Positive Identity

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Percent of Students Reporting Higher Levels of Positive Identity, as Determined by the Developmental Assets Scale, All Available Years: by Grade, Gender, and County

20132016
FemaleMaleTotalFemaleMaleTotal
Minnesota11th26.5%37.0%31.7%25.6%36.8%31.2%
5th33.1%30.7%31.9%35.3%32.8%34.0%
8th30.2%39.5%34.8%32.6%40.5%36.5%
9th28.7%40.1%34.3%28.4%38.8%33.5%
All Grades29.5%37.0%33.2%30.6%37.3%33.9%
Aitkin County11th19.3%29.2%23.8%29.2%48.1%39.2%
5th26.9%19.3%22.9%41.8%31.3%35.6%
8th29.5%30.1%29.9%28.6%41.7%35.6%
9th31.8%37.7%34.6%18.3%25.0%21.2%
All Grades27.1%29.3%28.2%29.3%35.6%32.6%
Anoka County11th24.0%35.4%29.5%24.9%36.6%30.9%
5th35.2%34.4%34.8%40.8%33.8%37.2%
8th25.6%34.6%30.1%30.5%40.4%35.2%
9th28.8%42.0%35.0%30.7%40.4%35.4%
All Grades28.4%36.6%32.5%29.9%38.8%34.3%
Becker County11th29.8%28.1%28.9%22.4%40.9%31.8%
5th18.2%15.0%16.7%36.1%30.5%33.3%
8th31.4%35.2%33.3%33.3%44.2%38.7%
9th30.6%35.9%33.5%32.8%45.4%38.9%
All Grades29.1%31.4%30.3%31.4%40.3%35.8%
Beltrami County11th32.0%39.8%35.8%33.8%43.2%38.7%
5th22.7%24.8%23.7%27.8%25.7%26.7%
8th25.1%32.8%29.1%23.2%35.9%29.4%
9th23.2%36.3%29.7%27.1%35.7%31.7%
All Grades25.6%33.5%29.5%27.5%34.4%31.0%
Benton County11th31.0%34.0%32.4%35.7%35.1%35.4%
5th******
8th23.4%26.6%24.8%27.5%33.2%30.2%
9th35.5%38.2%36.9%25.8%34.3%30.2%
All Grades30.1%33.7%31.8%28.9%34.1%31.4%
Big Stone County11th36.4%38.6%37.7%***
5th25.0%35.7%30.8%***
8th13.3%16.7%14.8%***
9th20.0%30.3%25.4%***
All Grades23.8%31.3%27.7%***
Blue Earth County11th28.9%34.8%31.6%38.9%40.2%39.6%
5th33.3%34.8%34.1%39.6%38.1%38.8%
8th40.3%52.7%46.5%35.4%41.8%38.6%
9th32.9%42.3%37.7%27.8%42.5%35.1%
All Grades34.1%41.8%37.9%35.3%40.6%38.0%
Brown County11th15.8%39.4%27.8%18.4%31.8%25.0%
5th25.9%29.3%27.7%20.2%25.0%22.7%
8th26.2%36.0%31.2%35.3%47.3%41.6%
9th25.0%27.7%26.3%21.6%35.2%28.8%
All Grades23.3%33.3%28.4%24.2%35.6%30.1%
Carlton County11th27.5%30.5%29.0%24.7%36.2%30.3%
5th27.5%17.0%22.2%31.3%27.5%29.1%
8th33.5%36.7%35.0%27.8%33.8%30.8%
9th23.5%35.7%29.3%24.9%43.5%34.4%
All Grades28.0%29.8%28.9%27.0%35.2%31.2%
Carver County11th20.7%37.1%28.8%25.0%34.8%30.2%
5th40.0%34.1%37.2%41.1%37.4%39.2%
8th28.4%47.9%38.2%34.5%43.8%38.9%
9th33.7%37.4%35.4%38.4%43.1%40.7%
All Grades30.9%39.2%34.9%35.4%40.6%38.0%
