Youths Perception of Parents' or Guardians' Disapproval of Alcohol Use

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Percent of Students Reporting Their Parents Would Think It's Very Wrong or Wrong for Them to Have One or Two Drinks of an Alcohol Beverage Nearly Every Day, All Available Years: by Grade, Race, Gender, and Region

20132016
FemaleMaleTotalFemaleMaleTotal
Minnesota11thAfrican-American or Black89.1%82.9%85.9%84.4%81.4%82.9%
All Races Combined91.8%85.4%88.6%90.6%83.7%87.2%
Asian American91.5%85.0%88.3%91.4%83.4%87.6%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial89.2%83.8%86.6%89.8%83.2%86.6%
Hispanic/Latino88.7%81.4%85.0%86.4%79.7%83.0%
Native American86.2%77.7%81.5%85.4%78.6%81.7%
Pacific Islander81.8%77.1%79.4%*59.4%71.9%
White92.4%86.0%89.2%91.5%84.6%88.1%
5thAfrican-American or Black92.0%89.6%90.8%89.8%85.9%87.8%
All Races Combined95.3%93.0%94.2%93.6%89.8%91.7%
Asian American94.6%92.5%93.6%91.7%90.2%91.0%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial95.0%92.2%93.6%93.4%90.5%92.0%
Hispanic/Latino93.3%90.5%91.9%90.3%86.1%88.2%
Native American89.6%85.3%87.2%87.5%81.7%84.2%
Pacific Islander88.1%82.1%84.7%75.4%81.8%78.7%
White96.3%94.1%95.2%95.0%91.1%93.0%
8thAfrican-American or Black92.6%85.6%89.0%87.8%77.4%82.4%
All Races Combined94.9%91.5%93.2%93.3%89.0%91.2%
Asian American93.8%90.6%92.2%93.7%88.8%91.3%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial92.7%90.0%91.5%91.6%88.0%89.9%
Hispanic/Latino92.0%86.8%89.5%89.2%85.5%87.4%
Native American89.3%84.3%86.4%88.9%82.6%85.3%
Pacific Islander96.2%91.5%93.2%*72.7%78.8%
White95.7%92.7%94.2%94.7%90.9%92.8%
9thAfrican-American or Black92.2%83.7%87.8%91.0%82.5%86.8%
All Races Combined93.9%89.2%91.6%93.2%89.2%91.2%
Asian American93.7%88.0%90.9%92.6%89.2%91.0%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial91.5%86.3%89.1%91.8%88.1%90.1%
Hispanic/Latino89.0%86.4%87.8%89.2%85.7%87.5%
Native American89.5%80.8%84.8%86.4%84.2%85.1%
Pacific Islander78.8%74.4%76.3%**80.0%
White94.8%90.4%92.6%94.2%90.3%92.3%
All GradesAfrican-American or Black91.7%86.1%88.8%88.6%82.2%85.4%
All Races Combined94.0%89.9%92.0%92.8%88.1%90.5%
Asian American93.4%89.1%91.3%92.4%88.1%90.3%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial92.3%88.3%90.4%91.8%87.7%89.9%
Hispanic/Latino90.9%86.6%88.9%89.0%84.6%86.8%
Native American89.1%83.3%85.9%87.4%82.1%84.4%
Pacific Islander85.8%81.8%83.5%81.3%74.9%77.6%
White94.8%90.8%92.8%93.9%89.3%91.6%
Metro11thAfrican-American or Black90.5%85.9%88.2%85.9%82.4%84.2%
All Races Combined93.2%88.1%90.7%92.0%86.1%89.1%
Asian American92.1%85.5%88.8%92.1%83.9%88.1%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial89.9%85.5%87.8%91.9%85.6%89.0%
Hispanic/Latino89.4%82.3%85.8%86.7%80.4%83.6%
Native American95.8%83.9%89.1%*71.4%76.6%
Pacific Islander90.5%73.9%81.8%**73.5%
White94.2%89.4%91.8%93.5%87.8%90.6%
5thAfrican-American or Black92.3%90.6%91.4%89.6%85.4%87.5%
All Races Combined95.5%93.7%94.6%93.7%90.3%92.0%
Asian American94.7%92.3%93.5%91.9%91.0%91.5%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial94.9%92.7%93.9%94.3%90.7%92.6%
Hispanic/Latino93.5%92.1%92.8%89.8%86.7%88.3%
Native American89.6%81.1%84.8%86.5%80.6%83.2%
Pacific Islander87.0%73.7%78.7%80.6%83.9%82.1%
White96.8%95.3%96.0%95.8%92.4%94.1%
8thAfrican-American or Black93.5%87.9%90.7%88.2%78.7%83.4%
All Races Combined95.5%92.5%94.1%93.2%89.6%91.4%
Asian American95.0%90.3%92.7%93.6%89.1%91.4%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial92.7%89.6%91.2%90.3%88.0%89.2%
Hispanic/Latino92.4%87.9%90.3%88.8%85.2%87.0%
Native American84.3%83.3%83.7%89.6%85.9%87.3%
Pacific Islander100.0%100.0%100.0%***
White96.6%94.3%95.5%95.0%92.4%93.7%
9thAfrican-American or Black92.2%83.9%88.0%91.4%84.2%87.8%
All Races Combined94.7%91.0%92.9%93.8%90.8%92.3%
Asian American94.5%88.7%91.7%92.5%89.4%91.0%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial92.5%87.9%90.3%93.0%88.9%91.1%
Hispanic/Latino90.3%88.8%89.7%90.6%87.4%89.0%
Native American92.3%72.3%82.8%90.7%82.4%86.1%
Pacific Islander76.2%72.7%74.4%***
White95.9%92.9%94.4%95.0%92.6%93.8%
All GradesAfrican-American or Black92.3%87.7%89.9%88.9%82.9%85.9%
All Races Combined94.8%91.5%93.1%93.2%89.3%91.3%
Asian American94.1%89.2%91.7%92.6%88.4%90.6%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial92.6%89.1%91.0%92.3%88.4%90.5%
Hispanic/Latino91.6%88.1%89.9%89.1%85.2%87.2%
Native American89.7%80.8%84.6%87.7%81.5%84.1%
Pacific Islander87.0%79.0%82.4%84.9%73.1%78.8%
White95.9%93.0%94.5%94.8%91.4%93.1%
Non-Metro11thAfrican-American or Black82.5%72.0%76.7%77.5%78.0%77.7%
All Races Combined90.3%82.5%86.4%89.0%81.3%85.2%
Asian American86.7%81.6%84.2%87.0%80.5%84.2%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial88.3%81.3%84.7%86.4%79.8%82.9%
Hispanic/Latino87.5%80.1%83.7%85.8%78.6%82.3%
Native American83.5%75.9%79.3%86.1%80.6%83.1%
Pacific Islander66.7%83.3%75.0%***
White90.8%83.0%87.0%89.7%81.7%85.8%
5thAfrican-American or Black90.9%85.7%88.2%90.5%87.4%88.8%
All Races Combined95.2%92.2%93.7%93.5%89.3%91.3%
Asian American93.9%94.7%94.3%90.4%86.3%88.4%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial95.1%91.4%93.2%92.3%90.4%91.3%
Hispanic/Latino92.9%88.2%90.6%91.1%85.3%88.2%
Native American89.6%87.5%88.4%87.9%82.2%84.6%
Pacific Islander89.5%100.0%94.6%*80.0%75.0%
White95.9%93.1%94.5%94.4%90.2%92.2%
8thAfrican-American or Black88.8%77.4%82.5%86.3%73.5%79.1%
All Races Combined94.2%90.4%92.3%93.5%88.3%90.9%
Asian American86.4%92.5%89.1%93.9%87.2%90.3%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial92.8%90.6%91.7%93.4%87.9%90.7%
Hispanic/Latino91.4%85.5%88.6%89.7%86.0%87.8%
Native American90.8%84.7%87.4%88.6%81.3%84.5%
Pacific Islander92.9%84.0%87.2%**78.4%
White94.9%91.3%93.2%94.4%89.6%92.0%
9thAfrican-American or Black91.9%83.1%87.3%89.7%77.8%83.6%
All Races Combined93.1%87.5%90.3%92.5%87.5%90.0%
Asian American86.7%83.1%84.7%93.5%88.1%90.9%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial90.2%84.1%87.3%90.2%87.2%88.8%
Hispanic/Latino87.1%83.6%85.4%87.4%83.6%85.5%
Native American88.4%83.1%85.4%84.7%84.9%84.8%
Pacific Islander83.3%76.2%78.8%***
White94.0%88.4%91.2%93.5%88.3%90.9%
All GradesAfrican-American or Black89.2%80.4%84.5%87.4%80.0%83.4%
All Races Combined93.2%88.3%90.8%92.3%86.9%89.6%
Asian American88.3%88.1%88.2%91.3%86.0%88.6%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial91.8%87.3%89.6%91.1%86.9%89.1%
Hispanic/Latino90.0%84.6%87.3%88.7%83.9%86.3%
Native American88.9%84.3%86.4%87.2%82.3%84.4%
Pacific Islander84.2%85.5%85.0%76.4%76.4%76.4%
White93.9%88.9%91.4%93.1%87.6%90.4%

