Indicators:

Data Set:

Years:

to

Notes / Source / Definition:

Demographic: Female (Gender)

Population

No data was found for Female (Gender) in the category Population

Alcohol Use

Female Students Reporting Any Use of Alcohol in the Past 30 Days, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 9,542.0 16.7% 8,653.0 14.6%
Metro 4,772.0 16.1% 4,204.0 13.3%
Non-Metro 4,770.0 17.4% 4,449.0 16.0%

About the Indicator:

Alcohol is the most frequently used substance nationally and statewide, and is associated with a number of adverse health and social consequences. Reported use of alcohol in the past 30 days is a common measure of recent alcohol use. In Minnesota, it is illegal for a person under age 21 to consume alcohol.

According to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, any past 30 day alcohol use was reported by 24.4% of 9th graders and 39.2% of 11th graders nationally.

According to 2013 MSS data, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported past-30 day alcohol use, those who DIDN'T report alcohol use were 2.6 times less likely to report past-year suicidal ideation; 1.8 times less likely to report problems with feeling depressed in the past year; 1.6 times less likely to report feeling anxious in the past year; 2.5 times less likely to report self harm in the past year; 1.4 times less likely to report past-month bullying victimization; 2 times less likely to report not feeling safe in their neighborhoods; 1.9 times less likely to report not being able to talk to their parents about problems; and 2.3 times less likely to report their parents only care about them some, a little, or not at all.

On the other hand, compared to those students who DID report past 30-day alcohol use, those who DIDN'T report use were 1.7 times more likely to report better teacher-student relationships; 1.4 times more likely to report greater educational engagement; 1.6 times more likely to report that the adults in their communities care about them quite a bit or very much; and 1.2 times more likely to report weekly participation in community activities.

Further, those students who reported using alcohol monthly or more often were 1.8 times more likely to think that most students in their school also drank monthly or more often, as compared to those who didn't drink. The association was even stronger in the other direction: students who think most of their peers use monthly or more often were 6.7 times more likely themselves to report using alcohol that often.


"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Any Use of Alcohol in the Past 30 Days, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 7,586.0 20.8% 6,799.0 18.0%

About the Indicator:

Alcohol is the most frequently used substance nationally and statewide, and is associated with a number of adverse health and social consequences. Reported use of alcohol in the past 30 days is a common measure of recent alcohol use. In Minnesota, it is illegal for a person under age 21 to consume alcohol.

According to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, any past 30 day alcohol use was reported by 24.4% of 9th graders and 39.2% of 11th graders nationally.

According to 2013 MSS data, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported past-30 day alcohol use, those who DIDN'T report alcohol use were 2.6 times less likely to report past-year suicidal ideation; 1.8 times less likely to report problems with feeling depressed in the past year; 1.6 times less likely to report feeling anxious in the past year; 2.5 times less likely to report self harm in the past year; 1.4 times less likely to report past-month bullying victimization; 2 times less likely to report not feeling safe in their neighborhoods; 1.9 times less likely to report not being able to talk to their parents about problems; and 2.3 times less likely to report their parents only care about them some, a little, or not at all.

On the other hand, compared to those students who DID report past 30-day alcohol use, those who DIDN'T report use were 1.7 times more likely to report better teacher-student relationships; 1.4 times more likely to report greater educational engagement; 1.6 times more likely to report that the adults in their communities care about them quite a bit or very much; and 1.2 times more likely to report weekly participation in community activities.

Further, those students who reported using alcohol monthly or more often were 1.8 times more likely to think that most students in their school also drank monthly or more often, as compared to those who didn't drink. The association was even stronger in the other direction: students who think most of their peers use monthly or more often were 6.7 times more likely themselves to report using alcohol that often.


"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Any Use of Alcohol in the Past 30 Days, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 9,542 16.7% 8,653 14.6%
East Central 1,426 17.2% 1,154 16.3%
Metro 4,772 16.1% 4,204 13.3%
Non-Metro 8,116 16.7% 4,449 16.0%
Northwest 464 18.1% 401 17.2%
Northeast 604 19.2% 504 18.7%
Southeast 728 16.0% 800 14.9%
Southwest 923 17.2% 664 14.2%
West Central 625 17.9% 515 16.3%

About the Indicator:

Alcohol is the most frequently used substance nationally and statewide, and is associated with a number of adverse health and social consequences. Reported use of alcohol in the past 30 days is a common measure of recent alcohol use. In Minnesota, it is illegal for a person under age 21 to consume alcohol.

According to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, any past 30 day alcohol use was reported by 24.4% of 9th graders and 39.2% of 11th graders nationally.

According to 2013 MSS data, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported past-30 day alcohol use, those who DIDN'T report alcohol use were 2.6 times less likely to report past-year suicidal ideation; 1.8 times less likely to report problems with feeling depressed in the past year; 1.6 times less likely to report feeling anxious in the past year; 2.5 times less likely to report self harm in the past year; 1.4 times less likely to report past-month bullying victimization; 2 times less likely to report not feeling safe in their neighborhoods; 1.9 times less likely to report not being able to talk to their parents about problems; and 2.3 times less likely to report their parents only care about them some, a little, or not at all.

On the other hand, compared to those students who DID report past 30-day alcohol use, those who DIDN'T report use were 1.7 times more likely to report better teacher-student relationships; 1.4 times more likely to report greater educational engagement; 1.6 times more likely to report that the adults in their communities care about them quite a bit or very much; and 1.2 times more likely to report weekly participation in community activities.

Further, those students who reported using alcohol monthly or more often were 1.8 times more likely to think that most students in their school also drank monthly or more often, as compared to those who didn't drink. The association was even stronger in the other direction: students who think most of their peers use monthly or more often were 6.7 times more likely themselves to report using alcohol that often.


"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting That They First Had More than a Few Sips of Alcohol at Age 13 or Younger, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 7,272.0 19.9% 5,747.0 15.9%
East Central 1,219.0 22.7% 816.0 18.5%
Metro 3,330.0 17.5% 2,855.0 14.3%
Non-Metro 3,942.0 22.4% 2,892.0 18.0%
Northwest 398.0 23.8% 295.0 19.8%
Northeast 519.0 25.2% 347.0 19.3%
Southeast 590.0 20.9% 553.0 16.4%
Southwest 722.0 20.6% 489.0 16.2%
West Central 494.0 22.6% 392.0 19.7%

About the Indicator:

The average age at which young people ages 12 to 17 begin to drink is 13 years old. 

According to the 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 20.3% of 9th graders and 15.2% of 11th graders nationally reported they first drank alcohol before age 13 years.

N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting That They First Had More than a Few Sips of Alcohol at Age 13 or Younger, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 7,272.0 19.9% 6,054.0 16.1%
Metro 3,330.0 17.5% 2,855.0 14.3%
Non-Metro 3,942.0 22.4% 3,199.0 18.0%

About the Indicator:

The average age at which young people ages 12 to 17 begin to drink is 13 years old. 

According to the national 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 20.3% of 9th graders and 15.2% of 11th graders reported they first drank alcohol before age 13 years. Nationally, 14.5% of white students, 18.0% of black students, and 21.3% of Hispanic students reported their first drink of alcohol at younger than age 13.

N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting That They First Had More than a Few Sips of Alcohol at Age 13 or Younger, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 7,177.0 19.9% 5,987.0 16.0%

About the Indicator:

The average age at which young people ages 12 to 17 begin to drink is 13 years old. 

According to the national 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 20.3% of 9th graders and 15.2% of 11th graders reported they first drank alcohol before age 13 years.

N/A  or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Having 5 or More Drinks in a Row on at Least One Occasion in the Past 30 Days, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 4,321.0 7.6% 3,362.0 5.9%
East Central 640.0 7.7% 464.0 6.6%
Metro 2,109.0 7.2% 1,707.0 5.4%
Non-Metro 2,212.0 8.1% 1,655.0 6.5%
Northwest 220.0 8.6% 180.0 7.7%
Northeast 321.0 10.2% 233.0 8.6%
Southeast 324.0 7.1% 293.0 5.5%
Southwest 413.0 7.7% 263.0 5.6%
West Central 294.0 8.4% 222.0 7.0%

About the Indicator:

Acute, short-term “binge drinking” is defined as having five or more drinks of alcohol on a single occasion. Up until 2010, the MSS asked students about past two week binge drinking; in 2013 they were asked about past 30 day binge drinking. Binge drinking has been associated with alcohol related injuries and deaths, as well as violence and crime. In Minnesota, it is illegal for a person under age 21 to consume alcohol. 

According to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 13.5% of 9th graders and 24.6% of 11th graders reported binge drinking in the past month nationally.

N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Having 5 or More Drinks in a Row on at Least One Occasion in the Past 30 Days, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 4,321.0 7.6% 3,538.0 6.0%
Metro 2,109.0 7.2% 1,707.0 5.4%
Non-Metro 2,212.0 8.1% 1,831.0 6.6%

About the Indicator:

Acute, short-term “binge drinking” is defined as having five or more drinks of alcohol on a single occasion. Up until 2010, the MSS asked students about past two week binge drinking; in 2013 they were asked about past 30 day binge drinking. Binge drinking has been associated with alcohol related injuries and deaths, as well as violence and crime. In Minnesota, it is illegal for a person under age 21 to consume alcohol. 

According to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 13.5% of 9th graders and 24.6% of 11th graders reported binge drinking in the past month nationally.

N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Having 5 or More Drinks in a Row on at Least One Occasion, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 3,685.0 10.2% 3,059.0 8.1%

About the Indicator:

Acute, short-term “binge drinking” is defined as having five or more drinks of alcohol on a single occasion. Up until 2010, the MSS asked students about past two week binge drinking; in 2013 they were asked about past 30 day binge drinking. Binge drinking has been associated with alcohol related injuries and deaths, as well as violence and crime. In Minnesota, it is illegal for a person under age 21 to consume alcohol. 

According to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 13.5% of 9th graders and 24.6% of 11th graders reported binge drinking in the past month nationally.

N/A indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Drank Alcohol or Used Drugs Before They Last Had Sexual Intercourse, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 1,374.0 15.6%
East Central 203.0 15.6%
Metro 673.0 16.7%
Non-Metro 701.0 14.6%
Northwest 77.0 14.5%
Northeast 105.0 16.3%
Southeast 96.0 12.7%
Southwest 132.0 13.7%
West Central 88.0 14.4%

About the Indicator:

Only includes students who reported ever having had sexual intercourse

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Drank Alcohol or Used Drugs Before They Last Had Sexual Intercourse, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 1,374.0 15.6%
Metro 673.0 16.7%
Non-Metro 701.0 14.6%

About the Indicator:

Only includes students who reported ever having had sexual intercourse

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Drank Alcohol or Used Drugs Before They Last Had Sexual Intercourse, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 1,355.0 15.5%

About the Indicator:

Only includes students who reported ever having had sexual intercourse

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Alcohol Consequences

No data was found for Female (Gender) in the category Alcohol Consequences

Alcohol Treatment

No data was found for Female (Gender) in the category Alcohol Treatment

Alcohol Intervening Variables

Female Students Reporting that they Believe People Put themselves at Great or Moderate Risk of Harm by Frequently Binge Drinking, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 54,562.0 76.1% 58,316.0 75.5%
Metro 29,177.0 78.5% 31,256.0 77.2%
Non-Metro 25,385.0 73.5% 27,060.0 73.6%

About the Indicator:

Students were asked specifically how much they thought people risked harming themselves physically or in other ways if they have 5 or more drinks of alcohol once or twice per week. "N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting that they Believe People Put themselves at Great or Moderate Risk of Harm by Frequently Binge Drinking, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 27,594.0 80.1% 22,898.0 67.6%

About the Indicator:

Students were asked specifically how much they thought people risked harming themselves physically or in other ways if they have 5 or more drinks of alcohol once or twice per week.  "N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting that they Believe People Put themselves at Great or Moderate Risk of Harm by Frequently Binge Drinking, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 54,562.0 76.1% 56,088.0 75.6%
East Central 7,657.0 74.3% 6,892.0 74.3%
Metro 29,177.0 78.5% 31,256.0 77.2%
Non-Metro 25,385.0 73.5% 24,832.0 73.7%
Northwest 2,246.0 71.3% 2,260.0 72.0%
Northeast 2,905.0 72.0% 2,705.0 74.3%
Southeast 4,153.0 73.7% 5,385.0 73.7%
Southwest 5,146.0 73.8% 4,516.0 73.4%
West Central 3,278.0 73.3% 3,074.0 73.4%

About the Indicator:

Students were asked specifically how much they thought people risked harming themselves physically or in other ways if they have 5 or more drinks of alcohol once or twice per week.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Any Alcohol in the Past 30 Days, Who Bought the Alcohol from Someone or Somewhere, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 580 6.1%
East Central 66 4.6%
Metro 281 5.9%
Non-Metro 0 6.3%
Northwest 45 9.7%
Northeast 38 6.3%
Southeast 44 6.0%
Southwest 64 6.9%
West Central 42 6.7%

About the Indicator:

This indicator reflects students responding that they purchased alcohol from one or more of the following sources: gas stations, convenience stores, bars or restaurants, liquor stores, or on the internet.  These data include only students who reported any alcohol use in the past 30 days.  Students were asked to select all methods of obtaining alcohol that applied.  N/A indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Any Alcohol Use in the Past 30 Days, Who Bought the Alcohol from Someone or Somewhere, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 580 6.1%
Metro 281 5.9%
Non-Metro 299 6.3%

About the Indicator:

This indicator reflects students responding that they purchased alcohol from one or more of the following sources: gas stations, convenience stores, bars or restaurants, liquor stores, or on the internet.  These data include only students who reported any alcohol use in the past 30 days.  Students were asked to select all methods of obtaining alcohol that applied.  N/A indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Any Alcohol Use in the Past 30 Days, Who Bought the Alcohol from Someone or Somewhere, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 470 6.2%

About the Indicator:

This indicator reflects students responding that they purchased alcohol from one or more of the following sources: gas stations, convenience stores, bars or restaurants, liquor stores, or on the internet.  These data include only students who reported any alcohol use in the past 30 days.  Students were asked to select all methods of obtaining alcohol that applied.  N/A indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Any Alcohol Use in the Past 30 Days, Who Got the Alcohol from Someone or Somewhere, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 7,245 75.9%
East Central 1,080 75.7%
Metro 3,610 75.6%
Non-Metro 3,635 76.2%
Northwest 340 73.3%
Northeast 492 81.5%
Southeast 534 73.4%
Southwest 711 77.0%
West Central 478 76.5%

About the Indicator:

This indicator reflects students responding that they got alcohol from one or more of the following sources: their friends, their parents, other family members, getting someone else to buy it for them, or at parties.  These data include only students who reported any alcohol use in the past 30 days.  Students were asked to select all methods of obtaining alcohol that applied.  N/A indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Any Alcohol Use in the Past 30 Days, Who Got the Alcohol from Someone or Somewhere, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 7,245 75.9%
Metro 3,610 75.6%
Non-Metro 3,635 76.2%

About the Indicator:

This indicator reflects students responding that they got alcohol from one or more of the following sources: their friends, their parents, other family members, getting someone else to buy it for them, or at parties.  These data include only students who reported any alcohol use in the past 30 days.  Students were asked to select all methods of obtaining alcohol that applied.  N/A indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Any Alcohol Use in the Past 30 Days, Who Got the Alcohol from Someone or Somewhere, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 6,057 79.8%

About the Indicator:

This indicator reflects students responding that they got alcohol from one or more of the following sources: their friends, their parents, other family members, getting someone else to buy it for them, or at parties.  These data include only students who reported any alcohol use in the past 30 days.  Students were asked to select all methods of obtaining alcohol that applied.  N/A indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Any Alcohol Use in the Past 30 Days, Who Took the Alcohol from Someone or Somewhere, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 3,172 33.2%
East Central 464 32.5%
Metro 1,635 34.3%
Non-Metro 1,537 32.2%
Northwest 142 30.6%
Northeast 213 35.3%
Southeast 215 29.5%
Southwest 286 31.0%
West Central 217 34.7%

About the Indicator:

This indicator reflects students responding that they took alcohol from one or more of the following sources: their home, a friend’s home, or from stores.  These data include only students who reported any alcohol use in the past 30 days.  Students were asked to select all methods of obtaining alcohol that applied.  N/A indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Any Alcohol Use in the Past 30 Days, Who Took the Alcohol from Someone or Somewhere, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 3,172 33.2%
Metro 1,635 34.3%
Non-Metro 1,537 32.2%

About the Indicator:

This indicator reflects students responding that they took alcohol from one or more of the following sources: their home, a friend’s home, or from stores.  These data include only students who reported any alcohol use in the past 30 days.  Students were asked to select all methods of obtaining alcohol that applied.  N/A indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Any Alcohol Use in the Past 30 Days, Who Took the Alcohol from Someone or Somewhere, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 2,425 32.0%

About the Indicator:

This indicator reflects students responding that they took alcohol from one or more of the following sources: their home, a friend’s home, or from stores.  These data include only students who reported any alcohol use in the past 30 days.  Students were asked to select all methods of obtaining alcohol that applied.  N/A indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Their Parents Would Think It's Very Wrong or Wrong for Them to Have One or Two Drinks of an Alcohol Beverage Nearly Every Day, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 68,105 94.0% 69,232 92.8%
East Central 9,705 93.1% 8,605 92.4%
Metro 35,672 94.8% 37,928 93.2%
Non-Metro 32,433 93.2% 31,304 92.3%
Northwest 2,941 92.9% 2,897 91.4%
Northeast 3,769 93.2% 3,421 93.4%
Southeast 5,287 93.5% 6,826 92.9%
Southwest 6,518 93.2% 5,653 91.2%
West Central 4,213 93.5% 3,902 92.4%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about parent disapproval changed considerably in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent their parents would approve or disapprove of them drinking alcohol. In 2013, students were asked how wrong their parents would feel it would be for them to have one or two drinks nearly every day. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Their Parents Would Think It's Very Wrong or Wrong for Them to Have One or Two Drinks of an Alcohol Beverage Nearly Every Day, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 68,105 94.0% 72,036 92.8%
Metro 35,672 94.8% 37,928 93.2%
Non-Metro 32,433 93.2% 34,108 92.3%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about parent disapproval changed considerably in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent their parents would approve or disapprove of them drinking alcohol. In 2013, students were asked how wrong their parents would feel it would be for them to have one or two drinks nearly every day. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Their Parents Would Think It's Very Wrong or Wrong for Them to Have One or Two Drinks of an Alcohol Beverage Nearly Every Day, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 32,128 92.9% 33,969 92.1%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about parent disapproval changed considerably in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent their parents would approve or disapprove of them drinking alcohol. In 2013, students were asked how wrong their parents would feel it would be for them to have one or two drinks nearly every day. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.


Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Strongly Agree or Agree That Parents and Other Adults Should Clearly Communicate with Their Children about the Importance of Not Using Alcohol, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 44,715 83.0%
East Central 6,596 82.3%
Metro 22,661 82.5%
Non-Metro 22,054 83.5%
Northwest 2,041 84.1%
Northeast 2,554 83.9%
Southeast 3,613 83.6%
Southwest 4,446 84.9%
West Central 2,804 83.4%

About the Indicator: This question was new to the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey. Other response options included: "neither agree nor disagree", "disagree", and "strongly disagree."

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Strongly Agree or Agree That Parents and Other Adults Should Clearly Communicate with Their Children about the Importance of Not Using Alcohol, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 44,715 83.0%
Metro 22,661 82.5%
Non-Metro 22,054 83.5%

About the Indicator: This question was new to the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey. Other response options included: "neither agree nor disagree", "disagree", and "strongly disagree."

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Strongly Agree or Agree That Parents and Other Adults Should Clearly Communicate with Their Children about the Importance of Not Using Alcohol, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 27,933 81.5%

About the Indicator: This question was new to the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey. Other response options included: "neither agree nor disagree", "disagree", and "strongly disagree."

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Strongly Agree or Agree That Drinking Alcohol is Never a Good Thing for Anyone Their Age to Do, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 40,314 74.9%
East Central 5,991 74.7%
Metro 20,471 74.6%
Non-Metro 19,843 75.2%
Northwest 1,848 76.3%
Northeast 2,244 74.0%
Southeast 3,254 75.2%
Southwest 3,972 76.0%
West Central 2,534 75.3%

About the Indicator: This question was new to the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey. Other response options included: "neither agree nor disagree", "disagree", and "strongly disagree."

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Strongly Agree or Agree That Drinking Alcohol is Never a Good Thing for Anyone Their Age to Do, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 40,314 74.9%
Metro 20,471 74.6%
Non-Metro 19,843 75.2%

About the Indicator: This question was new to the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey. Other response options included: "neither agree nor disagree", "disagree", and "strongly disagree."

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Strongly Agree or Agree That Drinking Alcohol is Never a Good Thing for Anyone Their Age to Do, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 23,826 69.6%

About the Indicator: This question was new to the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey. Other response options included: "neither agree nor disagree", "disagree", and "strongly disagree."

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Think Most Students in Their School Drink Alcohol Monthly or More Often, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 31,226 58.6% 28,533 51.7%
East Central 4,783 60.1% 3,716 54.3%
Metro 15,534 57.3% 14,927 49.0%
Non-Metro 15,692 59.9% 13,606 55.0%
Northwest 1,462 60.7% 1,360 59.4%
Northeast 1,988 65.7% 1,663 62.9%
Southeast 2,436 56.8% 2,751 52.4%
Southwest 3,068 58.9% 2,485 53.9%
West Central 1,955 58.8% 1,631 52.8%

About the Indicator:

When asked how often they think MOST STUDENTS at their school drink alcohol, 53% of Minnesota’s 8th, 9th, and 11th graders responded with monthly or more often. In reality, past month alcohol use was reported by 17% of students. Students who believe that most students do drink alcohol monthly or more often are over 6.5 times more likely to report they drink alcohol monthly or more often themselves, as compared to students who perceive that most students don’t drink monthly or more often.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Think Most Students in Their School Drink Alcohol Monthly or More Often, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 31,226 58.6% 29,908 51.9%
Metro 15,534 57.3% 14,927 49.0%
Non-Metro 15,692 59.9% 14,981 55.2%

About the Indicator:

When asked how often they think MOST STUDENTS at their school drink alcohol, 53% of Minnesota’s 8th, 9th, and 11th graders responded with monthly or more often. In reality, past month alcohol use was reported by 17% of students. Students who believe that most students do drink alcohol monthly or more often are over 6.5 times more likely to report they drink alcohol monthly or more often themselves, as compared to students who perceive that most students don’t drink monthly or more often.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Think Most Students in Their School Drink Alcohol Monthly or More Often, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 24,682 72.8% 24,340 66.8%

About the Indicator:

When asked how often they think MOST STUDENTS at their school drink alcohol, 53% of Minnesota’s 8th, 9th, and 11th graders responded with monthly or more often. In reality, past month alcohol use was reported by 17% of students. Students who believe that most students do drink alcohol monthly or more often are over 6.5 times more likely to report they drink alcohol monthly or more often themselves, as compared to students who perceive that most students don’t drink monthly or more often.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Tobacco and Nicotine Use

Female Students Reporting Smoking a Cigarette on One or More Days within the Past 30 Days, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 4,330 7.6% 3,064 5.1%
Metro 1,844 6.2% 1,253 4.0%
Non-Metro 2,486 9.0% 1,811 6.5%

About the Indicator:

Reported tobacco use within the past 30 days (“30-day use”) is a frequent measure of current use, especially among youth. Youth tobacco use is presented here using 30-day use of cigarettes. In Minnesota, no person under 18 may possess, use, purchase or attempt to purchase tobacco products or tobacco-related devices (Minn. Stat. § 609.685).

According to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, any past 30-day cigarette smoking was reported by 10.2% of 9th graders and 21.1% of 11th graders nationally.

According to 2013 MSS data, those students who reported using tobacco monthly or more often were 2 times more likely to think that most students in their school also used tobacco monthly or more often, as compared to those who didn't use. The association was even stronger in the other direction: students who think most of their peers use monthly or more often were 6.4 times more likely themselves to report using tobacco that often.


"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Smoking a Cigarette on One or More Days within the Past 30 Days, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 3,433 9.4% 2,380 6.3%

About the Indicator:

Reported tobacco use within the past 30 days (“30-day use”) is a frequent measure of current use, especially among youth. Youth tobacco use is presented here using 30-day use of cigarettes. In Minnesota, no person under 18 may possess, use, purchase or attempt to purchase tobacco products or tobacco-related devices (Minn. Stat. § 609.685).

According to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, any past 30-day cigarette smoking was reported by 10.2% of 9th graders and 21.1% of 11th graders nationally.

According to 2013 MSS data, those students who reported using tobacco monthly or more often were 2 times more likely to think that most students in their school also used tobacco monthly or more often, as compared to those who didn't use. The association was even stronger in the other direction: students who think most of their peers use monthly or more often were 6.4 times more likely themselves to report using tobacco that often.


"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Smoking a Cigarette on One or More Days within the Past 30 Days, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 4,330 7.6% 3,064 5.1%
East Central 696 8.3% 447 6.3%
Metro 1,844 6.2% 1,253 4.0%
Non-Metro 2,486 9.0% 1,643 6.5%
Northwest 267 10.4% 189 8.1%
Northeast 376 11.9% 252 9.3%
Southeast 377 8.3% 244 4.5%
Southwest 438 8.1% 277 5.9%
West Central 332 9.5% 234 7.4%

About the Indicator:

Reported tobacco use within the past 30 days (“30-day use”) is a frequent measure of current use, especially among youth.  Youth tobacco use is presented here using 30-day use of cigarettes.  In Minnesota, no person under 18 may possess, use, purchase or attempt to purchase tobacco products or tobacco-related devices (Minn. Stat. § 609.685).  

According to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, any past 30 day cigarette smoking was reported by 10.2% of 9th graders and 21.1% of 11th graders nationally.

According to 2013 MSS data, those students who reported using tobacco monthly or more often were 2 times more likely to think that most students in their school also used tobacco monthly or more often, as compared to those who didn't use. The association was even stronger in the other direction: students who

think most of their peers use monthly or more often were 6.4 times more likely themselves to report using tobacco that often.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Using an E-Cigarette on One or More Days within the Past 30 Days, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 5,528.0 9.7%
East Central 786.0 11.1%
Metro 3,100.0 9.8%
Non-Metro 2,428.0 9.6%
Northwest 216.0 9.2%
Northeast 322.0 11.9%
Southeast 473.0 8.8%
Southwest 356.0 7.6%
West Central 275.0 8.7%

Female Students Reporting Using an E-Cigarette on One or More Days within the Past 30 Days, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 5,747.0 9.7%
Metro 3,100.0 9.8%
Non-Metro 2,647.0 9.5%

Female Students Reporting Using an E-Cigarette on One or More Days within the Past 30 Days, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 4,507.0 11.9%

Female Students Reporting Any Tobacco or Nicotine Use on One or More Days within the Past 30 Days, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 6,741.0 11.9%
East Central 942.0 13.4%
Metro 3,555.0 11.3%
Non-Metro 3,186.0 12.6%
Northwest 321.0 13.8%
Northeast 455.0 16.9%
Southeast 577.0 10.7%
Southwest 491.0 10.5%
West Central 400.0 12.7%

About the Indicator: Reported tobacco use within the past 30 days (“30-day use”) is a frequent measure of current use, especially among youth. Youth tobacco use is presented here using 30-day use of any of the following substances: cigarettes; cigars, cigarillos or little cigars; chewing tobacco, snuff, or dip; e-cigarettes; or hookah. In Minnesota, no person under 18 may possess, use, purchase or attempt to purchase tobacco products or tobacco-related devices (Minn. Stat. § 609.685).

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Any Tobacco or Nicotine Use on One or More Days within the Past 30 Days, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 5,747.0 9.7%
Metro 3,100.0 9.8%
Non-Metro 2,647.0 9.5%

About the Indicator: Reported tobacco use within the past 30 days (“30-day use”) is a frequent measure of current use, especially among youth. Youth tobacco use is presented here using 30-day use of any of the following substances: cigarettes; cigars, cigarillos or little cigars; chewing tobacco, snuff, or dip; e-cigarettes; or hookah. In Minnesota, no person under 18 may possess, use, purchase or attempt to purchase tobacco products or tobacco-related devices (Minn. Stat. § 609.685).

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Any Tobacco or Nicotine Use on One or More Days within the Past 30 Days, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 5,512.0 14.6%

About the Indicator: Reported tobacco use within the past 30 days (“30-day use”) is a frequent measure of current use, especially among youth. Youth tobacco use is presented here using 30-day use of any of the following substances: cigarettes; cigars, cigarillos or little cigars; chewing tobacco, snuff, or dip; e-cigarettes; or hookah. In Minnesota, no person under 18 may possess, use, purchase or attempt to purchase tobacco products or tobacco-related devices (Minn. Stat. § 609.685).

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Tobacco and Nicotine Consequences

No data was found for Female (Gender) in the category Tobacco and Nicotine Consequences

Tobacco and Nicotine Intervening Variables

Female Students Reporting that they Believe People Put themselves at Great or Moderate Risk of Harm by Smoking Cigarettes, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 58,827.0 81.8% 61,845.0 80.0%
Metro 30,739.0 82.4% 32,593.0 80.5%
Non-Metro 28,088.0 81.0% 29,252.0 79.5%

About the Indicator:

Students were asked specifically how much they thought people risked harming themselves physically or in other ways if they smoked cigarettes.  Low perceived risk of harm increases the likelihood of use.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

 

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting that they Believe People Put themselves at Great or Moderate Risk of Harm by Smoking Cigarettes, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 29,753.0 86.1% 30,204.0 81.8%

About the Indicator:

Students were asked specifically how much they thought people risked harming themselves physically or in other ways if they smoked cigarettes.  Low perceived risk of harm increases the likelihood of use.
"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting that they Believe People Put themselves at Great or Moderate Risk of Harm by Smoking Cigarettes, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 58,827.0 81.8% 59,416.0 80.0%
East Central 8,421.0 81.5% 7,396.0 79.6%
Metro 30,739.0 82.4% 32,593.0 80.5%
Non-Metro 28,088.0 81.0% 26,823.0 79.5%
Northwest 2,511.0 79.3% 2,424.0 77.1%
Northeast 3,266.0 80.9% 2,948.0 80.9%
Southeast 4,596.0 81.5% 5,839.0 79.8%
Southwest 5,675.0 81.2% 4,859.0 78.9%
West Central 3,619.0 80.6% 3,357.0 80.0%

About the Indicator:

Students were asked specifically how much they thought people risked harming themselves physically or in other ways if they smoked cigarettes.  Low perceived risk of harm increases the likelihood of use.
"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Their Parents Would Think It's Very Wrong or Wrong for Them to Smoke Cigarettes, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 69,051 95.2% 70,572 94.5%
East Central 9,868 94.4% 8,797 94.4%
Metro 36,136 95.8% 38,669 95.0%
Non-Metro 32,915 94.4% 31,903 94.0%
Northwest 2,967 93.5% 2,943 92.8%
Northeast 3,800 93.9% 3,451 94.2%
Southeast 5,373 94.8% 6,965 94.8%
Southwest 6,628 94.6% 5,783 93.2%
West Central 4,279 94.8% 3,964 93.8%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about parent disapproval changed considerably in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent their parents would approve or disapprove of them smoking cigarettes. In 2013, students were asked how wrong their parents would feel it would be for them to smoke cigarettes. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.


Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Their Parents Would Think It's Very Wrong or Wrong for Them to Smoke Cigarettes, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 69,051 95.2% 73,432 94.5%
Metro 36,136 95.8% 38,669 95.0%
Non-Metro 32,915 94.4% 34,763 94.0%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about parent disapproval changed considerably in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent their parents would approve or disapprove of them drinking alcohol. In 2013, students were asked how wrong their parents would feel it would be for them to have one or two drinks nearly every day. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Their Parents Would Think It's Very Wrong or Wrong for Them to Smoke Cigarettes, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 32,542 94.0% 34,734 94.1%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about parent disapproval changed considerably in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent their parents would approve or disapprove of them drinking alcohol. In 2013, students were asked how wrong their parents would feel it would be for them to have one or two drinks nearly every day. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Illicit Drug Use

Female Students Reporting Any Use of Marijuana in the Past 30 Days, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 4,902.0 8.6% 2,203.0 7.9%
Metro 2,879.0 9.8% 2,666.0 8.5%
Non-Metro 2,023.0 7.4% 4,869.0 8.2%

About the Indicator:

Current marijuana use is often assessed with measures of reported use in the past 30 days (30-day use). Students were asked about their use of marijuana, bud, weed, pot, hashish, hash, or hash oil.

According to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 17.7% of 9th graders and 25.5% of 11th graders nationally reported any past 30 day marijuana use.

According to 2013 MSS data, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported past-30 day marijuana use, those who DIDN'T report marijuana use were 2.7 times less likely to report past-year suicidal ideation; 1.8 times less likely to report problems with feeling depressed in the past year; 1.6 times less likely to report feeling anxious in the past year; 2.5 times less likely to report self harm in the past year; 1.3 times less likely to report past-month bullying victimization; 2.3 times less likely to report not feeling safe in their neighborhoods; 2.1 times less likely to report not being able to talk to their parents about problems; and 2.5 times less likely to report their parents only care about them some, a little, or not at all.

On the other hand, compared to those students who DID report past 30-day marijuana use, those who DIDN'T report marijuana use were 1.9 times more likely to report better teacher-student relationships; 1.6 times more likely to report greater educational engagement; 1.8 times more likely to report that the adults in their communities care about them quite a bit or very much; and 1.4 times more likely to report weekly participation in community activities.

Further, those students who reported using marijuana monthly or more often were 1.9 times more likely to think that most students in their school also used marijuana monthly or more often, as compared to those who didn't use. The association was even stronger in the other direction: students who think most of their peers use monthly or more often were 6.6 times more likely themselves to report using marijuana that often.


"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Any Use of Marijuana in the Past 30 Days, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 3,909.0 10.8% 3,906.0 10.4%

About the Indicator:

Current marijuana use is often assessed with measures of reported use in the past 30 days (30-day use). Students were asked about their use of marijuana, bud, weed, pot, hashish, hash, or hash oil.

According to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 17.7% of 9th graders and 25.5% of 11th graders nationally reported any past 30 day marijuana use.

According to 2013 MSS data, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported past-30 day marijuana use, those who DIDN'T report marijuana use were 2.7 times less likely to report past-year suicidal ideation; 1.8 times less likely to report problems with feeling depressed in the past year; 1.6 times less likely to report feeling anxious in the past year; 2.5 times less likely to report self harm in the past year; 1.3 times less likely to report past-month bullying victimization; 2.3 times less likely to report not feeling safe in their neighborhoods; 2.1 times less likely to report not being able to talk to their parents about problems; and 2.5 times less likely to report their parents only care about them some, a little, or not at all.

On the other hand, compared to those students who DID report past 30-day marijuana use, those who DIDN'T report marijuana use were 1.9 times more likely to report better teacher-student relationships; 1.6 times more likely to report greater educational engagement; 1.8 times more likely to report that the adults in their communities care about them quite a bit or very much; and 1.4 times more likely to report weekly participation in community activities.

