Perceptions of Peer Use of Marijuana

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Percent of Students Reporting That They Think Most Students Use Marijuana Monthly or More Often, All Available Years: by Grade, Gender, and County

20132016
FemaleMaleTotalFemaleMaleTotal
Minnesota8th32.9%25.2%29.1%27.9%19.7%23.8%
9th59.6%48.3%54.0%55.0%41.9%48.5%
11th75.2%66.7%71.0%72.7%61.1%67.0%
All Grades54.8%45.7%50.4%50.3%39.3%44.9%
Aitkin County8th31.7%27.4%29.3%18.2%17.4%17.8%
9th66.2%50.8%58.9%72.4%58.7%66.3%
11th72.0%79.5%75.5%68.8%47.2%57.4%
All Grades56.0%48.3%52.1%61.7%45.9%54.0%
Anoka County8th40.3%33.7%36.9%28.1%21.3%24.9%
9th70.3%55.8%63.5%62.1%51.8%57.1%
11th81.9%77.2%79.6%76.7%66.8%71.7%
All Grades61.2%51.6%56.5%53.6%45.6%49.7%
Becker County8th17.1%10.3%13.7%40.9%22.2%31.7%
9th71.6%32.3%51.1%44.5%36.4%40.7%
11th50.0%58.5%54.5%68.8%51.4%60.0%
All Grades44.2%31.6%37.6%51.0%36.8%44.0%
Beltrami County8th36.5%25.8%31.2%38.0%29.6%33.9%
9th61.6%53.7%57.5%66.3%49.0%57.1%
11th78.4%73.3%75.9%79.9%56.3%67.5%
All Grades57.6%49.6%53.6%58.9%44.2%51.4%
Benton County8th21.1%25.0%22.7%37.9%26.1%32.2%
9th45.5%38.2%41.9%57.6%41.8%49.4%
11th70.8%63.5%67.5%72.3%54.9%64.7%
All Grades44.8%42.0%43.5%53.8%38.7%46.5%
Big Stone County8th40.0%18.2%30.8%***
9th50.0%30.3%39.7%***
11th57.6%47.6%52.0%***
All Grades49.5%35.1%42.1%***
Blue Earth County8th20.2%11.5%15.9%32.7%21.1%26.8%
9th53.9%38.4%45.9%54.4%37.3%45.9%
11th76.1%60.8%69.3%67.4%59.5%63.3%
All Grades48.3%34.0%41.3%50.9%38.7%44.7%
Brown County8th40.8%32.7%36.7%34.3%19.3%26.5%
9th60.6%49.4%55.4%66.7%48.3%57.0%
11th64.7%63.4%64.0%82.6%64.0%73.3%
All Grades54.7%47.9%51.3%60.1%42.5%51.1%
Carlton County8th41.0%33.5%37.4%40.3%20.8%30.5%
9th65.5%54.1%60.1%55.4%41.3%48.2%
11th80.4%60.7%70.6%80.0%68.7%74.5%
All Grades61.4%48.9%55.3%57.4%41.6%49.5%
Carver County8th12.4%15.0%13.7%32.1%12.6%22.9%
9th63.9%56.6%60.4%64.5%44.4%54.7%
11th80.1%62.7%71.4%82.1%64.6%72.9%
All Grades53.2%45.2%49.3%54.3%36.5%45.6%
Cass County8th61.2%42.1%51.1%50.0%37.1%43.2%
9th55.2%44.7%50.0%63.0%49.2%56.0%
11th72.7%72.1%72.4%84.4%75.9%80.1%
All Grades62.2%51.2%56.6%63.6%51.1%57.2%
Chippewa County8thN/AN/AN/A***
9thN/AN/AN/A***
11thN/AN/AN/A***
All GradesN/AN/AN/A***
Chisago County8th39.8%32.2%36.3%***
9th64.0%56.3%60.0%***
11th75.9%64.7%70.4%***
All Grades58.0%50.3%54.3%***
Clay County8th26.4%24.4%25.4%20.7%14.2%17.6%
9th54.7%36.7%45.7%46.4%35.6%40.6%
11th78.0%62.0%70.6%69.5%59.3%64.0%
All Grades51.7%39.1%45.5%43.0%35.8%39.3%
Clearwater County8th37.0%17.9%28.2%39.5%24.3%32.5%
9th56.4%31.4%42.2%52.4%27.4%37.5%