Cass County11th22.7%44.3%33.8%14.1%26.2%20.4%
5th32.0%22.0%26.5%27.3%25.2%26.1%
8th18.4%33.7%26.5%38.1%30.1%33.9%
9th20.5%37.1%28.8%16.7%31.8%24.5%
All Grades23.7%32.8%28.5%24.8%28.3%26.7%
Chippewa County11th******
5th28.6%50.0%40.0%***
8th******
9th******
All Grades28.6%50.0%40.0%***
Chisago County11th30.0%37.0%33.3%***
5th39.2%35.8%37.4%***
8th24.4%34.3%28.9%***
9th26.7%41.1%33.9%***
All Grades28.4%37.3%32.7%***
Clay County11th23.6%43.4%32.9%22.8%36.8%30.3%
5th41.0%34.1%37.9%33.5%33.8%33.7%
8th34.5%40.4%37.5%40.4%46.4%43.3%
9th28.9%43.2%36.0%21.8%36.2%29.5%
All Grades32.4%40.3%36.2%30.2%38.2%34.4%
Clearwater County11th13.3%33.3%23.3%21.9%30.6%26.5%
5th34.3%20.6%27.5%28.9%19.6%24.0%
8th26.5%30.0%28.1%19.5%28.9%24.1%
9th21.6%29.4%26.1%18.6%26.6%23.4%
All Grades24.5%28.4%26.5%22.4%25.9%24.3%
Cook County11th40.0%37.5%38.5%***
5th20.0%71.4%50.0%***
8th50.0%30.8%41.9%***
9th18.2%50.0%34.1%***
All Grades32.7%44.8%38.9%***
Cottonwood County11th24.3%40.4%34.0%27.3%34.7%31.2%
5th23.1%17.5%20.3%22.5%22.5%22.5%
8th27.9%36.4%32.7%22.7%34.0%28.7%
9th40.5%26.5%33.0%25.0%36.2%30.5%
All Grades29.2%31.3%30.4%24.4%32.3%28.5%
Crow Wing County11th25.8%33.3%29.7%***
5th22.6%27.5%24.8%***
8th16.8%33.3%25.0%***
9th32.6%28.9%30.9%***
All Grades24.2%31.0%27.5%***
Dakota County11th25.3%39.2%32.2%24.2%35.2%29.8%
5th35.7%33.2%34.4%35.8%32.2%34.0%
8th31.0%40.5%35.8%34.4%40.7%37.6%
9th31.5%45.3%38.3%29.4%39.2%34.2%
All Grades30.8%39.5%35.1%31.0%37.2%34.1%
Dodge County11th23.3%33.0%27.9%35.7%45.8%40.0%
5th32.2%34.1%33.2%42.9%18.7%30.2%
8th30.7%37.9%34.0%26.3%40.2%33.0%
9th29.9%42.4%35.9%39.5%42.1%40.8%
All Grades29.3%37.1%33.1%35.9%36.0%36.0%
Douglas County11th27.0%34.6%30.4%35.2%43.0%39.3%
5th23.3%32.2%27.3%35.1%41.8%38.4%
8th34.9%45.1%39.8%42.2%43.0%42.6%
9th28.6%39.1%34.0%39.4%49.7%44.4%
All Grades28.6%38.2%33.1%38.2%44.4%41.3%
Faribault County11th25.5%24.6%25.0%27.8%34.5%31.3%
5th39.5%28.1%33.0%27.3%27.1%27.2%
8th26.0%28.3%27.3%15.6%24.1%20.2%
9th22.7%30.0%26.2%37.8%25.4%30.8%
All Grades27.6%27.7%27.7%27.1%27.9%27.5%
Fillmore County11th17.4%31.7%25.7%37.5%35.5%36.5%
5th31.5%22.4%26.8%43.9%22.9%32.3%
8th38.4%44.3%41.3%29.7%24.6%27.1%
9th32.1%26.8%29.5%21.4%36.9%28.9%
All Grades31.0%32.0%31.5%32.5%29.7%31.1%
Freeborn County11th30.2%25.9%27.8%28.7%45.1%36.7%
5th33.3%23.2%28.6%29.5%21.4%25.3%
