Perception of Peer Tobacco Use

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Percent of Students Reporting That They Think Most Students Use Tobacco Monthly or More Often, All Available Years: by Grade, Gender, and County

20132016
FemaleMaleTotalFemaleMaleTotal
Minnesota8th28.0%20.9%24.5%22.4%15.3%18.9%
9th54.4%43.9%49.2%47.5%35.3%41.5%
11th70.0%62.0%66.0%61.3%51.7%56.6%
All Grades49.8%41.3%45.6%42.4%32.7%37.6%
Aitkin County8th11.0%4.0%7.0%22.7%8.7%15.6%
9th12.0%10.0%11.0%74.1%52.2%64.4%
11th15.0%16.0%16.0%68.8%52.8%60.4%
All Grades13.0%9.0%11.0%63.3%44.3%54.0%
Anoka County8th9.0%10.0%9.0%20.9%15.0%18.1%
9th8.0%8.0%8.0%54.1%41.8%48.1%
11th10.0%10.0%10.0%63.3%54.2%58.8%
All Grades9.0%9.0%9.0%44.3%36.1%40.3%
Becker County8th28.6%12.3%20.4%41.8%21.3%31.7%
9th67.0%37.5%51.6%47.7%35.6%41.9%
11th48.6%64.6%57.1%71.6%58.6%65.0%
All Grades46.8%35.9%41.2%53.3%38.6%46.1%
Beltrami County8th34.2%25.3%29.7%34.6%26.0%30.4%
9th58.3%50.0%54.0%61.9%44.1%52.5%
11th75.4%70.3%72.9%76.4%55.8%65.7%
All Grades54.8%47.3%51.0%55.2%41.0%47.9%
Benton County8th26.6%20.7%24.1%30.0%19.1%24.8%
9th50.0%43.0%46.5%52.5%36.2%44.1%
11th70.8%63.5%67.5%65.6%46.1%57.1%
All Grades48.3%42.7%45.7%47.4%32.0%39.9%
Big Stone County8th36.7%31.8%34.6%***
9th56.7%63.6%60.3%***
11th63.6%69.0%66.7%***
All Grades52.7%58.8%55.8%***
Blue Earth County8th17.4%10.2%13.8%24.7%13.2%18.9%
9th51.1%35.0%42.8%44.4%30.5%37.5%
11th67.2%52.1%60.4%52.6%47.4%49.9%
All Grades43.7%30.0%37.0%40.2%29.9%35.0%
Brown County8th50.0%40.0%44.9%32.4%26.6%29.4%
9th67.7%54.7%61.6%68.8%57.5%62.9%
11th69.0%73.1%71.2%82.6%59.3%70.9%
All Grades61.8%55.3%58.5%60.3%47.3%53.6%
Carlton County8th37.3%33.5%35.4%35.6%17.7%26.6%
9th62.1%52.2%57.4%57.6%43.2%50.3%
11th77.8%62.8%70.4%68.1%66.0%67.1%
All Grades58.2%48.8%53.7%52.8%40.4%46.6%
Carver County8th10.3%12.1%11.2%24.8%10.8%18.1%
9th56.5%45.7%51.4%59.4%38.2%49.1%
11th70.0%57.7%63.8%71.8%57.3%64.1%
All Grades46.6%38.7%42.7%47.2%31.7%39.6%
Cass County8th58.1%43.2%50.3%40.2%30.6%35.2%
9th65.9%52.9%59.5%56.7%50.0%53.3%
11th71.2%69.1%70.1%83.1%75.9%79.5%
All Grades64.6%53.6%59.0%57.3%48.9%53.0%
Chippewa County8thN/AN/AN/A***
9thN/AN/AN/A***
11thN/AN/AN/A***
All GradesN/AN/AN/A***
Chisago County8th36.5%31.4%34.2%***
9th68.8%55.8%62.2%***
11th75.0%68.1%71.6%***
All Grades58.2%51.1%54.8%***
Clay County8th24.8%16.4%20.5%16.0%10.7%13.5%
9th54.9%33.3%44.1%37.7%31.1%34.1%
11th75.3%57.1%66.9%59.8%49.4%54.3%
All Grades50.3%33.3%41.9%35.7%30.0%32.7%
Clearwater County8th43.5%25.6%35.3%38.1%18.9%29.1%
9th53.8%47.1%50.0%61.9%27.4%41.3%