About the Indicator: The Minnesota Student Survey question about parent disapproval changed considerably in 2013. In prior years, students were asked about the extent their parents would approve or disapprove of them drinking alcohol. In 2013, students were asked how wrong their parents would feel it would be for them to have one or two drinks nearly every day. Therefore, 9th grade trend data are available only for 2013 and 2016.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Description: The MSS is a confidential and anonymous self-administered survey given to students attending Minnesota public, charter and tribal schools. From 1995 to 2010, the survey was administered to students in 6th, 9th, and 12th grades. New in 2013, the survey was administered to students in 5th, 8th, 9th, and 11th grades. Trend data are now only available for 9th graders, and only for survey questions that did not change. Most schools elect to participate in the survey; in 2013, this included 84% of public schools in Minnesota.

Although the data are not presented here, the survey is also administered to area learning centers, juvenile correction facilities and private schools electing to participate.

Sponsored by: Minnesota Department of Education

Geographic Level: State, Region, and County

Aggregated data at the state and county level do not reveal disparities that may exist within a given geographic area.

Frequency: Data collected and reported every three years

Characteristics: The results of the MSS are also available at a county level. Data Privacy requirements mandate that data is presented in a manner such that no individual student can be identified through the presentation of the results. As part of the Data Privacy practices, the results are also presented in a manner that no individual school district could be identified through the results. Therefore, for counties that have only one school district, the results are not presented. Results are also withheld for counties in which the minimum number for student participation was not met.

The MSS is a “census” of schools, not a sample. The school districts get their own data. Fifth-graders were not asked all substance use questions. Some school districts do not participate, and student participation within the school district can vary widely. These data are self-reported.