8th38.1%66.7%52.4%34.5%52.4%42.9%
9th33.0%51.3%40.9%20.8%35.9%28.6%
All Grades33.5%39.4%36.4%28.7%37.8%33.3%
Goodhue County11th26.8%34.8%31.1%31.1%40.3%34.7%
5th26.8%31.8%29.6%31.0%27.6%29.4%
8th41.3%40.6%41.0%36.6%36.1%36.3%
9th32.0%39.7%35.9%33.3%38.3%35.9%
All Grades32.5%36.4%34.5%32.9%35.0%33.9%
Grant County11th38.7%40.7%39.7%9.5%25.0%19.3%
5th31.3%40.0%35.1%20.6%36.4%29.5%
8th12.5%25.7%20.3%38.6%53.1%44.7%
9th11.8%25.9%18.0%28.1%23.5%25.8%
All Grades24.0%32.5%28.1%26.7%34.2%30.7%
Hennepin County11th28.7%39.9%34.2%25.5%37.8%31.5%
5th37.9%34.8%36.3%39.8%36.6%38.2%
8th33.4%43.6%38.4%34.0%42.0%37.9%
9th29.7%42.4%35.9%31.8%41.3%36.4%
All Grades32.3%40.4%36.3%33.3%39.6%36.4%
Houston County11th27.6%36.7%32.6%16.5%29.0%22.0%
5th33.3%20.6%27.5%21.6%27.0%24.3%
8th25.6%32.1%28.7%26.7%38.7%32.3%
9th28.6%30.7%29.6%20.0%36.9%29.5%
All Grades28.6%31.3%29.9%21.3%33.4%27.3%
Hubbard County11th17.2%35.2%26.7%27.8%25.7%26.8%
5th22.1%20.3%21.3%27.9%26.9%27.5%
8th25.0%36.4%29.9%25.0%29.2%27.0%
9th16.7%18.9%17.6%20.5%27.5%23.6%
All Grades20.6%28.5%24.2%25.2%27.3%26.1%
Isanti County11th22.9%33.3%27.4%14.0%25.5%19.6%
5th33.1%22.0%27.5%30.6%27.8%29.2%
8th26.4%37.9%31.9%26.4%36.4%31.3%
9th25.5%33.8%29.6%16.1%33.9%24.8%
All Grades27.2%31.9%29.5%22.1%31.0%26.5%
Itasca County11th25.7%31.7%28.4%27.6%29.7%28.8%
5th23.2%22.6%22.8%26.8%31.8%29.3%
8th27.5%31.0%29.2%23.4%40.4%32.2%
9th24.9%31.1%28.0%20.1%37.8%28.6%
All Grades25.5%29.2%27.4%24.1%35.1%29.7%
Jackson County11th29.6%38.9%34.3%17.5%26.7%21.4%
5th25.0%18.2%21.1%32.6%25.0%29.1%
8th41.5%48.8%44.7%50.0%36.8%42.4%
9th26.7%32.8%30.1%15.9%34.9%25.3%
All Grades31.3%33.7%32.5%25.0%30.3%27.5%
Kanabec County11th26.5%37.5%32.7%23.7%31.9%28.2%
5th27.4%14.3%21.3%32.7%37.5%35.4%
8th20.0%32.5%26.3%30.3%24.2%27.8%
9th37.1%29.3%33.6%22.9%39.7%31.8%
All Grades27.6%28.7%28.1%27.3%33.7%30.6%
Kandiyohi County11th29.0%37.6%33.9%38.4%51.5%45.6%
5th41.5%29.7%35.6%35.3%28.1%31.2%
8th32.6%39.6%36.4%35.4%46.6%41.0%
9th36.4%46.0%41.2%36.8%50.6%43.9%
All Grades35.2%38.4%36.9%36.3%43.1%40.0%
Kittson County11th26.3%22.7%24.4%28.6%44.4%34.8%
5th13.6%22.2%17.5%23.5%37.5%30.3%
8th39.1%23.8%31.8%20.0%40.0%30.0%
9th19.4%53.8%35.1%16.7%31.3%23.5%
All Grades24.2%32.2%28.0%22.9%38.6%30.1%
Koochiching County11th9.5%33.3%22.9%***
5th29.6%30.0%29.9%***
8th18.2%28.6%22.8%***
