% 35,645 94.4%
East Central 4,493 96.4% 4,632 94.7%
Metro 19,119 96.2% 18,405 94.4%
Non-Metro 15,835 96.1% 17,240 94.5%
Northwest 1,356 95.0% 1,626 93.7%
Northeast 1,923 96.3% 1,966 96.2%
Southeast 2,534 96.6% 3,857 94.3%
Southwest 3,384 95.4% 2,961 93.6%
West Central 2,145 96.6% 2,198 94.3%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about parent disapproval changed in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent their parents would approve or disapprove of them using other illegal drugs (other than marijuana). In 2013, this question was dropped and students were instead asked how wrong their parents would feel it would be for them to use prescription drugs not prescribed for them. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

5th Students Reporting Their Parents Would Think It's Very Wrong or Wrong for Them to Use Prescription Drugs Not Prescribed for Them, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 34,954 96.2% 36,734 94.4%
Metro 19,119 96.2% 18,405 94.4%
Non-Metro 15,835 96.1% 18,329 94.4%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about parent disapproval changed in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent their parents would approve or disapprove of them using other illegal drugs (other than marijuana). In 2013, this question was dropped and students were instead asked how wrong their parents would feel it would be for them to use prescription drugs not prescribed for them. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

5th Students Reporting Their Friends Would Feel it is Wrong or Very Wrong for Them to Use Prescription Drugs not Prescribed for Them, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 34,164.0 94.4% 35,017.0 93.4%
East Central 4,361.0 94.3% 4,550.0 93.4%
Metro 18,694.0 94.5% 18,084.0 93.4%
Non-Metro 15,470.0 94.2% 16,933.0 93.4%
Northwest 1,326.0 93.1% 1,600.0 93.1%
Northeast 1,877.0 94.2% 1,937.0 95.3%
Southeast 2,465.0 94.3% 3,787.0 93.3%
Southwest 3,323.0 94.0% 2,907.0 92.3%
West Central 2,118.0 95.3% 2,152.0 93.4%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about peer disapproval changed in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent to which their close friends would approve or disapprove of them using illegal drugs (other than marijuana). In 2013, this question was dropped and students were instead asked how wrong their friends would feel it would be for them to use prescription drugs not prescribed for them. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

5th Students Reporting Their Friends Would Feel it is Wrong or Very Wrong for Them to Use Prescription Drugs not Prescribed for Them, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 34,164.0 94.4% 36,085.0 93.4%
Metro 18,694.0 94.5% 18,084.0 93.4%
Non-Metro 15,470.0 94.2% 18,001.0 93.3%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about peer disapproval changed in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent to which their close friends would approve or disapprove of them using illegal drugs (other than marijuana). In 2013, this question was dropped and students were instead asked how wrong their friends would feel it would be for them to use prescription drugs not prescribed for them. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.


Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

5th Students Reporting They Think Their Friends Would Feel it is Wrong or Very Wrong for Them to Smoke Marijuana, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 34,385.0 95.1% 35,120.0 93.7%
East Central 4,397.0 95.2% 4,581.0 94.1%
Metro 18,815.0 95.2% 18,139.0 93.7%
Non-Metro 15,570.0 94.9% 16,981.0 93.6%
Northwest 1,313.0 91.9% 1,587.0 92.3%
Northeast 1,889.0 94.9% 1,929.0 95.0%
Southeast 2,484.0 95.0% 3,805.0 93.6%
Southwest 3,365.0 95.1% 2,926.0 93.1%
West Central 2,122.0 95.6% 2,153.0 93.4%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about peer disapproval changed in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent to which their close friends would approve or disapprove of them smoking marijuana once or twice a week. In 2013, this question was dropped and students were instead asked how wrong their friends would feel it would be for them to smoke marijuana. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

5th Students Reporting They Think Their Friends Would Feel it is Wrong or Very Wrong for Them to Smoke Marijuana, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 34,385.0 95.1%
Metro 18,815.0 95.2%
Non-Metro 15,570.0 94.9%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about peer disapproval changed in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent to which their close friends would approve or disapprove of them smoking marijuana once or twice a week. In 2013, this question was dropped and students were instead asked how wrong their friends would feel it would be for them to smoke marijuana. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.


Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Drug Treatment

No data was found for 5th (Grade) in the category Drug Treatment

Risk Factors

5th Students Reporting They Live with Someone Who Uses Illegal Drugs or Abuses Prescription Drugs, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 757 2.0%
East Central 102 2.1%
Metro 395 1.9%
Non-Metro 362 2.1%
Northwest 31 2.1%
Northeast 59 2.9%
Southeast 62 2.3%
Southwest 60 1.7%
West Central 48 2.1%

About the Indicator:

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic experiences, including abuse, neglect and a range of household dysfunction. ACEs put individuals at risk for a number of negative outcomes across the lifespan, including: alcohol, tobacco and other drug use; anxiety; hopelessness; depression; and suicidal ideation and attempts.

One ACE measured by the Minnesota Student Survey is household drug use. Students were asked if they lived with anyone who uses illegal drugs or abuses prescription drugs. Compared to students who do not live with someone who abuses drugs, those who do are more likely to report past month use of marijuana (40.6% vs 8.2%), alcohol (45.7% vs 15.0%), and tobacco (36.6% vs 9.6%). For more information on ACEs, see the 2017 ACEs and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

NOTE: 5th graders were asked this question in 2013, but were not asked in 2016.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

5th Students Reporting They Live with Someone Who Uses Illegal Drugs or Abuses Prescription Drugs, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 757 2.0%
Metro 395 1.9%
Non-Metro 362 2.1%

About the Indicator:

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic experiences, including abuse, neglect and a range of household dysfunction. ACEs put individuals at risk for a number of negative outcomes across the lifespan, including: alcohol, tobacco and other drug use; anxiety; hopelessness; depression; and suicidal ideation and attempts.

One ACE measured by the Minnesota Student Survey is household drug use. Students were asked if they lived with anyone who uses illegal drugs or abuses prescription drugs. Compared to students who do not live with someone who abuses drugs, those who do are more likely to report past month use of marijuana (40.6% vs 8.2%), alcohol (45.7% vs 15.0%), and tobacco (36.6% vs 9.6%). For more information on ACEs, see the 2017 ACEs and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

NOTE: 5th graders were asked this question in 2013, but were not asked in 2016.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

5th Students Reporting They Were Verbally Abused by Someone in Their Household, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013
Percent Number
Minnesota 11.6% 4,306
East Central 12.2% 583
Metro 10.7% 2,176
Non-Metro 12.7% 2,130
Northwest 12.3% 182
Northeast 12.9% 261
Southeast 12.1% 324
Southwest 13.5% 487
West Central 13.0% 293

About the Indicator:

Note: 5th graders were asked this question in 2013, but not in 2016.

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic experiences, including abuse, neglect and a range of household dysfunction. ACEs put individuals at risk for a number of negative outcomes across the lifespan, including: alcohol, tobacco and other drug use; anxiety; hopelessness; depression; and suicidal ideation and attempts.

One ACE measured by the Minnesota Student Survey is parent or household adult verbal abuse. Students were asked if a parent or another adult in the home regularly swears at them, insults them, or puts them down. Compared to students who do not report being verbally abused, those who do are more likely to report past month use of marijuana (19.8% vs 8.4%), alcohol (31.0% vs 14.4%), and tobacco (22.6% vs 9.3%).

For more information on ACEs, see the 2017 ACEs and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

5th Students Reporting They Were Verbally Abused by Someone in Their Household, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 4,306 11.6%
Metro 2,176 10.7%
Non-Metro 2,130 12.7%

About the Indicator:

Note: 5th graders were asked this question in 2013, but not in 2016.

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic experiences, including abuse, neglect and a range of household dysfunction. ACEs put individuals at risk for a number of negative outcomes across the lifespan, including: alcohol, tobacco and other drug use; anxiety; hopelessness; depression; and suicidal ideation and attempts.

One ACE measured by the Minnesota Student Survey is parent or household adult verbal abuse. Students were asked if a parent or another adult in the home regularly swears at them, insults them, or puts them down. Compared to students who do not report being verbally abused, those who do are more likely to report past month use of marijuana (19.8% vs 8.4%), alcohol (31.0% vs 14.4%), and tobacco (22.6% vs 9.3%).