Further, those students who reported using marijuana monthly or more often were 1.9 times more likely to think that most students in their school also used marijuana monthly or more often, as compared to those who didn't use. The association was even stronger in the other direction: students who think most of their peers use monthly or more often were 6.6 times more likely themselves to report using marijuana that often.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

 

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Any Use of Marijuana in the Past 30 Days, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 4,902.0 8.6% 4,691.0 8.3%
East Central 614.0 7.4% 564.0 8.0%
Metro 2,879.0 9.8% 2,666.0 8.5%
Non-Metro 2,023.0 7.4% 2,025.0 8.0%
Northwest 208.0 8.2% 221.0 9.5%
Northeast 294.0 9.4% 277.0 10.3%
Southeast 328.0 7.3% 403.0 7.5%
Southwest 362.0 6.7% 321.0 6.9%
West Central 217.0 6.2% 239.0 7.6%

About the Indicator:

Current marijuana use is often assessed with measures of reported use in the past 30 days (30-day use). Students were asked about their use of marijuana, bud, weed, pot, hashish, hash, or hash oil.

According to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 17.7% of 9th graders and 25.5% of 11th graders nationally reported any past 30 day marijuana use.

According to 2013 MSS data, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported past-30 day marijuana use, those who DIDN'T report marijuana use were 2.7 times less likely to report past-year suicidal ideation; 1.8 times less likely to report problems with feeling depressed in the past year; 1.6 times less likely to report feeling anxious in the past year; 2.5 times less likely to report self harm in the past year; 1.3 times less likely to report past-month bullying victimization; 2.3 times less likely to report not feeling safe in their neighborhoods; 2.1 times less likely to report not being able to talk to their parents about problems; and 2.5 times less likely to report their parents only care about them some, a little, or not at all.

On the other hand, compared to those students who DID report past 30-day marijuana use, those who DIDN'T report marijuana use were 1.9 times more likely to report better teacher-student relationships; 1.6 times more likely to report greater educational engagement; 1.8 times more likely to report that the adults in their communities care about them quite a bit or very much; and 1.4 times more likely to report weekly participation in community activities.

Further, those students who reported using marijuana monthly or more often were 1.9 times more likely to think that most students in their school also used marijuana monthly or more often, as compared to those who didn't use. The association was even stronger in the other direction: students who think most of their peers use monthly or more often were 6.6 times more likely themselves to report using marijuana that often.


"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting they First Smoked Marijuana at Age 13 or Younger, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 2,414.0 6.6% 2,171.0 6.0%
East Central 352.0 6.5% 242.0 5.5%
Metro 1,234.0 6.5% 1,161.0 5.8%
Non-Metro 1,180.0 6.7% 1,010.0 6.2%
Northwest 148.0 9.1% 147.0 9.8%
Northeast 207.0 10.0% 147.0 8.1%
Southeast 170.0 6.0% 186.0 5.5%
Southwest 187.0 5.3% 160.0 5.3%
West Central 116.0 5.3% 128.0 6.4%

About the Indicator: According to the national 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 8.5% of 9th graders and 6.7% of 11th graders reported they first used marijuana before age 13 years.

N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting they First Smoked Marijuana at Age 13 or Younger, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 2,414.0 6.6% 2,275.0 6.0%
Metro 1,234.0 6.5% 1,161.0 5.8%
Non-Metro 1,180.0 6.7% 1,114.0 6.2%

About the Indicator: According to the national 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 8.5% of 9th graders and 6.7% of 11th graders reported they first used marijuana before age 13 years. Nationally, 5.4% of white students, 10.6% of black students, and 10.9% of Hispanic students reported first using marijuana while younger than age 13.

N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Counts by race/ethnicity may not equal the state total, as students were allowed to select all applicable categories.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting they First Smoked Marijuana at Age 13 or Younger, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 2,375.0 6.6% 2,252.0 6.0%

About the Indicator: According to the national 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 8.5% of 9th graders and 6.7% of 11th graders reported they first used marijuana before age 13 years.


Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Use of Inhalants within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 866.0 1.5%
East Central * * 105.0 1.5%
Metro * * 450.0 1.4%
Non-Metro * * 416.0 1.7%
Northwest * * 58.0 2.5%
Northeast * * 63.0 2.3%
Southeast * * 61.0 1.1%
Southwest * * 59.0 1.3%
West Central * * 70.0 2.2%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of inhalants in the past 12 months.  Students were asked whether they sniffed glue, breathed the contents of aerosol spray cans, or inhaled any other gases or sprays in order to get high.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. As a result of discrepancies in illicit drug use responses, 2013 drug use data are not reliable and are not included here.

In 2010, reported past 12 month use of inhalants among 12th graders was lower in Minnesota than the national average (rate ratio = 0.67:1.00).  The state's rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).  For more national comparisons, click here State Epi Profile.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Methamphetamine Use within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 270.0 0.5%
East Central * * 35.0 0.5%
Metro * * 142.0 0.5%
Non-Metro * * 128.0 0.5%
Northwest * * 19.0 0.8%
Northeast * * 20.0 0.7%
Southeast * * 20.0 0.4%
Southwest * * 17.0 0.4%
West Central * * 17.0 0.5%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of methamphetamine in the past 12 months.  Students were asked whether they used meth, glass, crank, crystal meth or ice. N/A  or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. As a result of discrepancies in illicit drug use responses, 2013 drug use data are not reliable and are not included here.

In 2010, reported past 12 month methamphetamine use among 12th graders was higher in Minnesota than the national average (rate ratio = 1.40:1.00).  State rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).  For more national comparisons, click here State Epi Profile.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Use of MDMA/Ecstasy within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 438.0 0.8%
East Central * * 55.0 0.8%
Metro * * 263.0 0.8%
Non-Metro * * 175.0 0.7%
Northwest * * 20.0 0.9%
Northeast * * 23.0 0.9%
Southeast * * 32.0 0.6%
Southwest * * 27.0 0.6%
West Central * * 18.0 0.6%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of MDMA, GHB or Ketamine in the past 12 months.  Students were asked whether they used MDMA (E, X, Ecstasy), GHB (G, Liquid E, Liquid X, roofies), or Ketamine (Special K).  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

In 2007, reported past 12 month MDMA/Ecstasy use among 12th graders was lower in Minnesota than the national average (rate ratio = 0.89:1.00).  State rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).  For more national comparisons, click here State Epi Profile.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Use of Crack/Cocaine within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 462.0 0.8%
East Central * * 57.0 0.8%
Metro * * 267.0 0.9%
Non-Metro * * 195.0 0.8%
Northwest * * 21.0 0.9%
Northeast * * 32.0 1.2%
Southeast * * 35.0 0.7%
Southwest * * 34.0 0.7%
West Central * * 16.0 0.5%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of crack or cocaine in the past 12 months.  Student were asked whether they used crack, coke, or cocaine in any form.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. As a result of discrepancies in illicit drug use responses, 2013 drug use data are not reliable and are not included here.

In 2010, reported past 12 month crack/cocaine use among 12th graders in Minnesota was 2.9%.  Nationally, 2.9% reported use of cocaine and 1.2% reported use of crack.  State rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).  For more national comparisons, click here State Epi Profile.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Use of LSD, PCP or Other Psychedelics within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 803.0 1.4%
East Central * * 97.0 1.4%
Metro * * 473.0 1.5%
Non-Metro * * 330.0 1.3%
Northwest * * 45.0 1.9%
Northeast * * 50.0 1.9%
Southeast * * 57.0 1.1%
Southwest * * 45.0 1.0%
West Central * * 36.0 1.1%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of psychedelics in the past 12 months. Students were asked whether they used LSD (acid), PCP (wet sticks or dipped joints), or other psychedelics (mushrooms, angel dust).  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. As a result of discrepancies in illicit drug use responses, 2013 drug use data are not reliable and are not included here.

In 2010, reported past 12 month psychedelic use among 12th graders in Minnesota was 4.3%.  Nationally, 2.6% reported use of LSD and 4.8% reported use of other hallucinogens.  State rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).   For more national comparisons, click here State Epi Profile.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Use of Heroin within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 190.0 0.3%
East Central * * 29.0 0.4%
Metro * * 106.0 0.3%
Non-Metro * * 84.0 0.3%
Northwest * * 8.0 0.3%
Northeast * * 12.0 0.4%
Southeast * * 16.0 0.3%
Southwest * * 9.0 0.2%
West Central * * 10.0 0.3%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of heroin in the past 12 months.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. As a result of discrepancies in illicit drug use responses, 2013 drug use data are not reliable and are not included here.

In 2010, reported past 12 month heroin use among 12th graders was higher in Minnesota than the national average (rate ratio = 1.33:1.00).  State rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).  For more national comparisons, click here State Epi Profile.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Use of Synthetic Drugs within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 668.0 1.2%
East Central * * 87.0 1.2%
Metro * * 362.0 1.2%
Non-Metro * * 306.0 1.2%
Northwest * * 34.0 1.5%
Northeast * * 39.0 1.5%
Southeast * * 58.0 1.1%
Southwest * * 47.0 1.0%
West Central * * 41.0 1.3%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of synthetic drugs in the past 12 months. Students were asked whether they used synthetic drugs such as bath salts (White Wave, White Lightning), or synthetic marijuana (K2, Gold), that they took only to get high.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. As a result of discrepancies in illicit drug use responses, 2013 drug use data are not reliable and are not included here.

Because the question about synthetic drugs was added to the survey in 2013, trend data are not available.

For national comparisons, click here: State Epi Profile.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Use of Inhalants within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 906.0 1.5%
Metro * * 450.0 1.4%
Non-Metro * * 456.0 1.7%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of inhalants in the past 12 months.  Students were asked whether they sniffed glue, breathed the contents of aerosol spray cans, or inhaled any other gases or sprays in order to get high.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. As a result of discrepancies in illicit drug use responses, 2013 drug use data are not reliable and are not included here.

In 2010, reported past 12 month use of inhalants among 12th graders was lower in Minnesota than the national average (rate ratio = 0.67:1.00).  State rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).  For more national comparisons, click here State Epi Profile.

Counts by race/ethnicity may not equal the state total, as students were allowed to select all applicable categories.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Methamphetamine Use within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 280.0 0.5%
Metro * * 142.0 0.5%
Non-Metro * * 138.0 0.5%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of methamphetamines in the past 12 months.  Students were asked whether they used meth, glass, crank, crystal meth or ice. N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. As a result of discrepancies in illicit drug use responses, 2013 drug use data are not reliable and are not included here.

In 2010, reported past 12 month methamphetamine use among 12th graders was higher in Minnesota than the national average (rate ratio = 2.80:1.00).  State rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).  For more national comparisons, click here State Epi Profile.

Counts by race/ethnicity may not equal the state total, as students were allowed to select all applicable categories.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Use of MDMA/Ecstasy within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 464.0 0.8%
Metro * * 263.0 0.8%
Non-Metro * * 201.0 0.7%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of MDMA, GHB or Ketamine in the past 12 months.  Students were asked whether they used MDMA (E, X, Ecstasy), GHB (G, Liquid E, Liquid X, roofies), or Ketamine (Special K).  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. As a result of discrepancies in illicit drug use responses, 2013 drug use data are not reliable and are not included here.

In 2007, reported past 12 month MDMA/Ecstasy use among 12th graders was lower in Minnesota than the national average (rate ratio = 0.89:1.00).  State rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).  For more national comparisons, click here State Epi Profile.

Counts by race/ethnicity may not equal the state total, as students were allowed to select all applicable categories.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Use of Crack/Cocaine within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 482.0 0.8%
Metro * * 267.0 0.9%
Non-Metro * * 215.0 0.8%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of crack or cocaine in the past 12 months.  Student were asked whether they used crack, cocaine in chunk or rock form, or cocaine in any other form.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. As a result of discrepancies in illicit drug use responses, 2013 drug use data are not reliable and are not included here.

In 2010, reported past 12 month crack/cocaine use among 12th graders in Minnesota was 2.9%.  Nationally, 2.9% reported use of cocaine and 1.4% reported use of crack.  State rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).  For more national comparisons, click here State Epi Profile.

Counts by race/ethnicity may not equal the state total, as students were allowed to select all applicable categories.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Use of LSD, PCP or Other Psychedelics within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 836.0 1.4%
Metro * * 473.0 1.5%
Non-Metro * * 363.0 1.3%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of psychedelics in the past 12 months. Students were asked whether they used LSD (acid), PCP (wet sticks or dipped joints), or other psychedelics (mushrooms, angel dust).  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. As a result of discrepancies in illicit drug use responses, 2013 drug use data are not reliable and are not included here.

In 2010, reported past 12 month psychedelic use among 12th graders in Minnesota was 4.3%.  Nationally, 2.6% reported use of LSD and 4.8% reported use of other hallucinogens.  State rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).   For more national comparisons, click here State Epi Profile.

Counts by race/ethnicity may not equal the state total, as students were allowed to select all applicable categories.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Use of Heroin within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 195.0 0.3%
Metro * * 106.0 0.3%
Non-Metro * * 89.0 0.3%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of heroin in the past 12 months.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. As a result of discrepancies in illicit drug use responses, 2013 drug use data are not reliable and are not included here.

In 2010, reported past 12 month heroin use among 12th graders was higher in Minnesota than the national average (rate ratio = 1.33:1.00).  State rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).  For more national comparisons, click here State Epi Profile.

Counts by race/ethnicity may not equal the state total, as students were allowed to select all applicable categories.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Use of Synthetic Drugs within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 697.0 1.2%
Metro * * 362.0 1.2%
Non-Metro * * 335.0 1.2%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of synthetic drugs in the past 12 months. Students were asked whether they used synthetic drugs such as bath salts (White Wave, White Lightning), or synthetic marijuana (K2, Gold), that they took only to get high.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. As a result of discrepancies in illicit drug use responses, 2013 drug use data are not reliable and are not included here.

Because the question about synthetic drugs was added to the survey in 2013, trend data are not available.

For national comparisons, click here: State Epi Profile.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Use of Inhalants within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 508.0 1.4%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of inhalants in the past 12 months.  Students were asked whether they sniffed glue, breathed the contents of aerosol spray cans, or inhaled any other gases or sprays in order to get high.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. As a result of discrepancies in illicit drug use responses, 2013 drug use data are not reliable and are not included here.

In 2010, reported past 12 month use of inhalants among 12th graders was lower in Minnesota than the national average (rate ratio = 0.67:1.00).  State rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).  For more national comparisons, click here State Epi Profile.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Methamphetamine Use within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 189.0 0.5%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of methamphetamines in the past 12 months. Students were asked whether they used meth, glass, crank, crystal meth or ice. N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. As a result of discrepancies in illicit drug use responses, 2013 drug use data are not reliable and are not included here.

In 2010, reported past 12 month methamphetamine use among 12th graders was higher in Minnesota than the national average (rate ratio = 2.80:1.00).  State rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).  For more national comparisons, click here State Epi Profile.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Use of MDMA/Ecstasy within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 346.0 0.9%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of MDMA, GHB or Ketamine in the past 12 months.  Students were asked whether they used MDMA (E, X, Ecstasy), GHB (G, Liquid E, Liquid X, roofies), or Ketamine (Special K).  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. As a result of discrepancies in illicit drug use responses, 2013 drug use data are not reliable and are not included here.

In 2007, reported past 12 month MDMA/Ecstasy use among 12th graders was lower in Minnesota than the national average (rate ratio = 0.89:1.00).  State rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).  For more national comparisons, click here State Epi Profile.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Use of Crack/Cocaine within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 341.0 0.9%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of crack or cocaine in the past 12 months.  Student were asked whether they used crack, cocaine in chunk or rock form, or cocaine in any other form.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. As a result of discrepancies in illicit drug use responses, 2013 drug use data are not reliable and are not included here.

In 2010, reported past 12 month crack/cocaine use among 12th graders in Minnesota was 2.9%.  Nationally, 2.9% reported use of cocaine and 1.4% reported use of crack.  State rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).  For more national comparisons, click here State Epi Profile.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Use of LSD, PCP or Other Psychedelics within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 652.0 1.7%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of psychedelics in the past 12 months. Students were asked whether they used LSD (acid), PCP (wet sticks or dipped joints), or other psychedelics (mushrooms, angel dust).  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. As a result of discrepancies in illicit drug use responses, 2013 drug use data are not reliable and are not included here.

In 2010, reported past 12 month psychedelic use among 12th graders in Minnesota was 4.3%.  Nationally, 2.6% reported use of LSD and 4.8% reported use of other hallucinogens.  State rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).   For more national comparisons, click here State Epi Profile.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Use of Heroin within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 118.0 0.3%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of heroin in the past 12 months.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. As a result of discrepancies in illicit drug use responses, 2013 drug use data are not reliable and are not included here.

In 2010, reported past 12 month heroin use among 12th graders was higher in Minnesota than the national average (rate ratio = 1.33:1.00).  State rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).  For more national comparisons, click here State Epi Profile.

Counts by race/ethnicity may not equal the state total, as students were allowed to select all applicable categories.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Use of Synthetic Drugs within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 488.0 1.3%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any use of synthetic drugs in the past 12 months. Students were asked whether they used synthetic drugs such as bath salts (White Wave, White Lightning), or synthetic marijuana (K2, Gold), that they took only to get high.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. As a result of discrepancies in illicit drug use responses, 2013 drug use data are not reliable and are not included here.

Because the question about synthetic drugs was added to the survey in 2013, trend data are not available.