11th72.0%31.8%53.2%68.8%61.8%65.2%
All Grades51.8%26.8%39.2%52.1%35.3%43.2%
Cook County8th22.2%7.7%16.1%***
9th57.1%61.1%59.0%***
11th90.0%50.0%65.4%***
All Grades51.0%42.6%46.9%***
Cottonwood County8th9.1%4.3%6.7%18.2%18.8%18.5%
9th22.5%22.4%22.5%32.6%32.7%32.6%
11th48.6%35.6%40.4%51.2%40.0%45.2%
All Grades25.2%22.1%23.4%33.8%30.6%32.1%
Crow Wing County8th44.1%38.9%41.6%***
9th61.5%52.7%57.2%***
11th76.2%71.2%73.6%***
All Grades58.0%52.3%55.2%***
Dakota County8th28.6%22.5%25.5%25.6%18.0%21.8%
9th58.0%49.2%53.7%52.9%41.3%47.2%
11th78.3%68.9%73.7%75.3%62.5%68.8%
All Grades54.1%46.0%50.1%49.7%39.2%44.5%
Dodge County8th21.6%18.9%20.4%25.7%14.0%20.0%
9th51.1%45.9%48.7%57.9%41.2%50.0%
11th76.3%74.2%75.3%65.3%59.2%62.7%
All Grades47.0%44.4%45.8%49.1%35.6%42.8%
Douglas County8th37.0%32.7%34.9%20.7%21.6%21.1%
9th55.0%41.9%47.9%56.2%50.3%53.3%
11th76.5%70.7%74.0%70.7%68.1%69.3%
All Grades56.5%47.0%51.9%47.0%46.0%46.5%
Faribault County8th30.0%25.0%27.2%31.1%21.8%26.0%
9th66.7%50.8%59.1%52.3%53.7%53.1%
11th64.6%63.9%64.2%79.6%75.0%77.3%
All Grades55.1%46.3%50.4%55.9%50.3%52.9%
Fillmore County8th28.0%19.4%23.9%25.8%26.9%26.4%
9th44.4%30.9%37.6%50.7%33.8%42.6%
11th67.4%60.3%63.3%75.0%67.2%71.2%
All Grades43.4%36.8%40.0%50.8%42.0%46.4%
Freeborn County8th39.0%28.1%33.3%50.9%32.4%41.9%
9th70.0%52.5%63.1%70.1%45.9%57.3%
11th78.4%66.7%71.5%75.0%61.7%68.6%
All Grades63.0%49.7%56.5%64.1%45.4%54.8%
Goodhue County8th39.4%26.3%33.5%52.1%27.7%40.0%
9th48.4%31.5%39.8%50.5%38.6%44.2%
11th65.0%54.9%59.6%62.0%65.4%63.3%
All Grades49.5%37.9%43.8%55.1%41.2%48.5%
Grant County8th52.0%11.8%28.8%31.0%24.1%28.2%
9th37.1%46.2%41.0%54.8%30.3%42.2%
11th53.3%60.0%56.4%61.9%52.8%56.1%
All Grades46.7%36.5%41.7%45.7%36.7%41.1%
Hennepin County8th29.4%23.5%26.5%22.3%15.6%19.0%
9th59.3%50.0%54.8%48.8%37.0%43.0%
11th77.4%70.6%74.0%70.4%61.3%66.0%
All Grades54.1%46.6%50.4%43.9%34.7%39.4%
Houston County8th24.4%25.7%25.0%24.4%18.7%21.7%
9th47.3%38.1%42.9%51.3%28.7%38.3%
11th67.7%62.1%64.6%80.0%67.2%74.5%
All Grades47.6%45.2%46.4%51.2%35.2%43.3%
Hubbard County8th26.2%19.4%23.3%44.0%29.5%37.5%
9th39.4%34.8%37.5%63.2%59.1%61.4%
11th68.3%46.3%56.9%64.8%62.3%63.6%
All Grades42.7%33.7%38.7%57.5%51.0%54.5%
Isanti County8th49.0%40.2%44.8%22.8%21.9%22.3%
9th66.7%65.5%66.1%60.9%53.3%57.3%
11th81.1%76.4%79.0%81.0%77.7%79.4%
All Grades61.6%55.7%58.8%53.5%49.3%51.4%
Itasca County8th22.8%20.0%21.4%37.3%23.5%30.2%
9th61.8%55.4%58.5%69.7%48.0%59.5%
11th75.9%60.7%69.1%73.9%74.3%74.1%
All Grades51.6%43.5%47.7%59.3%46.8%53.0%
Jackson County8th28.3%20.9%25.0%33.3%15.8%23.5%