For more information on ACEs, see the 2017 ACEs and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

5th Students Reporting They Live with Someone Who Drinks Too Much Alcohol, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 2,258 6.0%
East Central 330 6.8%
Metro 1,175 5.7%
Non-Metro 1,083 6.4%
Northwest 84 5.7%
Northeast 116 5.7%
Southeast 166 6.1%
Southwest 238 6.6%
West Central 149 6.5%

About the Indicator:

Note: 5th graders were asked this question in 2013, but not in 2016.

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic experiences, including abuse, neglect and a range of household dysfunction. ACEs put individuals at risk for a number of negative outcomes across the lifespan, including: alcohol, tobacco and other drug use; anxiety; hopelessness; depression; and suicidal ideation and attempts.

One ACE measured by the Minnesota Student Survey is household alcohol problems. Students were asked if they live with someone who drinks too much alcohol. Compared to students who do not live with someone who drinks too much alcohol, those who do are more likely to report past month use of marijuana (23.4% vs 8.5%), alcohol (35.8% vs 14.5%), and tobacco (25.9% vs 9.5%).

For more information on ACEs, see the 2017 ACEs and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

5th Students Reporting They Live with Someone Who Drinks Too Much Alcohol, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 2,258 6.0%
Metro 1,175 5.7%
Non-Metro 1,083 6.4%

About the Indicator:

Note: 5th graders were asked this question in 2013, but not 2016.

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic experiences, including abuse, neglect and a range of household dysfunction. ACEs put individuals at risk for a number of negative outcomes across the lifespan, including: alcohol, tobacco and other drug use; anxiety; hopelessness; depression; and suicidal ideation and attempts.

One ACE measured by the Minnesota Student Survey is household alcohol problems. Students were asked if they live with someone who drinks too much alcohol. Compared to students who do not live with someone who drinks too much alcohol, those who do are more likely to report past month use of marijuana (23.4% vs 8.5%), alcohol (35.8% vs 14.5%), and tobacco (25.9% vs 9.5%).

For more information on ACEs, see the 2017 ACEs and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

5th Students Reporting That a Parent or Other Adult Has Ever Hit, Beat, Kicked or Physically Hurt Them in Any Way, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 4,823 13.0%
East Central 618 13.0%
Metro 2,755 13.6%
Non-Metro 2,068 12.3%
Northwest 150 10.2%
Northeast 239 11.7%
Southeast 321 12.0%
Southwest 461 12.8%
West Central 279 12.4%

About the Indicator:

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic experiences, including abuse, neglect and a range of household dysfunction. ACEs put individuals at risk for a number of negative outcomes across the lifespan, including: alcohol, tobacco and other drug use; anxiety; hopelessness; depression; and suicidal ideation and attempts.

One ACE measured by the Minnesota Student Survey is parent or household adult physical abuse. Students were asked if a parent or another adult in the home has ever hit, beat, kicked or physically hurt them in any way. Compared to students who do not report being physically abused, those who do are more likely to report past month use of marijuana (20.7% vs 8.6%), alcohol (31.0% vs 14.8%), and tobacco (23.2% vs 9.5%).

Note: The question changed in 2013 from, "Has any adult in your household hit you so hard or so often that you had marks or were afraid of that person?" to "Has a parent or other adult in your household ever hit, beat, kicked or physically hurt you in any way?"

In 2016, 5th graders were not asked this question.

For more information on ACEs, see the 2017 ACEs and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

5th Students Reporting That a Parent or Other Adult Has Ever Hit, Beat, Kicked or Physically Hurt Them in Any Way, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 4,823 13.0%
Metro 2,755 13.6%
Non-Metro 2,068 12.3%

About the Indicator:

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic experiences, including abuse, neglect and a range of household dysfunction. ACEs put individuals at risk for a number of negative outcomes across the lifespan, including: alcohol, tobacco and other drug use; anxiety; hopelessness; depression; and suicidal ideation and attempts.