For national comparisons, click here: State Epi Profile.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Prescription Drug Misuse

Female Students Reporting Any Past 30 Day Use of Prescription Drugs Not Prescribed for Them, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 3,209.0 5.7% 2,830.0 5.0%
East Central 473.0 5.7% 353.0 5.0%
Metro 1,800.0 6.2% 1,603.0 5.1%
Non-Metro 1,409.0 5.2% 1,227.0 4.9%
Northwest 136.0 5.3% 144.0 6.2%
Northeast 147.0 4.7% 139.0 5.2%
Southeast 243.0 5.4% 223.0 4.2%
Southwest 261.0 4.9% 211.0 4.5%
West Central 149.0 4.3% 157.0 5.0%

About the Indicator:

In 2013, a new question was added to the Minnesota Student Survey asking about student's past month misuse of any prescription drugs (use of prescription drugs not prescribed for them). Prescription drugs can have dangerous health consequences if used incorrectly, or if used by by someone other than for whom they were intended.

According to 2013 MSS data, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported past-30 day prescription drug misuse, those who DIDN'T report misuse were 3.8 times less likely to report past-year suicidal ideation; 2.2 times less likely to report problems with feeling depressed in the past year; 1.9 times less likely to report feeling anxious in the past year; 3.6 times less likely to report self harm in the past year; 1.5 times less likely to report past-month bullying victimization; 3 times less likely to report not feeling safe in their neighborhoods; 2.6 times less likely to report not being able to talk to their parents about problems; and 3.4 times less likely to report their parents only care about them some, a little, or not at all.

On the other hand, compared to those students who DID report past 30-day prescription drug misuse, those who DIDN'T report misuse were 2 times more likely to report better teacher-student relationships; 1.7 times more likely to report greater educational engagement; 1.9 times more likely to report that the adults in their communities care about them quite a bit or very much; and 1.2 times more likely to report weekly participation in community activities.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Any Past 30 Day Use of Prescription Drugs Not Prescribed for Them, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 3,209.0 5.7% 1,352.0 4.9%
Metro 1,800.0 6.2% 1,603.0 5.1%
Non-Metro 1,409.0 5.2% 2,955.0 5.0%

About the Indicator:

 In 2013, a new question was added to the Minnesota Student Survey asking about student's past month misuse of any prescription drugs (use of prescription drugs not prescribed for them). Prescription drugs can have dangerous health consequences if used incorrectly, or if used by by someone other than for whom they were intended.


According to 2013 MSS data, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported past-30 day prescription drug misuse, those who DIDN'T report misuse were 3.8 times less likely to report past-year suicidal ideation; 2.2 times less likely to report problems with feeling depressed in the past year; 1.9 times less likely to report feeling anxious in the past year; 3.6 times less likely to report self harm in the past year; 1.5 times less likely to report past-month bullying victimization; 3 times less likely to report not feeling safe in their neighborhoods; 2.6 times less likely to report not being able to talk to their parents about problems; and 3.4 times less likely to report their parents only care about them some, a little, or not at all.

On the other hand, compared to those students who DID report past 30-day prescription drug misuse, those who DIDN'T report misuse were 2 times more likely to report better teacher-student relationships; 1.7 times more likely to report greater educational engagement; 1.9 times more likely to report that the adults in their communities care about them quite a bit or very much; and 1.2 times more likely to report weekly participation in community activities.


"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Any Past 30 Day Use of Prescription Drugs Not Prescribed for Them, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 2,361.0 6.5% 2,040.0 5.5%

About the Indicator:

In 2013, a new question was added to the Minnesota Student Survey asking about student's past month misuse of any prescription drugs (use of prescription drugs not prescribed for them). Prescription drugs can have dangerous health consequences if used incorrectly, or if used by by someone other than for whom they were intended.

According to 2013 MSS data, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported past-30 day prescription drug misuse, those who DIDN'T report misuse were 3.8 times less likely to report past-year suicidal ideation; 2.2 times less likely to report problems with feeling depressed in the past year; 1.9 times less likely to report feeling anxious in the past year; 3.6 times less likely to report self harm in the past year; 1.5 times less likely to report past-month bullying victimization; 3 times less likely to report not feeling safe in their neighborhoods; 2.6 times less likely to report not being able to talk to their parents about problems; and 3.4 times less likely to report their parents only care about them some, a little, or not at all.

On the other hand, compared to those students who DID report past 30-day prescription drug misuse, those who DIDN'T report misuse were 2 times more likely to report better teacher-student relationships; 1.7 times more likely to report greater educational engagement; 1.9 times more likely to report that the adults in their communities care about them quite a bit or very much; and 1.2 times more likely to report weekly participation in community activities.


"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Any Use of Prescription Pain Relievers Not Prescribed for Them by Their Doctor within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 1,910.0 3.4%
East Central * * 247.0 3.5%
Metro * * 1,053.0 3.4%
Non-Metro * * 857.0 3.4%
Northwest * * 91.0 3.9%
Northeast * * 87.0 3.2%
Southeast * * 171.0 3.2%
Southwest * * 151.0 3.2%
West Central * * 110.0 3.5%

About the Indicator: Drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any abuse of prescription drugs in the past 12 months.  Students were asked whether they used Oxycodone, OxyContin (oxy), Percocet, Percodan, Vicodin or other pain relievers not prescribed for them by a doctor.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

In 2010, reported past 12 month prescription pain reliever use among 12th graders was similar in Minnesota to the national average (rate ratio = 1.02:1.00).  States rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF). 

Female Students Reporting Any Use of Prescription Pain Relievers Not Prescribed for Them by Their Doctor within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 1,997.0 3.4%
Metro * * 1,053.0 3.4%
Non-Metro * * 944.0 3.4%

About the Indicator: Drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any abuse of prescription drugs in the past 12 months.  Students were asked whether they used Oxycodone, OxyContin (oxy), Percocet, Percodan, Vicodin or other pain relievers not prescribed for them by a doctor.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

In 2010, reported past 12 month prescription pain reliever use among 12th graders was similar in Minnesota to the national average (rate ratio = 1.02:1.00).  States rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF). 

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Any Use of Prescription Pain Relievers Not Prescribed for Them by Their Doctor within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 1,475.0 4.0%

About the Indicator: Drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of students reporting any abuse of prescription drugs in the past 12 months.  Students were asked whether they used Oxycodone, OxyContin (oxy), Percocet, Percodan, Vicodin or other pain relievers not prescribed for them by a doctor.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

In 2010, reported past 12 month prescription pain reliever use among 12th graders was similar in Minnesota to the national average (rate ratio = 1.02:1.00).  States rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF). 

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Any Use of ADD or ADHD Drugs Not Prescribed for Them by Their Doctor within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 1,406.0 2.5%
East Central * * 155.0 2.2%
Metro * * 848.0 2.7%
Non-Metro * * 558.0 2.2%
Northwest * * 67.0 2.9%
Northeast * * 57.0 2.1%
Southeast * * 108.0 2.0%
Southwest * * 95.0 2.0%
West Central * * 76.0 2.4%

About the Indicator:

Drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of 9th and 12th grade students reporting any abuse of their own or someone else’s prescription ADHD or ADD drugs like Ritalin (hyper pills) in the past 12 months for the purpose of getting high.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

In 2010, reported past 12 month ADHD or ADD drug use among 12th graders was higher in Minnesota than the national average (rate ratio = 1.17:1.00).  States rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).


Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Any Use of ADD or ADHD Drugs Not Prescribed for Them by Their Doctor within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 1,456.0 2.5%
Metro * * 848.0 2.7%
Non-Metro * * 608.0 2.2%

About the Indicator:

Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of 9th and 12th grade students reporting any abuse of their own or someone else’s prescription ADHD or ADD drugs like Ritalin (hyper pills) in the past 12 months for the purpose of getting high.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

In 2010, reported past 12 month ADHD or ADD drug use among 12th graders was higher in Minnesota than the national average (rate ratio = 1.17:1.00).  States rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).


Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Any Use of ADD or ADHD Drugs Not Prescribed for Them by Their Doctor within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 1,214.0 3.3%

About the Indicator:

Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of 9th and 12th grade students reporting any abuse of their own or someone else’s prescription ADHD or ADD drugs like Ritalin (hyper pills) in the past 12 months for the purpose of getting high.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

In 2010, reported past 12 month ADHD or ADD drug use among 12th graders was higher in Minnesota than the national average (rate ratio = 1.17:1.00).  States rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).


Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Any Use of Stimulants or Diet Pills Not Prescribed for Them by Their Doctor within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 524.0 0.9%
East Central * * 66.0 0.9%
Metro * * 306.0 1.0%
Non-Metro * * 218.0 0.9%
Northwest * * 28.0 1.2%
Northeast * * 31.0 1.2%
Southeast * * 40.0 0.8%
Southwest * * 30.0 0.6%
West Central * * 23.0 0.7%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of 9th and 12th grade students reporting any abuse of prescription stimulants like Benzedrine (bennies, speed, uppers, pep pills) or diet pills in the past 12 months for the purpose of getting high.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Any Use of Stimulants or Diet Pills Not Prescribed for Them by Their Doctor within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 545.0 0.9%
Metro * * 306.0 1.0%
Non-Metro * * 239.0 0.9%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of 9th and 12th grade students reporting any abuse of prescription stimulants like Benzedrine (bennies, speed, uppers, pep pills) or diet pills in the past 12 months for the purpose of getting high.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Any Use of Stimulants or Diet Pills Not Prescribed for Them by Their Doctor within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 415.0 1.1%

About the Indicator: Other drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of 9th and 12th grade students reporting any abuse of prescription stimulants like Benzedrine (bennies, speed, uppers, pep pills) or diet pills in the past 12 months for the purpose of getting high.  N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Any Use of Tranquilizers or Sedatives Not Prescribed for Them by Their Doctor within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 1,025.0 1.8%
East Central * * 99.0 1.4%
Metro * * 686.0 2.2%
Non-Metro * * 339.0 1.4%
Northwest * * 43.0 1.9%
Northeast * * 44.0 1.6%
Southeast * * 63.0 1.2%
Southwest * * 47.0 1.0%
West Central * * 43.0 1.4%

About the Indicator: Drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of 9th and 12th grade students reporting any abuse of prescription tranquilizers (Valium, Xanax, nerve pills), sedatives, or barbiturates in the past 12 months for the purpose of getting high.  N/A or * indicate that the data are unavailable or were not collected.  

In 2010, reported past 12 month tranquilizer/sedative use among 12th graders in Minnesota was 3.2%.  Nationally, 5.6% reported use of tranquilizers and 4.8% reported use of sedatives.  States rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Any Use of Tranquilizers or Sedatives Not Prescribed for Them by Their Doctor within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 1,064.0 1.8%
Metro * * 686.0 2.2%
Non-Metro * * 378.0 1.4%

About the Indicator: Drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of 9th and 12th grade students reporting any abuse of prescription tranquilizers (Valium, Xanax, nerve pills), sedatives, or barbiturates in the past 12 months for the purpose of getting high.  N/A or * indicate that the data are unavailable or were not collected.  

In 2010, reported past 12 month tranquilizer/sedative use among 12th graders in Minnesota was 3.2%.  Nationally, 5.6% reported use of tranquilizers and 4.8% reported use of sedatives.  States rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Any Use of Tranquilizers or Sedatives Not Prescribed for Them by Their Doctor within the Past 12 Months, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota * * 867.0 2.3%

About the Indicator: Drug consumption by youth is measured here as the number of 9th and 12th grade students reporting any abuse of prescription tranquilizers (Valium, Xanax, nerve pills), sedatives, or barbiturates in the past 12 months for the purpose of getting high.  N/A or * indicate that the data are unavailable or were not collected.  

In 2010, reported past 12 month tranquilizer/sedative use among 12th graders in Minnesota was 3.2%.  Nationally, 5.6% reported use of tranquilizers and 4.8% reported use of sedatives.  States rates are from the Minnesota Student Survey; national rates are from Monitoring the Future (MTF).

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Drug Consequences

No data was found for Female (Gender) in the category Drug Consequences

Drug Intervening Variables

Female Students Reporting that they Believe People Put themselves at Great or Moderate Risk of Harm by Smoking Marijuana Once or Twice a Week, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 50,838.0 71.2% 48,495.0 65.5%
East Central 7,464.0 72.8% 6,151.0 66.4%
Metro 26,199.0 70.9% 26,457.0 65.5%
Non-Metro 24,639.0 71.5% 22,038.0 65.5%
Northwest 2,202.0 70.0% 1,959.0 62.4%
Northeast 2,718.0 67.6% 2,233.0 61.4%
Southeast 4,005.0 71.3% 4,825.0 66.1%
Southwest 5,050.0 72.6% 4,067.0 66.2%
West Central 3,200.0 71.7% 2,803.0 67.0%

About the Indicator:

Students were asked specifically how much they thought people risked harming themselves physically or in other ways if they smoked marijuana once or twice per week. "N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting that they Believe People put themselves at Great or Moderate Risk of Harm by Smoking Marijuana Once or Twice a Week, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 50,838.0 71.2% 50,485.0 65.5%
Metro 26,199.0 70.9% 26,457.0 65.5%
Non-Metro 24,639.0 71.5% 24,028.0 65.5%

About the Indicator:

Students were asked specifically how much they thought people risked harming themselves physically or in other ways if they smoked marijuana once or twice per week. "N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting that they Believe People Put themselves at Great or Moderate Risk of Harm by Smoking Marijuana Once or Twice a Week, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 23,470.0 68.3% 21,756.0 58.9%

About the Indicator:

Students were asked specifically how much they thought people risked harming themselves physically or in other ways if they smoked marijuana once or twice per week. "N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting that they Believe People Put themselves at Great or Moderate Risk of Harm by Using Prescription Drugs Not Prescribed for Them, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 59,946.0 83.7% 60,280.0 81.3%
East Central 8,621.0 83.8% 7,520.0 81.1%
Metro 31,254.0 84.3% 33,023.0 81.7%
Non-Metro 28,692.0 83.1% 27,257.0 80.9%
Northwest 2,571.0 81.4% 2,516.0 80.1%
Northeast 3,395.0 84.2% 3,019.0 83.0%
Southeast 4,668.0 83.1% 5,897.0 80.7%
Southwest 5,758.0 82.6% 4,895.0 79.6%
West Central 3,679.0 82.3% 3,410.0 81.5%

About the Indicator:

The Minnesota Student Survey added a question about the perceived harm of misusing prescription drugs 2013. 

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting that they Believe People Put themselves at Great or Moderate Risk of Harm by Using Prescription Drugs Not Prescribed for Them, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 59,946.0 83.7% 62,737.0 81.3%
Metro 31,254.0 84.3% 33,023.0 81.7%
Non-Metro 28,692.0 83.1% 29,714.0 80.9%

About the Indicator:

The Minnesota Student Survey added a question about the perceived harm of misusing prescription drugs 2013. 

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting that they Believe People Put themselves at Great or Moderate Risk of Harm by Using Prescription Drugs Not Prescribed for Them, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 23,470.0 68.3% 30,809.0 83.4%

About the Indicator:

The Minnesota Student Survey added a question about the perceived harm of misusing prescription drugs 2013. 

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Their Parents Would Think It's Very Wrong or Wrong for Them to Smoke Marijuana, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 68,512 94.8% 68,793 92.3%
East Central 9,881 95.0% 8,635 92.8%
Metro 35,643 94.9% 37,574 92.4%
Non-Metro 32,869 94.7% 31,219 92.1%
Northwest 2,955 93.4% 2,852 90.1%
Northeast 3,755 93.1% 3,329 91.0%
Southeast 5,368 95.1% 6,792 92.5%
Southwest 6,636 95.1% 5,702 92.1%
West Central 3,909 92.6%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about parent disapproval changed considerably in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent their parents would approve or disapprove of them smoking marijuana. In 2013, students were asked how wrong their parents would feel it would be for them to smoke marijuana. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.


Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Their Parents Would Think It's Very Wrong or Wrong for Them to Smoke Marijuana, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 68,512 94.8% 71,572 92.2%
Metro 35,643 94.9% 37,574 92.4%
Non-Metro 32,869 94.7% 33,998 92.0%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about parent disapproval changed considerably in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent their parents would approve or disapprove of them smoking marijuana. In 2013, students were asked how wrong their parents would feel it would be for them to smoke marijuana. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Their Parents Would Think It's Very Wrong or Wrong for Them to Smoke Marijuana, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 32,128 93.1% 33,264 90.2%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about parent disapproval changed considerably in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent their parents would approve or disapprove of them smoking marijuana. In 2013, students were asked how wrong their parents would feel it would be for them to smoke marijuana. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Their Parents Would Think It's Very Wrong or Wrong for Them to Use Prescription Drugs Not Prescribed for Them, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 69,796 96.5% 70,905 95.1%
East Central 10,028 96.2% 8,850 95.2%
Metro 36,317 96.6% 38,652 95.1%
Non-Metro 33,479 96.3% 32,253 95.2%
Northwest 3,042 96.1% 3,006 94.9%
Northeast 3,907 96.8% 3,529 96.3%
Southeast 5,435 96.3% 6,997 95.3%
Southwest 6,721 96.2% 5,868 94.9%
West Central 4,346 96.6% 4,003 94.8%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about parent disapproval changed in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent their parents would approve or disapprove of them using other illegal drugs (other than marijuana). In 2013, this question was dropped and students were instead asked how wrong their parents would feel it would be for them to use prescription drugs not prescribed for them. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Their Parents Would Think It's Very Wrong or Wrong for Them to Use Prescription Drugs Not Prescribed for Them, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 69,796 96.5% 73,807 95.1%
Metro 36,317 96.6% 38,652 95.1%
Non-Metro 33,479 96.3% 35,155 95.2%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about parent disapproval changed in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent their parents would approve or disapprove of them using other illegal drugs (other than marijuana). In 2013, this question was dropped and students were instead asked how wrong their parents would feel it would be for them to use prescription drugs not prescribed for them. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Their Parents Would Think It's Very Wrong or Wrong for Them to Use Prescription Drugs Not Prescribed for Them, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 33,249 96.3% 28,889 78.5%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about parent disapproval changed in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent their parents would approve or disapprove of them using other illegal drugs (other than marijuana). In 2013, this question was dropped and students were instead asked how wrong their parents would feel it would be for them to use prescription drugs not prescribed for them. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Their Friends Would Feel it is Wrong or Very Wrong for Them to Use Prescription Drugs not Prescribed for Them, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 64,619.0 89.8% 66,670.0 89.8%
East Central 9,281.0 89.6% 8,380.0 90.4%
Metro 33,442.0 89.6% 36,180.0 89.4%
Non-Metro 31,177.0 90.0% 30,490.0 90.3%
Northwest 2,852.0 90.4% 2,831.0 89.7%
Northeast 3,597.0 89.2% 3,312.0 90.6%
Southeast 5,045.0 89.7% 6,595.0 90.2%
Southwest 6,333.0 90.8% 5,548.0 89.9%
West Central 4,069.0 90.7% 3,824.0 90.8%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about peer disapproval changed in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent to which their close friends would approve or disapprove of them using illegal drugs (other than marijuana). In 2013, this question was dropped and students were instead asked how wrong their friends would feel it would be for them to use prescription drugs not prescribed for them. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Their Friends Would Feel it is Wrong or Very Wrong for Them to Use Prescription Drugs not Prescribed for Them, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 64,619.0 89.8% 69,396.0 89.8%
Metro 33,442.0 89.6% 36,180.0 89.4%
Non-Metro 31,177.0 90.0% 33,216.0 90.2%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about peer disapproval changed in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent to which their close friends would approve or disapprove of them using illegal drugs (other than marijuana). In 2013, this question was dropped and students were instead asked how wrong their friends would feel it would be for them to use prescription drugs not prescribed for them. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.


Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Their Friends Would Feel it is Wrong or Very Wrong for Them to Use Prescription Drugs not Prescribed for Them, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 29,420.0 85.7% 31,741.0 86.3%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about peer disapproval changed in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent to which their close friends would approve or disapprove of them using illegal drugs (other than marijuana). In 2013, this question was dropped and students were instead asked how wrong their friends would feel it would be for them to use prescription drugs not prescribed for them. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Think Their Friends Would Feel it is Wrong or Very Wrong for Them to Smoke Marijuana, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 58,872.0 81.8% 59,480.0 80.1%
East Central 8,598.0 83.1% 7,599.0 82.0%
Metro 29,946.0 80.2% 32,046.0 79.1%
Non-Metro 28,926.0 83.5% 27,434.0 81.2%
Northwest 2,610.0 82.6% 2,496.0 79.1%
Northeast 3,220.0 79.9% 2,847.0 77.9%
Southeast 4,722.0 83.9% 5,961.0 81.4%
Southwest 5,964.0 85.4% 5,068.0 82.2%
West Central 3,812.0 85.0% 3,463.0 82.3%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about peer disapproval changed in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent to which their close friends would approve or disapprove of them smoking marijuana once or twice a week. In 2013, this question was dropped and students were instead asked how wrong their friends would feel it would be for them to smoke marijuana. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Think Their Friends Would Feel it is Wrong or Very Wrong for Them to Smoke Marijuana, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 58,872.0 81.8%
Metro 29,946.0 80.2%
Non-Metro 28,926.0 83.5%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about peer disapproval changed in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent to which their close friends would approve or disapprove of them smoking marijuana once or twice a week. In 2013, this question was dropped and students were instead asked how wrong their friends would feel it would be for them to smoke marijuana. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.


Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Think Their Friends Would Feel it is Wrong or Very Wrong for Them to Smoke Marijuana, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 24,517.0 71.4% 25,527.0 69.4%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about peer disapproval changed in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent to which their close friends would approve or disapprove of them smoking marijuana once or twice a week. In 2013, this question was dropped and students were instead asked how wrong their friends would feel it would be for them to smoke marijuana. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.


Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Drug Treatment

No data was found for Female (Gender) in the category Drug Treatment

Risk Factors

Female Students Reporting Ever Having Had a Boyfriend or Girlfriend in a Dating or Serious Relationship Who Hit, Slapped, or Physically Hurt Them on Purpose, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 2,469.0 4.3%
Metro 1,176.0 3.9%
Non-Metro 1,293.0 4.7%

About the Indicator:

Intimate partner violence is a risk factor for both substance use and mental health disorders. N/A indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. This question changed in 2013.

According to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, physical dating violence was reported by 8.8% of 9th graders and 10.4% of 11th graders nationally.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Ever Having Had a Boyfriend or Girlfriend in a Dating or Serious Relationship Who Hit, Slapped, or Physically Hurt Them on Purpose, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 1,870.0 5.1%

About the Indicator:

Intimate partner violence is a risk factor for both substance use and mental health disorders. N/A indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

According to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, physical dating violence was reported by 8.8% of 9th graders and 10.4% of 11th graders nationally.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Ever Having Had a Boyfriend or Girlfriend in a Dating or Serious Relationship Who Hit, Slapped, or Physically Hurt Them on Purpose, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 2,469.0 4.3%
East Central 396.0 4.8%
Metro 1,176.0 3.9%
Non-Metro 1,293.0 4.7%
Northwest 139.0 5.4%
Northeast 156.0 4.9%
Southeast 202.0 4.4%
Southwest 252.0 4.7%
West Central 148.0 4.2%

About the Indicator:

Intimate partner violence is a risk factor for both substance use and mental health disorders. N/A indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. The wording of this question changed in 2013.

According to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, physical dating violence was reported by 8.8% of 9th graders and 10.4% of 11th graders nationally.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Were Bullied or Harassed Weekly or More Often in the Past 30 Days, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 11,670 19.7% 10,961 18.5%
East Central 1,744 20.8% 1,413 19.4%
Metro 5,782 18.4% 5,616 17.0%
Non-Metro 5,888 21.1% 5,345 20.5%
Northwest 530 20.4% 521 22.0%
Northeast 708 22.1% 663 23.7%
Southeast 966 20.6% 1,113 20.1%
Southwest 1,165 21.4% 979 20.3%
West Central 775 21.9% 656 20.5%

About the Indicator:

This indicator includes students responding "about once a week," "several times a week," or "every day" to any or all of the following Minnesota Student Survey questions:

During the last 30 days, how often have other students at school...?

  • Pushed, shoved, slapped, hit or kicked you when they weren't kidding around
  • Threatened to beat you up
  • Spread mean rumors or lies about you
  • Made sexual jokes, comments, or gestures toward you
  • Excluded you from friends, other students, or activities

In 2016, past 30-day alcohol use was reported by 9.1% of students who said they were not bullied or harassed in the past month, 18.4% of students who were bullied or harassed at least once in the past month, 24.3% of students who were bullied or harassed weekly or more often, and 28.1% of students who reported being bullied or harassed every day.

Further, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported NO past-month bullying victimization, bullied students were 1.8 times more likely to report alcohol use; 1.9 times more likely to report tobacco use; 1.7 times more likely to report marijuana use; and 2.5 times more likely to report prescription drug misuse.

See the 2017 Bullying and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Were Bullied or Harassed Weekly or More Often in the Past 30 Days, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 11,670 19.7% 11,494 18.6%
Metro 5,782 18.4% 5,616 17.0%
Non-Metro 5,888 21.1% 5,878 20.6%

About the Indicator:

This indicator includes students responding "about once a week," "several times a week," or "every day" to any or all of the following Minnesota Student Survey questions:

During the last 30 days, how often have other students at school...?

  • Pushed, shoved, slapped, hit or kicked you when they weren't kidding around
  • Threatened to beat you up
  • Spread mean rumors or lies about you
  • Made sexual jokes, comments, or gestures toward you
  • Excluded you from friends, other students, or activities

In 2016, past 30-day alcohol use was reported by 9.1% of students who said they were not bullied or harassed in the past month, 18.4% of students who were bullied or harassed at least once in the past month, 24.3% of students who were bullied or harassed weekly or more often, and 28.1% of students who reported being bullied or harassed every day.

Further, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported NO past-month bullying victimization, bullied students were 1.8 times more likely to report alcohol use; 1.9 times more likely to report tobacco use; 1.7 times more likely to report marijuana use; and 2.5 times more likely to report prescription drug misuse.

See the 2017 Bullying and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Were Bullied or Harassed Weekly or More Often in the Past 30 Days, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 6,908 18.2% 6,855 17.5%

About the Indicator:

This indicator includes students responding "about once a week," "several times a week," or "every day" to any or all of the following Minnesota Student Survey questions:

During the last 30 days, how often have other students at school...?

  • Pushed, shoved, slapped, hit or kicked you when they weren't kidding around
  • Threatened to beat you up
  • Spread mean rumors or lies about you
  • Made sexual jokes, comments, or gestures toward you
  • Excluded you from friends, other students, or activities

In 2016, past 30-day alcohol use was reported by 9.1% of students who said they were not bullied or harassed in the past month, 18.4% of students who were bullied or harassed at least once in the past month, 24.3% of students who were bullied or harassed weekly or more often, and 28.1% of students who reported being bullied or harassed every day.

Further, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported NO past-month bullying victimization, bullied students were 1.8 times more likely to report alcohol use; 1.9 times more likely to report tobacco use; 1.7 times more likely to report marijuana use; and 2.5 times more likely to report prescription drug misuse.

See the 2017 Bullying and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Were Bullied or Harassed Once or More in the Past 30 Days, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 31,564 53.3% 30,842 52.2%
East Central 4,564 54.4% 3,925 53.9%
Metro 16,016 51.1% 16,462 49.7%
Non-Metro 15,548 55.8% 14,380 55.3%
Northwest 1,496 57.5% 1,356 57.3%
Northeast 1,850 57.7% 1,668 59.7%
Southeast 2,608 55.6% 3,005 54.2%
Southwest 3,062 56.2% 2,630 54.5%
West Central 1,968 55.7% 1,796 56.0%

About the Indicator:

This indicator includes students responding "about once a week," "several times a week," or "every day" to any or all of the following Minnesota Student Survey questions:

During the last 30 days, how often have other students at school...?

  • Pushed, shoved, slapped, hit or kicked you when they weren't kidding around
  • Threatened to beat you up
  • Spread mean rumors or lies about you
  • Made sexual jokes, comments, or gestures toward you
  • Excluded you from friends, other students, or activities

In 2016, past 30-day alcohol use was reported by 9.1% of students who said they were not bullied or harassed in the past month, 18.4% of students who were bullied or harassed at least once in the past month, 24.3% of students who were bullied or harassed weekly or more often, and 28.1% of students who reported being bullied or harassed every day.

Further, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported NO past-month bullying victimization, bullied students were 1.8 times more likely to report alcohol use; 1.9 times more likely to report tobacco use; 1.7 times more likely to report marijuana use; and 2.5 times more likely to report prescription drug misuse.

See the 2017 Bullying and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Were Bullied or Harassed Once or More in the Past 30 Days, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 31,564 53.3% 32,259 52.3%
Metro 16,016 51.1% 16,462 49.7%
Non-Metro 15,548 55.8% 15,797 55.3%

About the Indicator:

This indicator includes students responding "about once a week," "several times a week," or "every day" to any or all of the following Minnesota Student Survey questions:

During the last 30 days, how often have other students at school...?

  • Pushed, shoved, slapped, hit or kicked you when they weren't kidding around
  • Threatened to beat you up
  • Spread mean rumors or lies about you
  • Made sexual jokes, comments, or gestures toward you
  • Excluded you from friends, other students, or activities

In 2016, past 30-day alcohol use was reported by 9.1% of students who said they were not bullied or harassed in the past month, 18.4% of students who were bullied or harassed at least once in the past month, 24.3% of students who were bullied or harassed weekly or more often, and 28.1% of students who reported being bullied or harassed every day.

Further, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported NO past-month bullying victimization, bullied students were 1.8 times more likely to report alcohol use; 1.9 times more likely to report tobacco use; 1.7 times more likely to report marijuana use; and 2.5 times more likely to report prescription drug misuse.

See the 2017 Bullying and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Were Bullied or Harassed Once or More in the Past 30 Days, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 19,255 50.8% 19,605 50.0%

About the Indicator:

This indicator includes students responding "about once a week," "several times a week," or "every day" to any or all of the following Minnesota Student Survey questions:

During the last 30 days, how often have other students at school...?

  • Pushed, shoved, slapped, hit or kicked you when they weren't kidding around
  • Threatened to beat you up
  • Spread mean rumors or lies about you
  • Made sexual jokes, comments, or gestures toward you
  • Excluded you from friends, other students, or activities

In 2016, past 30-day alcohol use was reported by 9.1% of students who said they were not bullied or harassed in the past month, 18.4% of students who were bullied or harassed at least once in the past month, 24.3% of students who were bullied or harassed weekly or more often, and 28.1% of students who reported being bullied or harassed every day.

Further, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported NO past-month bullying victimization, bullied students were 1.8 times more likely to report alcohol use; 1.9 times more likely to report tobacco use; 1.7 times more likely to report marijuana use; and 2.5 times more likely to report prescription drug misuse.

See the 2017 Bullying and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Live with Someone Who Uses Illegal Drugs or Abuses Prescription Drugs, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 3,733 4.9% 2,811 4.9%
East Central 527 4.9% 342 4.8%
Metro 2,123 5.3% 1,591 5.0%
Non-Metro 1,610 4.5% 1,220 4.8%
Northwest 147 4.4% 113 4.8%
Northeast 217 5.2% 163 6.0%
Southeast 279 4.7% 264 4.9%
Southwest 237 3.3% 193 4.1%
West Central 203 4.4% 145 4.6%

About the Indicator:

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic experiences, including abuse, neglect and a range of household dysfunction. ACEs put individuals at risk for a number of negative outcomes across the lifespan, including: alcohol, tobacco and other drug use; anxiety; hopelessness; depression; and suicidal ideation and attempts.

One ACE measured by the Minnesota Student Survey is household drug use. Students were asked if they lived with anyone who uses illegal drugs or abuses prescription drugs. Compared to students who do not live with someone who abuses drugs, those who do are more likely to report past month use of marijuana (40.6% vs 8.2%), alcohol (45.7% vs 15.0%), and tobacco (36.6% vs 9.6%). For more information on ACEs, see the 2017 ACEs and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

NOTE: 5th graders were asked this question in 2013, but were not asked in 2016.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Live with Someone Who Uses Illegal Drugs or Abuses Prescription Drugs, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 3,733 4.9% 2,932 4.9%
Metro 2,123 5.3% 1,591 5.0%
Non-Metro 1,610 4.5% 1,341 4.8%

About the Indicator:

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic experiences, including abuse, neglect and a range of household dysfunction. ACEs put individuals at risk for a number of negative outcomes across the lifespan, including: alcohol, tobacco and other drug use; anxiety; hopelessness; depression; and suicidal ideation and attempts.

One ACE measured by the Minnesota Student Survey is household drug use. Students were asked if they lived with anyone who uses illegal drugs or abuses prescription drugs. Compared to students who do not live with someone who abuses drugs, those who do are more likely to report past month use of marijuana (40.6% vs 8.2%), alcohol (45.7% vs 15.0%), and tobacco (36.6% vs 9.6%). For more information on ACEs, see the 2017 ACEs and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

NOTE: 5th graders were asked this question in 2013, but were not asked in 2016.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Live with Someone Who Uses Illegal Drugs or Abuses Prescription Drugs, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 2,317 6.3% 2,005 5.2%

About the Indicator:

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic experiences, including abuse, neglect and a range of household dysfunction. ACEs put individuals at risk for a number of negative outcomes across the lifespan, including: alcohol, tobacco and other drug use; anxiety; hopelessness; depression; and suicidal ideation and attempts.

One ACE measured by the Minnesota Student Survey is household drug use. Students were asked if they lived with anyone who uses illegal drugs or abuses prescription drugs. Compared to students who do not live with someone who abuses drugs, those who do are more likely to report past month use of marijuana (40.6% vs 8.2%), alcohol (45.7% vs 15.0%), and tobacco (36.6% vs 9.6%). For more information on ACEs, see the 2017 ACEs and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting a Parent or Guardian is Currently or Ever Has Been in Prison, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 9,570 16.7% 9,713 17.0%
East Central 1,554 18.8% 1,309 18.4%
Metro 4,309 14.5% 4,548 14.3%
Non-Metro 5,261 19.2% 5,165 20.3%
Northwest 619 24.1% 596 25.5%
Northeast 651 20.8% 624 22.8%
Southeast 767 16.8% 937 17.3%
Southwest 978 18.2% 1,007 21.5%
West Central 692 19.8% 692 21.8%

About the Indicator:

Note: 5th graders were asked this question in 2013, but not in 2016.

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic experiences, including abuse, neglect and a range of household dysfunction. ACEs put individuals at risk for a number of negative outcomes across the lifespan, including: alcohol, tobacco and other drug use; anxiety; hopelessness; depression; and suicidal ideation and attempts.

One ACE measured by the Minnesota Student Survey is parent or caregiver incarceration. Students were asked if any of their parents or guardians had ever been in jail or prison. Compared to students who do not have a parent or caregiver who is or ever has been in jail or prison, those who do are more likely to report past month use of marijuana (22.3% vs 7.7%), alcohol (29.4% vs 14.3%), and tobacco (23.5% vs 8.8%). For more information on ACEs, see the 2017 ACEs and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

For a concise explanation of the effects of parental incarceration on students, see the infographic "Academic Outcomes Among Youth with Incarcerated Parents in Minnesota."

