Household Drug Use

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Percent of Students Reporting They Live with Someone Who Uses Illegal Drugs or Abuses Prescription Drugs, All Available Years: by Grade, Race, Gender, and Region

20132016
FemaleMaleTotalFemaleMaleTotal
Minnesota11thAfrican-American or Black9.3%8.8%9.1%6.1%7.2%6.6%
All Races Combined6.0%5.9%6.0%5.3%5.2%5.3%
Asian American4.1%4.7%4.4%2.6%2.1%2.3%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial12.8%11.4%12.1%11.0%9.3%10.2%
Hispanic/Latino7.7%7.8%7.8%6.9%6.2%6.5%
Native American19.3%13.0%15.8%9.8%10.7%10.3%
Pacific Islander5.9%14.7%10.3%*5.7%8.2%
White5.3%5.3%5.3%4.8%4.8%4.8%
5thAfrican-American or Black2.3%3.2%2.7%
All Races Combined1.8%2.2%2.0%
Asian American2.3%2.0%2.1%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial2.9%4.1%3.5%
Hispanic/Latino2.4%2.9%2.6%
Native American5.9%5.2%5.5%
Pacific Islander4.2%8.3%6.5%
White1.5%1.7%1.6%
8thAfrican-American or Black7.8%5.6%6.7%4.3%6.9%5.6%
All Races Combined5.1%4.6%4.9%4.2%3.7%4.0%
Asian American2.8%2.8%2.8%2.0%1.9%2.0%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial9.7%8.7%9.2%8.4%5.8%7.1%
Hispanic/Latino8.4%6.9%7.7%5.8%4.4%5.1%
Native American12.7%10.9%11.7%10.8%7.9%9.2%
Pacific Islander10.7%6.0%7.7%*9.3%9.1%
White4.1%3.8%4.0%3.6%3.1%3.3%
9thAfrican-American or Black8.7%10.6%9.7%5.4%6.0%5.7%
All Races Combined6.5%5.8%6.2%5.2%4.3%4.7%
Asian American4.1%3.7%3.9%2.7%2.6%2.7%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial12.4%11.2%11.9%10.1%7.5%8.8%
Hispanic/Latino10.3%7.8%9.1%7.9%5.8%6.9%
Native American18.1%12.7%15.2%11.6%7.9%9.5%
Pacific Islander28.6%13.7%19.8%*6.5%9.4%
White5.4%4.8%5.1%4.4%3.6%4.0%
All GradesAfrican-American or Black6.5%6.5%6.5%5.1%6.6%5.9%
All Races Combined4.9%4.6%4.8%4.9%4.3%4.6%
Asian American3.3%3.3%3.3%2.4%2.2%2.3%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial9.5%8.9%9.2%9.6%7.3%8.5%
Hispanic/Latino7.2%6.3%6.8%6.8%5.3%6.1%
Native American11.6%9.1%10.2%10.9%8.5%9.5%
Pacific Islander11.7%10.3%10.9%11.3%7.3%8.9%
White4.2%3.9%4.0%4.2%3.8%4.0%
Metro11thAfrican-American or Black9.8%9.1%9.4%6.7%6.8%6.8%
All Races Combined6.6%6.7%6.6%5.8%5.6%5.7%
Asian American4.0%4.4%4.2%2.5%2.1%2.3%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial13.9%12.2%13.1%12.6%9.6%11.2%
Hispanic/Latino7.4%8.0%7.7%6.7%7.0%6.9%
Native American15.0%14.3%14.8%*16.2%12.1%
Pacific Islander9.5%13.6%11.6%**8.1%
White5.9%6.1%6.0%5.3%5.3%5.3%
5thAfrican-American or Black2.3%2.7%2.5%
All Races Combined1.7%2.1%1.9%
Asian American2.1%2.0%2.1%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial2.9%4.1%3.4%
Hispanic/Latino2.4%2.7%2.6%
Native American4.0%6.0%5.3%
Pacific Islander0.0%9.8%6.0%
White1.3%1.7%1.5%
8thAfrican-American or Black7.6%5.2%6.4%4.2%6.7%5.5%
All Races Combined5.5%4.8%5.2%4.0%3.9%3.9%
Asian American2.7%2.6%2.7%2.0%1.8%1.9%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial10.4%9.8%10.1%7.6%6.5%7.1%
Hispanic/Latino9.4%7.5%8.5%5.5%4.3%4.9%
Native American9.0%13.4%11.8%5.9%9.4%8.0%
Pacific Islander14.3%4.2%7.9%***
White4.4%3.9%4.1%3.3%3.3%3.3%
9thAfrican-American or Black9.2%10.5%9.8%5.2%6.0%5.6%
All Races Combined7.4%6.3%6.9%5.3%4.3%4.8%
Asian American3.9%3.1%3.5%2.5%2.4%2.4%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial13.8%12.2%13.0%11.2%7.4%9.4%
Hispanic/Latino10.5%8.4%9.6%7.4%6.2%6.8%
Native American17.0%16.1%16.7%13.6%7.9%10.4%
Pacific Islander31.8%18.5%24.5%***
White6.3%5.2%5.8%4.6%3.6%4.1%
All GradesAfrican-American or Black6.6%6.3%6.4%5.2%6.5%5.8%
All Races Combined5.3%4.9%5.1%5.0%4.5%4.8%
Asian American3.2%3.0%3.1%2.3%2.1%2.2%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial10.3%9.6%10.0%10.1%7.6%8.9%
Hispanic/Latino7.6%6.5%7.1%6.5%5.6%6.1%
Native American9.0%10.3%9.7%9.0%10.0%9.6%
Pacific Islander13.3%11.4%12.2%5.0%7.5%6.5%
White4.5%4.2%4.4%4.4%4.0%4.2%
Non-Metro11thAfrican-American or Black6.8%7.8%7.4%3.2%8.7%6.2%
All Races Combined5.4%5.1%5.3%4.7%4.8%4.8%
Asian American5.0%7.5%6.3%2.6%1.7%2.3%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial10.9%10.2%10.5%8.4%8.9%8.7%
Hispanic/Latino8.2%7.5%7.8%7.0%5.0%6.0%
Native American20.5%12.6%16.1%10.6%9.1%9.7%
Pacific Islander0.0%16.7%8.0%***
White4.8%4.5%4.6%4.3%4.4%4.4%
5thAfrican-American or Black2.1%5.5%3.9%
All Races Combined2.0%2.3%2.1%
Asian American3.9%1.7%2.7%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial2.9%4.2%3.5%
Hispanic/Latino2.3%3.3%2.8%
Native American6.6%4.8%5.6%
Pacific Islander9.1%5.3%7.3%
White1.7%1.8%1.7%
8thAfrican-American or Black8.9%6.8%7.7%4.6%7.3%6.1%
All Races Combined4.7%4.4%4.5%4.6%3.5%4.0%
Asian American2.9%4.2%3.5%2.4%2.6%2.5%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial8.8%7.3%8.1%9.4%4.9%7.2%
Hispanic/Latino6.8%6.1%6.5%6.2%4.4%5.3%
Native American13.8%9.9%11.6%12.6%7.3%9.6%
Pacific Islander7.1%7.7%7.5%**10.8%
White3.9%3.7%3.8%3.8%2.9%3.3%
9thAfrican-American or Black7.0%10.8%9.0%5.9%5.7%5.8%
All Races Combined5.6%5.3%5.4%5.0%4.2%4.6%
Asian American6.1%7.9%7.1%3.7%4.6%4.1%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial10.4%9.9%10.2%8.5%7.6%8.1%
Hispanic/Latino9.9%7.0%8.5%8.6%5.3%6.9%
Native American18.4%11.7%14.7%10.8%7.9%9.1%
Pacific Islander23.1%8.3%13.5%***
White4.6%4.4%4.5%4.2%3.6%3.9%
All GradesAfrican-American or Black5.8%7.6%6.7%4.8%7.1%6.0%
All Races Combined4.5%4.3%4.4%4.8%4.1%4.5%
Asian American4.3%5.4%4.8%2.9%3.0%3.0%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial8.3%7.8%8.1%8.9%6.8%7.9%
Hispanic/Latino6.7%5.9%6.3%7.2%4.9%6.1%
Native American12.7%8.6%10.4%11.5%7.9%9.5%
Pacific Islander9.7%8.6%9.1%19.4%7.1%11.5%
White3.8%3.6%3.7%4.1%3.6%3.9%