One ACE measured by the Minnesota Student Survey is parent or household adult physical abuse. Students were asked if a parent or another adult in the home has ever hit, beat, kicked or physically hurt them in any way. Compared to students who do not report being physically abused, those who do are more likely to report past month use of marijuana (20.7% vs 8.6%), alcohol (31.0% vs 14.8%), and tobacco (23.2% vs 9.5%).

Note: The question changed in 2013 from, "Has any adult in your household hit you so hard or so often that you had marks or were afraid of that person?" to "Has a parent or other adult in your household ever hit, beat, kicked or physically hurt you in any way?"

Additionally, 5th graders were not asked this question in 2016.

For more information on ACEs, see the 2014 ACEs and Behavioral Health SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Resilience Factors

5th Students Reporting They Strongly Agree or Agree That They Feel Safe at School, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 36,299.0 93.5%
Metro 20,024.0 93.7%
Non-Metro 16,275.0 93.1%

About the Indicator: School safety is a factor associated with both substance use and mental health disorders. According to 2013 MSS data, students who “strongly agree” or “agree” they feel safe at school are 1.8 times less likely to report past month alcohol use, 2.1 times less likely to report past month tobacco use, 2.0 times less likely to report past month marijuana use, and 2.7 times less likely to report any past month prescription drug misuse as compared to those who “disagree” or “strongly disagree.” N/A indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

5th Students Reporting They Strongly Agree or Agree That They Feel Safe at School, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 36,299.0 93.5%
East Central 4,612.0 94.1%
Metro 20,024.0 93.7%
Non-Metro 16,275.0 93.1%
Northwest 1,405.0 91.5%
Northeast 1,973.0 92.6%
Southeast 2,617.0 93.4%
Southwest 3,448.0 92.8%
West Central 2,220.0 92.8%

About the Indicator:

School safety is a factor associated with both substance use and mental health disorders. N/A indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

5th Students Reporting They Can Talk to Their Mother Most or Some of the Time about Problems They Are Having, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 35,074.0 89.6% 36,187.0 90.3%
East Central 4,499.0 90.5% 4,614.0 90.6%
Metro 19,282.0 89.6% 18,980.0 90.6%
Non-Metro 15,792.0 89.6% 17,207.0 90.0%
Northwest 1,354.0 87.9% 1,550.0 86.3%
Northeast 1,925.0 89.5% 1,943.0 90.8%
Southeast 2,487.0 88.7% 3,899.0 90.6%
Southwest 3,407.0 91.0% 3,018.0 90.1%
West Central 2,120.0 87.9% 2,183.0 89.3%

About the Indicator:

Being able to talk to someone about problems you are having is a protective factor for both substance abuse and mental health disorders. Response options to the question “Can you talk to your mother about problems you are having?” include: “Yes, most of the time,” “Yes, some of the time,” “No, not very often,” “No, not at all,” and “My mother is not around.”

According to 2016 MSS data, students who said they could talk to their mother some or most of the time about problems they are having are 1.9 times less likely to report past-month alcohol use, 2.1 times less likely to report past-month tobacco use, 2.4 times less likely to report past-month marijuana use, and 2.6 times less likely to report any past-month prescription drug misuse as compared to those who can't talk to their mothers.

 

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

5th Students Reporting They Can Talk to Their Mother Most or Some of the Time about Problems They Are Having, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Percent Number Percent Number
Minnesota 89.6% 35,074.0 90.3% 37,305.0
Metro 89.6% 19,282.0 90.6% 18,980.0
Non-Metro 89.6% 15,792.0 90.1% 18,325.0

About the Indicator:

Being able to talk to someone about problems you are having is a protective factor for both substance abuse and mental health disorders. Response options to the question “Can you talk to your mother about problems you are having?” include: “Yes, most of the time,” “Yes, some of the time,” “No, not very often,” “No, not at all,” and “My mother is not around.”