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting a Parent or Guardian is Currently or Ever Has Been in Prison, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 9,570 16.7% 10,182 17.0%
Metro 4,309 14.5% 4,548 14.3%
Non-Metro 5,261 19.2% 5,634 20.1%

About the Indicator:

Note: 5th graders were asked this question in 2013, but not in 2016.

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic experiences, including abuse, neglect and a range of household dysfunction. ACEs put individuals at risk for a number of negative outcomes across the lifespan, including: alcohol, tobacco and other drug use; anxiety; hopelessness; depression; and suicidal ideation and attempts.

One ACE measured by the Minnesota Student Survey is parent or caregiver incarceration. Students were asked if any of their parents or guardians had ever been in jail or prison. Compared to students who do not have a parent or caregiver who is or ever has been in jail or prison, those who do are more likely to report past month use of marijuana (22.3% vs 7.7%), alcohol (29.4% vs 14.3%), and tobacco (23.5% vs 8.8%).
For more information on ACEs, see the 2017 ACEs and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

For a concise explanation of the effects of parental incarceration on students, see the infographic "Academic Outcomes Among Youth with Incarcerated Parents in Minnesota."


Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting a Parent or Guardian is Currently or Ever Has Been in Prison, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 5,953 16.3% 6,290 16.5%

About the Indicator:

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic experiences, including abuse, neglect and a range of household dysfunction. ACEs put individuals at risk for a number of negative outcomes across the lifespan, including: alcohol, tobacco and other drug use; anxiety; hopelessness; depression; and suicidal ideation and attempts.

One ACE measured by the Minnesota Student Survey is parent or caregiver incarceration. Students were asked if any of their parents or guardians had ever been in jail or prison. Compared to students who do not have a parent or caregiver who is or ever has been in jail or prison, those who do are more likely to report past month use of marijuana (22.3% vs 7.7%), alcohol (29.4% vs 14.3%), and tobacco (23.5% vs 8.8%).For more information on ACEs, see the 2017 ACEs and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

For a concise explanation of the effects of parental incarceration on students, see the infographic "Academic Outcomes Among Youth with Incarcerated Parents in Minnesota."


Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Were Verbally Abused by Someone in Their Household, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Percent Number Percent Number
Minnesota 15.1% 11,411 15.9% 9,104
East Central 15.7% 1,670 16.7% 1,185
Metro 14.7% 5,862 15.5% 4,924
Non-Metro 15.5% 5,549 16.4% 4,180
Northwest 15.8% 527 16.7% 389
Northeast 15.3% 633 18.6% 509
Southeast 15.9% 937 15.6% 844
Southwest 14.9% 1,067 16.3% 768
West Central 15.4% 715 15.4% 485

About the Indicator:

Note: 5th graders were asked this question in 2013, but not in 2016.

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic experiences, including abuse, neglect and a range of household dysfunction. ACEs put individuals at risk for a number of negative outcomes across the lifespan, including: alcohol, tobacco and other drug use; anxiety; hopelessness; depression; and suicidal ideation and attempts.

One ACE measured by the Minnesota Student Survey is parent or household adult verbal abuse. Students were asked if a parent or another adult in the home regularly swears at them, insults them, or puts them down. Compared to students who do not report being verbally abused, those who do are more likely to report past month use of marijuana (19.8% vs 8.4%), alcohol (31.0% vs 14.4%), and tobacco (22.6% vs 9.3%).

For more information on ACEs, see the 2017 ACEs and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Were Verbally Abused by Someone in Their Household, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 11,411 15.1% 9,513 15.9%
Metro 5,862 14.7% 4,924 15.5%
Non-Metro 5,549 15.5% 4,589 16.4%

About the Indicator:

Note: 5th graders were asked this question in 2013, but not in 2016.

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic experiences, including abuse, neglect and a range of household dysfunction. ACEs put individuals at risk for a number of negative outcomes across the lifespan, including: alcohol, tobacco and other drug use; anxiety; hopelessness; depression; and suicidal ideation and attempts.

One ACE measured by the Minnesota Student Survey is parent or household adult verbal abuse. Students were asked if a parent or another adult in the home regularly swears at them, insults them, or puts them down. Compared to students who do not report being verbally abused, those who do are more likely to report past month use of marijuana (19.8% vs 8.4%), alcohol (31.0% vs 14.4%), and tobacco (22.6% vs 9.3%).

For more information on ACEs, see the 2017 ACEs and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Were Verbally Abused by Someone in Their Household, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 5,893 16.0% 6,031 15.8%

About the Indicator:

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic experiences, including abuse, neglect and a range of household dysfunction. ACEs put individuals at risk for a number of negative outcomes across the lifespan, including: alcohol, tobacco and other drug use; anxiety; hopelessness; depression; and suicidal ideation and attempts.

One ACE measured by the Minnesota Student Survey is parent or household adult verbal abuse. Students were asked if a parent or another adult in the home regularly swears at them, insults them, or puts them down. Compared to students who do not report being verbally abused, those who do are more likely to report past month use of marijuana (19.8% vs 8.4%), alcohol (31.0% vs 14.4%), and tobacco (22.6% vs 9.3%).

For more information on ACEs, see the 2017 ACEs and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Live with Someone Who Drinks Too Much Alcohol, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 7,514 9.9% 6,083 10.6%
East Central 1,182 11.0% 799 11.2%
Metro 3,759 9.4% 3,244 10.1%
Non-Metro 3,755 10.4% 2,839 11.1%
Northwest 358 10.7% 265 11.4%
Northeast 465 11.2% 364 13.3%
Southeast 603 10.2% 581 10.7%
Southwest 690 9.6% 501 10.6%
West Central 457 9.8% 329 10.3%

About the Indicator:

Note: 5th graders were asked this question in 2013, but not in 2016.

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic experiences, including abuse, neglect and a range of household dysfunction. ACEs put individuals at risk for a number of negative outcomes across the lifespan, including: alcohol, tobacco and other drug use; anxiety; hopelessness; depression; and suicidal ideation and attempts.

One ACE measured by the Minnesota Student Survey is household alcohol problems. Students were asked if they live with someone who drinks too much alcohol. Compared to students who do not live with someone who drinks too much alcohol, those who do are more likely to report past month use of marijuana (23.4% vs 8.5%), alcohol (35.8% vs 14.5%), and tobacco (25.9% vs 9.5%).

For more information on ACEs, see the 2017 ACEs and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Live with Someone Who Drinks Too Much Alcohol, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 7,514 9.9% 6,379 10.6%
Metro 3,759 9.4% 3,244 10.1%
Non-Metro 3,755 10.4% 3,135 11.2%

About the Indicator:

Note: 5th graders were asked this question in 2013, but not 2016.

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic experiences, including abuse, neglect and a range of household dysfunction. ACEs put individuals at risk for a number of negative outcomes across the lifespan, including: alcohol, tobacco and other drug use; anxiety; hopelessness; depression; and suicidal ideation and attempts.

One ACE measured by the Minnesota Student Survey is household alcohol problems. Students were asked if they live with someone who drinks too much alcohol. Compared to students who do not live with someone who drinks too much alcohol, those who do are more likely to report past month use of marijuana (23.4% vs 8.5%), alcohol (35.8% vs 14.5%), and tobacco (25.9% vs 9.5%).

For more information on ACEs, see the 2017 ACEs and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Live with Someone Who Drinks Too Much Alcohol, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 4,400 12.0% 4,293 11.2%

About the Indicator:

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic experiences, including abuse, neglect and a range of household dysfunction. ACEs put individuals at risk for a number of negative outcomes across the lifespan, including: alcohol, tobacco and other drug use; anxiety; hopelessness; depression; and suicidal ideation and attempts.

One ACE measured by the Minnesota Student Survey is household alcohol problems. Students were asked if they live with someone who drinks too much alcohol. Compared to students who do not live with someone who drinks too much alcohol, those who do are more likely to report past month use of marijuana (23.4% vs 8.5%), alcohol (35.8% vs 14.5%), and tobacco (25.9% vs 9.5%).

For more information on ACEs, see the 2017 ACEs and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting That a Parent or Other Adult Has Ever Hit, Beat, Kicked or Physically Hurt Them in Any Way, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 9,331 12.3% 6,818 11.9%
East Central 1,272 11.9% 835 11.7%
Metro 5,176 13.0% 3,852 12.1%
Non-Metro 4,155 11.6% 2,966 11.7%
Northwest 390 11.7% 264 11.3%
Northeast 457 11.0% 316 11.6%
Southeast 718 12.2% 636 11.8%
Southwest 816 11.4% 561 12.0%
West Central 502 10.9% 354 11.2%

About the Indicator:

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic experiences, including abuse, neglect and a range of household dysfunction. ACEs put individuals at risk for a number of negative outcomes across the lifespan, including: alcohol, tobacco and other drug use; anxiety; hopelessness; depression; and suicidal ideation and attempts.

One ACE measured by the Minnesota Student Survey is parent or household adult physical abuse. Students were asked if a parent or another adult in the home has ever hit, beat, kicked or physically hurt them in any way. Compared to students who do not report being physically abused, those who do are more likely to report past month use of marijuana (20.7% vs 8.6%), alcohol (31.0% vs 14.8%), and tobacco (23.2% vs 9.5%).

Note: The question changed in 2013 from, "Has any adult in your household hit you so hard or so often that you had marks or were afraid of that person?" to "Has a parent or other adult in your household ever hit, beat, kicked or physically hurt you in any way?"

In 2016, 5th graders were not asked this question.

For more information on ACEs, see the 2017 ACEs and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting That a Parent or Other Adult Has Ever Hit, Beat, Kicked or Physically Hurt Them in Any Way, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 9,331 12.3% 7,095 11.9%
Metro 5,176 13.0% 3,852 12.1%
Non-Metro 4,155 11.6% 3,243 11.6%

About the Indicator:

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic experiences, including abuse, neglect and a range of household dysfunction. ACEs put individuals at risk for a number of negative outcomes across the lifespan, including: alcohol, tobacco and other drug use; anxiety; hopelessness; depression; and suicidal ideation and attempts.

One ACE measured by the Minnesota Student Survey is parent or household adult physical abuse. Students were asked if a parent or another adult in the home has ever hit, beat, kicked or physically hurt them in any way. Compared to students who do not report being physically abused, those who do are more likely to report past month use of marijuana (20.7% vs 8.6%), alcohol (31.0% vs 14.8%), and tobacco (23.2% vs 9.5%).

Note: The question changed in 2013 from, "Has any adult in your household hit you so hard or so often that you had marks or were afraid of that person?" to "Has a parent or other adult in your household ever hit, beat, kicked or physically hurt you in any way?"

Additionally, 5th graders were not asked this question in 2016.

For more information on ACEs, see the 2014 ACEs and Behavioral Health SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting That a Parent or Other Adult Has Ever Hit, Beat, Kicked or Physically Hurt Them in Any Way, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 4,789 13.1% 4,521 11.9%

About the Indicator:

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic experiences, including abuse, neglect and a range of household dysfunction. ACEs put individuals at risk for a number of negative outcomes across the lifespan, including: alcohol, tobacco and other drug use; anxiety; hopelessness; depression; and suicidal ideation and attempts.

One ACE measured by the Minnesota Student Survey is parent or household adult physical abuse. Students were asked if a parent or another adult in the home has ever hit, beat, kicked or physically hurt them in any way. Compared to students who do not report being physically abused, those who do are more likely to report past month use of marijuana (20.7% vs 8.6%), alcohol (31.0% vs 14.8%), and tobacco (23.2% vs 9.5%).

Note: The question changed in 2013 from, "Has any adult in your household hit you so hard or so often that you had marks or were afraid of that person?" to "Has a parent or other adult in your household ever hit, beat, kicked or physically hurt you in any way?"

For more information on ACEs, see the 2017 ACEs and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Resilience Factors

Female Students Reporting They Strongly Agree or Agree That They Feel Safe at School, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 73,603.0 92.7% 76,372.0 92.5%
Metro 39,418.0 92.8% 40,571.0 92.6%
Non-Metro 34,185.0 92.6% 35,801.0 92.5%

About the Indicator: School safety is a factor associated with both substance use and mental health disorders. According to 2013 MSS data, students who “strongly agree” or “agree” they feel safe at school are 1.8 times less likely to report past month alcohol use, 2.1 times less likely to report past month tobacco use, 2.0 times less likely to report past month marijuana use, and 2.7 times less likely to report any past month prescription drug misuse as compared to those who “disagree” or “strongly disagree.” N/A indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Strongly Agree or Agree That They Feel Safe at School, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 35,695.0 92.8% 36,544.0 92.5%

About the Indicator: School safety is a factor associated with both substance use and mental health disorders. According to 2013 MSS data, students who “strongly agree” or “agree” they feel safe at school are 1.8 times less likely to report past month alcohol use, 2.1 times less likely to report past month tobacco use, 2.0 times less likely to report past month marijuana use, and 2.7 times less likely to report any past month prescription drug misuse as compared to those who “disagree” or “strongly disagree.” N/A indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Strongly Agree or Agree That They Feel Safe at School, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 73,603.0 92.7% 73,410.0 92.5%
East Central 10,220.0 93.0% 9,161.0 93.2%
Metro 39,418.0 92.8% 40,571.0 92.6%
Non-Metro 34,185.0 92.6% 32,839.0 92.5%
Northwest 3,163.0 92.8% 3,007.0 92.5%
Northeast 3,928.0 91.6% 3,517.0 91.8%
Southeast 5,662.0 92.2% 7,105.0 92.0%
Southwest 6,797.0 92.6% 5,927.0 91.3%
West Central 4,415.0 92.6% 4,122.0 94.1%

About the Indicator:

School safety is a factor associated with both substance use and mental health disorders. N/A indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Can Talk to Their Mother Most or Some of the Time about Problems They Are Having, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 67,824.0 85.2% 68,620.0 86.2%
East Central 9,396.0 85.2% 8,536.0 86.7%
Metro 36,174.0 84.9% 37,972.0 86.2%
Non-Metro 31,650.0 85.5% 30,648.0 86.1%
Northwest 2,894.0 84.8% 2,736.0 83.8%
Northeast 3,675.0 85.3% 3,262.0 84.9%
Southeast 5,244.0 85.1% 6,748.0 87.1%
Southwest 6,345.0 86.4% 5,561.0 85.4%
West Central 4,096.0 85.6% 3,805.0 86.5%

About the Indicator:

Being able to talk to someone about problems you are having is a protective factor for both substance abuse and mental health disorders. Response options to the question “Can you talk to your mother about problems you are having?” include: “Yes, most of the time,” “Yes, some of the time,” “No, not very often,” “No, not at all,” and “My mother is not around.”

According to 2016 MSS data, students who said they could talk to their mother some or most of the time about problems they are having are 1.9 times less likely to report past-month alcohol use, 2.1 times less likely to report past-month tobacco use, 2.4 times less likely to report past-month marijuana use, and 2.6 times less likely to report any past-month prescription drug misuse as compared to those who can't talk to their mothers.

 

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Can Talk to Their Mother Most or Some of the Time about Problems They Are Having, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Percent Number Percent Number
Minnesota 85.2% 67,824.0 86.2% 71,415.0
Metro 84.9% 36,174.0 86.2% 37,972.0
Non-Metro 85.5% 31,650.0 86.2% 33,443.0

About the Indicator:

Being able to talk to someone about problems you are having is a protective factor for both substance abuse and mental health disorders. Response options to the question “Can you talk to your mother about problems you are having?” include: “Yes, most of the time,” “Yes, some of the time,” “No, not very often,” “No, not at all,” and “My mother is not around.”

According to 2016 MSS data, students who said they could talk to their mother some or most of the time about problems they are having are 1.9 times less likely to report past-month alcohol use, 2.1 times less likely to report past-month tobacco use, 2.4 times less likely to report past-month marijuana use, and 2.6 times less likely to report any past-month prescription drug misuse as compared to those who can't talk to their mothers.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Can Talk to Their Mother Most or Some of the Time about Problems They Are Having, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 31,971.0 82.7% 33,204.0 83.6%

About the Indicator:

Being able to talk to someone about problems you are having is a protective factor for both substance abuse and mental health disorders. Response options to the question “Can you talk to your mother about problems you are having?” include: “Yes, most of the time,” “Yes, some of the time,” “No, not very often,” “No, not at all,” and “My mother is not around.”

According to 2016 MSS data, students who said they could talk to their mother some or most of the time about problems they are having are 1.9 times less likely to report past-month alcohol use, 2.1 times less likely to report past-month tobacco use, 2.4 times less likely to report past-month marijuana use, and 2.6 times less likely to report any past-month prescription drug misuse as compared to those who can't talk to their mothers.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Can Talk to Their Father Most or Some of the Time about Problems They Are Having, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 51,264.0 64.6% 52,695.0 66.4%
East Central 7,225.0 65.8% 6,767.0 68.8%
Metro 27,162.0 64.1% 29,001.0 66.1%
Non-Metro 24,102.0 65.3% 23,694.0 66.7%
Northwest 2,178.0 64.0% 2,077.0 63.9%
Northeast 2,798.0 65.2% 2,500.0 65.3%
Southeast 3,982.0 64.9% 5,121.0 66.3%
Southwest 4,780.0 65.1% 4,270.0 65.8%
West Central 3,139.0 65.7% 2,959.0 67.5%

About the Indicator:

Being able to talk to someone about problems you are having is a protective factor for both substance abuse and mental health disorders. Response options to the question “Can you talk to your father about problems you are having?” include: “Yes, most of the time,” “Yes, some of the time,” “No, not very often,” “No, not at all,” and “My father is not around.”