9th65.9%40.4%51.5%59.1%30.0%45.2%
11th81.5%77.8%79.6%84.6%53.6%71.6%
All Grades58.3%48.1%53.1%65.3%34.5%50.8%
Kanabec County8th45.1%31.6%38.5%46.6%37.5%42.8%
9th47.8%57.6%52.3%67.1%39.7%52.7%
11th71.4%69.2%70.2%84.5%65.3%73.8%
All Grades52.5%51.2%51.9%63.4%47.7%55.6%
Kandiyohi County8th26.0%17.9%21.6%31.9%23.4%27.7%
9th46.0%37.9%42.0%58.9%41.0%49.7%
11th76.0%63.6%69.0%72.6%59.0%65.1%
All Grades48.7%40.2%44.2%52.5%40.4%46.2%
Kittson County8th9.1%19.0%14.0%57.1%35.0%46.3%
9th30.0%22.2%26.3%72.2%43.8%58.8%
11th15.8%31.6%23.7%46.4%26.3%38.3%
All Grades19.7%23.9%21.7%56.7%34.5%46.7%
Koochiching County8th75.6%57.6%67.9%***
9th85.3%67.7%76.9%***
11th90.9%89.3%90.0%***
All Grades82.2%70.7%76.7%***
Lac Qui Parle County8th47.2%21.2%34.8%15.5%14.6%15.1%
9th55.9%20.0%36.5%27.0%16.7%21.9%
11th35.3%28.6%32.3%50.0%33.3%41.2%
All Grades46.2%22.8%34.6%27.6%20.8%24.3%
Lake County8th66.7%41.9%55.2%***
9th78.9%65.5%74.4%***
11th95.0%78.4%84.2%***
All Grades77.9%62.9%71.0%***
Lake of the Woods County8th60.0%47.1%51.9%***
9th75.0%85.7%78.9%***
11th56.3%66.7%60.7%***
All Grades63.2%61.1%62.2%***
Le Sueur County8th12.8%11.7%12.4%19.0%9.1%13.5%
9th64.4%49.6%57.0%64.7%48.4%56.2%
11th79.6%69.1%73.9%77.9%73.9%76.1%
All Grades51.3%47.0%49.2%53.6%38.9%46.2%
Lincoln County8th13.0%16.7%14.3%***
9th53.3%37.5%43.6%***
11th82.6%84.2%83.3%***
All Grades49.2%49.1%49.1%***
Lyon County8th33.3%16.8%23.6%38.2%23.4%30.3%
9th47.4%50.0%48.7%46.9%44.4%45.7%
11th68.8%60.0%64.5%74.5%48.2%62.3%
All Grades51.4%42.6%46.8%51.6%37.1%44.2%
McLeod County8th57.9%18.2%43.3%***
9th66.7%0.0%37.5%***
11th66.7%76.9%72.0%***
All Grades62.5%38.7%52.1%***
Mahnomen County8th70.4%52.0%61.5%64.0%44.7%52.4%
9th85.7%68.4%75.8%76.7%54.5%65.1%
11th95.8%70.0%84.1%84.2%69.0%75.0%
All Grades83.5%63.9%73.5%74.3%55.0%63.2%
Marshall County8th36.1%30.8%33.3%9.1%11.9%10.7%
9th40.4%19.0%30.9%37.5%15.2%27.4%
11th51.2%46.9%48.9%57.1%44.4%50.0%
All Grades42.6%33.1%37.8%33.7%23.4%28.3%
Martin County8th29.6%33.3%31.3%***
9th46.8%33.3%39.6%***
11th66.2%47.1%57.2%***
All Grades47.9%37.2%42.6%***
Meeker County8th22.8%12.1%17.4%25.6%16.8%21.4%
9th40.0%27.8%33.5%43.1%35.7%39.3%
11th61.7%38.2%49.2%50.0%46.4%48.3%
All Grades37.1%23.8%30.2%38.0%31.3%34.7%
Mille Lacs County8th36.0%29.5%32.7%28.6%21.7%24.9%
9th64.6%58.0%61.2%60.1%54.2%57.4%
11th83.6%73.0%78.5%69.2%58.2%63.8%
All Grades60.3%52.0%56.1%51.3%41.4%46.3%
Morrison County8th32.9%27.5%30.2%24.4%18.8%21.7%
9th51.5%34.9%43.0%47.5%31.0%38.8%
11th70.0%48.8%59.8%56.0%49.6%53.1%
All Grades49.8%35.8%42.8%42.7%32.5%37.7%