9th12.5%27.6%19.7%***
All Grades17.7%29.8%23.9%***
Lac Qui Parle County11th33.3%42.9%37.7%34.4%37.1%35.8%
5th28.6%17.5%23.2%36.0%42.1%38.6%
8th18.9%34.4%26.1%24.1%41.3%31.7%
9th30.6%31.1%30.9%32.4%41.7%37.0%
All Grades27.7%30.3%29.0%31.1%40.6%35.5%
Lake County11th30.0%34.2%32.8%***
5th18.8%21.9%20.3%***
8th17.1%45.0%32.0%***
9th17.9%28.1%21.6%***
All Grades19.6%33.1%26.3%***
Lake of the Woods County11th11.8%38.5%23.3%***
5th0.0%15.8%10.0%***
8th18.2%43.8%33.3%***
9th33.3%37.5%35.3%***
All Grades14.6%32.1%24.0%***
Le Sueur County11th23.9%24.8%24.4%24.3%41.1%31.9%
5th23.8%28.0%26.2%25.7%24.8%25.2%
8th30.6%30.4%30.5%24.6%41.5%34.0%
9th26.2%28.9%27.6%19.8%36.4%28.4%
All Grades26.4%27.9%27.1%23.5%36.1%29.9%
Lincoln County11th17.4%30.0%23.3%***
5th23.1%23.1%23.1%***
8th19.0%50.0%29.0%***
9th20.0%58.3%43.6%***
All Grades19.4%41.8%30.2%***
Lyon County11th35.8%43.5%39.6%33.0%50.0%41.1%
5th53.0%34.8%43.9%37.4%46.7%42.2%
8th19.7%44.8%34.6%33.3%40.0%36.8%
9th31.0%34.4%32.8%41.3%50.7%46.0%
All Grades34.4%39.4%37.0%36.5%46.6%41.6%
McLeod County11th25.0%15.4%20.0%***
5th62.5%50.0%57.1%***
8th15.8%20.0%17.2%***
9th50.0%88.9%68.4%***
All Grades32.7%39.5%35.6%***
Mahnomen County11th12.0%23.8%17.4%26.3%26.7%26.5%
5th21.7%11.6%15.2%12.9%13.2%13.0%
8th25.8%38.5%31.6%8.0%23.7%17.5%
9th19.4%28.6%24.7%10.0%28.6%20.0%
All Grades20.0%24.2%22.3%13.3%22.7%18.7%
Marshall County11th14.0%21.6%18.1%25.0%28.9%27.3%
5th19.4%22.5%21.1%50.0%20.5%31.1%
8th19.4%25.0%22.2%24.2%48.8%38.2%
9th32.0%34.2%33.0%23.1%25.8%24.3%
All Grades21.9%25.5%23.7%28.7%31.8%30.4%
Martin County11th34.2%33.3%33.8%***
5th26.8%32.9%29.9%***
8th33.8%31.8%32.9%***
9th22.5%42.2%33.0%***
All Grades28.8%36.0%32.4%***
Meeker County11th46.7%37.7%41.9%33.8%47.9%40.5%
5th22.9%25.7%24.3%33.0%27.5%30.3%
8th44.3%41.7%43.0%40.3%45.2%42.7%
9th34.0%43.6%39.2%35.0%42.2%38.8%
All Grades36.2%37.3%36.8%35.8%40.2%38.0%
Mille Lacs County11th23.4%35.6%29.3%21.9%38.7%30.2%
5th22.2%24.2%23.3%35.3%28.0%31.5%
8th30.4%35.2%32.9%33.5%39.0%36.5%
9th30.1%37.0%33.5%28.5%33.5%30.8%
All Grades27.4%34.2%30.9%30.3%34.7%32.5%
Morrison County11th24.4%40.0%32.0%27.5%35.4%31.2%
5th27.6%27.8%27.7%45.2%38.6%41.4%
8th25.6%40.4%33.0%38.5%50.3%44.1%
9th23.8%42.8%33.5%32.4%37.9%35.3%
All Grades25.3%38.3%31.8%35.2%40.4%37.9%
Mower County11th27.8%31.0%29.6%28.3%42.2%35.7%