11th80.0%73.9%77.1%75.0%70.6%72.7%
All Grades55.5%45.1%50.2%56.9%36.1%45.8%
Cook County8th33.3%15.4%25.8%***
9th47.6%61.1%53.8%***
11th80.0%37.5%53.8%***
All Grades49.0%40.4%44.8%***
Cottonwood County8th20.5%8.7%14.4%25.0%20.8%22.8%
9th25.0%32.7%29.2%43.5%38.8%41.1%
11th48.6%42.4%44.7%58.1%48.0%52.7%
All Grades30.3%29.2%29.7%42.1%36.1%38.9%
Crow Wing County8th43.1%35.8%39.6%***
9th59.3%53.3%56.4%***
11th75.0%78.5%76.7%***
All Grades56.7%53.2%55.0%***
Dakota County8th21.6%15.4%18.5%17.6%11.3%14.4%
9th49.4%41.2%45.3%42.8%29.6%36.3%
11th67.7%58.1%63.0%56.3%46.5%51.4%
All Grades45.5%37.4%41.5%37.9%28.0%33.0%
Dodge County8th16.4%14.5%15.6%24.6%12.1%18.6%
9th48.2%41.8%45.2%50.0%43.9%47.1%
11th66.0%69.7%67.7%59.4%54.9%57.5%
All Grades41.4%40.2%40.8%44.0%34.9%39.8%
Douglas County8th37.8%32.5%35.2%22.0%21.6%21.8%
9th51.1%36.5%43.2%56.9%51.7%54.3%
11th75.9%69.9%73.4%70.7%70.9%70.8%
All Grades55.3%44.7%50.2%47.7%47.4%47.6%
Faribault County8th18.0%18.8%18.4%20.0%10.9%15.0%
9th65.2%50.8%58.3%45.5%38.9%41.8%
11th72.9%81.7%77.8%70.4%62.5%66.4%
All Grades53.3%49.7%51.4%46.9%37.6%41.9%
Fillmore County8th28.0%20.6%24.5%33.9%29.9%31.8%
9th43.6%34.5%39.1%53.5%35.4%44.9%
11th65.2%58.7%61.5%70.3%70.5%70.4%
All Grades42.6%37.6%40.1%52.8%44.6%48.7%
Freeborn County8th44.8%20.3%32.0%46.9%27.6%37.6%
9th68.5%53.4%62.7%64.4%43.9%53.5%
11th76.9%76.4%76.6%68.2%56.8%62.7%
All Grades63.9%51.0%57.6%58.7%41.5%50.2%
Goodhue County8th34.8%29.3%32.3%47.1%25.2%36.3%
9th50.8%40.6%45.6%53.4%51.8%52.5%
11th67.4%62.7%64.9%57.0%60.3%58.3%
All Grades48.7%44.3%46.5%52.5%43.7%48.3%
Grant County8th44.0%14.7%27.1%31.0%31.0%31.0%
9th60.0%53.8%57.4%51.6%27.3%39.1%
11th66.7%60.0%63.6%61.9%52.8%56.1%
All Grades57.8%40.0%49.1%44.7%37.8%41.1%
Hennepin County8th18.5%14.5%16.5%13.6%9.7%11.7%
9th42.7%33.9%38.5%35.8%25.3%30.7%
11th63.1%55.3%59.3%50.5%42.0%46.4%
All Grades40.2%33.4%36.9%30.8%23.4%27.2%
Houston County8th24.4%26.8%25.5%20.9%13.3%17.4%
9th41.5%39.3%40.4%51.3%25.0%36.2%
11th60.8%52.6%56.3%61.3%49.2%56.0%
All Grades43.2%41.7%42.5%43.9%27.5%35.7%
Hubbard County8th27.4%19.7%24.1%37.3%19.4%29.2%
9th42.4%52.2%46.4%56.3%58.2%57.1%
11th79.4%53.7%66.2%63.4%65.2%64.3%
All Grades47.4%41.4%44.7%52.4%48.5%50.6%
Isanti County8th44.1%32.8%38.7%22.2%18.6%20.4%
9th63.2%65.3%64.3%57.0%52.1%54.7%
11th77.9%76.7%77.4%77.3%77.9%77.6%
All Grades57.6%52.5%55.1%50.9%47.9%49.4%
Itasca County8th27.5%24.9%26.2%34.9%26.3%30.5%
9th67.0%60.0%63.5%66.7%53.4%60.5%
11th79.2%70.1%75.1%76.5%78.5%77.6%
All Grades56.1%49.3%52.8%57.9%50.9%54.3%
Jackson County8th20.8%18.6%19.8%40.0%22.2%30.3%