According to 2016 MSS data, students who said they could talk to their father some or most of the time about problems they are having are 1.8 times less likely to report past-month alcohol use, 1.9 times less likely to report past-month tobacco use, 2.2 times less likely to report past-month marijuana use, and 2.3 times less likely to report any past-month prescription drug misuse as compared to those who can't talk to their fathers.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Can Talk to Their Father Most or Some of the Time about Problems They Are Having, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 51,264.0 64.6% 54,872.0 66.5%
Metro 27,162.0 64.1% 29,001.0 66.1%
Non-Metro 24,102.0 65.3% 25,871.0 66.8%

About the Indicator:

Being able to talk to someone about problems you are having is a protective factor for both substance abuse and mental health disorders. Response options to the question “Can you talk to your father about problems you are having?” include: “Yes, most of the time,” “Yes, some of the time,” “No, not very often,” “No, not at all,” and “My father is not around.”

According to 2016 MSS data, students who said they could talk to their father some or most of the time about problems they are having are 1.8 times less likely to report past-month alcohol use, 1.9 times less likely to report past-month tobacco use, 2.2 times less likely to report past-month marijuana use, and 2.3 times less likely to report any past-month prescription drug misuse as compared to those who can't talk to their fathers.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Can Talk to Their Father Most or Some of the Time about Problems They Are Having, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 24,382.0 63.2% 25,410.0 64.1%

About the Indicator:

Being able to talk to someone about problems you are having is a protective factor for both substance abuse and mental health disorders. Response options to the question “Can you talk to your father about problems you are having?” include: “Yes, most of the time,” “Yes, some of the time,” “No, not very often,” “No, not at all,” and “My father is not around.”

According to 2016 MSS data, students who said they could talk to their father some or most of the time about problems they are having are 1.8 times less likely to report past-month alcohol use, 1.9 times less likely to report past-month tobacco use, 2.2 times less likely to report past-month marijuana use, and 2.3 times less likely to report any past-month prescription drug misuse as compared to those who can't talk to their fathers.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Higher Levels of Educational Engagement, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Percent Number Percent Number
Minnesota 81.2% 62,682.0 81.4% 63,913.0
East Central 80.6% 8,601.0 81.0% 7,873.0
Metro 81.9% 33,677.0 81.9% 35,529.0
Non-Metro 80.3% 29,005.0 80.7% 28,384.0
Northwest 79.8% 2,662.0 79.5% 2,562.0
Northeast 77.9% 3,286.0 78.9% 3,002.0
Southeast 81.0% 4,869.0 81.6% 6,233.0
Southwest 81.0% 5,837.0 80.8% 5,208.0
West Central 80.4% 3,750.0 81.0% 3,506.0

About the Indicator:

For the first time in 2013, the Minnesota Student Survey (MSS) included modified items from Child Trends Flourishing Children Project. Educational engagement comprise MSS questions 18, 19, 20, 21A, 21B, and 21C:

  • How often do you care about doing well in school?

  • How often do you pay attention in class?

  • How often do you go to class unprepared?

  • If something interests me, I try to learn more about it.

  • I think the things I learn at school are useful.

  • Being a student is one of the most important parts of who I am.

Response options for each of the last three items above are: strongly agree (coded as 4), agree (coded as 3), disagree (coded as 2), and strongly disagree (coded as 1). Response options for the first three questions were: all of the time, most of the time, some of the time, and none of the time--these were coded as 1 through 4, with the most positive response scoring 4 and the least positive response scoring 1. An educational engagement score can be created by summing the values for each question, obtaining a range from 6 to 24. Higher levels of educational engagement are measured as students reporting an overall score of 18 or higher; this corresponds to an average score of 3 or higher per question.

In 2016, Minnesota 8th, 9th, and 11th graders with higher levels of educational engagement were 2.5 times less likely to report any past 30-day alcohol use compared to students with lower levels of educational engagement: 10% vs. 25%.

Further, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported greater educational engagement, less engaged students were 3.0 times more likely to report past-month tobacco use; 3.2 more likely to report past-month marijuana use; and 2.9 times more likely to report past-month prescription drug misuse.

See the 2014 Educational Engagement and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Higher Levels of Educational Engagement, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Percent Number Percent Number
Minnesota 81.2% 62,682.0 81.3% 66,424.0
Metro 81.9% 33,677.0 81.9% 35,529.0
Non-Metro 80.3% 29,005.0 80.6% 30,895.0

About the Indicator:

For the first time in 2013, the Minnesota Student Survey (MSS) included modified items from Child Trends Flourishing Children Project. Educational engagement comprise MSS questions 18, 19, 20, 21A, 21B, and 21C:

  • How often do you care about doing well in school?

  • How often do you pay attention in class?

  • How often do you go to class unprepared?

  • If something interests me, I try to learn more about it.

  • I think the things I learn at school are useful.

  • Being a student is one of the most important parts of who I am.

Response options for each of the last three items above are: strongly agree (coded as 4), agree (coded as 3), disagree (coded as 2), and strongly disagree (coded as 1). Response options for the first three questions were: all of the time, most of the time, some of the time, and none of the time--these were coded as 1 through 4, with the most positive response scoring 4 and the least positive response scoring 1. An educational engagement score can be created by summing the values for each question, obtaining a range from 6 to 24. Higher levels of educational engagement are measured as students reporting an overall score of 18 or higher; this corresponds to an average score of 3 or higher per question.

In 2016, Minnesota 8th, 9th, and 11th graders with higher levels of educational engagement were 2.5 times less likely to report any past 30-day alcohol use compared to students with lower levels of educational engagement: 10% vs. 25%.

Further, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported greater educational engagement, less engaged students were 3.0 times more likely to report past-month tobacco use; 3.2 more likely to report past-month marijuana use; and 2.9 times more likely to report past-month prescription drug misuse.

See the 2014 Educational Engagement and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Higher Levels of Educational Engagement, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 29,878.0 78.9% 30,883.0 78.7%

About the Indicator:

For the first time in 2013, the Minnesota Student Survey (MSS) included modified items from Child Trends Flourishing Children Project. Educational engagement comprise MSS questions 18, 19, 20, 21A, 21B, and 21C:

  • How often do you care about doing well in school?

  • How often do you pay attention in class?

  • How often do you go to class unprepared?

  • If something interests me, I try to learn more about it.

  • I think the things I learn at school are useful.

  • Being a student is one of the most important parts of who I am.

Response options for each of the last three items above are: strongly agree (coded as 4), agree (coded as 3), disagree (coded as 2), and strongly disagree (coded as 1). Response options for the first three questions were: all of the time, most of the time, some of the time, and none of the time--these were coded as 1 through 4, with the most positive response scoring 4 and the least positive response scoring 1. An educational engagement score can be created by summing the values for each question, obtaining a range from 6 to 24. Higher levels of educational engagement are measured as students reporting an overall score of 18 or higher; this corresponds to an average score of 3 or higher per question.

In 2016, Minnesota 8th, 9th, and 11th graders with higher levels of educational engagement were 2.5 times less likely to report any past 30-day alcohol use compared to students with lower levels of educational engagement: 10% vs. 25%.

Further, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported greater educational engagement, less engaged students were 3.0 times more likely to report past-month tobacco use; 3.2 more likely to report past-month marijuana use; and 2.9 times more likely to report past-month prescription drug misuse.

See the 2014 Educational Engagement and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Adult Mental Health

No data was found for Female (Gender) in the category Adult Mental Health

Youth Mental Health

Female Students Reporting They Did Something to Purposely Hurt or Injure Themselves Without Wanting to Die (Such as Cutting, Burning, or Bruising) in the Past Year, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 11,987.0 20.7% 13,112.0 21.9%
Metro 6,472.0 21.4% 6,856.0 21.5%
Non-Metro 5,515.0 19.9% 6,256.0 22.4%

About the Indicator:

Self-harm is a risk factor for both substance use and mental health disorders.

According to 2013 MSS data, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported NO past-year self-harm, those who DID report self-harm were 2.4 times more likely to report alcohol use; 2.9 times more likely to report tobacco use; 2.7 times more likely to report marijuana use; and 5.1 times more likely to report prescription drug misuse.

N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

For more information on the association between self-harm and substance use, see the 2015 Mental Health and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Did Something to Purposely Hurt or Injure Themselves Without Wanting to Die (Such as Cutting, Burning, or Bruising) in the Past Year, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 7,444.0 20.2% 8,311.0 21.8%

About the Indicator:

Self-harm is a risk factor for both substance use and mental health disorders.

N/A  or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

According to 2013 MSS data, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported NO past-year self-harm, those who DID report self-harm were 2.4 times more likely to report alcohol use; 2.9 times more likely to report tobacco use; 2.7 times more likely to report marijuana use; and 5.1 times more likely to report prescription drug misuse.

For more information on the association between self-harm and substance use, see the 2015 Mental Health and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Did Something to Purposely Hurt or Injure Themselves Without Wanting to Die (Such as Cutting, Burning, or Bruising) in the Past Year, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 11,987.0 20.7% 12,576.0 21.9%
East Central 1,717.0 20.6% 1,542.0 21.7%
Metro 6,472.0 21.4% 6,856.0 21.5%
Non-Metro 5,515.0 19.9% 5,720.0 22.5%
Northwest 559.0 21.7% 583.0 25.0%
Northeast 677.0 21.4% 682.0 25.0%
Southeast 949.0 20.6% 1,196.0 22.1%
Southwest 987.0 18.2% 1,024.0 21.7%
West Central 626.0 17.8% 693.0 21.9%

About the Indicator:

Self-harm is a risk factor for both substance use and mental health disorders.

N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

According to 2013 MSS data, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported NO past-year self-harm, those who DID report self-harm were 2.4 times more likely to report alcohol use; 2.9 times more likely to report tobacco use; 2.7 times more likely to report marijuana use; and 5.1 times more likely to report prescription drug misuse.

For more information on the association between self-harm and substance use, see the 2015 Mental Health and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Youth Reporting High Distress Levels for Internalizing Disorders, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 20,145.0 35.4%
East Central 2,849.0 34.7%
Metro 10,637.0 36.0%
Non-Metro 9,508.0 34.9%
Northwest 951.0 37.2%
Northeast 1,113.0 35.6%
Southeast 1,588.0 35.0%
Southwest 1,822.0 33.9%
West Central 1,185.0 34.1%

About the Indicator: Students with three or more internalizing disorders are considered to have a high distress level. Internalizing disorders are measured using the Global Appraisal of Individual Needs--Short Screener (GAIN-SS). New to the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey, students were asked about "significant" problems. Significant means "having problems for two or more weeks, problems that keep coming back, problems that keep you from meeting your responsibilities, or problems that make you feel like you can't go on."

  • Significant past 12 month problems with feeling very trapped, lonely, sad, blue, depressed, or hopeless about the future
  • Significant past 12 month problems with sleep trouble, such as bad dreams, sleeping restlessly or falling asleep during the day
  • Significant past 12 month problems with feeling very anxious, nervous, tense, scared, panicked or like something bad was going to happen
  • Significant past 12 month problems with become very distressed and upset when something reminded you of the past
  • Significant past 12 month problems with thinking about ending your life or committing suicide

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Youth Reporting High Distress Levels for Internalizing Disorders, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 20,145.0 35.4%
Metro 10,637.0 36.0%
Non-Metro 9,508.0 34.9%

About the Indicator: Students with three or more internalizing disorders are considered to have a high distress level. Internalizing disorders are measured using the Global Appraisal of Individual Needs--Short Screener (GAIN-SS). New to the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey, students were asked about "significant" problems. Significant means "having problems for two or more weeks, problems that keep coming back, problems that keep you from meeting your responsibilities, or problems that make you feel like you can't go on."

  • Significant past 12 month problems with feeling very trapped, lonely, sad, blue, depressed, or hopeless about the future
  • Significant past 12 month problems with sleep trouble, such as bad dreams, sleeping restlessly or falling asleep during the day
  • Significant past 12 month problems with feeling very anxious, nervous, tense, scared, panicked or like something bad was going to happen
  • Significant past 12 month problems with become very distressed and upset when something reminded you of the past
  • Significant past 12 month problems with thinking about ending your life or committing suicide

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Youth Reporting High Distress Levels for Internalizing Disorders, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 13,231.0 36.4%

About the Indicator: Students with three or more internalizing disorders are considered to have a high distress level. Internalizing disorders are measured using the Global Appraisal of Individual Needs--Short Screener (GAIN-SS). New to the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey, students were asked about "significant" problems. Significant means "having problems for two or more weeks, problems that keep coming back, problems that keep you from meeting your responsibilities, or problems that make you feel like you can't go on."

  • Significant past 12 month problems with feeling very trapped, lonely, sad, blue, depressed, or hopeless about the future
  • Significant past 12 month problems with sleep trouble, such as bad dreams, sleeping restlessly or falling asleep during the day
  • Significant past 12 month problems with feeling very anxious, nervous, tense, scared, panicked or like something bad was going to happen
  • Significant past 12 month problems with become very distressed and upset when something reminded you of the past
  • Significant past 12 month problems with thinking about ending your life or committing suicide

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Youth Reporting High Distress Levels for Externalizing Disorders, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 17,303.0 30.3%
East Central 2,459.0 29.7%
Metro 9,151.0 30.8%
Non-Metro 8,152.0 29.8%
Northwest 795.0 31.0%
Northeast 982.0 31.3%
Southeast 1,381.0 30.4%
Southwest 1,509.0 28.0%
West Central 1,026.0 29.3%

About the Indicator: Students with three or more externalizing disorders are considered to have a high distress level. Externalizing disorders are measured using the Global Appraisal of Individual Needs--Short Screener (GAIN-SS). New to the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey, students were asked about doing any of the following two or more times in the past 12 months:

  • "Lie or con to get things you wanted or to avoid having to do something"
  • "Have a hard time paying attention at school, work, or home"
  • "Have a hard time listening to instructions at school, work, or home"
  • "Be a bully or threaten other people"
  • "Start fights with other people"

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Youth Reporting High Distress Levels for Externalizing Disorders, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 17,303.0 30.3%
Metro 9,151.0 30.8%
Non-Metro 8,152.0 29.8%

About the Indicator: Students with three or more externalizing disorders are considered to have a high distress level. Externalizing disorders are measured using the Global Appraisal of Individual Needs--Short Screener (GAIN-SS). New to the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey, students were asked about doing any of the following two or more times in the past 12 months:

  • "Lie or con to get things you wanted or to avoid having to do something"
  • "Have a hard time paying attention at school, work, or home"
  • "Have a hard time listening to instructions at school, work, or home"
  • "Be a bully or threaten other people"
  • "Start fights with other people"

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Youth Reporting High Distress Levels for Externalizing Disorders, 2013: by Location

2013
Number Percent
Minnesota 11,301.0 31.0%

About the Indicator: Students with three or more externalizing disorders are considered to have a high distress level. Externalizing disorders are measured using the Global Appraisal of Individual Needs--Short Screener (GAIN-SS). New to the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey, students were asked about doing any of the following two or more times in the past 12 months:

  • "Lie or con to get things you wanted or to avoid having to do something"
  • "Have a hard time paying attention at school, work, or home"
  • "Have a hard time listening to instructions at school, work, or home"
  • "Be a bully or threaten other people"
  • "Start fights with other people"

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Suicide

Female Students Reporting They Seriously Considered Attempting Suicide in the Last Year, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 8,517.0 14.9% 9,675.0 16.2%
Metro 4,518.0 15.1% 5,018.0 15.8%
Non-Metro 3,999.0 14.6% 4,657.0 16.7%

About the Indicator:

Suicidal ideation and suicide attempts are strongly associated with substance use. According to Partnership for Drug-Free Kids, almost one-fourth of suicide victims are legally intoxicated when they die.

According to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 17.2% of 9th graders and 18.2% of 11th graders nationally seriously considered attempting suicide in the past 12 months. 

N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

According to 2013 MSS data, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported NO past-year suicidal ideation, those who DID report suicidal ideation were 2.3 times more likely to report alcohol use; 2.7 times more likely to report tobacco use; 2.7 times more likely to report marijuana use; and 4.6 times more likely to report prescription drug misuse.

For more information on the association between suicidal ideation and substance use, see the 2015 Mental Health and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Seriously Considered Attempting Suicide in the Last Year, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 5,401.0 14.7% 6,175.0 16.2%

About the Indicator:

Suicidal ideation and suicide attempts are strongly associated with substance use. According to Partnership for Drug-Free Kids, almost one-fourth of suicide victims are legally intoxicated when they die.

According to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 17.2% of 9th graders and 18.2% of 11th graders nationally seriously considered attempting suicide in the past 12 months. 

N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

According to 2013 MSS data, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported NO past-year suicidal ideation, those who DID report suicidal ideation were 2.3 times more likely to report alcohol use; 2.7 times more likely to report tobacco use; 2.7 times more likely to report marijuana use; and 4.6 times more likely to report prescription drug misuse.

For more information on the association between suicidal ideation and substance use, see the 2015 Mental Health and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting They Seriously Considered Attempting Suicide in the Last Year, 2013 - 2016: by Location

2013 2016
Number Percent Number Percent
Minnesota 8,517.0 14.9% 9,278.0 16.2%
East Central 1,198.0 14.5% 1,167.0 16.4%
Metro 4,518.0 15.1% 5,018.0 15.8%
Non-Metro 3,999.0 14.6% 4,260.0 16.8%
Northwest 415.0 16.1% 414.0 17.7%
Northeast 464.0 14.8% 535.0 19.6%
Southeast 725.0 15.9% 872.0 16.2%
Southwest 731.0 13.6% 739.0 15.8%
West Central 466.0 13.4% 533.0 16.9%

About the Indicator:

Suicidal ideation and suicide attempts are strongly associated with substance use. According to Partnership for Drug-Free Kids, almost one-fourth of suicide victims are legally intoxicated when they die.

