Youth Smoking

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Percent of Students Reporting Smoking a Cigarette on One or More Days within the Past 30 Days, All Available Years: by Grade, Gender, and County

20132016
FemaleMaleTotalFemaleMaleTotal
Minnesota11th11.2%13.2%12.2%8.2%8.6%8.4%
8th4.3%4.2%4.2%3.1%2.5%2.8%
9th7.7%7.3%7.5%4.8%3.7%4.3%
All Grades7.6%8.0%7.8%5.1%4.7%4.9%
Aitkin County11th23.2%29.2%26.0%8.3%12.5%10.6%
8th6.7%5.5%6.0%0.0%0.0%0.0%
9th22.4%6.8%15.1%6.7%6.5%6.6%
All Grades17.5%12.2%14.9%6.2%7.9%7.0%
Anoka County11th12.1%10.2%11.2%8.1%8.8%8.5%
8th5.5%5.4%5.4%2.5%2.2%2.4%
9th7.6%7.3%7.4%4.9%3.2%4.1%
All Grades7.8%7.2%7.5%4.9%4.6%4.8%
Becker County11th13.2%8.0%10.6%12.7%16.8%14.8%
8th3.7%4.5%4.1%6.0%5.2%5.6%
9th8.0%8.6%8.3%3.1%4.1%3.6%
All Grades8.3%7.2%7.7%7.1%8.6%7.8%
Beltrami County11th18.1%18.3%18.2%14.8%8.7%11.6%
8th9.4%4.9%7.1%6.2%6.1%6.2%
9th13.9%10.7%12.2%8.0%7.2%7.6%
All Grades13.6%10.8%12.2%9.2%7.3%8.2%
Benton County11th2.7%12.1%7.1%13.2%7.3%10.6%
8th5.3%4.0%4.7%3.9%5.1%4.5%
9th4.4%8.5%6.5%5.4%4.7%5.0%
All Grades4.2%8.2%6.1%6.7%5.4%6.1%
Big Stone County11th27.3%4.5%14.3%***
8th0.0%0.0%0.0%***
9th6.7%6.1%6.3%***
All Grades11.8%4.0%7.8%***
Blue Earth County11th9.9%11.0%10.4%5.0%6.7%5.9%
8th2.4%1.5%1.9%3.8%1.9%2.8%
9th8.5%6.0%7.2%3.3%2.4%2.9%
All Grades6.7%5.6%6.2%4.0%3.6%3.8%
Brown County11th17.0%24.0%20.6%11.5%15.5%13.5%
8th5.6%8.9%7.2%2.0%0.9%1.4%
9th16.5%12.5%14.6%6.4%3.3%4.7%
All Grades12.8%14.9%13.8%6.4%5.6%6.0%
Carlton County11th11.5%13.2%12.3%11.2%14.5%12.8%
8th5.9%7.3%6.6%6.7%2.6%4.6%
9th6.5%8.1%7.3%7.3%4.7%5.9%
All Grades7.8%9.4%8.6%8.2%6.7%7.4%
Carver County11th17.6%13.9%15.8%6.8%14.4%10.8%
8th1.4%2.0%1.7%4.0%2.7%3.4%
9th6.3%6.2%6.2%4.1%2.3%3.2%
All Grades8.3%7.3%7.8%4.6%5.3%4.9%
Cass County11th28.4%21.4%24.8%24.1%13.6%18.8%
8th12.2%6.1%9.0%6.2%5.6%5.9%
9th11.2%12.8%12.0%16.5%10.5%13.5%
All Grades16.3%12.5%14.3%14.7%9.4%12.0%
Chippewa County11thN/AN/AN/A***
8thN/AN/AN/A***
9thN/AN/AN/A***
All GradesN/AN/AN/A***
Chisago County11th18.4%18.8%18.6%***
8th5.1%5.7%5.4%***
9th11.8%10.7%11.3%***
All Grades11.4%11.6%11.5%***
Clay County11th7.7%10.6%9.0%6.9%5.3%6.1%
8th4.0%2.5%3.2%3.1%1.7%2.4%
9th7.1%3.5%5.3%3.0%3.9%3.4%
All Grades6.2%5.2%5.7%4.2%3.6%3.9%
Clearwater County11th16.7%22.2%19.3%15.6%19.4%17.6%
8th10.2%0.0%5.6%7.3%5.3%6.3%
9th7.7%18.5%14.0%11.6%9.4%10.3%
All Grades11.0%13.2%12.1%11.2%10.9%11.0%
Cook County11th10.0%31.3%23.1%***