9th63.6%42.9%52.0%54.5%35.0%45.2%
11th85.2%85.2%85.2%82.1%64.3%74.6%
All Grades56.3%51.0%53.6%63.3%41.9%53.3%
Kanabec County8th50.0%30.4%40.4%38.6%32.8%36.2%
9th48.6%59.3%53.5%68.6%35.9%51.4%
11th71.4%75.4%73.7%77.6%63.9%70.0%
All Grades54.7%53.2%54.0%58.8%44.4%51.6%
Kandiyohi County8th19.8%17.3%18.5%21.9%19.0%20.4%
9th41.1%33.5%37.3%48.5%37.6%42.9%
11th68.0%56.0%61.2%60.2%59.0%59.5%
All Grades42.5%36.0%39.0%41.7%37.7%39.6%
Kittson County8th13.6%23.8%18.6%47.6%25.0%36.6%
9th40.0%44.4%42.1%66.7%50.0%58.8%
11th52.6%47.4%50.0%50.0%36.8%44.7%
All Grades35.2%38.8%37.0%53.7%36.4%45.9%
Koochiching County8th60.0%60.6%60.3%***
9th82.4%65.6%74.2%***
11th86.4%89.7%88.2%***
All Grades73.3%71.3%72.3%***
Lac Qui Parle County8th41.7%21.2%31.9%20.3%18.8%19.6%
9th58.8%27.5%41.9%43.2%33.3%38.4%
11th55.9%64.3%59.7%75.0%63.9%69.1%
All Grades51.9%35.6%43.9%40.6%36.7%38.7%
Lake County8th66.7%48.4%58.2%***
9th77.2%65.5%73.3%***
11th90.0%75.7%80.7%***
All Grades76.1%63.9%70.5%***
Lake of the Woods County8th50.0%47.1%48.1%***
9th83.3%87.5%85.0%***
11th56.3%66.7%60.7%***
All Grades63.2%62.2%62.7%***
Le Sueur County8th17.4%13.2%15.7%22.4%9.0%15.0%
9th66.9%49.6%58.3%62.9%39.2%50.6%
11th83.9%74.5%78.8%77.4%75.0%76.4%
All Grades55.0%49.5%52.3%54.2%35.9%44.9%
Lincoln County8th9.1%0.0%5.9%***
9th80.0%54.2%64.1%***
11th95.7%94.7%95.2%***
All Grades60.0%56.4%58.3%***
Lyon County8th36.4%18.9%26.1%34.1%24.1%28.8%
9th57.0%54.7%55.8%47.7%44.4%46.0%
11th68.8%65.6%67.2%75.5%44.7%61.2%
All Grades56.2%46.7%51.2%50.7%36.6%43.5%
McLeod County8th63.2%45.5%56.7%***
9th55.6%28.6%43.8%***
11th83.3%85.7%84.6%***
All Grades67.5%59.4%63.9%***
Mahnomen County8th60.7%54.5%58.0%64.0%44.7%52.4%
9th89.3%71.1%78.8%71.0%63.6%67.2%
11th100.0%75.0%88.6%78.9%75.9%77.1%
All Grades82.5%67.5%75.0%70.7%60.0%64.6%
Marshall County8th47.2%34.2%40.5%12.1%14.0%13.2%
9th57.7%45.2%52.1%47.5%18.2%34.2%
11th55.8%61.2%58.7%64.3%69.4%67.2%
All Grades54.2%48.1%51.2%40.6%33.0%36.6%
Martin County8th44.4%41.3%43.0%***
9th58.5%39.8%48.5%***
11th75.6%58.2%67.6%***
All Grades59.8%45.4%52.7%***
Meeker County8th25.0%15.3%20.2%27.4%19.6%23.7%
9th53.0%31.3%41.1%45.1%38.4%41.6%
11th62.0%50.0%55.5%51.3%49.3%50.3%
All Grades43.0%29.0%35.5%39.7%34.0%36.9%
Mille Lacs County8th31.9%27.5%29.6%33.0%25.7%29.0%
9th64.6%57.8%61.1%64.6%59.0%62.0%
11th88.1%73.0%80.7%67.6%64.1%65.9%
All Grades60.2%51.2%55.7%53.9%46.2%50.0%
Morrison County8th40.7%30.8%35.8%26.2%20.1%23.3%
9th56.0%45.4%50.6%52.5%32.5%42.0%
11th79.2%63.9%71.8%58.4%56.7%57.7%
All Grades56.8%44.9%50.9%45.8%35.6%40.8%