According to 2016 MSS data, students who said they could talk to their mother some or most of the time about problems they are having are 1.9 times less likely to report past-month alcohol use, 2.1 times less likely to report past-month tobacco use, 2.4 times less likely to report past-month marijuana use, and 2.6 times less likely to report any past-month prescription drug misuse as compared to those who can't talk to their mothers.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

5th Students Reporting They Can Talk to Their Father Most or Some of the Time about Problems They Are Having, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 28,347.0 72.9% 29,718.0 74.6%
East Central 3,647.0 73.7% 3,900.0 76.8%
Metro 15,580.0 73.0% 15,614.0 75.1%
Non-Metro 12,767.0 72.8% 14,104.0 74.1%
Northwest 1,102.0 71.8% 1,223.0 68.7%
Northeast 1,537.0 71.7% 1,544.0 72.6%
Southeast 2,016.0 72.3% 3,158.0 73.6%
Southwest 2,735.0 73.3% 2,462.0 73.9%
West Central 1,730.0 72.1% 1,817.0 74.9%

About the Indicator:

Being able to talk to someone about problems you are having is a protective factor for both substance abuse and mental health disorders. Response options to the question “Can you talk to your father about problems you are having?” include: “Yes, most of the time,” “Yes, some of the time,” “No, not very often,” “No, not at all,” and “My father is not around.”

According to 2016 MSS data, students who said they could talk to their father some or most of the time about problems they are having are 1.8 times less likely to report past-month alcohol use, 1.9 times less likely to report past-month tobacco use, 2.2 times less likely to report past-month marijuana use, and 2.3 times less likely to report any past-month prescription drug misuse as compared to those who can't talk to their fathers.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

5th Students Reporting They Can Talk to Their Father Most or Some of the Time about Problems They Are Having, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 28,347.0 72.9% 30,643.0 78.0%
Metro 15,580.0 73.0% 15,614.0 78.8%
Non-Metro 12,767.0 72.8% 15,029.0 77.3%

About the Indicator:

Being able to talk to someone about problems you are having is a protective factor for both substance abuse and mental health disorders. Response options to the question “Can you talk to your father about problems you are having?” include: “Yes, most of the time,” “Yes, some of the time,” “No, not very often,” “No, not at all,” and “My father is not around.”

According to 2016 MSS data, students who said they could talk to their father some or most of the time about problems they are having are 1.8 times less likely to report past-month alcohol use, 1.9 times less likely to report past-month tobacco use, 2.2 times less likely to report past-month marijuana use, and 2.3 times less likely to report any past-month prescription drug misuse as compared to those who can't talk to their fathers.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

5th Students Reporting Higher Levels of Educational Engagement, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Percent Number Percent Number
Minnesota 85.4% 31,318.0 85.8% 33,554.0
East Central 84.5% 3,927.0 86.8% 4,319.0
Metro 86.2% 17,186.0 86.4% 17,622.0
Non-Metro 84.4% 14,132.0 85.1% 15,932.0
Northwest 81.3% 1,214.0 81.2% 1,423.0
Northeast 82.9% 1,707.0 84.6% 1,778.0
Southeast 86.1% 2,321.0 85.1% 3,596.0
Southwest 84.6% 3,009.0 85.3% 2,800.0
West Central 85.2% 1,954.0 84.9% 2,016.0

About the Indicator:

For the first time in 2013, the Minnesota Student Survey (MSS) included modified items from Child Trends Flourishing Children Project. Educational engagement comprise MSS questions 18, 19, 20, 21A, 21B, and 21C:

  • How often do you care about doing well in school?

  • How often do you pay attention in class?

  • How often do you go to class unprepared?

  • If something interests me, I try to learn more about it.

  • I think the things I learn at school are useful.

  • Being a student is one of the most important parts of who I am.

Response options for each of the last three items above are: strongly agree (coded as 4), agree (coded as 3), disagree (coded as 2), and strongly disagree (coded as 1). Response options for the first three questions were: all of the time, most of the time, some of the time, and none of the time--these were coded as 1 through 4, with the most positive response scoring 4 and the least positive response scoring 1. An educational engagement score can be created by summing the values for each question, obtaining a range from 6 to 24. Higher levels of educational engagement are measured as students reporting an overall score of 18 or higher; this corresponds to an average score of 3 or higher per question.