8th10.5%7.7%9.4%***
9th9.5%19.0%14.3%***
All Grades10.0%20.0%15.0%***
Cottonwood County11th16.7%8.8%11.8%4.5%11.8%8.4%
8th2.3%3.9%3.2%4.5%0.0%2.1%
9th0.0%0.0%0.0%10.6%6.1%8.3%
All Grades5.7%4.4%4.9%6.7%6.0%6.3%
Crow Wing County11th19.7%18.8%19.3%***
8th6.5%2.0%4.4%***
9th3.4%6.4%4.8%***
All Grades8.8%8.2%8.5%***
Dakota County11th9.2%9.8%9.5%5.9%5.9%5.9%
8th3.0%3.1%3.1%1.8%1.6%1.7%
9th7.3%5.6%6.5%3.7%2.3%3.1%
All Grades6.4%6.1%6.3%3.7%3.1%3.4%
Dodge County11th15.5%17.2%16.3%5.1%5.4%5.2%
8th2.9%0.9%2.0%1.7%2.8%2.3%
9th3.6%7.1%5.3%2.4%3.5%2.9%
All Grades6.5%7.8%7.1%2.9%3.7%3.3%
Douglas County11th16.5%22.6%19.1%8.9%19.3%14.6%
8th2.9%7.6%5.2%2.4%4.5%3.4%
9th9.9%5.0%7.3%3.9%3.3%3.6%
All Grades9.8%11.1%10.4%4.7%8.8%6.8%
Faribault County11th16.0%21.5%19.1%20.0%7.0%13.4%
8th0.0%9.5%5.1%0.0%1.8%1.0%
9th11.1%6.1%8.7%0.0%6.8%3.8%
All Grades9.1%12.4%10.8%7.5%5.2%6.3%
Fillmore County11th8.7%11.1%10.1%14.1%9.7%11.9%
8th4.0%2.9%3.5%7.8%2.9%5.2%
9th5.5%7.3%6.4%0.0%3.1%1.5%
All Grades5.7%7.0%6.3%7.1%5.1%6.1%
Freeborn County11th16.4%21.3%19.1%5.7%7.3%6.5%
8th4.5%4.6%4.5%8.5%3.7%6.2%
9th11.8%5.8%9.4%2.1%5.7%4.0%
All Grades10.9%11.0%10.9%5.6%5.4%5.5%
Goodhue County11th8.3%8.3%8.3%11.4%15.0%12.8%
8th4.2%5.2%4.6%5.6%5.8%5.7%
9th12.5%7.6%10.0%6.8%13.2%10.1%
All Grades7.6%7.0%7.3%8.0%10.8%9.3%
Grant County11th6.5%25.9%15.5%28.6%16.7%21.1%
8th3.8%0.0%1.6%4.5%14.3%8.3%
9th5.7%14.8%9.7%6.3%5.7%6.0%
All Grades5.4%12.4%8.8%10.3%12.1%11.2%
Hennepin County11th6.7%8.9%7.8%5.6%6.4%6.0%
8th2.0%2.6%2.3%1.8%1.4%1.6%
9th4.2%4.8%4.5%2.2%1.6%1.9%
All Grades4.2%5.3%4.7%2.9%2.7%2.8%
Houston County11th2.0%10.8%6.9%1.3%14.5%7.0%
8th3.5%5.1%4.3%1.1%2.6%1.8%
9th3.1%8.0%5.5%2.4%5.7%4.3%
All Grades2.9%8.4%5.7%1.6%7.0%4.3%
Hubbard County11th23.1%16.7%19.7%9.7%14.1%11.9%
8th6.6%7.8%7.1%10.5%9.7%10.1%
9th9.9%17.3%13.0%17.0%22.2%19.4%
All Grades12.3%13.8%13.0%12.7%15.6%14.1%
Isanti County11th13.2%13.4%13.3%19.7%18.5%19.2%
8th10.1%8.3%9.3%2.7%2.9%2.8%
9th14.1%10.6%12.4%9.9%6.4%8.2%
All Grades12.2%10.1%11.2%10.3%8.9%9.6%
Itasca County11th20.9%13.9%17.8%17.2%11.9%14.2%
8th5.2%7.7%6.4%9.8%3.2%6.4%
9th12.7%13.6%13.2%10.3%8.2%9.3%
All Grades12.3%11.5%11.9%11.8%7.5%9.6%
Jackson County11th11.1%25.9%18.5%5.1%17.2%10.3%
8th0.0%4.8%2.1%6.7%20.0%14.3%
9th4.4%13.6%9.6%4.5%7.3%5.9%
All Grades5.2%15.5%10.4%5.1%13.3%9.0%
Kanabec County11th30.6%26.2%28.1%5.2%11.1%8.5%
8th11.0%3.8%7.5%6.7%7.7%7.1%
9th5.7%10.2%7.8%8.5%3.8%6.0%