Mower County8th32.4%34.0%33.2%21.6%22.7%22.2%
9th49.6%45.8%47.7%51.3%41.4%46.3%
11th71.8%59.8%65.1%65.7%45.5%55.3%
All Grades47.7%45.2%46.4%43.9%35.3%39.5%
Murray County8th35.9%25.8%31.4%41.5%20.0%32.4%
9th29.4%48.6%39.1%54.5%42.9%48.0%
11th84.2%78.6%81.8%62.2%61.1%61.6%
All Grades50.5%50.0%50.2%52.3%42.6%47.5%
Nicollet County8th30.9%15.2%23.8%***
9th40.0%17.7%28.2%***
11th57.1%56.4%56.7%***
All Grades42.1%30.1%36.0%***
Nobles County8th26.5%13.1%20.0%21.6%11.8%17.2%
9th54.2%42.7%48.7%36.0%26.3%30.6%
11th64.4%50.0%57.6%64.2%47.9%56.5%
All Grades47.2%33.9%40.8%38.6%27.2%33.0%
Norman County8th29.7%23.3%26.9%22.2%28.3%25.5%
9th41.0%44.4%42.7%41.4%40.0%40.7%
11th63.3%43.3%53.3%67.9%56.5%62.7%
All Grades43.4%37.5%40.6%40.2%37.7%38.9%
Olmsted County8th30.4%18.1%23.8%16.7%9.2%13.0%
9th44.3%46.3%45.3%33.4%26.0%30.0%
11th75.8%58.3%65.8%52.8%40.4%46.6%
All Grades44.3%35.7%39.7%31.9%23.3%27.8%
Otter Tail County8th30.4%20.3%25.5%28.6%16.3%21.7%
9th57.2%39.8%48.7%52.9%35.7%44.3%
11th72.8%57.4%64.9%66.2%50.5%58.4%
All Grades51.4%37.9%44.7%49.7%33.0%41.0%
Pennington County8th35.4%21.2%29.0%***
9th75.7%64.0%69.7%***
11th80.0%73.1%76.3%***
All Grades60.3%51.8%56.1%***
Pine County8th56.9%33.6%44.2%47.1%36.4%41.8%
9th74.6%58.2%67.1%62.3%52.4%57.3%
11th86.5%77.6%82.0%81.9%67.4%74.2%
All Grades72.9%55.5%64.1%61.7%51.0%56.2%
Pipestone County8th58.3%28.6%41.0%***
9th69.0%92.6%80.0%***
11th87.5%92.6%90.0%***
All Grades71.4%67.4%69.0%***
Polk County8th40.2%29.2%35.2%24.7%21.3%23.0%
9th54.8%40.0%48.1%47.0%42.4%44.6%
11th69.4%56.7%62.7%71.9%66.7%69.6%
All Grades54.4%42.9%48.9%46.9%41.1%44.0%
Pope County8th43.8%40.0%41.7%34.4%23.8%28.4%
9th61.3%22.2%38.2%54.2%30.0%40.7%
11th91.4%71.9%82.1%73.9%40.5%53.3%
All Grades66.3%41.9%53.0%51.9%31.2%39.9%
Ramsey County8th24.7%19.2%22.1%20.1%11.9%16.1%
9th56.2%43.9%50.2%50.8%37.0%44.2%
11th65.2%60.3%62.8%57.1%48.8%53.0%
All Grades49.7%42.4%46.2%42.8%32.5%37.8%
Red Lake County8th37.5%25.0%31.8%33.3%9.5%22.2%
9th74.1%50.0%61.0%52.4%26.1%38.6%
11th64.0%54.5%59.6%73.9%63.2%69.0%
All Grades59.2%44.6%52.0%52.9%31.7%42.7%
Redwood County8th26.5%29.6%28.2%21.1%24.6%22.8%
9th51.0%52.5%51.8%37.5%30.0%33.9%
11th84.8%64.9%73.8%60.0%55.2%57.4%
All Grades53.4%49.4%51.3%37.3%36.1%36.7%
Renville County8th28.6%12.0%22.4%57.4%21.9%39.2%
9th38.9%30.3%34.8%40.4%28.2%35.2%
11th67.7%58.3%63.6%58.1%42.1%52.0%
All Grades43.1%32.9%38.7%52.6%29.1%42.1%
Rice County8th32.1%17.4%24.6%12.7%6.9%9.8%
9th53.2%41.8%47.3%44.3%26.2%35.5%
11th55.7%48.9%52.4%47.4%41.3%44.6%
All Grades46.2%34.7%40.4%32.0%21.7%27.0%