In 2016, Minnesota 8th, 9th, and 11th graders with higher levels of educational engagement were 2.5 times less likely to report any past 30-day alcohol use compared to students with lower levels of educational engagement: 10% vs. 25%.

Further, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported greater educational engagement, less engaged students were 3.0 times more likely to report past-month tobacco use; 3.2 more likely to report past-month marijuana use; and 2.9 times more likely to report past-month prescription drug misuse.

See the 2014 Educational Engagement and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

5th Students Reporting Higher Levels of Educational Engagement, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Percent Number Percent Number
Minnesota 85.4% 31,318.0 85.8% 34,590.0
Metro 86.2% 17,186.0 86.4% 17,622.0
Non-Metro 84.4% 14,132.0 85.2% 16,968.0

About the Indicator:

For the first time in 2013, the Minnesota Student Survey (MSS) included modified items from Child Trends Flourishing Children Project. Educational engagement comprise MSS questions 18, 19, 20, 21A, 21B, and 21C:

  • How often do you care about doing well in school?

  • How often do you pay attention in class?

  • How often do you go to class unprepared?

  • If something interests me, I try to learn more about it.

  • I think the things I learn at school are useful.

  • Being a student is one of the most important parts of who I am.

Response options for each of the last three items above are: strongly agree (coded as 4), agree (coded as 3), disagree (coded as 2), and strongly disagree (coded as 1). Response options for the first three questions were: all of the time, most of the time, some of the time, and none of the time--these were coded as 1 through 4, with the most positive response scoring 4 and the least positive response scoring 1. An educational engagement score can be created by summing the values for each question, obtaining a range from 6 to 24. Higher levels of educational engagement are measured as students reporting an overall score of 18 or higher; this corresponds to an average score of 3 or higher per question.

In 2016, Minnesota 8th, 9th, and 11th graders with higher levels of educational engagement were 2.5 times less likely to report any past 30-day alcohol use compared to students with lower levels of educational engagement: 10% vs. 25%.

Further, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported greater educational engagement, less engaged students were 3.0 times more likely to report past-month tobacco use; 3.2 more likely to report past-month marijuana use; and 2.9 times more likely to report past-month prescription drug misuse.

See the 2014 Educational Engagement and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Adult Mental Health

No data was found for 5th (Grade) in the category Adult Mental Health

Youth Mental Health

No data was found for 5th (Grade) in the category Youth Mental Health

Suicide

No data was found for 5th (Grade) in the category Suicide

Students Reporting Gambling Behaviors

No data was found for 5th (Grade) in the category Students Reporting Gambling Behaviors

Alcohol Treatment

No data was found for 5th (Grade) in the category Alcohol Treatment

Drug Treatment

No data was found for 5th (Grade) in the category Drug Treatment

Admissions to Treatment by Referral Source

No data was found for 5th (Grade) in the category Admissions to Treatment by Referral Source

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Description: The MSS is a confidential and anonymous self-administered survey given to students attending Minnesota public, charter and tribal schools. From 1995 to 2010, the survey was administered to students in 6th, 9th, and 12th grades. New in 2013, the survey was administered to students in 5th, 8th, 9th, and 11th grades. Trend data are now only available for 9th graders, and only for survey questions that did not change. Most schools elect to participate in the survey; in 2013, this included 84% of public schools in Minnesota.

Although the data are not presented here, the survey is also administered to area learning centers, juvenile correction facilities and private schools electing to participate.

Sponsored by: Minnesota Department of Education

Geographic Level: State, Region, and County

Aggregated data at the state and county level do not reveal disparities that may exist within a given geographic area.

Frequency: Data collected and reported every three years

Characteristics: The results of the MSS are also available at a county level. Data Privacy requirements mandate that data is presented in a manner such that no individual student can be identified through the presentation of the results. As part of the Data Privacy practices, the results are also presented in a manner that no individual school district could be identified through the results. Therefore, for counties that have only one school district, the results are not presented. Results are also withheld for counties in which the minimum number for student participation was not met.

The MSS is a “census” of schools, not a sample. The school districts get their own data. Fifth-graders were not asked all substance use questions. Some school districts do not participate, and student participation within the school district can vary widely. These data are self-reported.