All Grades13.9%12.8%13.4%6.9%7.4%7.1%
Kandiyohi County11th6.3%10.1%8.5%5.2%10.7%8.2%
8th4.3%2.5%3.4%1.8%3.1%2.5%
9th3.7%5.5%4.6%7.2%7.5%7.4%
All Grades4.7%6.1%5.5%4.7%7.0%5.9%
Kittson County11th10.5%19.0%15.0%7.1%0.0%4.3%
8th0.0%19.0%9.1%0.0%0.0%0.0%
9th6.5%7.4%6.9%5.6%6.3%5.9%
All Grades5.5%14.5%9.9%4.4%1.8%3.3%
Koochiching County11th21.7%34.5%28.8%***
8th13.3%11.4%12.5%***
9th14.7%11.4%13.0%***
All Grades15.7%18.2%16.9%***
Lac Qui Parle County11th5.9%17.9%11.3%9.4%5.6%7.4%
8th7.9%0.0%4.1%3.4%0.0%1.9%
9th10.8%0.0%4.9%0.0%0.0%0.0%
All Grades8.3%4.6%6.5%3.9%1.7%2.8%
Lake County11th25.0%25.6%25.4%***
8th10.5%10.8%10.7%***
9th14.8%8.8%12.6%***
All Grades15.1%15.5%15.3%***
Lake of the Woods County11th5.9%15.4%10.0%***
8th30.0%12.5%19.2%***
9th8.3%27.3%17.4%***
All Grades12.8%17.5%15.2%***
Le Sueur County11th12.9%19.3%16.4%18.8%6.4%13.3%
8th1.8%3.8%2.6%3.4%2.1%2.7%
9th10.7%4.1%7.4%9.9%3.8%6.7%
All Grades8.3%9.6%8.9%10.7%3.8%7.1%
Lincoln County11th13.0%26.3%19.0%***
8th4.2%0.0%2.7%***
9th13.3%0.0%5.3%***
All Grades9.7%9.1%9.4%***
Lyon County11th7.1%14.3%10.6%8.1%3.4%5.9%
8th7.6%6.3%6.8%3.8%4.9%4.4%
9th4.3%7.4%5.9%7.4%2.2%4.8%
All Grades6.1%9.1%7.6%6.3%3.5%4.9%
McLeod County11th27.3%14.3%20.0%***
8th26.3%27.3%26.7%***
9th0.0%22.2%11.1%***
All Grades20.5%20.6%20.5%***
Mahnomen County11th28.0%47.6%37.0%10.5%26.7%20.4%
8th9.7%10.7%10.2%4.0%15.8%11.1%
9th10.0%4.9%7.0%12.9%5.7%9.1%
All Grades15.1%16.7%15.9%9.3%15.5%12.9%
Marshall County11th7.0%19.6%13.8%3.6%13.9%9.4%
8th5.6%12.8%9.3%6.1%2.3%3.9%
9th10.9%2.4%7.2%0.0%3.2%1.4%
All Grades8.2%12.1%10.2%3.0%6.4%4.7%
Martin County11th21.0%22.7%21.8%***
8th8.8%13.5%11.0%***
9th12.5%9.6%11.0%***
All Grades14.0%14.4%14.2%***
Meeker County11th18.3%24.6%21.7%12.5%7.0%9.9%
8th2.4%5.6%4.0%1.7%4.5%3.0%
9th12.0%8.6%10.2%10.7%10.4%10.6%
All Grades9.2%10.9%10.1%7.6%7.4%7.5%
Mille Lacs County11th18.0%13.9%16.0%13.5%16.3%14.9%
8th7.9%9.6%8.8%6.9%3.5%5.1%
9th15.6%9.9%12.7%10.3%8.0%9.2%
All Grades13.7%10.9%12.3%10.0%8.3%9.1%
Morrison County11th9.8%17.2%13.4%11.8%13.2%12.5%
8th3.4%5.0%4.2%2.9%5.7%4.2%
9th9.8%10.1%9.9%4.9%3.9%4.4%
All Grades7.5%10.1%8.8%6.5%7.1%6.8%
Mower County11th12.8%15.0%14.0%3.7%6.6%5.2%
8th3.3%4.1%3.7%3.9%1.8%2.8%
9th10.9%9.1%10.1%7.2%4.9%6.0%
All Grades8.3%8.9%8.6%5.0%4.2%4.6%
Murray County11th18.4%27.6%22.4%13.5%7.9%10.7%
8th0.0%6.5%2.9%14.6%6.5%11.1%
9th2.9%13.9%8.6%5.7%14.3%10.4%
All Grades7.2%15.6%11.1%11.5%9.9%10.7%