5th26.6%24.0%25.2%28.9%23.5%26.3%
8th27.7%31.5%29.6%30.0%35.3%32.8%
9th25.8%42.1%33.5%22.7%33.3%28.3%
All Grades27.0%31.0%29.0%27.4%33.3%30.5%
Murray County11th18.4%37.9%26.9%21.6%36.8%29.3%
5th38.5%20.0%28.6%54.5%51.6%53.1%
8th30.8%43.8%36.6%40.0%38.7%39.4%
9th39.4%32.4%35.8%34.3%31.7%32.9%
All Grades30.9%33.6%32.2%37.2%39.0%38.1%
Nicollet County11th28.6%44.4%36.9%***
5th25.0%29.0%26.9%***
8th49.1%38.8%44.3%***
9th32.7%50.8%42.4%***
All Grades33.5%40.8%37.1%***
Nobles County11th23.6%27.5%25.4%34.5%41.3%37.7%
5th22.6%18.5%20.7%23.7%23.7%23.7%
8th26.8%39.6%33.0%26.4%32.3%29.1%
9th24.3%29.6%26.9%18.9%36.0%28.7%
All Grades24.4%29.6%26.9%26.0%33.0%29.5%
Norman County11th20.0%37.9%28.8%28.6%40.9%34.0%
5th25.0%28.1%26.7%20.7%9.1%15.7%
8th28.9%36.7%32.4%26.1%28.3%27.3%
9th30.8%50.0%40.0%25.8%43.8%34.9%
All Grades26.5%36.8%31.7%25.4%31.0%28.1%
Olmsted County11th23.2%34.1%29.4%24.4%35.8%30.1%
5th30.1%32.5%31.3%33.4%27.6%30.5%
8th33.5%41.3%37.6%27.6%33.9%30.7%
9th23.3%40.0%31.7%27.0%38.5%32.4%
All Grades28.4%38.2%33.6%28.6%33.4%30.9%
Otter Tail County11th25.4%35.0%30.3%25.2%37.9%31.5%
5th34.9%32.0%33.3%30.5%27.6%29.1%
8th35.4%37.7%36.5%33.8%45.6%40.4%
9th30.9%35.4%33.1%28.0%30.5%29.2%
All Grades31.8%35.2%33.5%29.4%35.9%32.7%
Pennington County11th28.6%31.1%29.9%***
5th20.0%0.0%15.4%***
8th37.8%24.7%31.7%***
9th24.2%34.3%29.4%***
All Grades30.8%29.2%30.0%***
Pine County11th26.0%22.5%24.2%12.0%19.4%15.9%
5th14.3%19.6%17.0%23.4%25.4%24.4%
8th18.8%25.4%22.4%21.8%30.6%26.1%
9th18.5%20.7%19.5%26.8%30.2%28.6%
All Grades19.9%22.5%21.2%21.6%27.1%24.4%
Pipestone County11th23.5%39.3%30.6%***
5th42.1%17.6%26.4%***
8th37.5%42.9%40.7%***
9th35.3%25.8%30.8%***
All Grades33.3%31.3%32.2%***
Polk County11th33.6%41.3%37.7%20.7%32.1%25.8%
5th28.2%21.3%25.0%37.0%41.0%39.0%
8th27.7%36.1%31.7%35.6%35.0%35.3%
9th28.6%37.2%32.6%26.5%31.2%28.9%
All Grades29.4%34.4%31.8%30.2%35.0%32.6%
Pope County11th25.7%36.4%30.9%29.2%21.6%24.6%
5th33.3%37.5%35.7%50.0%33.3%41.2%
8th29.0%36.6%33.3%41.9%34.1%37.5%
9th35.5%48.9%43.4%16.0%37.9%27.8%
All Grades30.7%40.3%36.0%35.7%31.5%33.3%
Ramsey County11th25.5%37.2%31.2%23.5%34.0%28.7%
5th33.0%31.8%32.4%32.7%32.7%32.7%
8th26.9%37.8%32.1%29.1%39.4%34.2%
9th25.9%39.5%32.4%25.0%37.2%30.9%
All Grades27.7%36.6%32.0%27.8%35.7%31.6%