Mower County8th48.0%45.6%46.8%28.9%24.7%26.8%
9th63.7%44.9%54.5%62.7%47.8%55.0%
11th79.8%65.1%71.5%72.4%53.6%62.8%
All Grades60.9%51.2%55.9%52.6%40.6%46.4%
Murray County8th33.3%19.4%27.1%36.6%20.0%29.6%
9th36.4%28.6%32.4%45.5%35.7%40.0%
11th86.5%60.7%75.4%48.6%29.7%39.2%
All Grades52.3%35.1%44.3%43.2%29.4%36.4%
Nicollet County8th30.9%19.6%25.7%***
9th47.3%25.8%35.9%***
11th59.2%65.5%62.5%***
All Grades45.3%37.4%41.3%***
Nobles County8th30.1%22.4%26.4%19.8%7.5%14.2%
9th54.2%40.0%47.4%40.0%30.5%34.7%
11th54.0%55.1%54.5%71.6%56.9%64.7%
All Grades45.6%37.6%41.8%41.2%29.6%35.5%
Norman County8th29.7%13.3%22.4%24.4%30.2%27.6%
9th53.8%33.3%44.0%48.3%40.0%44.1%
11th63.3%50.0%56.7%60.7%43.5%52.9%
All Grades48.1%32.3%40.6%41.2%35.8%38.5%
Olmsted County8th32.7%21.7%26.8%25.1%17.2%21.2%
9th56.4%47.7%52.0%47.2%37.3%42.6%
11th71.9%64.8%67.9%67.3%52.1%59.7%
All Grades48.5%39.4%43.6%43.9%33.4%38.8%
Otter Tail County8th31.6%23.3%27.6%28.8%17.2%22.3%
9th57.0%36.7%47.1%53.6%34.4%44.0%
11th64.1%46.5%55.2%64.3%47.1%55.8%
All Grades49.4%34.7%42.2%49.4%31.9%40.3%
Pennington County8th38.0%26.2%32.6%***
9th70.0%57.3%63.4%***
11th84.1%71.2%77.1%***
All Grades60.1%50.5%55.3%***
Pine County8th61.2%30.3%44.4%46.3%34.7%40.6%
9th74.6%61.8%68.8%64.8%51.2%57.9%
11th88.4%74.8%81.4%81.9%67.4%74.2%
All Grades74.7%54.6%64.6%62.3%50.0%56.0%
Pipestone County8th66.7%34.3%47.5%***
9th58.6%92.6%75.0%***
11th87.5%88.9%88.2%***
All Grades70.1%68.5%69.3%***
Polk County8th47.0%31.6%40.1%27.4%21.3%24.4%
9th55.5%42.5%49.6%53.3%43.0%47.8%
11th65.7%52.5%58.8%79.9%68.5%74.8%
All Grades55.8%43.0%49.7%52.5%41.8%47.2%
Pope County8th40.6%40.0%40.3%25.0%23.8%24.3%
9th61.3%20.0%36.8%45.8%23.3%33.3%
11th85.7%75.0%80.6%78.3%48.6%60.0%
All Grades63.3%41.9%51.6%46.8%32.1%38.3%
Ramsey County8th34.1%27.7%31.1%27.6%19.8%23.7%
9th65.1%52.5%59.0%60.9%48.9%55.1%
11th73.8%71.4%72.6%73.0%62.7%68.0%
All Grades58.7%51.8%55.3%53.9%43.7%48.9%
Red Lake County8th33.3%20.0%27.3%33.3%9.5%22.2%
9th63.0%31.3%45.8%52.4%30.4%40.9%
11th48.0%45.5%46.8%73.9%63.2%69.0%
All Grades48.7%32.4%40.7%52.9%33.3%43.5%
Redwood County8th32.7%27.8%30.1%21.1%23.1%22.1%
9th54.9%49.2%51.8%45.3%36.1%40.8%
11th71.7%51.7%60.6%60.0%46.6%52.8%
All Grades52.7%43.3%47.6%40.0%34.8%37.4%
Renville County8th23.8%24.0%23.9%55.0%25.0%39.5%
9th25.0%15.2%20.3%32.7%23.1%28.6%
11th61.3%50.0%56.4%54.8%44.7%51.0%
All Grades34.9%28.0%31.9%48.3%29.8%40.0%
Rice County8th32.0%17.1%24.4%17.4%9.9%13.6%
9th56.4%43.0%49.4%52.3%30.4%41.6%
11th62.2%58.0%60.2%71.2%55.4%63.7%
All Grades49.2%37.4%43.2%43.0%28.0%35.6%