Nicollet County11th10.2%9.1%9.6%***
8th1.8%2.0%1.9%***
9th1.8%0.0%0.9%***
All Grades4.4%3.6%4.0%***
Nobles County11th4.5%9.8%7.0%2.4%6.6%4.3%
8th0.0%1.9%0.9%2.6%0.0%1.4%
9th2.5%5.4%3.9%0.0%3.9%2.2%
All Grades2.2%5.3%3.7%1.8%3.3%2.6%
Norman County11th6.7%10.0%8.3%10.7%13.0%11.8%
8th7.9%6.7%7.4%6.7%0.0%3.0%
9th7.7%13.9%10.7%9.7%0.0%4.8%
All Grades7.5%10.4%8.9%8.7%2.8%5.6%
Olmsted County11th13.3%15.8%14.7%4.9%2.2%3.5%
8th7.2%1.9%4.4%2.5%0.8%1.7%
9th9.8%6.7%8.3%3.1%1.8%2.5%
All Grades9.3%6.7%7.9%3.3%1.5%2.5%
Otter Tail County11th9.3%10.3%9.8%12.7%11.0%11.8%
8th8.6%2.8%5.8%8.9%3.5%5.9%
9th7.8%7.6%7.7%4.0%2.7%3.3%
All Grades8.5%6.6%7.6%8.4%5.5%6.9%
Pennington County11th17.4%10.0%13.5%***
8th3.4%2.7%3.1%***
9th17.4%12.2%14.7%***
All Grades11.4%8.1%9.8%***
Pine County11th19.0%22.5%20.8%24.1%14.6%19.0%
8th12.5%7.1%9.5%7.2%4.2%5.7%
9th11.2%9.1%10.2%8.9%6.3%7.6%
All Grades14.0%12.6%13.3%12.1%7.9%10.0%
Pipestone County11th40.6%36.7%38.7%***
8th0.0%2.8%1.7%***
9th14.7%16.1%15.4%***
All Grades20.0%17.5%18.7%***
Polk County11th9.0%10.2%9.6%10.7%15.0%12.6%
8th3.8%4.5%4.1%3.1%0.6%1.9%
9th5.4%7.6%6.4%7.1%3.5%5.2%
All Grades5.9%7.6%6.7%6.8%5.4%6.1%
Pope County11th37.1%15.6%26.9%8.3%16.2%13.1%
8th0.0%7.3%4.1%6.3%2.4%4.1%
9th22.6%6.5%13.0%4.0%6.7%5.5%
All Grades20.4%9.2%14.3%6.2%8.3%7.4%
Ramsey County11th8.6%12.0%10.2%5.3%6.7%6.0%
8th3.9%4.4%4.2%2.9%2.6%2.8%
9th7.4%7.2%7.3%3.5%2.0%2.8%
All Grades6.7%8.0%7.4%3.9%3.7%3.8%
Red Lake County11th8.0%4.3%6.3%17.4%26.3%21.4%
8th4.2%5.0%4.5%12.5%0.0%6.7%
9th7.4%6.3%6.8%0.0%0.0%0.0%
All Grades6.6%5.3%6.0%10.3%7.9%9.2%
Redwood County11th30.6%19.7%24.5%13.7%10.2%11.8%
8th7.8%1.8%4.6%4.2%4.5%4.3%
9th15.1%10.6%12.6%10.3%3.2%6.9%
All Grades17.6%10.9%13.9%8.9%5.9%7.4%
Renville County11th3.2%25.0%12.7%7.8%7.9%7.8%
8th0.0%0.0%0.0%3.3%1.6%2.4%
9th0.0%11.8%5.7%3.7%2.3%3.1%
All Grades0.9%12.0%5.7%5.0%3.4%4.3%
Rice County11th11.7%5.8%8.8%5.0%4.7%4.9%
8th6.4%3.4%4.9%0.4%1.3%0.8%
9th8.5%6.3%7.4%2.7%2.2%2.5%
All Grades8.7%5.1%6.9%2.4%2.5%2.4%
Rock County11th5.9%0.0%2.8%***
8th2.2%2.4%2.3%***
9th7.5%0.0%3.9%***
All Grades5.0%0.9%3.0%***
Roseau County11th19.7%17.7%18.7%6.7%11.1%9.4%
8th12.5%5.1%7.9%6.5%2.5%4.5%
9th9.6%8.3%9.0%3.5%7.3%5.5%
All Grades13.9%10.3%11.9%5.3%6.9%6.2%
St. Louis County11th17.6%14.1%16.0%11.3%10.5%10.9%
8th10.1%6.0%8.1%7.9%2.3%5.2%
9th9.4%8.2%8.8%8.6%5.2%6.9%
All Grades12.1%9.1%10.7%9.2%5.9%7.5%
Scott County11th7.7%12.1%9.9%7.8%7.8%7.8%