Red Lake County11th16.0%30.4%22.9%26.1%26.3%26.2%
5th15.4%32.0%23.5%20.0%34.8%27.1%
8th20.8%10.0%15.9%16.7%33.3%24.4%
9th33.3%28.1%30.5%23.8%39.1%31.8%
All Grades21.6%26.0%23.8%21.5%33.7%27.4%
Redwood County11th18.4%31.1%25.5%32.7%30.5%31.5%
5th32.1%23.5%27.9%37.5%43.8%41.1%
8th28.6%33.9%31.5%38.0%34.8%36.5%
9th24.5%39.7%33.1%31.8%46.9%39.2%
All Grades26.0%32.6%29.6%34.7%38.5%36.6%
Renville County11th35.5%41.7%38.2%21.2%40.0%28.3%
5th28.1%21.4%24.3%50.0%48.6%49.1%
8th27.9%52.0%36.8%21.3%36.5%29.0%
9th33.3%47.1%40.0%34.5%37.2%35.7%
All Grades31.0%38.4%34.5%27.9%39.8%33.5%
Rice County11th31.0%38.9%34.8%29.5%42.8%35.8%
5th31.1%34.0%32.5%31.3%34.6%33.0%
8th31.2%45.8%38.5%32.8%46.2%39.4%
9th28.1%41.9%35.2%38.8%41.7%40.3%
All Grades30.3%40.6%35.5%33.1%41.2%37.1%
Rock County11th18.2%33.3%26.4%***
5th16.7%25.8%20.9%***
8th31.8%38.6%35.2%***
9th28.9%22.9%26.0%***
All Grades24.5%30.9%27.7%***
Roseau County11th31.5%25.3%28.3%26.7%31.0%29.3%
5th19.2%22.4%20.8%15.4%23.4%19.7%
8th20.8%42.5%34.4%35.5%38.8%37.2%
9th24.1%32.9%28.6%34.1%36.8%35.6%
All Grades24.2%30.9%27.8%28.8%32.8%31.0%
St. Louis County11th29.2%39.3%34.0%20.2%37.7%29.1%
5th28.5%22.2%25.4%33.0%27.8%30.4%
8th26.1%37.8%31.9%31.0%35.2%33.1%
9th28.9%43.3%35.8%25.3%34.3%29.8%
All Grades28.2%35.7%31.8%27.6%33.6%30.6%
Scott County11th26.7%38.0%32.4%28.3%35.6%31.9%
5th37.1%39.2%38.2%40.2%37.1%38.7%
8th28.9%39.0%33.9%33.2%42.0%37.7%
9th25.2%37.8%31.6%26.4%34.9%30.8%
All Grades29.2%38.5%33.9%32.2%37.5%34.8%
Sherburne County11th25.0%34.0%29.7%24.6%35.5%30.0%
5th32.7%28.5%30.6%34.8%33.3%34.1%
8th29.2%40.9%35.4%27.7%41.5%34.8%
9th29.0%37.2%33.0%23.6%36.1%29.9%
All Grades29.1%35.5%32.3%27.8%37.0%32.4%
Sibley County11th34.5%27.1%31.1%35.0%27.9%32.0%
5th30.2%26.2%28.1%24.1%20.0%22.1%
8th28.8%37.3%32.7%28.1%28.4%28.2%
9th37.1%36.8%37.0%29.3%26.9%28.2%
All Grades32.8%32.2%32.5%29.2%25.8%27.6%
Stearns County11th26.6%39.8%33.0%31.5%46.4%38.7%
5th32.0%28.5%30.2%35.7%33.6%34.6%
8th31.9%40.7%36.2%38.8%41.5%40.2%
9th29.6%45.9%37.7%32.5%42.0%37.2%
All Grades29.8%39.1%34.5%34.8%40.5%37.6%
Steele County11th28.4%38.3%33.2%23.7%40.1%31.5%
5th33.3%20.4%26.1%33.2%36.1%34.6%
8th26.2%37.2%31.5%22.4%47.7%34.8%
9th29.5%38.7%34.0%19.7%37.6%29.1%
All Grades28.3%36.6%32.4%24.9%40.2%32.5%
Stevens County11th45.5%25.0%36.8%35.7%34.4%35.1%
5th17.9%31.6%25.8%26.7%25.0%25.8%