Rock County8th36.6%17.5%27.2%***
9th44.4%34.3%39.4%***
11th79.4%52.6%65.3%***
All Grades52.3%34.5%43.3%***
Roseau County8th46.8%30.0%36.2%44.2%35.0%39.5%
9th48.1%48.1%48.1%54.8%38.5%46.1%
11th71.8%60.3%65.8%68.9%66.7%67.5%
All Grades56.3%46.0%50.7%53.9%45.6%49.3%
St. Louis County8th46.1%31.6%39.1%46.2%30.1%38.2%
9th63.3%60.5%62.0%59.4%46.7%53.0%
11th80.8%68.9%75.4%82.5%63.6%72.9%
All Grades62.8%52.7%58.0%61.7%46.4%54.0%
Scott County8th39.4%27.1%33.4%22.4%15.7%19.1%
9th66.1%53.5%59.8%59.7%38.7%48.8%
11th81.5%72.0%76.7%76.9%62.5%70.0%
All Grades61.3%50.1%55.7%51.5%37.1%44.2%
Sherburne County8th26.1%16.5%21.0%37.8%24.2%30.8%
9th62.3%54.4%58.5%69.1%56.8%62.9%
11th77.1%66.4%71.6%82.5%70.7%76.6%
All Grades54.1%43.8%48.8%60.0%46.7%53.2%
Sibley County8th42.0%29.2%35.7%34.4%27.3%30.7%
9th73.3%43.1%56.3%38.9%32.6%36.0%
11th71.2%61.2%66.3%78.0%41.9%62.7%
All Grades61.9%44.5%53.0%50.6%32.9%42.2%
Stearns County8th33.5%26.8%30.2%26.6%20.5%23.6%
9th52.0%37.2%44.6%45.4%34.1%39.8%
11th68.1%56.9%62.7%62.9%51.5%57.3%
All Grades51.9%40.6%46.4%43.4%33.9%38.7%
Steele County8th56.1%39.7%48.4%42.9%37.5%40.3%
9th56.9%59.3%58.1%53.6%49.2%51.3%
11th76.9%73.4%75.3%71.0%56.5%64.0%
All Grades62.8%55.8%59.5%55.9%47.6%51.8%
Stevens County8th14.3%17.4%15.8%31.4%7.1%18.2%
9th27.3%30.6%29.3%41.2%21.4%30.3%
11th56.5%11.8%37.5%48.8%37.5%43.8%
All Grades27.6%22.3%24.9%40.9%20.7%30.5%
Swift County8th11.1%0.0%5.7%***
9th55.6%26.9%41.5%***
11th48.0%35.1%40.3%***
All Grades35.2%20.6%27.6%***
Todd County8th19.6%12.9%16.3%35.0%25.7%30.3%
9th43.9%30.5%38.3%48.3%27.0%36.9%
11th62.3%55.1%59.4%55.4%39.8%47.4%
All Grades43.1%31.6%38.1%45.9%30.8%38.1%
Traverse County8th73.3%36.4%51.4%***
9th90.9%33.3%60.9%***
11th61.1%75.0%65.4%***
All Grades72.7%42.9%58.1%***
Wabasha County8th30.3%12.5%22.3%31.7%20.4%25.8%
9th38.0%28.9%33.7%56.9%40.6%49.5%
11th55.9%31.7%44.9%74.0%48.6%62.4%
All Grades43.5%25.4%35.2%54.0%35.2%45.0%
Wadena County8th20.6%17.9%19.4%20.0%11.8%15.5%
9th28.2%28.1%28.2%33.3%15.9%25.4%
11th62.9%38.3%51.5%46.8%39.0%43.5%
All Grades34.9%27.2%31.5%33.6%20.5%27.3%
Waseca County8th28.4%31.6%29.9%34.4%31.6%33.1%
9th66.7%37.5%51.5%38.0%35.9%36.9%
11th90.4%79.2%85.0%62.2%58.0%60.1%
All Grades62.0%49.0%55.6%44.0%41.5%42.8%
Washington County8th35.3%29.0%32.2%29.1%22.8%25.9%
9th63.1%53.8%58.5%58.7%46.0%52.6%
11th79.8%72.3%76.1%77.0%64.2%70.9%
All Grades58.4%50.9%54.7%54.1%42.6%48.4%
Watonwan County8th50.0%26.7%41.0%41.2%39.1%40.0%
9th68.3%47.1%58.7%55.2%47.1%51.1%
11th82.4%71.8%76.7%83.0%55.1%69.6%
All Grades65.0%50.5%58.4%59.6%46.3%52.6%