8th5.3%7.0%6.2%1.9%1.9%1.9%
9th8.6%6.9%7.8%6.2%5.0%5.6%
All Grades7.2%8.5%7.9%5.1%4.7%4.9%
Sherburne County11th9.8%16.9%13.6%9.6%12.8%11.2%
8th3.0%3.2%3.1%3.0%1.6%2.3%
9th7.5%8.6%8.0%8.2%5.0%6.6%
All Grades6.6%9.1%7.9%6.6%5.9%6.2%
Sibley County11th16.4%18.8%17.5%18.3%23.3%20.4%
8th1.7%8.0%4.6%6.3%9.2%7.8%
9th13.8%14.9%14.4%5.2%12.0%8.3%
All Grades10.5%14.0%12.2%9.9%13.9%11.8%
Stearns County11th9.3%15.0%12.0%7.2%6.8%7.0%
8th2.8%5.4%4.1%2.5%2.7%2.6%
9th7.7%5.4%6.6%2.6%3.1%2.8%
All Grades6.8%8.5%7.6%3.8%4.0%3.9%
Steele County11th14.4%10.1%12.3%9.1%5.5%7.4%
8th7.1%5.0%6.1%3.3%2.8%3.0%
9th10.9%9.3%10.1%2.1%2.5%2.3%
All Grades10.6%8.0%9.4%4.9%3.6%4.2%
Stevens County11th0.0%5.9%2.6%18.2%3.0%11.7%
8th0.0%4.3%2.1%2.9%4.8%3.9%
9th0.0%2.0%1.2%8.8%4.8%6.6%
All Grades0.0%3.6%1.8%10.6%4.3%7.4%
Swift County11th12.0%13.2%12.7%***
8th0.0%2.9%1.4%***
9th14.3%0.0%7.4%***
All Grades7.9%6.1%7.0%***
Todd County11th14.9%14.1%14.6%6.5%8.2%7.3%
8th9.9%7.4%8.7%4.9%9.0%6.9%
9th11.9%11.6%11.8%5.7%10.1%8.1%
All Grades12.3%10.9%11.7%5.7%9.1%7.4%
Traverse County11th16.7%0.0%11.5%***
8th0.0%0.0%0.0%***
9th9.1%0.0%4.3%***
All Grades9.1%0.0%4.6%***
Wabasha County11th16.0%9.0%12.7%9.8%9.6%9.7%
8th3.9%1.1%2.6%3.6%5.1%4.4%
9th4.9%6.4%5.6%6.5%5.5%6.1%
All Grades9.3%6.0%7.8%6.6%6.5%6.5%
Wadena County11th22.9%21.0%22.0%14.8%12.5%13.8%
8th4.1%2.5%3.4%7.5%3.1%5.1%
9th13.3%10.4%12.1%5.1%9.0%6.8%
All Grades12.4%10.5%11.6%9.2%7.5%8.4%
Waseca County11th14.0%19.8%16.8%3.6%9.9%6.7%
8th6.4%4.8%5.7%4.0%3.8%3.9%
9th4.9%10.4%7.9%3.0%3.8%3.4%
All Grades8.4%11.5%10.0%3.5%5.6%4.6%
Washington County11th12.2%16.6%14.4%8.5%7.3%7.9%
8th3.3%4.5%3.9%2.0%3.1%2.5%
9th8.6%8.8%8.7%5.4%3.4%4.4%
All Grades7.9%9.9%8.9%5.2%4.4%4.8%
Watonwan County11th11.4%4.3%7.4%7.4%12.0%9.6%
8th4.0%0.0%2.4%2.0%2.9%2.5%
9th8.9%11.4%10.0%2.9%5.7%4.3%
All Grades7.7%5.3%6.6%4.0%6.3%5.2%
Wilkin County11th16.3%13.9%15.2%12.5%4.2%9.4%
8th7.5%10.0%8.6%8.8%0.0%4.2%
9th7.8%15.2%10.7%13.2%6.3%9.3%
All Grades10.4%13.1%11.6%11.6%3.6%7.7%
Winona County11th12.7%15.4%14.1%10.6%9.9%10.3%
8th4.3%1.8%3.0%3.7%0.6%2.2%
9th7.3%6.0%6.6%4.3%4.9%4.6%
All Grades7.8%7.4%7.6%6.1%5.2%5.6%
Wright County11th13.1%19.9%16.6%9.8%13.4%11.6%
8th2.7%3.4%3.0%1.4%2.1%1.7%
9th6.6%8.7%7.6%4.8%5.4%5.1%
All Grades7.1%10.3%8.7%5.1%6.7%5.9%
Yellow Medicine County11th14.3%21.4%17.6%12.5%8.8%10.6%
8th3.6%0.0%1.9%3.4%0.0%1.4%
9th16.2%9.1%12.3%5.3%0.0%2.4%
All Grades12.3%11.8%12.1%7.1%2.5%4.5%