8th47.9%58.7%53.2%45.7%46.3%46.1%
9th38.2%46.0%42.9%24.2%34.1%29.7%
All Grades38.6%44.0%41.5%33.6%35.6%34.6%
Swift County11th28.0%26.3%27.0%***
5th27.8%25.0%26.6%***
8th38.9%45.7%42.3%***
9th25.0%15.4%20.4%***
All Grades30.4%29.1%29.8%***
Todd County11th28.9%36.4%31.9%33.7%31.6%32.6%
5th26.9%24.4%25.6%23.6%24.8%24.2%
8th28.7%37.8%33.2%18.4%27.3%22.8%
9th23.1%32.6%27.1%16.1%38.3%27.6%
All Grades26.8%32.9%29.6%22.9%30.4%26.7%
Traverse County11th27.8%50.0%34.6%***
5th20.0%6.3%11.5%***
8th13.3%37.5%28.2%***
9th45.5%66.7%56.5%***
All Grades25.9%36.7%31.6%ppp
Wabasha County11th24.7%25.0%24.8%19.4%37.9%28.0%
5th34.5%27.0%30.5%30.8%39.3%34.9%
8th27.9%41.9%34.2%30.7%43.6%37.5%
9th27.6%41.9%34.3%30.0%35.8%32.7%
All Grades28.0%32.8%30.3%28.0%39.3%33.5%
Wadena County11th18.6%30.2%24.1%30.4%39.3%34.3%
5th40.9%19.0%28.7%23.3%28.9%26.0%
8th35.8%37.3%36.5%29.1%35.6%32.5%
9th33.7%54.4%42.5%26.0%45.2%34.5%
All Grades32.5%34.6%33.5%27.1%36.5%31.6%
Waseca County11th14.3%29.5%21.6%28.4%42.5%35.4%
5th39.5%31.4%35.9%28.0%23.2%25.7%
8th33.0%32.9%32.9%29.1%35.8%31.9%
9th27.2%37.5%32.8%22.2%29.2%25.9%
All Grades28.7%33.1%30.8%26.9%32.4%29.5%
Washington County11th28.7%37.2%32.9%24.4%37.7%30.9%
5th35.1%34.4%34.7%40.4%36.3%38.4%
8th32.7%40.4%36.5%37.2%44.0%40.7%
9th29.4%37.6%33.5%27.3%39.4%33.1%
All Grades31.3%37.5%34.4%32.4%39.5%35.9%
Watonwan County11th14.7%32.5%24.3%18.5%20.0%19.2%
5th0.0%20.0%12.5%35.7%16.2%26.6%
8th24.0%23.5%23.8%24.0%31.3%28.2%
9th37.8%36.4%37.2%26.5%26.0%26.2%
All Grades25.2%29.9%27.4%25.7%24.7%25.2%
Wilkin County11th30.0%31.4%30.7%23.1%45.8%31.7%
5th17.9%12.0%15.1%22.6%46.2%33.3%
8th16.7%31.0%23.1%26.5%16.7%21.4%
9th30.0%27.3%28.9%26.3%46.8%37.6%
All Grades24.7%26.2%25.4%24.6%38.3%31.3%
Winona County11th20.6%39.3%30.3%19.6%39.6%29.7%
5th30.3%30.8%30.5%33.1%31.1%32.2%
8th22.8%40.0%31.3%33.8%42.0%37.9%
9th23.7%35.2%29.6%27.9%43.3%35.6%
All Grades24.1%36.6%30.4%28.5%39.4%33.9%
Wright County11th23.9%39.4%31.8%27.1%35.0%31.0%
5th30.4%28.7%29.5%37.2%33.9%35.4%
8th32.1%43.4%37.5%39.0%41.7%40.3%
9th29.9%42.6%36.2%31.4%44.3%38.0%
All Grades29.2%38.9%34.1%33.8%38.8%36.4%
Yellow Medicine County11th28.6%47.6%37.4%35.5%60.6%48.4%
5th28.6%35.0%33.3%17.4%17.8%17.6%
8th28.6%52.0%39.6%51.7%54.5%53.4%
9th20.0%50.0%36.7%18.9%46.7%34.1%
All Grades26.1%47.3%37.2%28.7%43.7%36.8%