According to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 17.2% of 9th graders and 18.2% of 11th graders nationally seriously considered attempting suicide in the past 12 months. 

N/A or * indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected.

According to 2013 MSS data, compared to 8th, 9th, and 11th graders who reported NO past-year suicidal ideation, those who DID report suicidal ideation were 2.3 times more likely to report alcohol use; 2.7 times more likely to report tobacco use; 2.7 times more likely to report marijuana use; and 4.6 times more likely to report prescription drug misuse.

For more information on the association between suicidal ideation and substance use, see the 2015 Mental Health and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Students Reporting Gambling Behaviors

Female Students Reporting Engaging in Problematic Gambling in the Past Year, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 661.0 5.7%
East Central 76.0 4.8%
Metro 375.0 6.1%
Non-Metro 286.0 5.3%
Northwest 32.0 5.6%
Northeast 30.0 5.3%
Southeast 57.0 5.1%
Southwest 54.0 6.1%
West Central 37.0 5.4%

About the Indicator:

In 2016, for the first time, students were asked:
"During the last 12 months, how often have you...

  • hidden gambling/betting from your parents, other family members, or teachers?

  • felt that you might have a problem with gambling/betting?

  • skipped hanging out with friends who do not gamble/bet to hang out with friends who do gamble/bet?"

Response options included Never, Sometimes, Many times, and All of the time. Students who reported Sometimes, Many times, or All of the time for any of the above questions are considered to have engaged in any problematic gambling.

Gambling is associated with increased substance use. In 2016, students who reported gambling monthly or more frequently in the past year were twice as likely to report alcohol use in the past month, compared to students who gambled less frequently or not at all. They were also 2.1 times as likely to report tobacco use, 2.0 times as likely to report marijuana use, and 2.3 times as likely to report prescription drug misuse in the past month. Students reporting problematic gambling were even more likely to report past-month substance use.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Engaging in Problematic Gambling in the Past Year, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 686.0 5.6%
Metro 375.0 6.1%
Non-Metro 311.0 5.2%

About the Indicator:

In 2016, for the first time, students were asked:
"During the last 12 months, how often have you...

  • hidden gambling/betting from your parents, other family members, or teachers?

  • felt that you might have a problem with gambling/betting?

  • skipped hanging out with friends who do not gamble/bet to hang out with friends who do gamble/bet?"

Response options included Never, Sometimes, Many times, and All of the time. Students who reported Sometimes, Many times, or All of the time for any of the above questions are considered to have engaged in any problematic gambling.

Gambling is associated with increased substance use. In 2016, students who reported gambling monthly or more frequently in the past year were twice as likely to report alcohol use in the past month, compared to students who gambled less frequently or not at all. They were also 2.1 times as likely to report tobacco use, 2.0 times as likely to report marijuana use, and 2.3 times as likely to report prescription drug misuse in the past month. Students reporting problematic gambling were even more likely to report past-month substance use.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Engaging in Problematic Gambling in the Past Year, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 383.0 5.4%

About the Indicator:

In 2016, for the first time, students were asked:
"During the last 12 months, how often have you...

  • hidden gambling/betting from your parents, other family members, or teachers?

  • felt that you might have a problem with gambling/betting?

  • skipped hanging out with friends who do not gamble/bet to hang out with friends who do gamble/bet?"

Response options included Never, Sometimes, Many times, and All of the time. Students who reported Sometimes, Many times, or All of the time for any of the above questions are considered to have engaged in any problematic gambling.

Gambling is associated with increased substance use. In 2016, students who reported gambling monthly or more frequently in the past year were twice as likely to report alcohol use in the past month, compared to students who gambled less frequently or not at all. They were also 2.1 times as likely to report tobacco use, 2.0 times as likely to report marijuana use, and 2.3 times as likely to report prescription drug misuse in the past month. Students reporting problematic gambling were even more likely to report past-month substance use.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Gambling Online Monthly or More Often in the Past Year, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 431.0 0.8%
East Central 63.0 0.9%
Metro 246.0 0.8%
Non-Metro 185.0 0.7%
Northwest 17.0 0.7%
Northeast 18.0 0.7%
Southeast 36.0 0.7%
Southwest 31.0 0.7%
West Central 20.0 0.6%

About the Indicator:

 In 2016, students were asked the following question:

"During the last 12 months, how often have you done the following gambling/betting activities?

  • Played cards, bet on sports teams or games of personal skill, like video gaming, pool, golf, or bowling

  • Bought lottery tickets or scratch-offs

  • Gambled in a casino

  • Gambled for money online"

Response options included Not at all, Less than once a month, About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, and Daily. Data here include any student who reported gambling About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, or Daily.

Gambling is associated with increased substance use. In 2016, students who reported gambling monthly or more frequently in the past year were twice as likely to report alcohol use in the past month, compared to students who gambled less frequently or not at all. They were also 2.1 times as likely to report tobacco use, 2.0 times as likely to report marijuana use, and 2.3 times as likely to report prescription drug misuse in the past month. Students reporting problematic gambling were even more likely to report past-month substance use.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Gambling Online Monthly or More Often in the Past Year, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 451.0 0.8%
Metro 246.0 0.8%
Non-Metro 205.0 0.7%

About the Indicator:

 In 2016, students were asked the following question:

"During the last 12 months, how often have you done the following gambling/betting activities?

  • Played cards, bet on sports teams or games of personal skill, like video gaming, pool, golf, or bowling

  • Bought lottery tickets or scratch-offs

  • Gambled in a casino

  • Gambled for money online"

Response options included Not at all, Less than once a month, About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, and Daily. Data here include any student who reported gambling About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, or Daily.

Gambling is associated with increased substance use. In 2016, students who reported gambling monthly or more frequently in the past year were twice as likely to report alcohol use in the past month, compared to students who gambled less frequently or not at all. They were also 2.1 times as likely to report tobacco use, 2.0 times as likely to report marijuana use, and 2.3 times as likely to report prescription drug misuse in the past month. Students reporting problematic gambling were even more likely to report past-month substance use.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Gambling Online Monthly or More Often in the Past Year, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 260.0 0.7%

About the Indicator:

 In 2016, students were asked the following question:

"During the last 12 months, how often have you done the following gambling/betting activities?

  • Played cards, bet on sports teams or games of personal skill, like video gaming, pool, golf, or bowling

  • Bought lottery tickets or scratch-offs

  • Gambled in a casino

  • Gambled for money online"

Response options included Not at all, Less than once a month, About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, and Daily. Data here include any student who reported gambling About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, or Daily.

Gambling is associated with increased substance use. In 2016, students who reported gambling monthly or more frequently in the past year were twice as likely to report alcohol use in the past month, compared to students who gambled less frequently or not at all. They were also 2.1 times as likely to report tobacco use, 2.0 times as likely to report marijuana use, and 2.3 times as likely to report prescription drug misuse in the past month. Students reporting problematic gambling were even more likely to report past-month substance use.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Gambling in a Casino Monthly or More Often in the Past Year, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 563.0 1.0%
East Central 86.0 1.2%
Metro 290.0 0.9%
Non-Metro 273.0 1.1%
Northwest 39.0 1.7%
Northeast 36.0 1.3%
Southeast 42.0 0.8%
Southwest 41.0 0.9%
West Central 29.0 0.9%

About the Indicator:

 In 2016, students were asked the following question:

"During the last 12 months, how often have you done the following gambling/betting activities?

  • Played cards, bet on sports teams or games of personal skill, like video gaming, pool, golf, or bowling

  • Bought lottery tickets or scratch-offs

  • Gambled in a casino

  • Gambled for money online"

Response options included Not at all, Less than once a month, About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, and Daily. Data here include any student who reported gambling About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, or Daily.

Gambling is associated with increased substance use. In 2016, students who reported gambling monthly or more frequently in the past year were twice as likely to report alcohol use in the past month, compared to students who gambled less frequently or not at all. They were also 2.1 times as likely to report tobacco use, 2.0 times as likely to report marijuana use, and 2.3 times as likely to report prescription drug misuse in the past month. Students reporting problematic gambling were even more likely to report past-month substance use.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Gambling in a Casino Monthly or More Often in the Past Year, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 583.0 1.0%
Metro 290.0 0.9%
Non-Metro 293.0 1.1%

About the Indicator:

 In 2016, students were asked the following question:

"During the last 12 months, how often have you done the following gambling/betting activities?

  • Played cards, bet on sports teams or games of personal skill, like video gaming, pool, golf, or bowling

  • Bought lottery tickets or scratch-offs

  • Gambled in a casino

  • Gambled for money online"

Response options included Not at all, Less than once a month, About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, and Daily. Data here include any student who reported gambling About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, or Daily.

Gambling is associated with increased substance use. In 2016, students who reported gambling monthly or more frequently in the past year were twice as likely to report alcohol use in the past month, compared to students who gambled less frequently or not at all. They were also 2.1 times as likely to report tobacco use, 2.0 times as likely to report marijuana use, and 2.3 times as likely to report prescription drug misuse in the past month. Students reporting problematic gambling were even more likely to report past-month substance use.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Gambling in a Casino Monthly or More Often in the Past Year, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 385.0 1.0%

About the Indicator:

 In 2016, students were asked the following question:

"During the last 12 months, how often have you done the following gambling/betting activities?

  • Played cards, bet on sports teams or games of personal skill, like video gaming, pool, golf, or bowling

  • Bought lottery tickets or scratch-offs

  • Gambled in a casino

  • Gambled for money online"

Response options included Not at all, Less than once a month, About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, and Daily. Data here include any student who reported gambling About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, or Daily.

Gambling is associated with increased substance use. In 2016, students who reported gambling monthly or more frequently in the past year were twice as likely to report alcohol use in the past month, compared to students who gambled less frequently or not at all. They were also 2.1 times as likely to report tobacco use, 2.0 times as likely to report marijuana use, and 2.3 times as likely to report prescription drug misuse in the past month. Students reporting problematic gambling were even more likely to report past-month substance use.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Buying Lottery Tickets Monthly or More Often in the Past Year, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 4,773.0 8.4%
East Central 582.0 8.3%
Metro 2,666.0 8.5%
Non-Metro 2,107.0 8.3%
Northwest 222.0 9.5%
Northeast 209.0 7.7%
Southeast 478.0 8.9%
Southwest 342.0 7.3%
West Central 274.0 8.7%

About the Indicator:

 In 2016, students were asked the following question:

"During the last 12 months, how often have you done the following gambling/betting activities?

  • Played cards, bet on sports teams or games of personal skill, like video gaming, pool, golf, or bowling

  • Bought lottery tickets or scratch-offs

  • Gambled in a casino

  • Gambled for money online"

Response options included Not at all, Less than once a month, About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, and Daily. Data here include any student who reported gambling About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, or Daily.

Gambling is associated with increased substance use. In 2016, students who reported gambling monthly or more frequently in the past year were twice as likely to report alcohol use in the past month, compared to students who gambled less frequently or not at all. They were also 2.1 times as likely to report tobacco use, 2.0 times as likely to report marijuana use, and 2.3 times as likely to report prescription drug misuse in the past month. Students reporting problematic gambling were even more likely to report past-month substance use.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Buying Lottery Tickets Monthly or More Often in the Past Year, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 4,976.0 8.4%
Metro 2,666.0 8.5%
Non-Metro 2,310.0 8.3%

About the Indicator:

 In 2016, students were asked the following question:

"During the last 12 months, how often have you done the following gambling/betting activities?

  • Played cards, bet on sports teams or games of personal skill, like video gaming, pool, golf, or bowling

  • Bought lottery tickets or scratch-offs

  • Gambled in a casino

  • Gambled for money online"

Response options included Not at all, Less than once a month, About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, and Daily. Data here include any student who reported gambling About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, or Daily.

Gambling is associated with increased substance use. In 2016, students who reported gambling monthly or more frequently in the past year were twice as likely to report alcohol use in the past month, compared to students who gambled less frequently or not at all. They were also 2.1 times as likely to report tobacco use, 2.0 times as likely to report marijuana use, and 2.3 times as likely to report prescription drug misuse in the past month. Students reporting problematic gambling were even more likely to report past-month substance use.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Buying Lottery Tickets Monthly or More Often in the Past Year, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 2,951.0 7.8%

About the Indicator:

 In 2016, students were asked the following question:

"During the last 12 months, how often have you done the following gambling/betting activities?

  • Played cards, bet on sports teams or games of personal skill, like video gaming, pool, golf, or bowling

  • Bought lottery tickets or scratch-offs

  • Gambled in a casino

  • Gambled for money online"

Response options included Not at all, Less than once a month, About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, and Daily. Data here include any student who reported gambling About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, or Daily.

Gambling is associated with increased substance use. In 2016, students who reported gambling monthly or more frequently in the past year were twice as likely to report alcohol use in the past month, compared to students who gambled less frequently or not at all. They were also 2.1 times as likely to report tobacco use, 2.0 times as likely to report marijuana use, and 2.3 times as likely to report prescription drug misuse in the past month. Students reporting problematic gambling were even more likely to report past-month substance use.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Betting on Sports or Card Games Monthly or More Often in the Past Year, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 9,499.0 16.7%
East Central 1,379.0 19.6%
Metro 5,055.0 16.0%
Non-Metro 4,444.0 17.6%
Northwest 453.0 19.4%
Northeast 439.0 16.3%
Southeast 885.0 16.4%
Southwest 724.0 15.5%
West Central 564.0 17.9%

About the Indicator:

 In 2016, students were asked the following question:

"During the last 12 months, how often have you done the following gambling/betting activities?

  • Played cards, bet on sports teams or games of personal skill, like video gaming, pool, golf, or bowling

  • Bought lottery tickets or scratch-offs

  • Gambled in a casino

  • Gambled for money online"

Response options included Not at all, Less than once a month, About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, and Daily. Data here include any student who reported gambling About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, or Daily.

Gambling is associated with increased substance use. In 2016, students who reported gambling monthly or more frequently in the past year were twice as likely to report alcohol use in the past month, compared to students who gambled less frequently or not at all. They were also 2.1 times as likely to report tobacco use, 2.0 times as likely to report marijuana use, and 2.3 times as likely to report prescription drug misuse in the past month. Students reporting problematic gambling were even more likely to report past-month substance use.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Betting on Sports or Card Games Monthly or More Often in the Past Year, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 9,949.0 16.8%
Metro 5,055.0 16.0%
Non-Metro 4,894.0 17.6%

About the Indicator:

 In 2016, students were asked the following question:

"During the last 12 months, how often have you done the following gambling/betting activities?

  • Played cards, bet on sports teams or games of personal skill, like video gaming, pool, golf, or bowling

  • Bought lottery tickets or scratch-offs

  • Gambled in a casino

  • Gambled for money online"

Response options included Not at all, Less than once a month, About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, and Daily. Data here include any student who reported gambling About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, or Daily.

Gambling is associated with increased substance use. In 2016, students who reported gambling monthly or more frequently in the past year were twice as likely to report alcohol use in the past month, compared to students who gambled less frequently or not at all. They were also 2.1 times as likely to report tobacco use, 2.0 times as likely to report marijuana use, and 2.3 times as likely to report prescription drug misuse in the past month. Students reporting problematic gambling were even more likely to report past-month substance use.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Female Students Reporting Betting on Sports or Card Games Monthly or More Often in the Past Year, 2016: by Location

2016
Number Percent
Minnesota 5,963.0 15.8%

About the Indicator:

 In 2016, students were asked the following question:

"During the last 12 months, how often have you done the following gambling/betting activities?

  • Played cards, bet on sports teams or games of personal skill, like video gaming, pool, golf, or bowling

  • Bought lottery tickets or scratch-offs

  • Gambled in a casino

  • Gambled for money online"

Response options included Not at all, Less than once a month, About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, and Daily. Data here include any student who reported gambling About once a month, About once a week, 2 to 6 times a week, or Daily.

Gambling is associated with increased substance use. In 2016, students who reported gambling monthly or more frequently in the past year were twice as likely to report alcohol use in the past month, compared to students who gambled less frequently or not at all. They were also 2.1 times as likely to report tobacco use, 2.0 times as likely to report marijuana use, and 2.3 times as likely to report prescription drug misuse in the past month. Students reporting problematic gambling were even more likely to report past-month substance use.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Alcohol Treatment

No data was found for Female (Gender) in the category Alcohol Treatment

Drug Treatment

No data was found for Female (Gender) in the category Drug Treatment

Admissions to Treatment by Referral Source

No data was found for Female (Gender) in the category Admissions to Treatment by Referral Source

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Description: The MSS is a confidential and anonymous self-administered survey given to students attending Minnesota public, charter and tribal schools. From 1995 to 2010, the survey was administered to students in 6th, 9th, and 12th grades. New in 2013, the survey was administered to students in 5th, 8th, 9th, and 11th grades. Trend data are now only available for 9th graders, and only for survey questions that did not change. Most schools elect to participate in the survey; in 2013, this included 84% of public schools in Minnesota.

Although the data are not presented here, the survey is also administered to area learning centers, juvenile correction facilities and private schools electing to participate.

Sponsored by: Minnesota Department of Education

Geographic Level: State, Region, and County

Aggregated data at the state and county level do not reveal disparities that may exist within a given geographic area.

Frequency: Data collected and reported every three years

Characteristics: The results of the MSS are also available at a county level. Data Privacy requirements mandate that data is presented in a manner such that no individual student can be identified through the presentation of the results. As part of the Data Privacy practices, the results are also presented in a manner that no individual school district could be identified through the results. Therefore, for counties that have only one school district, the results are not presented. Results are also withheld for counties in which the minimum number for student participation was not met.

The MSS is a “census” of schools, not a sample. The school districts get their own data. Fifth-graders were not asked all substance use questions. Some school districts do not participate, and student participation within the school district can vary widely. These data are self-reported.