Rock County8th26.8%17.5%22.2%***
9th42.9%34.3%38.6%***
11th58.8%52.6%55.6%***
All Grades41.8%34.5%38.1%***
Roseau County8th48.9%37.5%41.7%45.5%35.0%40.1%
9th54.4%57.1%55.8%56.0%34.4%44.4%
11th76.1%78.2%77.2%68.9%72.2%70.9%
All Grades60.9%57.4%59.0%54.9%45.6%49.8%
St. Louis County8th43.9%31.0%37.6%41.1%25.1%33.1%
9th64.0%61.5%62.8%55.0%45.2%50.0%
11th80.0%69.5%75.2%72.2%56.7%64.3%
All Grades62.1%53.1%57.8%55.4%42.3%48.8%
Scott County8th32.8%21.9%27.5%16.2%11.5%13.9%
9th54.8%43.6%49.2%51.3%32.2%41.4%
11th71.2%61.4%66.3%68.0%54.5%61.5%
All Grades51.9%41.6%46.8%43.7%31.0%37.3%
Sherburne County8th22.2%14.8%18.3%33.5%19.3%26.2%
9th60.3%53.4%57.0%64.6%50.2%57.3%
11th76.9%68.0%72.3%73.9%62.4%68.1%
All Grades52.0%43.4%47.6%54.4%40.3%47.2%
Sibley County8th34.7%27.1%30.9%36.1%25.8%30.7%
9th66.7%46.6%55.3%44.4%37.0%41.0%
11th82.7%71.4%77.2%69.5%41.9%57.8%
All Grades61.6%48.4%54.8%50.0%33.5%42.2%
Stearns County8th30.4%22.2%26.4%25.8%17.8%21.8%
9th49.9%34.8%42.4%39.8%29.2%34.6%
11th67.3%58.7%63.2%56.1%46.5%51.3%
All Grades49.9%38.9%44.6%39.2%29.7%34.5%
Steele County8th52.5%35.3%44.6%38.6%34.1%36.4%
9th52.8%58.1%55.4%51.8%49.7%50.7%
11th76.8%70.4%73.9%69.2%60.1%64.9%
All Grades60.1%52.8%56.7%53.3%47.8%50.6%
Stevens County8th18.4%17.4%17.9%31.4%23.8%27.3%
9th42.4%28.6%34.1%52.9%34.1%42.7%
11th60.9%11.8%40.0%65.9%46.9%57.5%
All Grades35.2%21.4%28.1%50.9%33.9%42.2%
Swift County8th16.7%8.8%12.9%***
9th59.3%30.8%45.3%***
11th60.0%51.4%54.8%***
All Grades42.0%30.9%36.2%***
Todd County8th22.9%18.3%20.6%31.7%22.5%27.1%
9th52.7%52.4%52.6%43.7%30.0%36.4%
11th72.8%62.8%68.8%59.8%46.9%53.2%
All Grades50.9%43.1%47.5%44.6%33.0%38.6%
Traverse County8th66.7%31.8%45.9%***
9th72.7%25.0%47.8%***
11th61.1%75.0%65.4%***
All Grades65.9%38.1%52.3%***
Wabasha County8th23.5%14.8%19.6%29.3%21.7%25.3%
9th35.9%33.7%34.9%52.7%39.1%46.6%
11th60.0%37.5%49.8%61.8%55.9%59.1%
All Grades42.7%29.9%36.8%47.9%37.2%42.8%
Wadena County8th29.9%28.2%29.1%37.3%21.5%28.6%
9th40.0%45.3%42.3%38.7%36.5%37.7%
11th77.1%61.7%70.0%67.1%52.5%60.9%
All Grades46.4%43.6%45.2%48.0%34.4%41.4%
Waseca County8th30.0%34.2%32.1%34.4%27.6%31.4%
9th66.7%47.2%56.5%40.0%43.7%41.9%
11th91.6%79.2%85.6%59.8%64.2%62.0%
All Grades63.1%53.3%58.2%44.0%45.4%44.7%
Washington County8th27.5%22.9%25.2%22.1%16.1%19.0%
9th57.2%46.0%51.7%46.1%35.1%40.9%
11th70.9%66.5%68.7%61.8%47.6%55.0%
All Grades50.9%44.3%47.6%42.6%31.6%37.2%
Watonwan County8th33.3%25.8%30.4%27.5%34.8%31.7%
9th52.5%35.3%44.6%44.8%34.3%39.4%
11th79.4%56.4%67.1%61.1%40.8%51.5%
All Grades52.5%40.4%46.9%44.8%36.2%40.3%