About the Indicator:

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are stressful or traumatic experiences, including abuse, neglect and a range of household dysfunction. ACEs put individuals at risk for a number of negative outcomes across the lifespan, including: alcohol, tobacco and other drug use; anxiety; hopelessness; depression; and suicidal ideation and attempts.

One ACE measured by the Minnesota Student Survey is household drug use. Students were asked if they lived with anyone who uses illegal drugs or abuses prescription drugs. Compared to students who do not live with someone who abuses drugs, those who do are more likely to report past month use of marijuana (40.6% vs 8.2%), alcohol (45.7% vs 15.0%), and tobacco (36.6% vs 9.6%). For more information on ACEs, see the 2017 ACEs and Substance Use SUMN Fact Sheet.

NOTE: 5th graders were asked this question in 2013, but were not asked in 2016.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Description: The MSS is a confidential and anonymous self-administered survey given to students attending Minnesota public, charter and tribal schools. From 1995 to 2010, the survey was administered to students in 6th, 9th, and 12th grades. New in 2013, the survey was administered to students in 5th, 8th, 9th, and 11th grades. Trend data are now only available for 9th graders, and only for survey questions that did not change. Most schools elect to participate in the survey; in 2013, this included 84% of public schools in Minnesota.

Although the data are not presented here, the survey is also administered to area learning centers, juvenile correction facilities and private schools electing to participate.

Sponsored by: Minnesota Department of Education

Geographic Level: State, Region, and County

Aggregated data at the state and county level do not reveal disparities that may exist within a given geographic area.

Frequency: Data collected and reported every three years

Characteristics: The results of the MSS are also available at a county level. Data Privacy requirements mandate that data is presented in a manner such that no individual student can be identified through the presentation of the results. As part of the Data Privacy practices, the results are also presented in a manner that no individual school district could be identified through the results. Therefore, for counties that have only one school district, the results are not presented. Results are also withheld for counties in which the minimum number for student participation was not met.

The MSS is a “census” of schools, not a sample. The school districts get their own data. Fifth-graders were not asked all substance use questions. Some school districts do not participate, and student participation within the school district can vary widely. These data are self-reported.