About the Indicator:

Reported tobacco use within the past 30 days (“30-day use”) is a frequent measure of current use, especially among youth.  Youth tobacco use is presented here using 30-day use of cigarettes.  In Minnesota, no person under 18 may possess, use, purchase or attempt to purchase tobacco products or tobacco-related devices (Minn. Stat. § 609.685).  

According to the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, any past 30 day cigarette smoking was reported by 10.2% of 9th graders and 21.1% of 11th graders nationally.

According to 2013 MSS data, those students who reported using tobacco monthly or more often were 2 times more likely to think that most students in their school also used tobacco monthly or more often, as compared to those who didn't use. The association was even stronger in the other direction: students who

think most of their peers use monthly or more often were 6.4 times more likely themselves to report using tobacco that often.

"N/A" indicates that the data are unavailable or were not collected. "*" indicates the data are unreliable as a result of small sample sizes or other reasons.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Description: The MSS is a confidential and anonymous self-administered survey given to students attending Minnesota public, charter and tribal schools. From 1995 to 2010, the survey was administered to students in 6th, 9th, and 12th grades. New in 2013, the survey was administered to students in 5th, 8th, 9th, and 11th grades. Trend data are now only available for 9th graders, and only for survey questions that did not change. Most schools elect to participate in the survey; in 2013, this included 84% of public schools in Minnesota.

Although the data are not presented here, the survey is also administered to area learning centers, juvenile correction facilities and private schools electing to participate.

Sponsored by: Minnesota Department of Education

Geographic Level: State, Region, and County

Aggregated data at the state and county level do not reveal disparities that may exist within a given geographic area.

Frequency: Data collected and reported every three years

Characteristics: The results of the MSS are also available at a county level. Data Privacy requirements mandate that data is presented in a manner such that no individual student can be identified through the presentation of the results. As part of the Data Privacy practices, the results are also presented in a manner that no individual school district could be identified through the results. Therefore, for counties that have only one school district, the results are not presented. Results are also withheld for counties in which the minimum number for student participation was not met.

The MSS is a “census” of schools, not a sample. The school districts get their own data. Fifth-graders were not asked all substance use questions. Some school districts do not participate, and student participation within the school district can vary widely. These data are self-reported.