About the Indicator:

The Developmental Assets framework was devised by the Search Institute* to identify skills and behaviors that contribute to positive adolescent development. Survey questions were generated and grouped to compose a series of scales to assess such development. For the Minnesota Student Survey (MSS), questions were added to facilitate analysis of the following scales: Social Competency, Positive Identity, and Empowerment (please visit SUMN.org for additional fact sheets).

The Positive Identity Scale comprises 6 subsets of a question included on the Minnesota Student Survey as follows:

In general, how does each of the following statements describe you?

  • I feel in control of my life and future

  • I feel good about myself

  • I feel good about my future

  • I deal with disappointment without getting too upset

  • I find ways to deal with the things that are hard in my life

  • I am thinking about what my purpose is in life

Modifications to the Search Institute scale were made for 5th graders on the first and last questions on the MSS. They were written as:

  • I can shape and influence what happens in my life and future

  • I think about what I want to do with my life when I grow up

The response options to these statements were, “Not at all or rarely,” “Somewhat or sometimes,” “Very or often,” and “Extremely or almost always.” Students who answered “Very or often” or “Extremely or almost always” for each of the 6 questions are considered by this scale to have a high level of positive identity.

*Items used and adapted with permission from Search Institute (2004). The Developmental Assets Profile. Minneapolis: Author. Copyright© 2004 by Search Institute (www.search-institute.org). All rights reserved.

Data Source: Minnesota Student Survey (MSS)

Description: The MSS is a confidential and anonymous self-administered survey given to students attending Minnesota public, charter and tribal schools. From 1995 to 2010, the survey was administered to students in 6th, 9th, and 12th grades. New in 2013, the survey was administered to students in 5th, 8th, 9th, and 11th grades. Trend data are now only available for 9th graders, and only for survey questions that did not change. Most schools elect to participate in the survey; in 2013, this included 84% of public schools in Minnesota.

Although the data are not presented here, the survey is also administered to area learning centers, juvenile correction facilities and private schools electing to participate.

Sponsored by: Minnesota Department of Education

Geographic Level: State, Region, and County

Aggregated data at the state and county level do not reveal disparities that may exist within a given geographic area.

Frequency: Data collected and reported every three years

Characteristics: The results of the MSS are also available at a county level. Data Privacy requirements mandate that data is presented in a manner such that no individual student can be identified through the presentation of the results. As part of the Data Privacy practices, the results are also presented in a manner that no individual school district could be identified through the results. Therefore, for counties that have only one school district, the results are not presented. Results are also withheld for counties in which the minimum number for student participation was not met.

The MSS is a “census” of schools, not a sample. The school districts get their own data. Fifth-graders were not asked all substance use questions. Some school districts do not participate, and student participation within the school district can vary widely. These data are self-reported.