Wilkin County8th22.5%3.4%14.5%15.2%5.4%10.0%
9th48.9%30.0%41.6%42.1%29.8%35.3%
11th53.7%38.2%46.7%72.5%39.1%60.3%
All Grades42.2%24.7%34.8%45.0%23.4%34.4%
Winona County8th23.7%17.1%20.3%24.5%17.2%20.9%
9th58.0%44.5%51.3%56.7%42.9%49.6%
11th78.0%65.9%71.7%76.1%65.4%70.7%
All Grades52.1%41.3%46.6%52.4%42.0%47.1%
Wright County8th20.9%17.2%19.1%11.9%7.4%9.7%
9th58.6%44.9%51.7%50.9%32.6%41.5%
11th75.4%69.7%72.6%72.4%62.1%67.2%
All Grades49.9%43.0%46.5%43.3%32.8%38.0%
Yellow Medicine County8th21.4%37.5%28.8%41.4%4.7%19.4%
9th51.4%27.9%38.8%47.4%32.6%39.5%
11th44.4%46.3%45.3%46.9%51.5%49.2%
All Grades40.9%37.0%39.0%45.5%27.7%35.8%

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Description: The MSS is a confidential and anonymous self-administered survey given to students attending Minnesota public, charter and tribal schools. From 1995 to 2010, the survey was administered to students in 6th, 9th, and 12th grades. New in 2013, the survey was administered to students in 5th, 8th, 9th, and 11th grades. Trend data are now only available for 9th graders, and only for survey questions that did not change. Most schools elect to participate in the survey; in 2013, this included 84% of public schools in Minnesota.

Although the data are not presented here, the survey is also administered to area learning centers, juvenile correction facilities and private schools electing to participate.

Sponsored by: Minnesota Department of Education

Geographic Level: State, Region, and County

Aggregated data at the state and county level do not reveal disparities that may exist within a given geographic area.

Frequency: Data collected and reported every three years

Characteristics: The results of the MSS are also available at a county level. Data Privacy requirements mandate that data is presented in a manner such that no individual student can be identified through the presentation of the results. As part of the Data Privacy practices, the results are also presented in a manner that no individual school district could be identified through the results. Therefore, for counties that have only one school district, the results are not presented. Results are also withheld for counties in which the minimum number for student participation was not met.

The MSS is a “census” of schools, not a sample. The school districts get their own data. Fifth-graders were not asked all substance use questions. Some school districts do not participate, and student participation within the school district can vary widely. These data are self-reported.