Youth Tobacco or Nicotine Use

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Percent of Students Reporting Any Tobacco or Nicotine Use on One or More Days within the Past 30 Days, All Available Years: by Grade, Race, Gender, and Region

2016
FemaleMaleTotal
Minnesota11thAfrican-American or Black8.7%15.2%11.8%
All Races Combined15.2%19.0%17.1%
Asian American7.4%10.6%8.9%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial19.3%23.3%21.3%
Hispanic/Latino17.3%18.4%17.9%
Native American20.5%21.0%20.7%
Pacific Islander*9.4%13.8%
White15.6%19.6%17.6%
8thAfrican-American or Black4.1%6.7%5.4%
All Races Combined5.7%5.8%5.7%
Asian American2.3%2.7%2.5%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial10.0%9.4%9.7%
Hispanic/Latino10.1%9.0%9.6%
Native American12.1%11.4%11.7%
Pacific Islander*14.0%13.6%
White4.7%4.9%4.8%
9thAfrican-American or Black5.8%8.9%7.4%
All Races Combined9.2%9.3%9.3%
Asian American4.8%5.3%5.1%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial14.2%13.2%13.7%
Hispanic/Latino13.7%13.3%13.5%
Native American17.4%12.2%14.3%
Pacific Islander**13.7%
White8.6%8.7%8.7%
All GradesAfrican-American or Black5.9%9.5%7.7%
All Races Combined9.7%10.8%10.2%
Asian American4.7%5.9%5.3%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial13.7%14.1%13.9%
Hispanic/Latino13.1%12.9%13.0%
Native American15.8%13.7%14.6%
Pacific Islander14.1%13.5%13.7%
White9.4%10.7%10.0%
Metro11thAfrican-American or Black9.3%15.4%12.2%
All Races Combined15.7%20.7%18.2%
Asian American6.6%11.3%8.9%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial18.8%23.2%20.9%
Hispanic/Latino16.4%18.8%17.6%
Native American*27.0%25.4%
Pacific Islander**17.6%
White17.3%22.6%20.0%
8thAfrican-American or Black4.2%6.7%5.5%
All Races Combined5.3%5.8%5.6%
Asian American2.4%2.7%2.5%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial9.6%9.6%9.6%
Hispanic/Latino10.9%9.6%10.3%
Native American10.4%13.9%12.5%
Pacific Islander***
White4.1%4.8%4.5%
9thAfrican-American or Black6.1%8.1%7.1%
All Races Combined9.7%9.0%9.4%
Asian American4.9%4.7%4.8%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial13.7%13.0%13.4%
Hispanic/Latino14.6%13.1%13.9%
Native American19.6%14.9%16.9%
Pacific Islander***
White9.5%8.6%9.0%
All GradesAfrican-American or Black6.2%9.3%7.7%
All Races Combined9.8%11.2%10.5%
Asian American4.5%6.0%5.2%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial13.3%14.2%13.7%
Hispanic/Latino13.6%13.1%13.4%
Native American16.3%16.5%16.4%
Pacific Islander15.0%16.3%15.7%
White10.0%11.5%10.7%
Non-Metro11thAfrican-American or Black5.9%14.7%10.6%
All Races Combined14.6%17.2%15.9%
Asian American12.1%5.2%9.1%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial20.2%23.4%21.9%
Hispanic/Latino18.5%17.9%18.2%
Native American19.6%19.2%19.4%
Pacific Islander***
White14.1%17.0%15.5%
8thAfrican-American or Black3.5%6.5%5.2%
All Races Combined6.1%5.7%5.9%
Asian American1.8%2.6%2.2%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial10.5%9.2%9.9%
Hispanic/Latino9.1%8.3%8.7%
Native American12.6%10.4%11.4%
Pacific Islander**13.5%
White5.3%4.9%5.1%
9thAfrican-American or Black5.0%11.1%8.1%
All Races Combined8.6%9.6%9.1%
Asian American4.3%9.5%6.8%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial14.8%13.5%14.2%
Hispanic/Latino12.6%13.6%13.1%
Native American16.6%11.3%13.4%
Pacific Islander***
White7.8%8.8%8.3%
All GradesAfrican-American or Black4.6%10.0%7.5%
All Races Combined9.5%10.4%10.0%
Asian American5.8%5.5%5.7%
Bi-Racial/Multi-Racial14.2%14.1%14.1%
Hispanic/Latino12.6%12.5%12.5%
Native American15.6%12.7%13.9%
Pacific Islander12.9%10.9%11.6%
White8.9%10.0%9.4%

About the Indicator: Reported tobacco use within the past 30 days (“30-day use”) is a frequent measure of current use, especially among youth. Youth tobacco use is presented here using 30-day use of any of the following substances: cigarettes; cigars, cigarillos or little cigars; chewing tobacco, snuff, or dip; e-cigarettes; or hookah. In Minnesota, no person under 18 may possess, use, purchase or attempt to purchase tobacco products or tobacco-related devices (Minn. Stat. § 609.685).

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Description: The MSS is a confidential and anonymous self-administered survey given to students attending Minnesota public, charter and tribal schools. From 1995 to 2010, the survey was administered to students in 6th, 9th, and 12th grades. New in 2013, the survey was administered to students in 5th, 8th, 9th, and 11th grades. Trend data are now only available for 9th graders, and only for survey questions that did not change. Most schools elect to participate in the survey; in 2013, this included 84% of public schools in Minnesota.

Although the data are not presented here, the survey is also administered to area learning centers, juvenile correction facilities and private schools electing to participate.

Sponsored by: Minnesota Department of Education

Geographic Level: State, Region, and County

Aggregated data at the state and county level do not reveal disparities that may exist within a given geographic area.

Frequency: Data collected and reported every three years

Characteristics: The results of the MSS are also available at a county level. Data Privacy requirements mandate that data is presented in a manner such that no individual student can be identified through the presentation of the results. As part of the Data Privacy practices, the results are also presented in a manner that no individual school district could be identified through the results. Therefore, for counties that have only one school district, the results are not presented. Results are also withheld for counties in which the minimum number for student participation was not met.

The MSS is a “census” of schools, not a sample. The school districts get their own data. Fifth-graders were not asked all substance use questions. Some school districts do not participate, and student participation within the school district can vary widely. These data are self-reported.