Wilkin County8th20.0%3.4%13.0%12.1%8.1%10.0%
9th48.9%46.7%48.1%52.6%31.9%41.2%
11th70.7%63.6%67.6%77.5%47.8%66.7%
All Grades46.9%39.1%43.6%49.5%27.1%38.5%
Winona County8th26.5%13.4%19.7%20.6%12.7%16.7%
9th56.9%38.6%47.7%53.8%40.2%46.8%
11th67.2%56.5%61.7%65.2%51.6%58.5%
All Grades49.7%35.1%42.2%46.6%35.0%40.8%
Wright County8th20.3%15.4%17.9%11.5%10.1%10.8%
9th57.7%44.8%51.2%48.7%32.7%40.5%
11th77.2%70.6%73.9%68.9%59.3%64.1%
All Grades50.1%42.6%46.3%41.3%32.8%37.1%
Yellow Medicine County8th25.0%41.7%32.7%33.3%7.0%17.8%
9th45.9%25.6%35.0%52.6%32.6%42.0%
11th75.6%63.4%69.8%62.5%48.5%55.4%
All Grades52.7%43.5%48.2%50.0%27.7%37.9%

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Description: The MSS is a confidential and anonymous self-administered survey given to students attending Minnesota public, charter and tribal schools. From 1995 to 2010, the survey was administered to students in 6th, 9th, and 12th grades. New in 2013, the survey was administered to students in 5th, 8th, 9th, and 11th grades. Trend data are now only available for 9th graders, and only for survey questions that did not change. Most schools elect to participate in the survey; in 2013, this included 84% of public schools in Minnesota.

Although the data are not presented here, the survey is also administered to area learning centers, juvenile correction facilities and private schools electing to participate.

Sponsored by: Minnesota Department of Education

Geographic Level: State, Region, and County

Aggregated data at the state and county level do not reveal disparities that may exist within a given geographic area.

Frequency: Data collected and reported every three years

Characteristics: The results of the MSS are also available at a county level. Data Privacy requirements mandate that data is presented in a manner such that no individual student can be identified through the presentation of the results. As part of the Data Privacy practices, the results are also presented in a manner that no individual school district could be identified through the results. Therefore, for counties that have only one school district, the results are not presented. Results are also withheld for counties in which the minimum number for student participation was not met.

The MSS is a “census” of schools, not a sample. The school districts get their own data. Fifth-graders were not asked all substance use questions. Some school districts do not participate, and student participation within the school district can vary widely. These data are self-reported.